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Lifting Techniques.

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Presentation on theme: "Lifting Techniques."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lifting Techniques

2 Lifting process BEFORE YOU LIFT
Plan Your Route: Path clear? Trip hazards removed? Dry? Assess the Load: Too heavy? Can I use a hand truck or forklift? Can I slide it? WHEN YOU LIFT Lift It Right: Position your body close to the object. Keep your back straight. Move It Right: Don't twist your back. Lower It Right: When you put the load down, bend your knees not your waist. GET HELP IF YOU NEED IT Work Together: Don't be a hero. Communicate with your partner!

3 Plan ahead Size up the load:
Can it be split into multiple loads? Smaller loads cause less strain on the back. Can you slide it rather then lift? Use material handling equipment if load is too heavy: Forklifts Hoists Dollies 9b

4 Plan ahead Avoid using lower rack for moderately heavy to heavy items or awkward items. Get help when lifting heavy, awkward, or long items. 9a

5 Basic rules of good lifting
Size up the load before you lift. Can you lift a corner? Can you get to the item? Do you need to move something to gain better access? 1a

6 Basic rules of good lifting
Bend your knees. Get a good hand hold. Center yourself over the load. Lift straight up - let your legs do the work. Don’t twist or turn. 1b

7 Basic rules of good lifting
Have a clear path. Set the load down properly. Always push a cart or dolly. Get help for long loads. Split up heavy loads when you can. Pushing a load is easier on the back; easier to control. 1c

8 Never twist or turn when lifting
Adds strain to the back’s discs, muscles, ligaments, tendons. Plan your lift to avoid awkward positions. Set load down if you’re losing your grip. Don’t twist and turn or juggle load to regain grip. Keep back as straight as possible. 5a

9 Carrying the load Ensure a clear path.
Ensure a place where load can be set down. Check for stability of load. Can you get a good grip? 6a

10 Carrying the load Use mechanical equipment if load is too heavy.
Get help if load is too heavy - lift at the same time to keep load balanced. 6c

11 Lowering the load Bend the knees to let leg muscles support the weight. Slowly lower it; do not drop the load. Avoid sudden movements. Lower the load at the same time if working with a partner. 7a

12 Awkward Lifting Lifts that are: Above the shoulders Below the knees
At arms’ length

13 Analysis tools The closer to the body the more Strength you have.
L&I Lifting Calculator Other tools: American Conference Group of Industrial Hygiene (ACGIH) Lifting Threshold Limit Value (TLV) National Institute of Occupational Safety & Health (NIOSH) Lifting Equation

14 Principles for reducing heavy lifting
Reduce the weight Increase the weight (to balance load) Use mechanical assistance Slide instead of lift Team lifting

15 Reducing heavy lifting
Reduce the weight of the load Wood pallet 60 pounds Plastic pallet 20 pounds

16 Reducing heavy lifting
Use mechanical assistance Pneumatic conveyor

17 Reducing heavy lifting
Slide instead of lifting

18 Principles for reducing frequent lifting
Use mechanical assistance Avoid unnecessary lifting Use mobile storage shelves List of principles to reduce frequent lifting (reducing duration of lifting will also be discussed later)

19 Reducing frequent lifting
Use mechanical assistance… … instead of lifting by hand

20 Reducing frequent lifting
Use mobile storage: Parts stay on racks as they move from one manufacturing process to the next.

21 Principles for reducing awkward lifting/ Reaching
Remove obstacles Slide closer Reduce shelf depth Reduce package size Use mechanical assistance Team lifting List of principles to reduce awkward lifting – reaching Along with object weight, lifting frequency and duration, the distance between the hands and the low back when lifting is one of the main factors in determining whether a lift is a hazard or not. The longer the reach required to lift an object, the more of a load it places on the low back and the greater the risk of injury.

22 Reducing awkward lifting/ Reaching
Slide objects closer “Homemade” hook for pulling small boxes to edge of shelf.

23 Reducing awkward lifting/ Reaching
Reduce package size

24 Principles for reducing awkward lifting/ Bending
Use mechanical assistance to raise the load Add handles Arrange storage Avoid unnecessary lifting List of principles to reduce awkward lifting – bending.

25 Reducing awkward lifting/ Bending
Use mechanical assistance to raise the load Scissor-lift cart

26 Reducing awkward lifting/ Bending
Add handles

27 Reducing awkward lifting/ Bending
Rearrange storage Heavy items at waist level

28 Reducing awkward lifting/ Bending
Avoid unnecessary lifting Tire hanger keeps wheels up off the floor in auto shop

29 Principles for reducing awkward lifting/ Reaching above shoulders
Arrange storage Use mechanical assistance Use a rolling stair or “safety ladder”

30 Reducing awkward lifting/ Avoid reaching above shoulders
Arrange storage

31 Reducing awkward lifting/ Twisting
Use conveyors Allows boxes to be unloaded and checked in with minimal lifting

32 Lifting techniques training
Teach lifting techniques to employees: Training alone is not effective. Making changes to jobs and equipment is better. Making changes along with training is most effective.

33 Lifting techniques training
Job-specific, on-site, hands-on training is more effective than classroom. Have employees demonstrate proper lifting techniques before “graduating.” Being trained where they work, using the objects they typically lift and the equipment they use on the job helps employees to relate to what they’re being taught, rather than showing them a generic lifting video. Make sure that employees have learned what you’re trying to teach them by having each one of them demonstrate the lifting techniques properly before leaving the class. Follow-up with them to make sure they are able to use the techniques on the job.

34 Other factors in back injuries
Age of employee Improper postures when sleeping, standing, sitting Physical condition of employee Repetitive motions 10a

35 Conclusion When lifting a box, think out of the box!
Is there a better way? Don’t wait for someone to get injured before changing a job. Just because we have done it this way. Do we have to continue to use the same method to handle a loading and unloading of materials?

36 Questions?

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