Credit Chapter 10
10.1 What is Credit? Credit - the ability to borrow money in return for a promise of future repayment. Never borrow more money than you can easily repay! Using credit for owning a home (called a mortgage) is almost essential. For education For health
When to Borrow Some people do not use credit wisely. They borrow for what they want. Then, when they really need to use credit, they are unable to get a loan. Or, they take on more debt then they are able to repay.
Before you borrow, ask yourself
Is it important that I buy now? Do I have to borrow? Can I afford the payments? Will I be able to buy other products I want more if I borrow now? The interest you will pay on the purchase could be used to buy other things you want. Is it worth the sacrifice?
10.2 How to Qualify for Credit
Credit Worthiness - a measure of your reliability to repay a loan. The 3 C’s for Credit Character – your sense of financial responsibility Capacity – ability to repay Capital – value of what you own
Credit history – record of your borrowing & repayments.
Paying bills on time is the most important factor. Work steadiness. Mobility. Attendance. Savings. Co-sign – agree to repay the loan if the you don’t.
Your Credit Rating Credit rating Payment history Current debt
Length of credit history New accounts & inquiries Kind of credit you use
Credit Bureaus – collect credit information & sells to lenders.
The three largest TransUnion Equifax Experian
10.3 Sources of Consumer Credit
Two forms: loans and credit card accounts Loans Secured – backed by something of value, “collateral” Unsecured Banking Institutions as sources of loans Finance companies Life insurance companies Credit card cash advances Pawnbrokers Rent-to-Own Companies
Regular charge accounts – must be paid in full each month, no interest
Credit Cards Regular charge accounts – must be paid in full each month, no interest Revolving charge accounts – balance may be carried over month to month with minimum payment, pay interest Grace period – the time between the billing date and the payment due date when no interest is charged Credit Card costs Annual Fees Interest Credit limits Penalties
Control credit card costs
Use a loan as an alternative Don’t just pay the minimum payment Choose the least expensive card – annual fees, percentage rates
10.4 Credit Rights and Responsibilities
Truth in Lending – 1968 all banks must calculate credit costs the same way must provide finance charge & annual percentage rate Equality in Lending – may not discriminate based on: Sex Color Race Religion marital status age
Rights (cont) Protect Your Credit History – you have access to your credit history & may amend mistakes to it Resolve Billing and Product Quality Problems – may withhold payment if you believe there is a mistake Protection from Abusive Collection Practices
Responsibility Act Responsibly Know your debt capacity Self-control
Pay more than the minimum Avoid too many credit cards Pay cash Keep records
10.5 Maintaining a Good Credit Rating
Do not miss a payment Save regularly Married couple – establish some credit separately Common Mistakes Pay on time Don’t skip a payment – call institution immediately for unusual circumstances
Read what you sign Acceleration clause – entire debt is due if you miss a payment Balloon Payments – final payment much larger than the scheduled payments Bankruptcy – when you cannot pay debts & must surrender property. The court sells the property to pay the debts. Carried in credit history for 10 years. True-Name Fraud – stolen identity to open charge accounts The business is responsible to pay the charges.
Protect Yourself from Fraud
Never give your SS# unless absolutely necessary. Keep your records in a safe. Keep track of your bills.
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