Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

BA230-Marketing Communications

Similar presentations

Presentation on theme: "BA230-Marketing Communications"— Presentation transcript:

1 BA230-Marketing Communications
Sales Promotion

2 The Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC) Mix
Integrated Marketing Communications Mix Public Relations Direct Marketing Sales Promotion Advertising Personal Selling

3 Sales Promotion Sales promotions are marketing communications activities that stimulate short term behavioral responses from consumers, the trade (reseller support), or the company’s own sales force in order to encourage the trade and/or end customer to purchase or to take other relevant action by affecting the perceived value of the product being promoted. Sales promotions are short-term incentives designed to stimulate purchase among consumers or trade.

4 Sales Promotion Advertising Sales Promotion Reasons to buy...
Incentives to buy...

5 Objectives of Sales Promotion
Increasing volume Encouraging trial Increase repeat purchase Increasing frequency and amount of use Widening use Increasing loyalty Reward loyal customers Extending usage Creating awareness and interest Gaining intermediary support Deflecting attention from price Emphasizing price Discriminating among users Supporting database enhancement

6 Concepts mixed with sales prom.
Merchandising: Range of sales promotions activities intended to ensure that products are easily available; prominently and attractively displayed at point of sale. Point of Purchase (Sale)-P.O.P: Marcom activities that take place where products are bought and sold.

7 Reasons for Rapid Growth of Sales Promotion
Growing power of retailers Declining more brand loyalty Increasing promotional sensitivity Brand proliferation/similarity Price sensitivity Fragmentation of consumer market The short term focus of many marketing plans and reward systems Use of sales promotion to gain or maintain a competitive advantage The increasing problem of advertising clutter and the need to use consumer promotions as a way of atrracting attention and interest to advertising

8 Sales Promotion Activities
Consumer sales promotions Trade sales promotions Employee/Salesforce sales promotions.

9 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Samples Coupons Premiums Money-off Bonus Packs Banded Packs Prize promotions Tie-in promotions Cause-related sales promotions Merchandising/P.O.P displays/demonstrations Information leaflets/packs and catalogues “Loyalty” schemes Free trials

10 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Sampling: Offer of a free trial amount (size) of a product or service. Door-to-door sampling Sampling through the mail In-store sampling On-package Inserts in magazines and newspapers

11 Consumer focused sales promotions activities

12 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Free trials: Inviting prospects to try the product free in the hope that they will buy the product.

13 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Free trials

14 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Couponing: Certificates offering a stated saving on the purchase of a specific product. Media delivery in newspapers and magazines and as freestanding inserts through direct mail In-stores and at points of purchase In or on packages

15 Couponing:

16 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Premiums: Include free goods and services such as extra item of the product being purchased, a free item of some other product or service such as entry into a leisure park. Two for one “buy one get one free” etc.


18 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Merchandising/P.O.P displays/demonstrations: Displays and demonstrations that take place at the point of purchase or sale

19 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Information leaflets/packs and catalogues

20 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Prize promotions: Prizes offer consumer to chance, to win cash, trips or mechandise as a result of purchasing something. A contest calls for consumer to submit an entry to be examined by judges who will select the best entries. A sweepstakes asks consumer to submit their names for a drawing. A game presents consumer with sth. Everytime they buy- bingo numbers, missing letters- that might help them win a prize.

21 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Prize promotions:

22 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Money-off: On pack, immediate price reduction Money-off voucher, immediate price reduction Money-off voucher for next purchase Money-off voucher for other products Computer-generated immediate price reduction Computer-generated vouchers

23 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Bonus Packs: Include an extra quantity of the product in the pack for no extra price increase. Banded Packs: Multi-packs of the same product, or more than one product “banded” together for an inclusive price.

24 Bonus Packs

25 Banded Packs

26 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
Tie-in promotions: Two or more brands or companies team up McDonald’s and Disney McDonald’s and Toys’R’us

27 Consumer focused sales promotions activities
“Loyalty” schemes: It aims to encourage customers to purchase more item from, or make more use of, the organization of which they are “members”.

28 Trade focused sales promotions
Trade promotions are the expenditures or incentives used by manufecturers and other members of marketing channel to help push products through to retailers. They are aimed at retailers, disributors, wholesalers, brokers, and agents.

29 Trade focused sales promotions activities
Trade allowances: Discount/price reductions Additional free products Special terms Target pay-backs Trade contests and incentives: Cooperative advertising (and vendor support programs) P.O.P materials and merchandising Gifts and free merchandise Information leaflets/packs and catalogues Training programs, trade shows

30 Objectives of Trade Promotions
Obtain initial distribution Obtain prime retail shelf space or location Support established brands Counter competitive actions Increase order size Build retail inventories Reduce excess manufacturer inventories Enhance channel relationships Enhance the IMC program

31 Trade focused sales promotions activities
P.O.P materials and merchandising:

32 Trade focused sales promotions activities
P.O.P materials

33 Business and Sales force Sales Promotion activities
Trade Shows and Conventions Sales contests Specialty advertising (calender, desk-office accessories etc.)

34 Push versus Pull strategies
Push strategy: Heavy promotion to channel members, pushes product through the system. Pull strategy: Heavy promotion to end users pulls product through the system.

35 Objectives of Sales force (Employee) Promotion
Stimulate sales force motivation for new, improved or existing products Provide extra “assistance” for sales staff e.g. Create extra sales promotion materials for their use Encourage meeting of sales targets Help in the management of customer debt, e.g. Reduction of overdue debts Encourage sales staff to generate leads Improve the quality of leads/qualified leads Encourage non-sales staff to generate leads Encourage all staff to improve customer contact and relations Complement other marketing communications “push” activities.

36 Sales Promotion Mechanics
Does the mechanic involve a task that is too much trouble? Will the mechanics be embarrassing or personally intrusive? Will the customer understand all the rules? Should the mechanics be immediate or delayed? Is the mechanics restricted by law? Does the offer look too good to be true?

37 Steps in Sales Promotion Program Development
Establish objectives Select consumer-promotion tools Select trade-promotion tools Select sales force promotion tools Develop the program Decide on the size of the incentive Set conditions for participation Determine how to promote and distribute the Promotion Program Determine the length of the Program Pretest the program Implement and evaluate the program

38 Sales Promotion Advantages Disadvantages
Provides extra incentive to purchase product Way to appeal to price sensitive consumer Can generate extra interest in ads Easier to measure efforts Often only has short term impact Can be abused Can lead to promotional wars Often does not contribute to brand image

Find specific examples of three types of sales promotion in the current market: Consumer sales promotions Trade sales promotions Employee/Salesforce sales promotions Find examples (at least 3) from each category by contacting retailers, disributors, wholesalers, brokers, agents, sales staff and employees of the companies and explain the techniques that they use in order to stimulate short term behavioral responses from consumers, the trade (reseller support), or the company’s own sales force. Your assignment is to take pictures of different and diverse promotions in every category and to write a report in order to explain the promotional tecniques, used by different companies. Any example from the Internet is not accepted.

40 Individual Assignment for REPEAT Students
Find five different samples of implemented PR function by either a certain brand(s) or a company(ies). Explain each of these implemantations within one pharagraph. Visual supports will be highly appreciated. Any source that is used while gathering related information SHOULD be given as reference. Copywriting: Example: Press releases, newsletters, web pages, annual reports. Corporate PR: Example: Annual reports, conferences, ethical statements, visual identity, images. promoting understanding of the organization through internal and external comm. Media Relations: Example: Press releases, video news releases, briefings, press events. Presenting news and information about the organization in the most positive light

Download ppt "BA230-Marketing Communications"

Similar presentations

Ads by Google