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**Using the Metric System**

Metrics is a system of measurement based on the power of 10

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**LENGTH – Distance from one point to another**

Units of measurement: LENGTH – Distance from one point to another M or m for meter

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**MASS – the amount of matter in an object**

G or g for grams

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**VOLUME – the amount of space an object occupies**

L or l for liter L x W x H = Volume

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**TEMPERATURE – the amount of heat an object has**

degrees Celsius (oC)

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M/G/L thousand hundred ten 1 one-tenth one-hundredth one-thousandth

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King Henry died, my good lord, drinking chocolate milk.

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**Kilo – 1,000 times larger than a meter**

milli - 1,000 times smaller than a meter Hecto times larger than a meter centi – 100 times smaller than a meter Deka - 10 times larger than a meter deci – 10 times smaller than a meter

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**CONVERTING METRIC UNITS**

When moving to the left, move your decimal to the left 100 m = __________ km When moving to the right, move your decimal to the right 100 km = __________ m

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**1 M = _____________ km 1000 mm = _________ m 48.0 ml = ___________ Dl**

( __how many___ space(s), ___which direction___) left 1000 mm = _________ m (________ space(s), ________) 48.0 ml = ___________ Dl (now try rest on your sheet)

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IS THIS CORRECT? Ex: 1 meter = ? cm cm are 2 spaces to the right of M SO 1.00 meter = 100 cm

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**Ex: 5 millimeters = ? Km IS THIS CORRECT?**

km are 6 spaces to the left of mm SO 5 millimeters = 5,000,000 km

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**dg are 4 spaces to the right of kg SO 2.74 kilograms = 27,400 dg**

IS THIS CORRECT? Ex: 2.74 kilograms = ? dg dg are 4 spaces to the right of kg SO 2.74 kilograms = 27,400 dg

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**hl are 2 spaces to the left of l SO 0.063 liters = 6.3 hl**

IS THIS CORRECT? Ex: liters = ? Hl hl are 2 spaces to the left of l SO liters = 6.3 hl

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**IS THIS CORRECT? Ex: 842.9 centigrams = ? Dg**

Dg are 3 spaces to the left of cg SO centigrams = cg

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