Presentation on theme: "Husains Mission Dr. A.S. Hashim. Surah Al-Fatiha In the Name of God, Lord of Mercy and Lord of Grace Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds Lord of Mercy."— Presentation transcript:
Surah Al-Fatiha In the Name of God, Lord of Mercy and Lord of Grace Praise be to God, Lord of the Worlds Lord of Mercy and Grace Master of Day of Judgment You Alone we serve and to You Alone come we for Aid Guide us in the Straight Path The Path of whom You have blessed, Not of those You are displeased with Nor of those who go Astray بِسْمِ اللّهِ الرَّحْمـَنِ الرَّحِيمِ الْحَمْدُ للّهِ رَبِّ الْعَالَمِينَ الرَّحْمـنِ الرَّحِيمِ مَـالِكِ يَوْمِ الدِّينِ إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ وإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ اهدِنَــــا الصِّرَاطَ المُستَقِيمَ صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنعَمتَ عَلَيهِمْ غَيرِ المَغضُوبِ عَلَيهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّالِّينَ
Salaam to Al-Husain السلام عليك يا أبا عبد الله وعلى الأرواح التي حلت بفنائك عليك مني سلام الله أبداً ما بقيت وبقي الليل والنهار ولا جعله الله آخر العهد مني لزيارتكم السلام على الحسين وعلى علي بن الحسين وعلى أولاد الحسين وعلى أصحاب الحسين جميعاً ورحمة الله وبركاته
5. Global 4. The Sanctuary 3. Revolts 2. Commemoration 1. Ripple Effect for Islam
Subjects Discussed in the Slide Show Brief outlook at events of Karbala Western writers write about Karbala Holy Quran about Ahlul Kitab Subjects Discussed Global Mission of Imam Husain Shia Sunni Comparison in Iman and Ibadat
Al-Husain 2. Fought Oppression and Injustice 3. At Expense of Losing his Life and others 1. Represented Islam Karbala Aftermath Karbala is the Centerpiece for Islam Symbolizes the Struggle against Oppression and Injustice Throughout all Ages and for all mankind
Al-Husain Camp With Al-Husain there were: 32 non-family members 8 were old Sahaaba (one was older than 90) 20 were Companions of Ali Family: Al-Husains family (total of 44) including 3 year old Al-Baaqir and a few month old infant All knew they were facing imminent death They faced an enemy of 5,000 (some say 30,000)
The Grotesque Massacre 32 Companions, all slain: 8 were old Sahaaba (one was older than 90) 20 were Companions of Ali Family members slain were: Brothers: Al-Abbas with 4 of Al-Abbas brothers Son: Ali, about 19 Yrs old Son, Baby: Ali, 6 months old 17 Nephews: all teenagers Husain: 57 yr old was the Last to be killed
The spirit of Husain modern commentary Thomas Carlyle: The best lesson which we get from the tragedy of Cerebella (Karbala) is that Husain and his companions were rigid believers in God. They illustrated that numerical superiority does not count when it comes to truth and falsehood. The victory of Husain, despite his minority, marvels me!
Numerical Perspective: (1996): SHIA …………………………………………..… ….. 282 Millions SUNNI: Hanafi …………….……………………...…………. 380 Millions Maaliki ………………………………………………. 305 Millions Shafii ……………………………………………….. 190 Millions Hanbali …………………………………….......…….. 52 Millions
Iman (Belief) ShiaSunni God and His Attributes Al-Adl (Justice of God)The Angels Prophethood: a. The Revealed Books (Torah and Bible) b. The Angels c. Qadr: Being Guided yet Free to Choose The Revealed Books (Torah and Bible) Imamah Messengers of God The Hereafter Qadr: Guided yet Free to Choose
Rituals (Ibadat) ShiaSunni 1. Salat: Prayer 1. Shahaada: Declaration 2. Zakat: Poors Due 2. Salat: Prayer 3. Saum: Fasting 3. Zakat: Poors Due 4. Haj: Pilgrimage 4. Saum: Fasting 5. Khums: The Fifth 5. Haj: Pilgrimage 6. Jihad: Major and Lesser 7. Enjoining to what is Good 8. Forbidding what is Evil
The spirit of Ashura modern commentary Mohandas Gandhi: I wanted to know the best of the life: of one who holds today an undisputed sway over the hearts of millions of mankind.... I became more than ever convinced that it was not the sword that won a place for Islam in those days in the scheme of life. It was the rigid simplicity, the utter self-effacement of Husain, the scrupulous regard for pledges, his intense devotion to his friends and followers, his intrepidity, his fearlessness, his absolute trust in God and in his own mission to save Islam. These and not the sword carried everything before them and surmounted every obstacle.
The spirit of Ashura modern commentary Mohandas Gandhi: I have learned from Husain how to be oppressed yet victorious.
Karbala Commemoration Immediately after Karbala 1.Commemoration: To hold Majlis, confidential, local, every year, in peoples houses. Was urged by: a.Zainul Abideen, b.Al-Baaqir, c.Al-Saadiq then d.Subsequent Imams 2.To Discuss the events of Karbala and the cause against oppression and mischief, and to hold to the ideals of Imam Husain 3.The Commemoration was a stroke of genius that proved to be the glue that holds the Shia together over the centuries
Commemoration Evolving 1. For first 140 yrs: Confidential in Private Homes only 2. For next 174 Yrs in Public and Private Homes in the Open 3. For next 600 yrs In Processions 4. For next 500 yrs In Processions with Too Much Excess Karbala Aftermath Evolution of Commemoration
The Sanctuary of Imam Al-Husain 65H: Al-Mukhtar: Rudimentary Structure: 4 walls and a dome 132-247H: Saffah, Mansoor, Al-Mahdi, Al-Rasheed, Al-Amin: the first builds and the second demolishes 371H: Udhd Al-Dawla builds Dome, Galleries, Teakwood enclosure 1360H: Bohra community offers a set of solid silver enclosure, and rebuilds the western minaret, 1216H: Hordes of Wahhabis from Arabia attack Karbala, spoil the Dharih structure and portico and loot the shrine, kill 30,000 people 780H: Owais erects two minarets covered with gold and extends the courtyard 1032H: Abbas Safawi constructs dharih of brass, decorates the dome with tiles 61H: No structure, just an identifier The Shrine
Karbala: Keeps on The Culture of Karbala Keeps on: 1.Education: Majlis and lectures 2.Commemoration: Mourning the occasion 3.The Sanctuary: Continues despite adversities by: Al-Mutawakkil The Ottomans The Wahhabis Saddam Hussein
The spirit of Husain modern commentary Charles Dickens: If Husain had fought to quench his worldly desires, as alleged by certain Christian critics, then I do not understand why his sister, wife, and children accompanied him. It stands to reason therefore, that he sacrificed purely for Islam.
The spirit of Ashura modern commentary Sir Muhammad Iqbal: Imam Husain uprooted despotism forever until the Day of Judgment. He watered the dry garden of freedom with the surging wave of his blood, and indeed he awakened the sleeping Muslim nation. If Imam Husain had aimed at acquiring a worldly empire, he would not have traveled as he did. Husain weltered in blood and dust for the sake of truth. Verily he, therefore, became the bedrock foundation of the Muslim creed: There is no deity but Allah.
Karbala in History Ashuraa is the glue that holds Muslims together 1. Educate, affirm the faith, and to emotionally connect 2. It is like a booster shot, to revive the faith Has become a big industry: 1. To Feed people, Travel expense, Sleeping arrangement, 2. Invite speakers, hold Majlis, or simply give lectures 3. Write books and publish articles and poetry about it 2-3 Million people visit on each of these occasions, from far and near, from inside and outside the country Excellent Intercultural Communication and Understanding
Quran: Chapter 5, Verse 48 …To each among you have We prescribed a Law and an open way. If God had so willed, He would have made you a single people: But, His plan is to test you in what He hath given you: So strive as in a race in all virtues. The goal of you all is to God; it is He that will show you the truth of the matters in which ye dispute; …لكل جعلنا منكم شرعة ومنهاجا ولو شاء الله لجعلكم امة واحدة ولكن ليبلوكم في ما اتاكم فاستبقوا الخيرات الى الله مرجعكم جميعا فينبئكم بما كنتم فيه تختلفون
The spirit of Husain modern commentary Edward Gibbon: In a distant age and climate, the tragic scene of the death of Husain will awaken the sympathy of the coldest reader.
The spirit of Husain modern commentary William Muir: The tragedy of Karbala decided not only the fate of the Caliphate, but also of [Muslim] kingdoms long after the Caliphate had waned and disappeared.
Two Hadiths: Universality of Islam Humanity is the Family of God الخلق عيال الله The best of people is the one who benefits people خير الناس من نفع الناس
Husains Mission Since Islam Calls for Social Justice, Mission of Husain was to: 1. Muslims of all sects, 2. Ahlul Kitab (Jews and Christians), and to 3. People of all Persuasions Mission was to stand up to Oppression and Malice and fight them off, since this is the magnificent obsession to serve God
Quran: Chapter 5, Verse 46 And We caused Jesus, son of Mary, to follow in their footsteps, Confirming that which was revealed before him in the Torah, and We bestowed on him the Gospel Wherein is guidance and a light, confirming that which was revealed before it in the Torah A guidance and an admonition unto those who are God-fearing. وَقَفَّيْنَا عَلَى آثَارِهِم بِعَيسَى ابْنِ مَرْيَمَ مُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَآتَيْنَاهُ الإِنجِيلَ فِيهِ هُدًى وَنُورٌ وَمُصَدِّقًا لِّمَا بَيْنَ يَدَيْهِ مِنَ التَّوْرَاةِ وَهُدًى وَمَوْعِظَةً لِّلْمُتَّقِينَ
Quran: Chapter 3, Verse 113-114 Not all of them (Christians and Jews) are alike: Of the People of the Book are a portion that stand for the right: They rehearse the Signs of God all night long, and they prostrate themselves in adoration. They believe in God and the Last Day; they enjoin what is right, and forbid what is wrong; and hasten in the good works: They are in the ranks of the righteous. لَيْسُواْ سَوَاء مِّنْ أَهْلِ الْكِتَابِ أُمَّةٌ قَآئِمَةٌ يَتْلُونَ آيَاتِ اللّهِ آنَاء اللَّيْلِ وَهُمْ يَسْجُدُونَ يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الآخِرِ وَيَأْمُرُونَ بِالْمَعْرُوفِ وَيَنْهَوْنَ عَنِ الْمُنكَرِ وَيُسَارِعُونَ فِي الْخَيْرَاتِ وَأُوْلَئِكَ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ
Always Al-Husain to humanity كل يومٍ عاشوراء وكل أرضٍ كربلاء - Imam Jafar As-Saadiq (as) Every day is Ashura and every land is Karbala
Finally we quote the Quran: In Allahs Name, Lord of Mercy and Lord of Grace By the Token of Time Verily Man is in loss, Save those who believe and do good works, and exhort one another to Truth and exhort one another to patience. بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمنِ الرَّحِيمِ وَالْعَصْرِ إِنَّ اِلانسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ إِلا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ