2 What is the OPORD format used for? From FM 7-8: “ The leader briefs his OPORD orally from notes that follow the five paragraph format…”The OPORD format is a guide to help you the leader remember what all you should be thinking about and planning for. Not all sections of the format will apply to all operations
3 OPERATIONS ORDER FORMAT Task Organization:Explain how the unit is organized for the operation.SITUATIONa. Enemy forces:(1) Disposition, Composition, and Strength(2) Capabilities: What the enemy is able to do and how well can they do itMost probable course of actionWeather and Terrain
4 (4) Weather and Terraina. Light and Weather- Weather forecast, temperature high and low, humidity, visibility, % illumination, precipitation, BMNT, EENT and moonrise/moonset.b. Terrain-OCOKAO- ObstaclesC- Cover and ConcealmentO- Observation and Fields of FireK- Key TerrainA- Avenues of Approach
5 SITUATIONb. Friendly forces:Mission of next higher unitUnit on the left missionUnit on the right missionUnit forward missionMission of the reserveUnits in supportc. Attachments/detachmentsAny units attached or detached with effective times
6 2. MISSION - Who,What, When, Where, Why (Read Twice) * Make sure you state your mission and not that of the higher headquarters that just briefed you:You will be either a squad or platoon!
7 3. EXECUTIONCommander’s Intent: the stated vision that defines the purpose of the operation and relationship among the force, the enemy, and terrainWhy is it important?With a full understanding of the mission and commander’s intent you should have enough guidance to improvise and adapt in order to complete the mission after the plan meets first contact with the enemy.
8 3. EXECUTION Concept of the operation: Phases designation, description, start and end times/events.Refer to operational overlay, concept sketch, terrain modelCommon Phases- Assembly area (AA), prep, passage of lines- Move to Objective Rally Point (ORP)- Actions on objective- Consolidation and reorganization
9 3. EXECUTION Concept of the operation: Maneuver: address all squads/teams by name giving them each an essential task.Designate main effort.Give mission statements for each subordinate element.* Again, refer to your picture or terrain model!* Look each team leader in the eye to make sure they heard you!
10 Summary of Execution Paragraph: Tell it like a story from start to finish! The order should flow in a logical sequenceUse your terrain model while you brief! Try to have your teams sit around it in the general location of their position on the battlefieldYou can address almost every other section of the OPORD while explaining your concept of maneuver using the overlay or terrain model:if there is a key signal or code word to initiate the attack don’t wait until paragraph 5 to explain it!
11 3. EXECUTION Concept of the operation: (2) Fires: Refer to fire support overlay and target listDescribe concept of fire support in relation to Maneuver- Priority of fires and who controls itb. Tasks to Maneuver units:Specify tasks, other than those listed earlier in maneuver paragraph like Aid/Litter, EPW, Demo, Compass, Pace
12 3. EXECUTIONc. Tasks to Combat Support units: Usually not applicable for squad or platoon operationsd. Coordinating Instructions: Things that apply to two or more units and are not SOPPIRTime linesMOPP levelOrder of marchRules of engagementSmoke Colors
13 c. Personnel: EPW collection 4. SERVICE SUPPORT a. General – company trains b. Material and Services:1. Supply2. Transportation3. Services4. Maintenance5. Medical evacuationc. Personnel: EPW collection
14 5. COMMAND AND SIGNAL a. Command b. Signal location of the leader and command postlocation of platoon sergeant or alternate CPsuccession of commandlocation of higher unit commanderb. Signalmethods of communication; priorityemergency signals; visual signalscode words in effect during operationchallenge and passwordRemember: These details of your plan should be covered during the concept of the operation as well!
15 TIPS of the TRADE:Remember to use your graphics, map, terrain modelUse the specific names of your people as well as their team designationTell squad to hold questions until you are finishedDon’t waste all of your preparation time for OPORD brief: save time for Rehearsals!Good Rehearsals will discover unseen holes in your plan and help you develop good solutionsBe dynamic, vocal, and enthusiastic!
16 FRAGOs Fragmentary Orders: Used to brief changes to existing order Follows OPORD formatAddresses only those elements that have changed“ … situation, no change. Mission, no change. Execution; A team will now be the main effort, B team is in support…”
17 FRAGOs Expect many FRAGOS in both tactical and garrison operations Don’t get frustrated at each FRAGOLearn to anticipate changesRemember the overall mission and IntentDon’t let subordinates get bent out of shape because of multiple changesUsually somebody else’s good idea with good intentions but doesn’t always make sense at ground level