Presentation on theme: "Innovative Techniques & Questions"— Presentation transcript:
1 Innovative Techniques & Questions Ministry of EducationFarwaniya Educational AreaELT InspectorateReading ComprehensionInnovative Techniques & QuestionsPrepared by:Ms Sakina Ali - Helen Mohamed - Mohamed Nagib
2 “Reading is to the mind what exercise is to the body” Joseph Addison
3 In this workshop The following points will be considered *Definitions of “reading comprehension”.*Factors hindering understanding.*Some general information about the topic*Discussing some innovative instructionalTechniques and activities concerning the teaching of the skill.
4 Our main aim: 1)To provide the learners with strategies that would allow them tobecome efficient,fast and independentreaders.2)To make reading in the class similar toreading in real life.
5 What is Reading Comprehension? 1)Reading and understanding.2)Connecting ideas.3)An interactive process of communication.4)Encoding and decoding.
6 Is the meaning in the text or in the reader’s mind?
7 Is the meaning in the text or in the reader’s mind? Psycholinguistic Model:( reader’s mind) – Prior knowledgeTop down processing-Linguistic Model:(text ) syntax & semanticsBottom up processing-Interactive Model:Interaction between the two.
8 Elements of Comprehension Elements of understanding:*Analysis.*Inference-making.*Event connection.*Prediction & generation.*Goal tracking.*Thematic relationship.*Beliefs.*Access & utilizing raw facts.
10 Factors hindering Reading Comprehension (Reader) *Limited perceptual span*Slow perceptual reaction time*Vocalization*Faulty eye movement*Regression ( habits of concentration )*Lack of practice*Lack of interest*Poor evaluation of important and less importantparts.
13 Question Types Questions based on entire text. Questions based on sections of the text.Questions based on words,phrasesor sentences.
14 Conditions Needed to Improve Reading & Understanding 1)Create motivation & InterestBy choosing texts that tackletopics which may interest learners
15 2)Texts should be accessible Appropriateness of language level depends onLearners’ levels and tasks provided.
16 3)Teach reading strategies -Eliminate the habit of pronouncing words-Avoid regression (re-reading)-Develop a wider eye-span-Scan and skim.-Anticipate & predict.-Build a good vocabulary repertoire
17 4)Encourage selective & intelligent reading 5)Tasks should encourage selective and intelligent reading.6)Texts may contain different points of views.7)Most vocabulary items are known to learners.8)Provide a wider variety of texts and tasks.
18 9)ask learners to select their own reading materials. 10)provide a wide variety of texts andTasks.11)give interesting tasks before learners read.
21 KWL : ( Comprehension Technique ) - What you Know about the topic.- What you Want to know about it.- What you have learned.
22 The Role of The TeacherIt should change from being a source of knowledge to someone who should..*Organize the work*Facilitate the educational operation*Guide.
23 Conclusion The main issue raised : * How to improve the learner’s readingcomprehension*The lack of motivation in learners is due tothe monotonous way in which teachers dealwith texts.*The assigned tasks*Our main aim is only answering questionsand scoring high marks.
25 Task ( 1 )1-In your opinion,which visitor had the bestguess as to what the painting represented?2-What does the painting look like to you?3-How would you describe Miss Culture?4-Why do you think the curator decided toexhibit the painting?
26 Task ( 2 )Democracy :Freedom , rights , individualism, voteelection , respect and decision makingFreedom:Alive , human rights , free opinion,pressspeech , religion , vote , elect , life style
27 Task ( 3 )For discussion:This is obviously not a totally serious message.The author is trying to make some seriouspoints, however. What might they be ?Task ( 3 )
28 Task ( 4 )1-The title of the story was fashioned to soundalmost like ……..a-It’s so much fun.b-A snow ball.c-It’s no fun.d-Summer sand.2-Why do you think the author did that?
29 Task ( 4 )3-Who would you prefer to be close friends withif you had to choose one of the four charactersfrom this story? Why?4-Why did Troubled think that Trogmire hadbeen “very considerate”?5-Why did Tantrum’s friends stare at him “inamazement”?
30 Task ( 5)1-The days have kids altogether.2-How many of their children are being homeschooled?3-What kind of person is Mrs. Day? Explainyour answer.4-Why do you think Mrs. Day is publishingher Website?
31 Task ( 6)1-You are the author now. Write the rest of thestory. Don’t forget to give the story a title?2-You are the teacher now.Make up at leastsix questions about your story. The first wordis provided for you.*How *Where*When *Who*What *Why
32 Task ( 7)1-K: What you know about it (fear of flying)-a kind of fear related to flying-many people don’t like flying.-they are afraid of crashing.2-W: What you want to know about it:-Definition – Causes and reasons-how to overcome it.3-L: What you have learned:-Def.(Phobia =illogical fear.-Other types of phobia.
33 Task ( 8)Past1-No rights2-don’t work3-meager pay4-arranged marriages5-limited educationToday1-equal rights2-work in any job3-almost same wagesas men4-equal educationchances
34 Task ( 9 )1-What was the same about the way Mr. El’sstudents and Miss Joan reacted to the bluejeans?2-What was different about the way Miss Joanand the students reacted?3-Does it matter if jeans are blue instead ofsome other colour? Should it matter?
35 Task ( 10 )1-What do you think Trogmire should do?2-What do you think he will do?Now you are the author. Write the finalpart of the story.