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Kate Dykman Graduate Student Natural Resources Institute University of Manitoba June 18, 2012.

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Presentation on theme: "Kate Dykman Graduate Student Natural Resources Institute University of Manitoba June 18, 2012."— Presentation transcript:

1 Kate Dykman Graduate Student Natural Resources Institute University of Manitoba June 18, 2012

2 Focus on Water Contamination incidents in Canada highlighted the importance of a multi- barrier approach to source water protection de Loe, 2010

3 Manitoba Context Farming the Wet Prairie Challenge of excessive nutrient loading Drainage, flooding, drought and climate change impacts Aquatic ecosystem health Water use and allocation issues, aging infrastructure

4 What is being done in Manitoba? The Water Protection Act,2006, legislated Integrated Watershed Management Planning 23 IWMPs in various stages of completion Watershed Planning Authority, normally Conservation Districts Project Management Team Technical Advisory Group Input from citizens and community groups

5 The Planning Process Manitoba Water Stewardship, 2010b

6 Purpose Examine the changes being made to water governance in Manitoba, and how the new model being tested is contributing to learning for sustainable water management.

7 Research Strategy Qualitative research approach Conducted a case study of four Integrated Watershed Management Plans in Manitoba, Two additional alternative models on a sub-watershed level

8 Case Selection Range of start dates to encompass the iterative process of planning over time Restricted to later stage or complete plans Avoiding duplication with other researchers

9 Case Selection IWMP East Souris (2003) Birdtail/Assiniboine (2006) La Salle River (2006) Willow Creek (2010) Alternatives Deerwood Soil and Water Management Association working in South Tobacco Creek Watershed (2004) Stephenfield Lake Watershed Management Plan (2002)

10 Case Sites Manitoba Water Stewardship 2010a

11 Water Council Project Management Team Water Stewardship Planners Technical Advisory Team Minister Non- governmental organizations Watershed Citizens Conservation District Boards IWMP participants

12 Data collection PlanParticipants East Souris IWMPFocus group, past CD manager Birdtail-Assiniboine IWMP5 PMT members La Salle River IWMP4 PMT members Willow Creek IWMPFocus group, 2 PMT members Deerwood Soil and Water Management Association 5 Board members, local CD manager Stephenfield Lake Management PlanFocus group, local CD manager Non-governmental organization staff members 5 staff members Water Council1 member Manitoba Water Stewardship Planners5 planners

13 Data Analysis Themes derived from social learning framework Q Nvivo software to code data sets

14 Social Learning Examines the ideal attributes and potential outcomes of participatory deliberative processes, often applied to problems in natural resource management Describes the changes in skills and perceptions that move from the individual to the group, or community of practice through these processes (Reed et al, 2010, Muro and Jeffrey, 2008, Schusler el al, 2003)

15 ( Muro and Jeffrey, 2008, Schusler et al, 2003) IWMP Deliberative process Process attributes that foster learning Social learning outcomes Diversity Multiple sources of knowledge Facilitation Extended engagement Unrestrained thinking Open communication Technical knowledge Social skills Trust and relationships New partnerships Change in behaviour Shared knowledge with network

16 Social Learning: Process Flexibility in the Water Protection Act Focus on facilitation training and creating an egalitarian atmosphere Multiple sources of knowledge – interwoven technical and local input Extended engagement – multi-year process

17 Social Learning: Process Limited diversity – drawing on an interdisciplinary team, but Project Management Team membership formed by municipal politics and the CD program Getting all parties to the table – government departments

18 Social Learning: Outcomes Social skills Thinking/acting along watershed boundaries, rather than representing organizational interests Building a case based on both scientific evidence and benefits to landowners Creating a successful platform for deliberation – from issues to values

19 Social Learning: Outcomes Technical knowledge Enhanced the call for research-based policy Revised CD board programming Shared knowledge through partnerships Created a new venue for collaboration between government departments, NGOs, and CD boards

20 Social Learning: Outcomes Trust and relationships Credibility in the larger community because of the grassroots participation Upstream-downstream relationships brought into focus – mutual responsibility

21 Social Learning: Outcomes Change in behaviour Being an example for others, leadership role in watershed - building off-site watering for cattle, using Lake Friendly products in the home and promoting them to others Feedback loop between NGO and CDs in terms of communication tools

22 Preliminary Recommendations Draw on examples of successful alternative models outside the IWMP structure Maintain connections between the Project Management Team, the Technical Advisory Group, and participating NGOs Compensation for citizen representatives to serve on PMT Address length of process including review and approval by Minister/Water Council Create linkages back to the policy level – learning generated at the watershed level is shared with decision-makers

23 Works Cited Argyris, C. (1977). Double loop learning in organizations. Harvard Business Review 55(Sept/Oct): 115-125. de Loë, R.C. (2010). Challenges for Water Governance in Canada: Source Water Protection. POLIS Webinar Series: Creating a Blue Dialogue. Retrieved September 23, 2010 from Manitoba Water Stewardship. (2010). The Conservation Districts Program: a Manitoba success story. Retrieved November 23, 2010 from Manitoba Water Stewardship. (2010a). Watersheds within a common basin. Retrieved October 10, 2010 from Manitoba Water Stewardship. (2010b). Integrated Watershed Management Planning. Retrieved October 10, 2010 from Manitoba Water Stewardship (2009) Integrated Watershed Management Planning in Western Manitoba Retrieved September 19, 2010 from %20in%20Western%20Manitoba.pdf %20in%20Western%20Manitoba.pdf Manitoba Water Stewardship (2006). Conservation Districts in Manitoba. Retrieved September 20, 2011 from Muro, M. and P. Jeffrey. (2008). A critical review of the theory and application of social learning in participatory natural resource management processes. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 51(3):325-344. Neuman, W. (2000). The Meanings of Methodology, in Social Research Methods: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches, 4th ed. Allyn and Bacon, Boston, 66-88. Reed, M. S., A. C. Evely, G. Cundill, I. Fazey, J. Glass, A. Laing, J. Newig, B. Parrish, C. Prell, C. Raymond, and L. C. Stringer. (2010). What is social learning? Ecology and Society, 15(4). Sinclair, A. J., and Diduck, A. P. (2001). Public involvement in EA in Canada: A transformative learning perspective. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 21:113-136. Webler, T., Kastenholz, H., and Wendell, O.R. (1999). Public participation in impact assessment: A social learning perspective. Environmental Impact Assessment Review, 15(5): 443-463.

24 Thank you

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