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Tactical (Combat) Orders

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Presentation on theme: "Tactical (Combat) Orders"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tactical (Combat) Orders

2 Types of Orders Administrative Orders Combat Orders
Warning Order (WARNO) Operations Order (OPORD) Fragmentary Order (FRAGO)

3 Unit Hierarchy and Tactical Orders

4 Characteristics of Tactical (Combat) Orders
Good Combat Orders: Have Clarity (Use sketches, models or actual terrain) Are Complete and Brief Are Timely Allow Initiative by recognizing subordinates freedom of action within the commander’s intent Use affirmative form and are authoritative Avoid Qualified Directives

5 The Warning Order (WARNO)
Preliminary Notice “Heads up” Facilitates Time Management Provides operational details Outlines key events for mission execution (focus on mission preparation) Detail dependent on: The information and time available from the issue of the order to mission execution The information subordinate commanders need for proper planning and preparation

6 Warning Order (WARNO) Time: Provided ASAP after receipt of higher order Format: No specific format -- Use the five paragraphs of the operations order as a guide Use unit SOP/checklists (or develop them) Necessary information in a WARNO: The mission or nature of the operation Who is participating in the mission Time of the operation Tasks that unit must accomplish now (equipment, supplies, inspections and rehearsals) to prepare Time and place that to issue the operations order

7 WARNO General Format Five-Paragraph Format Four-Paragraph Format
Situation Mission Execution Time Schedule Tasks Service support Command and Signal Four-Paragraph Format Situation Mission General Instructions Special Instructions

8 The Operations Order (OPORD)
Directive issued to subordinate leaders, commanders, Information to effect execution of an operation Always specifies execution time and date Focus is on what to do, not how to do it Explains why the mission is important

9 Operations Order- A Basic Outline (1 of 2)
Situation Enemy Forces Friendly Forces Attachments and Detachments Mission Execution Concept of the Operation Maneuver Fires Tasks to Maneuver Units Tasks to Combat Support Units Coordinating Instructions

10 Operations Order- A Basic Outline (2 of 2)
Service Support General Material and Services Supply Transportation Services Maintenance Medical Evacuations Personnel Miscellaneous Command and Signal Command Signal

11 Situation Enemy Forces Friendly Forces Attachments and Detachments
Composition, disposition, strength, and capabilities Most probable/dangerous course of action Friendly Forces Mission and action of units two levels up, left/right, front/rear. Attachments and Detachments Units or individuals Effective time period.

12 Mission States the mission in a clear concise statement of the task and purpose, containing the following information: Who What When Where Why

13 Execution The “How To” Information needed to accomplish the mission.
Usually in four parts: Concept of operation Tasks to maneuver units Tasks to combat support units Coordinating instructions

14 Concept of the Operation
Covers the commander’s intent Covers the tactical plan Scheme of maneuver Integration

15 Tasks to Maneuver/Combat Support Units
Gives the exact mission of all subordinate units Coordinating Instruction The tactical instruction and details of coordination that apply to two or more units

16 Service Support Support Concept Material and Services
Supply Transportation Services Maintenance Medical Evacuation Personnel Miscellaneous

17 Command and Signal Location of key leaders Chain of command
Frequencies Call signs Code words

18 FRAGO Address only parts of the OPORD that change – must be specific
Uses the same sequence of the OPORD A brief outline of the changes and instructions

19 Troop Leading Procedures and Tactical Orders
Receive the mission Issue a warning order WARNO Make a tentative plan Start necessary movement Reconnoiter Complete the plan OPORD Issue the complete order OPORD Brief Supervise FRAGO

20 Tactical Orders Practical Exercise Review the platoon order
Individually write a WARNO Guided discussion Make a tentative plan (Step 3) Initiate movement (Step 4) Reconnoiter (Step 5) Complete the Plan (Step 6) Review for homework Issue complete order (Step 7) Supervise (Step 8)

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