Presentation on theme: "DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES"— Presentation transcript:
1 DISASTER MANAGEMENT IN CHEMICAL INDUSTRIES Presentation byJASBIR SINGH, INDUSTRIAL ADVISERMINISTRY OF CHEMICALS & FERTILIZERSDEPTT. OF CHEMICALS & PETROCHEMICALS
2 Role of Department of Chemicals & Petrochemicals To Formulate and Implement Policies for Growth of Chemicals & Petrochemicals.Planning, Development and Regulation of These SectorsFacilitator for growth of Indian Chemical Industry
3 Overview of Chemical Industry Chemical sector plays an important role in the overall development of Indian economyTurnover USD 35 billionContributes about 3% in GDPAccounts for 17.6% in manufacturing sectorBalance of trade turned to positiveExport of chemicals: 13-14% of total exportsImport of chemicals: 8-9% of total imports
4 Acts & Rules for emergency/safety preparedness, payments for relief & compensation Factories Act 1948, as amended in 1987Environment Protection Act 1986The Public Liability Insurance Act 1991The National Environment Tribunal Act 1995The Petroleum Act 1962The Explosives Act 1884 (Amended 1993)
5 National Disaster Management Act The Manufacture, Storage & Import of Hazardous Chemicals Rules 1989The Hazardous Waste (Management & Handling) Rules 1989Chemical Accidents (Emergency, Preparedness and Planning) Rules 1996
6 Disaster ManagementBhopal Gas tragedy in 1984 has already sensitized the regulatory authority and the industries for the need of Chemical Disaster ManagementNational Disaster Management Authority(NDMA) was set up for building special capability for rapid intervention in case of disasterChemical disaster is one of the important areas for disaster management
7 The guidelines prepared by NDMA is an important step in this direction The guidelines were prepared in consultation with various organizations and DCPC was also associatedAn important aspect is prevention of occurance of disasters
8 The guidelines provide a road map for Chemical Disaster Management at national, state and district levelsThe document has identified critical gaps in approaches and managementGaps in approaches are found in awareness, preparedness, capacity building, education, training, response, relief, rehabilitation
9 Gaps in management are found in industrial installation, storage, transport, regulation frame work, institutional frame work, infrastructure, R&D, media, finance, implementation and coordinationIt requires pro-active multi-disciplinary and multi-sectoral approach to find ways and means to fill the gaps
10 Large no. of Major Accident Hazardous units located in the country Handling of large quantities of hazardous flammable, explosive, corrosive, toxic chemicals in these unitsLarge quantities of chemicals/solvents stored in godowns in these chemical units
11 - Chemical disasters generally result from - Fire - Explosion - Toxic release- Poisoning etc.
12 I(D&R) Act governs growth of industrial sector in the country Only IEM is Suffice to set up new/substantial expansion activity for chemical industry except following three hazardous chemicals:Hydrocyanic Acid and its derivativesPhosgene and its derivativesIsocyanates and Di- Isocyanates of HydrocarbonsIEMs carry all conditions stipulated against industrial licences.
13 Onsite Emergency Plans Individual Hazardous units should have emergency plans ready.Plant emergency organisationRisk evaluation/hazard analysisLessons learnt from past accidentsSophisticated security and safety instruments such as warning alarm system, communication equipments, gas detectors, PPE etc.Fire fighting and medical facilitiesTraining, mock drills of emergency plans
14 Offsite Emergency Plans Major Accident Hazardous (MAH) areas and units need to be identifiedStudy on possible hazards involved need to be carried out in these areasSOPs need be prepared for first respondentsPoison control centres and fire control stations, hospitals should be available in these areas
15 GIS based emergency planning and response system should be available. Awareness programmes should be organised for emergency preparedness and accident preventionMock drills
16 Crisis Groups Central Crisis Group State Crisis Group District Crisis GroupLocal Crisis Group
17 Methods to control hazards Change of process: To substitute to less hazardous processChange of materials: To substitute to less hazardous materials.Change of equipments: Always to replace machinery before expiry of residual lifeDetailed engineering of each equipment under RCS (Requirement, Capacity, Specifications) and regular maintenance of history sheets for fault analysis
18 Regular testing of critical equipments/storage vessels through non-destructive testing (radiography, thickness survey, hydraulic testing etc.)
19 Responsible CareChemical Industry’s global voluntary initiative for improving SHE performanceDemonstrates improvement through sharing of information and rigorous system of checklists, performance indicators and verification proceduresCompanies are required to be transparent with stakeholders including Government, NGOs, general public
20 International Council of Chemical Associations oversees RC Some members of Indian Chemical Council have joined the movementMore companies need to participateVoluntary movement launched by the global industryAims at continuous self improvement in SHE performance
21 In vogue for the last 2 decades Practiced through seven codes of conduct viz.Process safety, Pollution Prevention, Employees Health & safety, Community awareness and emergency response, Distribution, Product stewardship and SecurityDistribution Code deals in safeguard in transportation, storage & distribution of hazardous chemicals.
22 Role of DCPC in Chemical Disaster Management No Acts/statutes relating to Chemical Disaster Management are under the purview of DCPC. However, DCPC can play pro-active role whenever required and shall associate with related organisations/Departments.One of the important areas is creation of public awareness about hazardous chemicals, their effects etc.
23 DCPC is already organising series of workshops in different parts of country on CWC & REACH, particularly in the areas having huge concentration of chemical industriesDCPC plans to include “Disaster Management” in such workshops to create awareness in the industry circles.Appropriate technical information on chemical and disaster management should be available at all levels for ready use by local authority during an emergency.