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Developmental Milestones: Ages 0-5 Years

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Presentation on theme: "Developmental Milestones: Ages 0-5 Years"— Presentation transcript:

1 Developmental Milestones: Ages 0-5 Years
Brought to you by: (806) Amarillo (806) Borger (806) Lubbock

2 0-1 Year: Gross Motor Skills
Turns head to both sides when lying on back (0-2 mo) Lifts head up when lying on tummy (0-2 mo) Holds head up 90 degrees when lying on tummy (3-5 mo) Stretches out and kicks legs when lying on back or stomach (1-5 mo) Holds chest up in prone while putting weight on forearms (2-3 mo) Rolls from tummy to back (2-5 mo) Sits independently using hands (5-8 mo) Rolls from back to tummy (3-5 mo) Gets into sitting position without help (6-10 mo) Pulls to standing using furniture (6-10 mo) Stands, holding onto objects (6-10 mo) Sits without support of hands (8-9 mo) Crawls forward (8-9 mo) Stands alone (11-14 mo) Walks holding on to furniture (9-13 mo) Walks alone 2 or 3 steps (11-13 mo)

3 0-1 Year: Fine Motor Skills
Moves arms together (0-2 mo) Brings hands to middle of body when lying on back (1-3 mo) Grasps toys actively (2-4 mo) Follows object with eyes without moving hands (4-6 mo) Reaches for object with both arms (4-5 mo) Reaches for and grasps objects (4-5 mo) Drops objects (5-6 mo) Reaches for object with one arm (5-7 mo) Transfers object from one hand to another (5-7 mo) Uses hand to rake small objects (7-8 mo) Bangs 2 blocks together (8-12 mo) Takes objects out of container (9-11 mo) Lets go of objects voluntarily (9-10 mo) Pokes with index finger (9-12 mo) Uses index finger and thumb to pick up small objects (10-12 mo) Uses hands freely (11-13 mo) Puts objects into container (10-11 mo) Tries to imitate scribbling (10-12 mo)

4 0-1 Year: Social Skills Enjoys physical contact and touch (0-3 mo)
Establishes eye contact (0-2 mo) Develops a social smile (1-4 mo) Enjoys social play (3-6 mo) Becomes anxious when separated from parent (6-9 mo) Cooperates in games (6-10 mo) Begins to show fear with previously accepted situations (6-18 mo) Shows toys to others (9-12 mo) Engages in relational play (9-12 mo) Explores environment (9-12 mo) Tests parent’s response during feeding and bedtime (9-12 mo)

5 0-1 Year: Self Help Skills
Can open and close mouth in response to food (0-1 mo) Coordinates sucking, swallowing, and breathing (1-5 mo) Sleeps from 4-10 hour intervals at night (1-3 mo) Brings hand to mouth (2-4 mo) Can swallow pureed foods (3-6 mo) Brings hand to mouth with objects in hand (3-5 mo) Sleeps hours at night with awakening (4-8 mo) Mouths and munches solid foods (5-8 mo) Holds own bottle (5-9 mo) Finger feeds self (9-12 mo) Holds spoon (9-12 mo) Sleeps hours at night (9-12 mo) Helps with dressing by extending arms and legs (10-12 mo)

6 0-1 Year: Cognitive Skills
Responds to sounds (0-1 mo) Inspects hands (2-3 mo) Uses hands and mouth to explore objects (3-6 mo) Can find a partially hidden object (4-6 mo) Attempts to obtain desired object that is out of reach (5-9 mo) Brings feet to mouth (5-6 mo) Plays “peek-a-boo” (6-10 mo) Plays 2-3 minutes with one object/toy (6-9 mo) Looks for familiar people/pets when named (6-8 mo) Responds to simple requests with gestures (7-12 mo) Throws objects (9-12 mo) Understands “no” and responds (9-12 mo) Enjoys looking at picture books (10-14 mo)

7 0-1 Year: Language Skills
Cries when hungry or uncomfortable (0-1 mo) Makes sucking sounds (0-3 mo) Cry begins to vary in pitch, volume, and length to express needs (1-5 mo) Laughs (1-4 mo) Coos (2-7 mo) Cries rhythmically with mouth opening and closing (2-4 mo) Responds to sounds by making sounds (3-6 mo) Responds to own name (5-7 mo) Babbles double consonants, “baba” (5-8 mo) Responds to bye-bye (6-9 mo) Nonspecifically says “dada” and “mama” (6-11 mo) Shouts for attention (6-8 mo) Shows understanding of words with gesture or behavior (9-14 mo) Specifically says “dada” or “mama” (11-14 mo)

8 1-2 Years: Gross Motor Skills
Walks backwards (12-21 mo) Walks well without support (13-15 mo) Throws ball forward (15-18 mo) Walks upstairs with one hand held (17-19 mo) Kicks a ball (18-24 mo) Runs well (18-24 mo) Climbs onto furniture (18-21 mo) Walks downstairs with one hand held (19-21 mo) Walks upstairs holding rail (15-18 mo) Jumps with both feet in place (22-30 mo) Stands on tiptoes (23-25 mo)

9 1-2 Years: Fine Motor Skills
Builds tower using 2 blocks (12-16 mo) Points with index finger (12-16 mo) Scribbles on own (13-18 mo) Uses hands in center of body, one holds an object while the other manipulates it (16-18 mo) Can imitate vertical strokes when scribbling (20-24 mo) Builds 4 block tower (18-22 mo) Can imitate circles when scribbling (20-24 mo) Strings 1-inch beads (20-23 mo) Builds 6 block tower (22-24 mo) Holds crayon with thumb and fingers (23-25 mo) Snips paper with scissors (23-25 mo)

10 1-2 Years: Social Skills Displays independent behavior (12-15 mo)
Shows a sense of humor (12-18 mo) Tends to be messy (12-18 mo) Imitates adult behaviors, like housework (15-18 mo) Expresses affection (18-24 mo) Shows more emotions (fear, anger, sympathy), (18-24 mo) Plays parallel to peers (18-24 mo) Likes rough and tumble play (18-24 mo) Attempts to comfort others in distress (22-24 mo)

11 1-2 Years: Self Help Skills
Brings spoon to mouth (12-15 mo) Indicates discomfort after soiling pants (12-18 mo) Scoops food and feeds self with spoon (15-24 mo) Removes socks (15-18 mo) Gives up bottle (18-24 mo) Can remove shoes when shoestrings are undone (18-24 mo) Zips and unzips a large zipper (18-21 mo) Holds cup in hand (20-30 mo) Turns knobs to open doors (21-23 mo) Puts shoes on with help (21-30 mo)

12 1-2 Years: Cognitive Skills
Shows understanding of colors (12-18 mo) Places circle in shape puzzle (12-15 mo) Recognizes several people (12-18 mo) Places square in shape puzzle (12-18 mo) Matches objects (15-19 mo) Identifies one body part (15-19 mo) Can recognize and point to 4 pictures of animals (16-21 mo) Solves simple problems using tools (17-24 mo) Matches sounds to animals (18-22 mo) Matches objects to pictures (19-27 mo) Sorts objects (19-24 mo) Assembles nesting blocks (19-24 mo) Identifies 3 body parts (19-22 mo) Places triangle in shape puzzle (21-24 mo) Turns pages of a book one at a time (21-24 mo) Identifies 6 body parts (22-24 mo)

13 1-2 Years: Language Skills
Attempts to communicate (12-17 mo) Uses 1-word sentences (12-14 mo) Uses expressions like “oh no” (12-14 mo) Says “no” (13-15 mo) Can name 1-2 familiar objects (13-18 mo) Uses words spontaneously (15-17 mo) Uses expressive vocabulary of words (17-20 mo) Refers to self by using own name (18-24 mo) Uses 2 word phrases (20-24 mo) Uses nouns, verbs, and modifiers (20-24 mo) Uses intelligible words 65% of the time (21-24 mo)

14 2-3 Years: Gross Motor Skills
Catches a large ball (24-16 mo) Rides a tricycle (24-30 mo) Walks upstairs alone (24-25 mo) Jumps 8-14 inches (24-30 mo) Walks on a line (24-26 mo) Walks down stairs alone (25-17 mo) Hops on one foot (30-36 mo) Jumps 2-8 inches high (30-36 mo) Stands on one foot for 1-5 seconds (30-36 mo) Catches 8 inch ball (35 mo) Jumps inches (35-36 mo) Runs on toes (34-36 mo)

15 2-3 Years: Fine Motor Skills
Can imitate horizontal strokes when scribbling (24-30 mo) Can roughly copy a cross (24-26 mo) Folds paper in half (24-30 mo) Can copy a circle (25-36 mo) Builds 8 block tower (28-31 mo) Roughly cuts line using scissors (28-35 mo) Uses adult like grasp when coloring (36-48 mo) Strings ½ inch beads (33 mo)

16 2-3 Years: Social Skills Able to distinguish self as a separate person (24-36 mo) Can be clingy and dependent (24-30 mo) Can be physically aggressive (24-30 mo) Dramatizes using a doll (24-30) Initiates play independently (24-30 mo) Uses “mine” and values property (24-30 mo) Can separate in familiar surroundings (30-36 mo) Will obey and respect simple rules (30 mo) Resists change and has difficulty with transitioning (30-36 mo) Participates in interactive games (30 mo)

17 2-3 Years: Self Help Skills
Unbuttons large buttons (24-25 mo) Brushes teeth with help (24 mo) Undresses with help (24 mo) Dresses with help (28-32 mo) Uses a fork (30-36 mo) Buttons large buttons (30-36 mo) Assists with bathing self (30 mo) Takes responsibility for toileting but needs help with wiping (31 mo) Dresses with supervision and help with fastenings (32 mo)

18 2-3 Years: Cognitive Skills
Understands concept of one (24-30 mo) Can demonstrate use of objects (24-28 mo) Obeys a related 2-part command (18-24 mo) Obeys a separate 2-part command (24-29 mo) Matches circles, squares, and triangles (26-30 mo) Matches identical simple pictures of objects (27-30 mo) Matches primary colors (29-33 mo) Sorts circles, squares, and triangles (30-36 mo) Completes 3-4 piece puzzles (30-36 mo) Understands the concept of 2 (30-36 mo) Plays house (30-36 mo) Sorts colors and points to colors when named (33 mo)

19 2-3 Years: Language Skills
Produces more sounds (p, b, m, k, g, w, h, n, t, d) Uses 3 word sentences (24-30 mo) Uses past tense (24-30 mo) Answers questions (24-26 mo) Vocalizes all needs (30-31 mo) Will give full name when asked (30-33 mo) Uses expressive vocabulary of 7200 words Asks “what,” “where,” and “when” questions (34 mo) Uses intelligible words 80% of the time (35 mo)

20 3-4 Years: Gross Motor Skills
Stands on 1 foot for 5 seconds (41-46 mo) Stands on tiptoes for 3 seconds (43-44 mo) Runs 45 feet in 6 seconds (37-38 mo) Jumps forward 26 inches (37-38 mo) Walks on a line for 8 feet without stepping off (41-42 mo) Walks up and down stairs, alternating steps (43-44 mo) Jumps on 1 foot 6 inches forward (43-44 mo) Can run and stop on command within 2 steps without falling (45-46 mo) Throws a ball forward with arm overhead (39-40 mo) Catches a ball with arms bent most of the time (41-42 mo)

21 3-4 Years: Fine Motor Skills
Cuts a 5 inch line within ½ inch of the line (41-42 mo) Copies a cross with intersecting lines (41-42 mo) Can drop 10 small pellets in a bottle within 30 seconds (41-42 mo) Traces 5 x ¼ inch line without deviating more than 2 times (41-42 mo) Copies a square (49-50 mo) Begins to copy some capital letters Draws a person with 2-4 body parts

22 3-4 Years: Social Skills Interested in new experiences
Cooperates with other children Plays “mom” or “dad” Increasingly inventive in fantasy play Negotiates solutions to conflicts More independent

23 3-4 Years: Self Help Skills
Finds front of clothing (42 mo) Snaps or hooks front fastener (42 mo) Unzips zipper (42 mo) Buttons series of 3 or 4 buttons (42 mo) Unbuckles shoe or belt (42 mo) Buckles shoe or belt (46 mo) Zips zipper (46 mo) Puts on shoes with help tying laces (46 mo)

24 3-4 Years: Cognitive Skills
Correctly names some colors Understands counting and may know a few numbers Tries to solve problems from a single point of view Begins to have some sense of time Follows 3 step commands Recalls parts of a story Understands “same” and “different” Engages in fantasy play

25 3-4 Years: Language Skills
Has mastered some basic rules of grammar Speaks in sentences of 5 to 6 words Speaks clearly enough for strangers to understand Tells stories

26 4-5 Years: Gross Motor Skills
Stands on one foot for 10 seconds or longer (59-60 mo) Can complete 3 sit-ups in 30 seconds (59-60 mo) Hops forward on one foot (47-48 mo) Can walk backward on a line for 5 steps (51-52 mo) Can roll forward (51-52 mo) Gallops (51-52 mo) Skips (57-58 mo)

27 4-5 Years: Fine Motor Skills
Grasps marker/pencil between thumb and pad of index finger with marker resting on middle finger (49-50 mo) Cuts a circle (49-50 mo) Can connect dots with a straight line (53-54 mo) Cuts a square (53-54 mo) Colors within lines (59-60 mo) Draws a person with a body Prints some letters

28 4-5 Years: Social Skills Wants to please friends
Wants to be like friends More likely to agree to rules Likes to sing, dance, and act Shows more independence

29 4-5 Years: Self-Help Skills
Puts belt in loops Ties and unties knots Dresses unsupervised Is independent in toileting Uses fork, spoon, and sometimes a knife

30 4-5 Years: Cognitive Skills
Can count 10 or more objects Correctly names at least 4 colors Better understands the concept of time Knows about things used everyday in the home

31 4-5 Years: Language Skills
Recalls part of a story Speaks sentences of more than 5 words Uses future tense Tells longer, more detailed stories Says name and address

32 Call 468-7611 * Amarillo 274-9856 * Borger 796-1774 * Lubbock
Developmental Milestones are ages at which a majority of children will demonstrate and master sets of skills. Each child’s development is unique; however, most children follow this typical developmental pattern. If you are concerned about a child’s development, Progressive Step invites you to call us for a free developmental screening. Call * Amarillo * Borger * Lubbock

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