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Presentation on theme: "PRINCIPLES OF A CALIBRATION MANAGEMENT SYSTEM"— Presentation transcript:


2 Calibration Management System (CMS)
Essential elements: Trained personnel Instrumentation assessment Management Documentation Corrective action procedures

3 Features of a CMS Identifies instruments that can be calibrated
Determines calibration requirements for instruments Establishes calibration procedures Develops corrective action procedures Documents calibration results and activities Supports audit trails for calibration system

4 Purpose of a CMS Defines: What is required? Who is responsible?
When does it need to be done? Why does it need to be done? How it is accomplished?

5 Important Definitions
Calibration: The operations which assure that an instrument readings are accurate referenced to established standards. Validation: Proving that a system (equipment, procedure, process, material) will yield expected results. Qualification: Assuring that equipment can produce expected results. Instrument: A device which measures a parameter. Test Equipment: Devices used during the calibration of instruments. These devices must be traceable to known standards.

6 Requirements for a CMS Each instrument requires:
Unique identification A recorded history and current calibration status Use appropriate for the function of the instrument Calibration procedures require Approved procedures for calibration Schedule for calibration Process range limits Calibration standards and test equipment Must be more accurate than the required accuracy of the instrument (typically 4 times more accurate) Traceable back to national or international standards Personnel Proof of appropriate training Perform within an established change management process

7 Establishing a Calibration Management System
Criticality assessment Life cycle phases Project Pre-Operational Operational Training Change control Documentation Electronic Records Auditing

8 Criticality assessment
Process owners, Engineering, and Quality Assurance establish for all instruments involved with the process and their respective criticality Identification, range, accuracy, history, capabilities Criticality and calibration rationale Categorization (product critical, process critical, safety critical, non critical) Schedule for calibration service

9 Life cycle phases Project: definines instruments to measure process variables. Ensure proper selection of instrumentation and procedures. Pre-Operational: ensures transfer of calibration data and historical information to the operational phase. SOPs established. Operational: calibration, cleaning, decontamination, and documentation of the process instrumentation.

10 Training Ensure that all personnel involved with calibration are properly trained Training records must be maintained Personnel and identification records Future training needs Qualification records Experience records Competence records Courses and presentations certificates

11 Change Control User requests change Engineering defines detail QA approves change Change maker documents change Process Owner/Engineering/QA signs-off change & document archived Updates and refinements of the calibration system must be done in a methodical and documented manner The changes must be evaluated and approved by all stakeholders including users, Engineering, Quality Assurance, and Process Owner.

12 Documentation Documentation standards must be followed:
Master document file Approval procedures Change procedures Version control Distribution control Assure only current documents are deployed

13 Electronic Records Management of electronic records for “paperless” calibration operations FDA 21 CFR Part 11 standard for electronic records, electronic signatures, and time stamps Key concepts: validation, audit trail, copies of records, record retention

14 Auditing Periodic audits assure that the calibration plan is being followed Provides an opportunity to implement corrective action Formal audit report documents audit process

15 Calibration Management Software
Commercial software packages are available to: Automate calibration management tasks Assure compliance with standards organizations Comply with FDA 21 CFR Part 11 electronic signatures Maintain documentation and instrument records Trace standards used in calibration Track changes with audit trail Support “paperless” calibration management Generate reports


17 Calibration Management Technician
Responsible for responding to calibration needs Perform calibration procedures Document calibration operations Handle out-of-calibration conditions Perform TQM tasks

18 Example of a Traceability Certification

19 Example Calibration Work Form

20 Equipment Log Book

21 Example Calibration SOP

22 Example Calibration Label


24 Standards Organizations
ISO - International Origination for Standardization ANSI - American National Standards Institute NIST - National Institute for Standards and Technology ASTM - American Society for Testing and Materials CLSI (formerly NCCLS) - Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute US EPA – US Environmental Protection Agency AOAC - Association of Analytical Communities UPC - United States Pharmacopeia

25 ISO ISO International Origination for Standardization: worldwide federation of national standards bodies from 156 different countries that promotes the development of standards and related activities in the world with a view to facilitating the international exchange of goods and services. Developing by consensus international standards including the ISO 9000 quality series Publishing and updating the SI metric systems of units. ISO 9000 has become an international reference for quality requirements in business to business dealings, and ISO looks set to achieve at least as much, if not more, in helping organizations to meet their environmental challenges.

26 ANSI ANSI the American National Standards Institute : administrator and coordinator of the united States private sector voluntary standardization system. ANSI does not itself develop American National Standards : rather it facilities their development by establishing consensus among qualified groups . ANSI is the sole U.S representatives to ISO. Promoting the use of U.S. standards internationally. Playing an active role in the governance of ISO. Promoting the use of standards , including ISO9000, in the U.S.

27 NIST NIST the National Institute for Standards and Technology : A U.S. federal agency that works with industry and government to advance measurement science and development standards. Examples of measurement –related services provided by NIST. Providing calibration services and primary standards for mass, temperature, humidity, fluid flow , and other physical properties. Providing more than 1300 standard references materials to be used in biological, chemical and physical assays. Performing research an development of new standards , including standards for biotechnology . NIST’s weights and measures services, a job assigned to the federal government in the Constitution, provide the basis for the fairness and efficiency of sales totaling more than $5 trillion—roughly half of the U.S. economy? Between 3 percent and 6 percent of the U.S. gross domestic product (GDP) is attributed to measurements and measurement-related operations that rely on NIST for accuracy, reliability, and international recognition? Eighty percent of global merchandise trade is influenced by testing and other measurement-related requirements of regulations and standards—and that U.S. companies increasingly depend on NIST to help ensure access to global markets that create new business and jobs? Without NIST, U.S. manufacturers of such products as glucose and cholesterol test kits—in vitro diagnostic (IVD) devices—wouldn’t be able to meet requirements of new European Union regulations and would have been shut out of the $7 billion European market where they now have more than 60 percent of the business?

28 ASTM ASTM, the American Society for Testing and Materials : coordinates efforts by manufacturers , consumers , and representatives of government and academia to develop by consensus standards of materials , products, systems, and services. Examples of measurement –related services provided by ASTM are: Developing and publishing technical standards (eg., those covering the requirements for volume –measuring glassware). More than 100,000 ASTM standards are used worldwide. Providing technical publications and training courses.


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