Presentation on theme: "STRAND 4 EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE ESS.8.8.1"— Presentation transcript:
1 STRAND 4 EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCE ESS.8.8.1 8TH GRADE SCIENCESTRAND 4EARTH AND SPACE SCIENCEESS.8.8.1
2 4. REFORESTATION – THE PLANTING OF A LARGE NUMBER OF TREES. VOCABULARY1. GLOBAL WARMING – GLOBAL TEMPERATURES RISE DUE TO AN INCREASED GREENHOUSE EFFECT.2. GREENHOUSE EFFECT – NATURAL HEATING CAUSED BY ATMOSPHERIC GASES TRAPPING HEAT AT EARTH’S SURFACE.3. DEFORESTATION – THE REMOVAL OF FORESTS, MOSTLY TO CLEAR LAND FOR FARMING, CONSTRUCTION, MINING, AND DRILLING FOR OIL.4. REFORESTATION – THE PLANTING OF A LARGE NUMBER OF TREES.5. ozone layer – layer in our atmosphere that protects living things by absorbing harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
3 vocabulary6. Chlorofluorocarbons – a group of chemicals used as refrigerants and aerosol spray propellants that destroy ozone molecules.7. carbon dioxide (co2) – a gas consisting of carbon and oxygen which vegetation helps to remove it from air.8. ultraviolet radiation (uv rays) – harmful rays from the sun, which cause sunburn, skin cancer, etc.
4 GLOBAL WARMING GLOBAL WARMING MEANS GLOBAL TEMPERATURES ARE RISING. ONE REASON FOR GLOBAL WARMING IS THE INCREASE OF GREENHOUSE GASES IN OUR ATMOSPHERE.THIS INCREASES THE “GREENHOUSE EFFECT”IN THE LAST 100 YEARS, THE MEAN TEMPERATURE ON EARTH HAS INCREASED 1/2½ DEGREE CELSIUS.
7 GLOBAL WARMINGJUST RECENTLY, SCIENTISTS HAVE REPORTED THAT THE EARTH IS THE WARMEST IT HAS BEEN IN 400 YEARS.IF THE MEAN TEMPERATURE CONTINUES TO RISE, ICE CAPS WILL MELT. LOW LYING AREAS MIGHT EXPERIENCE INCREASED FLOODING.ALREADY SOME ICE CAPS ARE BEGINNING TO BREAK APART, AND SEA LEVEL IS RISING IN SOME AREAS.
8 You will have about 4 minutes. CLASSWORKNow, take out a sheet of paper. On it, tell me what effect global warming will have on you.Be creative!You will have about 4 minutes.
12 GLOBAL WARMINGHUMAN ACTIVITIES AFFECT THE AIR IN OUR ATMOSPHERE. BURNING FOSSIL FUELS AND REMOVING VEGETATION AFFECT THE ATMOSPHERE. BOTH ACTIVITIES ADD CARBON DIOXIDE TO THE ATMOSPHERE AND CONTRIBUTE TO GLOBAL WARMING.BY ANALYZING AIR BUBBLES TRAPPED IN GLACIERS, SCIENTISTS HAVE DISCOVERED THAT IN ABOUT 1750, THERE WERE 280 PARTS PER MILLION OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE ATMOSPHERE. TODAY THERE ARE MORE THAN 350 PARTS PER MILLION.
13 GLOBAL WARMINGWHEN NATURAL GAS, PETROLEUM, AND COAL ARE BURNED FOR ENERGY, THE CARBON IN THESE FOSSIL FUELS IS COMBINED WITH OXYGEN. THIS INCREASES THE AMOUNT OF CARBON DIOXIDE (CO2) IN THE ATMOSPHERE.THE MASS REMOVAL OF TREES, CALLED “DEFORESTATION” ALSO AFFECTS THE AMOUNT OF CARBON DIOXIDE IN THE ATMOSPHERE.
14 GLOBAL WARMINGFORESTS AROUND THE WORLD ARE BEING CLEARED FOR MINING, ROADS, BUILDINGS, GRAZING CATTLE, AND DRILLING FOR OIL.. FORESTS ARE ALSO DYING FROM THE EFFECTS OF POLLUTION.AS TREES GROW, THEY TAKE IN CARBON DIOXIDE. WHEN TREES ARE REMOVED, THE CARBON DIOXIDE THEY COULD HAVE REMOVED FROM THE ATMOSPHERE IS LEFT.
17 OUR WEATHER CAN ALSO BE AFFECTED BY GLOBAL WARMING. HURRICANES WILL CONTINUE TO GET STRONGER. They get their energy from the warm water they form in.If the water is getting warmer due to global warming, hurricanes will have the extra energy to get bigger and stronger.
18 Weather on the inland could also be affected. Global warmingWeather on the inland could also be affected.Our severe weather is caused when hot air and cold air run into each other.Cold air and warm air have different densities and do not mix, they battle each other.Increasing the temperature of the air would increase the severity of the storms.
19 Global warmingAlso adding warmth to the increasing global temperature is the deterioration of our ozone layer.The ozone layer helps absorb harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun.Chlorofluorocarbons (cfc’s) that we use in air conditioners, refrigerators, aerosol sprays, etc. break apart the ozone molecules in the ozone layer.A huge hole in our ozone layer continues to grow because of this.
22 review1. these are in aerosol sprays, air conditioners, and refrigerators that break apart ozone molecules……Chlorofluorocarbons2. this is a gas in our atmosphere made up of carbon and oxygen……Carbon dioxide3. this is the rising average temperature of the earth…Global warming4. the sun’s rays come in, but have a hard time getting back out because of the amount of carbon dioxide in the air….Greenhouse effect
23 review 5. what does vegetation do for our air? It uses the carbon dioxide in the air.6. the mass cutting of our trees for commercial purposes……Deforestation7. the harmful rays from the sun which cause sunburn and skin cancer…..Ultraviolet radiation.8. The mass replanting of trees on our planet is called……Reforestation.