Presentation on theme: "CREDIT FOR PRIOR LEARNING"— Presentation transcript:
1 CREDIT FOR PRIOR LEARNING Facilitated byMelanie Booth - Marylhurst UniversityMargaret Kimble – Lane Community CollegeMay 19, 2013 ~ OrACRAO
2 What Are We Doing Here?Learn about various forms of Credit for Prior Learning (CPL)Discuss how CPL works, ways to incorporate it at your institution, and why might you need toDiscuss the 5 different types of CPL -- with in-depth attention given to Prior Learning Assessment ("Portfolio Assessment“ / PLA)Identify implications of CPL on your institutions’ policies and practicesConsider other "disruptive" forces, including MOOCs and competency-based learningLearn about the work of the Oregon Credit for Prior Learning Advisory Committee in regard to Oregon House Bill 4059Thanks to cogdog on Flickr for making this image available to use
3 Glad To Meet You! Please tell us: Your name Your institution Your title / roleOne burning question you have about CPLThanks to shannon.yey on Flickr for making this image available to use
5 Inventory of Knowledge An inventory of knowledge is a “prior learning assessment” technique to determine what individuals and groups of people already know about a given topic.WHAT DO YOU KNOW and/or DO?About Prior Learning Assessment?About challenge exams / processes?About credit-by-examination?About ACE or other credit recommendation services?About industry certifications for credit?
6 House Bill 4059Directs HECC to report to the OR Legislative Assembly on CPLHECC created CPL Advisory CommitteeCPL is defined by 4059 as:Granting college credit for “the knowledge and skills gained through work and life experience, through military training and experiences and through formal and informal education and training from institutions of higher education in the US and in other nations.”
7 4059 GoalsIncrease # of students who receive academic credit for prior learningIncrease # and type of academic credits accepted for prior learningDevelop transparent policies and practicesImprove prior learning assessment practicesCreate tools to develop faculty and staff knowledgeDevelop articulation agreementsDevelop outcome measures to track progress on these goals.
8 Took initial inventory Analyzed current policies / practices Advisory CommitteeOctober – December 2012:Formed committeeDefined the 5 typesTook initial inventoryAnalyzed current policies / practicesCreated a work planSo far in 2013:Created strategies for each goal starting to implementRepresentatives from:OSU systemCommunity collegesPrivate, independentsPrivate, for-profit career collegesHECC member(s)State Board of EducationCommunity advisorsLabor communityMilitary education
9 5 Types of CPL PLA / Portfolio Challenge Exams Credit-by-Exam Recommendation Services (ACE, etc.)Industry CertificationsThanks to squidish on Flickr for making this image available to use
10 PLA 101All you need to know about Prior Learning Assessment – in 20 minutes!
11 Operational Definition PLA = Prior Learning Assessment“Any knowledge-building or skills-attainment that occurs prior to enrollment or outside of enrollment at a post-secondary institution, assessed for the purpose of awarding college credit The term ‘prior learning’ has evolved to encompass the knowledge and skills one attains as a result of life experiences, including volunteer service, travel, parenting, and employment experiences as well as non-credit courses and independent studies” (Zucker, Johnson, & Flint, 1999, p. 3).
12 PLA / RPL Has Developed Around The World Context & HistoryAcknowledging multiple ways of knowing in Australia’s and New Zealand’s aboriginal learners;Offering educational opportunities to people who live a great distance from Canadian higher educational institutions;Improving the labor market and unemployment conditions in Ireland;Diminishing the deleterious educational and workforce effects of apartheid in South Africa.PLA / RPL Has Developed Around The World
13 Context & History - cont. In the U.S., PLA has been a result of 3 significant social movements:The adult education movementThe non-traditional higher education movementThe increasing sophistication of assessment (Keeton, 2000)
14 Context & History - cont. Student’s Lived ExperienceWorkplaceLifeHigher EducationThe value of the PLA portfolio lies in its ability to bring the student into active engagement with academic and nonacademic cultures of knowledge by providing “a reflective bridge connecting the learner, higher education, and the workplace” (Brown, 2001).
15 CAEL’s Suggested Steps Advising + Instruction + Assessment + RecordsIdentification of learning areas – by the faculty or adviser with studentArticulation of credit to goals – student + facultyDocumentation of learning and experience – student in the course: evidenceMeasurement / assessment of learning – content-area faculty determines degree and levels of competenceEvaluation – faculty determines credit equivalencyTranscription – record of results - administration (registrar)
16 PLA PhilosophyExperience can be a source of significant learning and knowledgeWhen adult learners come to college – whether as new college students or with transferable credit – they are not blank slates or empty pails.They bring with them life and work-place experiences from which they have gained significant learning.Experience is the learner’s “living textbook” (Lindeman, 1961).
17 Philosophy - cont.CAEL’s perspective: the source of information obtained in learning is the key difference in thinking about assessing learning that has occurred through experience versus learning that has occurred in a more traditional classroom setting (Whitaker, 1989, p. 3).BUT … “experience alone does not teach” (Fenwick, 2001, p.11).In most PLA situations, instruction is provided to teach learners how to identify, articulate, reflect on, and document their prior learning at the college-level.
18 Learning From Experience One Significant LearningExp 3Exp 2Exp 1One Major ExperienceLearning 1Learning 3Learning 2ExperienceOne MajorOne Significant Learning
19 Learning From Experience The Kolb Cycle“Reflection is the process by which experience is turned into learning.”Boud, D., Keogh, R., and Walker, D. (1985). Reflection: Turning experience into learning. Kogan Page: London.
20 STANDARDS & POLICIESEnsuring academic quality and integrity
21 CAEL Standards - Academic Credit should be awarded only for learning, and not for experience.College credit should be awarded only for college-level learning.Credit should be awarded only for learning that has a balance, appropriate to the subject, between theory and practical application.The determination of competence levels and of credit awards must be made by appropriate subject-matter and academic experts.Credit should be appropriate to the academic context in which it is accepted.
22 CAEL Standards – Admin.Credit awards and their transcript entries should be monitored to avoid giving credit twice for the same learning.Policies and procedures applied to assessment, including provision for appeal, should be fully disclosed and prominently available.Fees charged for assessment should be based on the services performed in the process and not determined by the amount of credit awarded.
23 CAEL Standards – Admin.All personnel involved in the assessment of learning should receive adequate training for the functions they perform and there should be provisions for their continued professional development.Assessment programs should be regularly monitored, reviewed, evaluated, and revised as needed to reflect changes in the needs being served and in the state of assessment arts.
24 NWCCU Policy 2.C.7Credit for prior experiential learning, if granted, is:guided by approved policies and procedures;awarded only at the undergraduate level to enrolled students;limited to a maximum of 25% of the credits needed for a degree;awarded only for documented student achievement equivalent to expected learning achievement for courses within the institution’s regular curricular offerings; andgranted only upon the recommendation of appropriately qualified teaching faculty.
25 NWCCU Policy 2.C.7Credit granted for prior experiential learning is so identified on students’ transcripts and may not duplicate other credit awarded to the student in fulfillment of degree requirements.The institution makes no assurances regarding the number of credits to be awarded prior to the completion of the institution’s review process.
26 IMPLICATIONSIdentify implications of CPL on your institution's’ policies and practices
27 Future forcesCompetency-based learning, online learning, Open Educational Resources (including MOOCs), demographics, funding … the list goes on and on.
28 What might these ideas have to do with CPL at our institutions? The FutureTEDxVillanovaU - Michele Pistone - The Future of Higher EducationWhat might these ideas have to do with CPL at our institutions?
29 Reflection on Learning What did you learn?So what do these ideas mean to you, your office, your institution?Now what should Margaret take back to the CPL Advisory Committee for consideration?What?So What?Now What?A framework used in PLA to support reflection and action.