Presentation on theme: "Smart Water Management In MCIT ITU Workshop on ICT as an Enabler for Smart Water Management Luxor, Egypt, 14-15 April."— Presentation transcript:
Smart Water Management In MCIT ITU Workshop on ICT as an Enabler for Smart Water Management Luxor, Egypt, 14-15 April
Content 1. Introduction 2. Facts 3. Water use in MCIT 4. Ways of water management in MCIT 1. Implemented projects 2. New projects
1. Introduction Demands are increasing every year for water while resources are becoming more and more limited. Since many individuals are unaware (or, sadly, just dont care) that this issue needs attention, it is up to more informed and proactive individuals and companies to take up the slack.
1. Introduction A percentage of 40% increase is expected in water demand over the period of next two decades. The increase in water demand is a contribution of various factors including growing population, increased agricultural needs, industrial use of water and water needed for electricity production.
1. Introduction The problem of water waste is severe in countries where people are using the same inefficient methods for irrigation of agricultural land. Water needs are increasing every year and the proven fact is that clean water is not available to 1 out of 5 people on the earth.
With all the oceans, rivers, lakes, and reservoirs on the planet only one percent of that water is fit to drink An average home is wasting approximately 10,000 gallons ( 38 m3 ) of water per year running it down to the drain waiting for hot water 12 African countries considered to be in a Water Stress situation. Every day, 2 million tons of sewage, industrial and agricultural waste are discharged into the worlds water, the equivalent of the weight of the entire human population of 6.8 billion people 2. Facts
u 4% of the population receive water > 8 Hrs/day 33% receive water > 4 Hrs/day u 42% receive water for just 3 Hrs/day u 21% receive water < 3 Hrs/day(often only 1 hr) 2. Facts
Toilets used the most water on a daily basis (20.1 gallons per person per day)
WATER SCARCITY IN EGYPT Egypt occupies slightly more than one million km 2 only 6 % of total land area is suitable for settlement. About 60 thousand km 2 of the land that covers the Nile Delta and Nile Valley is populated for 67 million people The annual population growth rate is 2.1 % More than 96 % of Egypt fresh water resources is supplied by the river Nile
Using irrigation (raw water) for cooling towers to safe about 360 m3/day potable water. Cooling towers chemical Management to minimize bleeding to 40%. Selecting plants and trees need low water ( Yucca, Jatrova, Opountia, Agave, … )
Modifying the softeners for chillers planet by recycling the softener and filter drainage to safe about 112 m3/day.
Using variable speed drive pumps & pressure sensors to control and minimize irrigation water
References * http://www.benefits-of-recycling.com/importanceofconservationofwater/ http://www.benefits-of-recycling.com/importanceofconservationofwater/ * http://www.benefits-of-recycling.com/importanceofconservationofwater/ http://www.benefits-of-recycling.com/importanceofconservationofwater/ * http://www.benefits-of-recycling.com/waterconservationdevices/ http://www.benefits-of-recycling.com/waterconservationdevices/ * http://www.epa.gov/watersense/ http://www.epa.gov/nps/chap3.html http://www.epa.gov/ow/citizen/thingstodo.html http://planetgreen.discovery.com/go-green/green-water/green-water- statistics.html http://www.epa.gov/watersense/ http://www.epa.gov/nps/chap3.html http://www.epa.gov/ow/citizen/thingstodo.html http://planetgreen.discovery.com/go-green/green-water/green-water- statistics.html * Abu-Zeid, M. Water resources assessment for Egypt. Ministry of Water Resources and Irrigation. Egypt * World Water Demand and Supply,1990 to 2025: Scenarios and Issues (David Seckler, Upali Amarasinghe, David Molden, Radhika de Silva, and, Randolph Barker)