Presentation on theme: "ISANG TANONG, ISANG SAGOT"— Presentation transcript:
1 ISANG TANONG, ISANG SAGOT paglilinaw ng mga konsepto sa usapin ng karahasan sa kababaihan at kabataan
2 #1 ANG KARAHASAN SA KABABAIHAN BA AY NANGYAYARI LAMANG SA MGA MAY-ASAWA?
3 HINDI"Violence against women and their children refers to any act or a series of acts committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife, or against a woman with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationship, or with whom he has a common child, or against her child whether legitimate or illegitimate, within or without the family abode"Dating relationship" refers to a situation wherein the parties live as husband and wife without the benefit of marriage or are romantically involved over time and on a continuing basis during the course of the relationship. A casual acquaintance or ordinary socialization between two individuals in a business or social context is not a dating relationship.Sexual relations" refers to a single sexual act which may or may not result in the bearing of a common child."Children" refers to those below eighteen (18) years of age or older but are incapable of taking care of themselves as defined under Republic Act No As used in this Act, it includes the biological children of the victim and other children under her care.
4 #2 ANG KARAHASAN BA AY PAWANG PISIKAL NA PANANAKIT LAMANG?
5 HINDI SEKSWAL SIKOLOHIKAL o EMOSYONAL PANGKABUHAYAN Ayon sa RA 9262, bukod pa sa PISIKAL na pananakit, may 3 pang uri ng karahasan na maaring bumiktima sa mga kababaihan at kabataan:SEKSWALSIKOLOHIKAL o EMOSYONALPANGKABUHAYANSECTION 3 DEFINITION OF TERMS, SECTION 5 ACTS OF VIOLENCEPHYSICAL- bodily or physical harmSEXUAL- act which is sexual in nature, committed against a woman or her child. It includes, but is not limited to:a) rape, sexual harassment, acts of lasciviousness, treating a woman or her child as a sex object, making demeaning and sexually suggestive remarks, physically attacking the sexual parts of the victim's body, forcing her/him to watch obscene publications and indecent shows or forcing the woman or her child to do indecent acts and/or make films thereof, forcing the wife and mistress/lover to live in the conjugal home or sleep together in the same room with the abuser;b) acts causing or attempting to cause the victim to engage in any sexual activity by force, threat of force, physical or other harm or threat of physical or other harm or coercion;c) Prostituting the woman or child.Art Concubinage. — Any husband who shall keep a mistress in the conjugal dwelling, or shall have sexual intercourse, under scandalous circumstances, with a woman who is not his wife, or shall cohabit with her in any other place, shall be punished by prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods.The concubine shall suffer the penalty of destierro.PSYCHOLOGICAL- acts or omissions causing or likely to cause mental or emotional suffering of the victim such as but not limited to intimidation, harassment, stalking, damage to property, public ridicule or humiliation, repeated verbal abuse and mental infidelity. It includes causing or allowing the victim to witness the physical, sexual or psychological abuse of a member of the family to which the victim belongs, or to witness pornography in any form or to witness abusive injury to pets or to unlawful or unwanted deprivation of the right to custody and/or visitation of common children.- STALKING- intentional act committed by a person who, knowingly and without lawful justification follows the woman or her child or places the woman or her child under surveillance directly or indirectly or a combination thereof.ECONOMICAL- refers to acts that make or attempt to make a woman financially dependent which includes, but is not limited to the following:withdrawal of financial support or preventing the victim from engaging in any legitimate profession, occupation, business or activity, except in cases wherein the other spouse/partner objects on valid, serious and moral grounds as defined in Article 73 of the Family Code; ART 73-2. deprivation or threat of deprivation of financial resources and the right to the use and enjoyment of the conjugal, community or property owned in common;3. destroying household property;4. controlling the victims' own money or properties or solely controlling the conjugal money or properties.SUPPORT- Art The husband is responsible for the support of the wife and the rest of the family. These expenses shall be met first from the conjugal property, then from the husband's capital, and lastly from the wife's paraphernal property. In case there is a separation of property, by stipulation in the marriage settlements, the husband and wife shall contribute proportionately to the family expenses.
6 #3 ANG MINSANG PANANAKIT BA AY HINDI AGAD NANGANGAHULUGAN NG KARAHASAN?
7 HINDISa depinisyon ng karahasan laban sa kababaihan at kabataan sa RA 9262, ginagamit ng mga salitang “ANY ACT OR A SERIES OF ACTS…”Violence against women and their children" refers to any act or a series of acts committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife, or against a woman with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationship, or with whom he has a common child, or against her child whether legitimate or illegitimate, within or without the family abode, which result in or is likely to result in physical, sexual, psychological harm or suffering, or economic abuse including threats of such acts, battery, assault, coercion, harassment or arbitrary deprivation of liberty.Nangangahulugan ito na maituturing na karahasan na ang minsang pananakit kahit sa unang pagkakataon pa lamang nangyari ito.
8 #4 KAUNTI LANG BA ANG NABIBIKTIMA NG KARAHASAN LABAN SA KABABAIHAN?
9 HINDI9,132 - naitalang kaso ng karahasan laban sa kababaihan noong 20014,687- naitalang kaso mula Enero hanggang Oktubre 200758.8%- ng mga kasong ito ay kaso ng pambubugbog (wife battering),14.7% ay kaso ng panggagahasa (rape),9.4% ay kaso ng acts of lasciviousness1,443- naitalang kaso ng paglabag sa RA 9262 mula Enero hanggang Oktubre 2007-Ngunit hindi ito nangangahulugan na kumukaunti ang mga nabibiktima ng karahasan dahil ang mga datos na ito ay base lamang sa itinatala ng pulis.-Marami ring dahilan kung bakit hindi pinipili ng babae na isumbong o ikwento ang karahasan na ginawa o ginagawa laban sa kanya. Ayon sa manual: a) victim blaming- i.e. ang mga babae ay ginagahasa dahil “malaswa” o revealing ang kanilang kasuotanb) Concealment of offender (violater was also violated)- hindi kasalanan ng lalake ang naganap na karahasan- i.e. sinasaktan o binubogbog ang babae dahil siya ay bungangerang asawac) The natural order of things, o ganyan talaga ang buhay- i.e. nadadala lang ang asawang lalake tuwing nag-aaway sila ng babae kaya niya nabubugbog ito; ang sexual harrassment o pambabastos ay bahagi lamang ng pagpapatunay ng pagkalalake
10 #5 ANG MGA KABABAIHANG NAGIGING BIKTIMA BA NG KARAHASAN AY ANG MGA MAHIHIRAP O MABABA ANG PINAG-ARALAN?
11 HINDIAng karahasan laban sa kababaihan ay walang pinipiling edad, pinag-aralan o estado sa buhay.Halimbawa, Hindi na bago na iniiwan ng asawang babae ang trabaho o pag-aaral kapag nakapag-asawa.Section 5Preventing the woman from engaging in any legitimate profession, occupation, business or activity or controlling the victim’s money or properties or solely controlling the conjugal or common money or properties-Hindi na rin bago sa lipunan na inuuna ang pangangailangan ng kalalakihan
12 #6 ANG LALAKE LANG BA ANG PINAPARUSAHAN SA ILALIM NG RA 9262?
13 HINDI"Violence against women and their children refers to any act or a series of acts committed by any person against a woman who is his wife, former wife, or against a woman with whom the person has or had a sexual or dating relationship, or with whom he has a common child, or against her child whether legitimate or illegitimate, within or without the family abodeA Punong Barangay, Barangay Kagawad or the court hearing an application for a protection order shall not order, direct, force or in any way unduly influence the applicant for a protection order to compromise or abandon any of the reliefs sought in the application for a protection order under this Act.-Sakop sa depinisyon ang kahit na sinnog tao. Kaya’t kung may ka-relasyon ang biktimang babae na babae rin, at siya rin ang may gawa ng karahasan, maari din siyang parusahan-Section 33- Failure to comply with this Section shall render the official or judge administratively liable.
14 #7 ANG RA 9262 LAMANG BA ANG BATAS NA PROTEKSYON LABAN SA KARAHASAN SA KABABAIHAN AT KABATAAN
15 HINDIMaraming ibang batas na nagpaparusa sa mga iba’t ibang uri ng karahasan laban sa kababaihan. Kabilang dito ang:RA Anti Sexual Harassment Act of 1995RA Anti Rape Law of 1997RA Anti Trafficking in Persons Act of 2003At iba pang naisusulat sa ilalim ng Revised Penal Code.Sa ilalim ng RA 9262, maaring tumaas ang parusa o multa kung ang krimen ay gawa ng karahasan laban sa kababaihan7877-8353-recognizes marital rape, rape even without penile penetration, anal penetration and use of objects as sexual assault9208-for purposes of exploitation, ie prostitution, forced labor or services, slavery, servitude, sale of organs263- serious physical injuries; 265- less serious; 266-slight262-mutilation246-parricide336, 339- acts of lascioviousness; consented342,343- forcible/consented abduction
16 #8 MAYROON BANG KARAHASAN LABAN SA KALALAKIHAN?
17 WALAAng karahasan laban sa kababaihan ay uri ng GENDER BASED VIOLENCE. Ang gender based violence ay karahasan na ginagawa sa mga kababaihan dahil sila ay babae.Ang gender, o pagkababae, ang pangunahing dahilan ng isinasagawang karahasan. Ang iba pang salik, tulad ng edad, edukasyon, lahi, o estado sa buhay ay pangalawa lamang sa gender.Kinikilala ang ganitong uri ng karahasan batay sa mga karanasan ng kababaihan sa kasaysayan at sa kasalukuyang lipunan.Ngunit hindi ito nangangahulugan na walang karapatan ang kalalakihan.