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Energy Transfer Atmosphere Global Warming Did you read? Say What? 100 100 100 100 100 200 200 200 200 200 300 300 300 300 300 400 400 400 400 400 500 500 500 500 500
Energy that flows from an object of higher temperature to an object of lower temperature
50 % of the sun’s energy is either directly or indirectly _____________ by Earth’s surface.
Heat is transferred through the atmosphere in three ways. Name them.
Radiation Convection Conduction
What type of energy from the sun warms your face?
The transfer of energy when molecules bump into each otherThe transfer of energy when molecules bump into each other. This is the reason why your feet get hot on the sandy beach on a hot August day.
Earth’s early atmosphere contained ________ and _______ from erupting volcanoes.
Carbon Dioxide and Nitrogen
What protective layer in the atmosphere allowed green plants to flourish?
Describe the composition of Earth’s atmosphere.
Solid, liquid, and gas particlesNitrogen Oxygen Argon Carbon Dioxide Trace elements Solid, liquid, and gas particles
True or false. There are solid particles in the atmosphereTrue or false. There are solid particles in the atmosphere. If it’s true, explain the statement. If it’s false, explain why it is false.
True. There are pollen and dust particles in the atmosphere.
Put the layers of the atmosphere in the right order starting with the one closest to Earth’s surface.
Troposphere Stratosphere Mesosphere Thermosphere Exosphere
Eleanor M. Savko 3/31/2017 Name a greenhouse gas.
Methane Carbon Dioxide Water vapor
Too much exposure to ____________ radiation can cause skin cancer.
Once used in refrigerators, air conditioners, and hair sprays, these molecules can break up ozone molecules in the atmosphere.
CFCs or Chlorofluorocarbons
Which part of a CFC molecule could break apart a molecule of ozone?
The chlorine atom
Explain why during the day the radio only receives AM radio stations from a nearby city, while at night, you are able to hear AM radio stations from a distant city.
Ionosphere – The layer of electrically-charged particles between the mesosphere and the thermosphere.
Heated air at the equator is _____dense than the cold air near the Poles.
Warmer, less dense air will(rise above or sink below) colder, denser air.
This effect is caused bythe rotation of earth which results in air and water appearing to move right north of the equator and to the left south of the equator.
Daily Double: The windless, rainy zone by the equator is known as the ________.
Jet pilots and even airlines take advantage of these strong winds blowing near the top of the troposphere.
Eleanor M. Savko 3/31/2017 JET STREAMS
These winds are created when solar radiation warms the land more so than the water.
Why doesn’t life exist on Mars or Venus?
Venus – gases in its atmosphere trap the sun’s energy resulting in temperatures being extremely hot on its surface. Mars – extremely cold. Atmosphere is too thin to hold in the sun’s energy.
The water cycle affectsTrue or False. The water cycle affects Earth’s climate.
Water vapor turns into liquid waterDAILY DOUBLE Water vapor turns into liquid water
Describe how altitude affects the amount of atmospheric pressure you experience.
The higher in elevation you go, there is less atmospheric pressure because there are less air molecules.
Earth’s Atmosphere Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Air Movement
Earth’s atmosphere Chapter 1 Section 1.
Atmosphere Atmosphere – Earth’s air, which is made up of a thick layer of gases, solids, and liquids. Troposphere – layer of Earth’s atmosphere that is.
Section 2: The Atmosphere
Objectives Describe the composition of Earth’s atmosphere.
CHAPTER 15 EARTH’S ATMOSPHERE
Energy Transfer in the Atmosphere Chapter 4. Atmospheric Layers The exosphere blends into outer space. Temperatures in the thermosphere and exosphere.
Earth’s Atmosphere Chapter 1---Section 1.
The Dynamic EarthSection 2 Section 2: The Atmosphere Preview Bellringer Objectives The Atmosphere Composition of the Atmosphere Air Pressure Layers of.
Chapter 15 Test Review The Atmosphere.
The Atmosphere Chapter 22.
The Atmosphere “Vapor Globe/Ball”. Composition 78% Nitrogen 21% Oxygen 1% Other (Argon, Carbon Dioxide, Water Vapor, other gases) 78% Nitrogen.
The Dynamic EarthSection 2 The Atmosphere The atmosphere is a mixture of gases that surrounds a planet, such as Earth. Nitrogen, oxygen, carbon dioxide,
The Atmosphere. Composition Nitrogen Oxygen Other –Argon –Carbon Dioxide –Methane –Water Vapor Atmospheric dust.
Earth’s Atmosphere The Earth is surrounded by a blanket of air called the atmosphere. It extends over 372 miles (560 kilometers) from the surface of Earth.
Earth’s Atmosphere It’s a gas baby! Or is it?....
CHAPTER 4 ATMOSPHERE. Atmosphere Definition: a thin layer of air that forms a protective covering around the planet WITHOUT THE ATMOSPHERE: days would.
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