2 Instructions DO NOT eat the m&m’s until you’re told to! DO NOT TOUCH THE m&m’s!There is 1 King3 Nobles6 VassalsMany peasantsEach Peasant reports to a VassalExample: Peasant A1 reports to Vassal 1Each Vassal reports to a NobleExample: Vassal A1 reports to Noble AEach Noble reports to the KingNobles & Vassals need a spoon
3 Harvest Time!! Each peasant harvests crops on their land. Each peasant receives 6 M&M’s
4 TaxesSince the peasants do not own the land, they now must pay their vassal for protection.Vassals should confiscate 4 M&M’s from each peasant in their fiefdom.If a vassal has 2 peasants, he/she should end up with 8 m&m’s
5 More Taxes…From each peasant's payment, the vassal is to keep 1 piece and give 3 to his lord, the noble.
6 More Taxes…From each vassal's payment of fidelity, or loyalty, the noble is to keep 3 pieces and give the rest of the candies to the king.
7 M&M shuffleUse the spoons to return the m&m’s so that everyone ends up with 5 m&m’s to eat!
8 DiscussionIn the early medieval period, the rights of man were not a major concern; survival was!What need would the nobles and king have for all that food and material?What choice did the peasants have?Why did feudalism work?
9 Feudalism & Manorialism Pyramid of power Learning Goal 2: Explain why feudalism and manoralism developed in Western Europe and describe the major characteristics of each.
12 Roman Empire had a central government. After Rome fell, Europe had dozens of little kingdoms.Lots of fighting between kingdoms.Lots of attacks from Vikings, Magyars (from East Asia) and Muslims.A new way evolved ...
13 FeudalismFeudalism was the political and military system of the Middle Ages.In a feudal society, land is exchanged for military service and loyalty.The ownership of land was the basis or power.
14 InstructionsTake notes on your graphic organizer (Feudalism Pyramid & Venn Diagram) as we go through this PowerpointDon’t just write in Serfs, Vassals, etc!
16 At the top William the Conqueror The King owned all of the land. Depending on how much he liked them, he gave land to the Nobles.William the Conqueror
17 Feudal Pyramid of Power KINGLANDNOBLESLords, Ladies,Dukes, etc.Feudal Pyramid of Power
18 Nobles Lords and Ladies, Dukes, Earls. Usually related to, or mates with, the King.They didn’t get the Land for free: they were required to give money and soldiers (knights) if the King needed them to fight a war.
19 Feudal Pyramid of Power KINGMONEY AND KNIGHTSLANDNOBLESFeudal Pyramid of Power
20 Knights/VassalsNobles needed trained soldiers to defend castles and to give the King when he asked for them.Knights most important, highly skilled soldiersMounted knights in heavy armor best defenders
21 PROTECTION and MILITARY SERVICE Feudal Pyramid of Power KINGMONEY AND KNIGHTSLANDPROTECTION and MILITARY SERVICENOBLES(Lords, ladies,Dukes, etcKNIGHTS &VASSALSFeudal Pyramid of Power
22 Many Lords Person could be both lord & vassal Some knights with large fiefs gave small pieces of land to other knightsOne knight could serve many lordsEveryone’s supposed to be loyal to the King. Didn’t always work out that way…
23 Peasants Everyday people – peasants - were frightened. They turned to landowners for protection.Peasants offered their labor in exchange for protection.These peasants were called serfs.Peasants
24 Serfs He was not a slave because he could not be sold. A serf was “bound to the land.”He could not leave hislord’s land.He was not a slave because he could not be sold.But he was not free because he could not leave.He also needed permission to marry.
25 PROTECTION and MILITARY SERVICE Feudal Pyramid of Power KINGMONEY AND KNIGHTSLANDPROTECTION and MILITARY SERVICELAND (fief)NOBLESLANDand protectionFOOD AND SERVICESKNIGHTSvassalsPEASANTS& SERFSFeudal Pyramid of Power
26 ManorialismIn Modern times, when we say “Manor”, we mean this:
27 ManorialismBut in the Middle Ages, a Manor was more like a town or a large estate.Remember: a fief was all of a Lord’s land.The Manor was the part of the fief where the peasants farmed and lived.
28 Manorialism was the economic system of the Middle Ages. Manorialism is a self-sufficient economy; this means that everything that is necessary for life was created on the manor.
30 At the lowest level of society were the serfs , which were peasants that were bound to the land. The lord offered his serfs protection in exchange for living and working on his land.
31 Hard Work & High TaxesPeasants worked hard to cultivate the land and produce the goods that the lord and his manor needed.They were heavily taxed and were required to relinquish much of what they harvested.
32 Recap… Feudalism is the social and political system that evolved in W Europe in the 8th and 9th centuries, in which vassals were protected and maintained by their lords, usually through the granting of fiefs, and were required to serve under them in war.Manorialism is the economic system by which peasants of medieval Europe were made dependent on their land and on their lord derived from the word ‘manor.’ Its basic unit was the manor, a self-sufficient stationary estate, or fief that was under the control of a lord who enjoyed a variety of rights over it and the peasants attached to it by means of serfdom.
33 Feudalism Manorialism Political system Social System Vassals required to fight for the LordBased in EuropeSerfs tied to landProtection offered to serfsLord controlled ManorEconomic SystemSelf Sufficient
34 2 Things Topic: 1 on Justinian Code, 1 on Feudalism