Presentation on theme: "Preventing Plagiarism"— Presentation transcript:
1 Preventing Plagiarism Presented by Joan Lange, LibrarianPope John Paul II High School
2 Research: exciting quest or a labor of Hercules? How to avoid Pitfalls that lead to Plagiarism.
3 Personality Quiz: Is your Research style Heroic or Monstrous? A. Accumulate a mountain of printed articles. B. Start assembling images from Google that will make a glitzy PowerPoint. C. Go straight to Wikipedia for the “right answer.” D. Formulate questions that you find interesting or puzzling and begin to explore.1. The assignment isdue in two weeks.Do you…
4 Personality Quiz: Is your Research style Heroic or Monstrous? A. Jump from site to site with superhuman speed until you exhaust yourself and the resources. B. Select websites that are graphically stunning, not bothering to check who created the site. C. Select one of the first results in a Google search. D. Formulate a search strategy based on your questions.2. You are allowed to use online sources Do you…
5 Personality Quiz: Is your Research style Heroic or Monstrous? A. Type frantically from the mountainous pile of printed articles. B. Start copying and pasting, making sure to change font to an attractive style. C. Quickly type what you learned from the Wikipedia article, being sure to switch words around or do a “synonym switch” to avoid plagiarism. D. Evaluate your information, create comparisons and contrasts, and present your insights with solid support.3. It is the night before the paper is due.Do you…
6 Which type of researcher? If you answered…RESULTA. Herakles (Hercules)Good intentions and energetic, but lack of focus spreads efforts in too many directions.Often overwhelmed by laborious searching and massive amounts of information.B. Helen of TroyEasily fall into trap of superficial beauty and graphic, glossy appeal with little substance.Rather than reflect your own insights and inner beauty, you fall into the trap of quick information and shallow appearances.C. Polyphemos (Cyclops)Single-sighted. You work in predictable ways, relying on general information and assuming that there is only one right answer.Lazy and easily duped by misleading information.
7 And if you answered “D,” you are… Odysseus (Ulysses)A lover of quests, quick-witted, and a creative and critical thinker.You will drive your point home,but only after a series of interesting adventures and moments of insight.
8 Wikipedia first? In a 2009 survey of 6 colleges, _________% of students reported using Wikipedia at the beginning of the research process._________year institutions are more likely to use Wikipedia than ________ year institutions (from The Pew Internet & American Life Project)
9 College students use Wikipedia for CurrencyCoverageComprehensibilityConvenience“Most students said they do not tell their professors they use Wikipedia; they simply avoid citing it in their reports.”
11 “For God’s sake, you are in college. Don’t cite the encyclopedia.”
12 Prevent Plagiarismby brainstorming with Primary Sources first!
13 Planning Prevents Plagiarism Plan Research Assignments so thatStudentsDialogue with primary sources first todevelop their own original ideas (thesis)Practice paraphrasing and using quotationsSurvey first the type of note taking to be usedUse Noodletools to organize notes andgenerate correct citations
14 Why Research? Not a book report “If you take exploration of self out of the research process, you limit your studentsto reporting. Exploration involvesquestioningchallengingtestingnot merely absorbing information.”(DeSena 2007)
15 Dialogue with Primary Sources Select Historic Movie from listView movie while notating details(“I wonder” moments)Categorize the details into--Political--Economic--Social--ReligiousResearch details (go deep)to discover authenticityHistoric Movies Project for AP European History
16 “I know this is important, but….” Conference with students so they can dialogue with the primary sources.“I know the Greeks are supposed to be important to modern medicine, but this body humors thing is really weird.”(student conferencing on Ancient Greece research project)
17 Read and Dialogue with Hippocrates “I will fulfill this oath and this written covenant to the best of my power…The regimen I adoptshall be for the benefit of the patients to the best of my power and judgement, not for their injury or any wrongful purpose….I will not abuse my position to indulge in sexual contacts….Whatever I see or hear, professionally or privately, which ought not to be divulged, I will keep silence on, counting such things to be as religious secrets.”
18 Brainstorming to Thesis to Outline Pull central idea (thesis) from brainstormingOrganize with a simple outline of supportive ideas about the thesis.Some possible ways to organize thoughts:comparison/contrastcause and effectanalysis
19 Organization Chart Compare and Contrast Purpose Strengths Sound Modern Science?Hippocratic OathProtect rights of patient*confidential*everyonetreated equallyPatient’sneeds are importantPro—listening to patient is important to cureCon—did All Greeks have this right?Hippocratic Theoryof HumorsPrevent diseases and maintain good healthDiet and exercise and life routines(sleeping,etc)Balance foodsPro—diet is important to good healthCon—purging used poisons
20 Research is not just a paper… Shakespeare, speeches, and AnimotoBrutus Speaks videoFlavius Speaks videoTitinius Speaks video
21 Prevent Plagiarism by practicing paraphasing/quotations surveying type of notetakingusing NoodleTools for notes and citations
22 Facts vs. Interpretations Practice the difference Students highlight factsonly in a scholarly essay then point out details that are supporting an interpretation.Students point outhow secondary sources are used.Does the writer use quotation, summarization, or paraphrase?Students “read literature in their field (other than the textbook) to model effective writing.”(DeSena 2007)
23 What type of notetaking? Survey first the article to determine type of notetaking:Type of information NotesFacts Bulleted, brief notesTechnical discussion Paraphrase in ownor background info wordsDistinctive wording Quotation(Vargas 1985)
24 What type of notetaking for this? Brief Facts Paraphrase Quote In August 1649, Cromwell and 12,000 soldiers arrived in Ireland. During the next ten years of bloodshed it is estimated that about a third of the population was either killed or died of starvation. The majority of Roman Catholics who owned land had it taken away from them and were removed to the barren province of Connacht. Catholic boys and girls were shipped to Barbados and sold to the planters as slaves.
25 Short factsNotes:Cromwell’s 1649 battle in Ireland Roman Catholic Irish12,000 soldiers /3 killed or starved10 year war Most lost landBoys/girls slaves(Barbados)
26 Practice Paraphrasing Avoid “plug-in method”—inserting synonyms for words in original document (DeSena 2007)Read passage several timesFirst skim first few sentences of paragraphsSecond,read more slowlyThird, read again and take a few notesFourth, without looking at source, write aParaphrase (Price 2002)
27 Quotations: A balancing act Use sparinglyChoose fordistinctive phrasingLink with own interpretations
28 Exercise: Put quote in context What is quote saying (paraphrase)(or if using an image, what is the message?)Who is saying itHow quote (or image) relates to themain point of paper(Price 2002)
29 Using Paraphrasing and Brief Quotations: “The politics reduce themselves to three principles.The first to govern and aggrandize oneself according to circumstances.The second to ally oneself only if an advantage is got.The third is to make oneself feared and respectedeven in the most untoward circumstance.”Frederick the Great giving advice to his nephew Frederick William II
30 Paraphrase and Quote used in a paragraph with citation Frederick the Great believed that to govern effectively a ruler needed to make oneself great and form alliances only if it worked to the ruler’s benefit. In addition Frederick emphasized that to rule, one needed to “make oneself feared and respected” (Cohen and Major 472). This type of ruler distanced himself from the people through the granduer of his kingship, powerful friends, and the threat of punishment for disobedience to the Crown.
31 Noodletools Organize notes Paraphrase Quotation My Ideas Correct citationMLA or APA stylePrint, online, orinterview sources
32 Why should I use Primary Sources? They make history come alive in our classrooms.They improve students’ ability to analyze literature and documents.Using primary sources helps students to develop critical thinking skills – compare/contrast; find contradictions; understand point of view, etc.(Volunteer Voices,
33 by brainstorming with Primary Sources first! Prevent Plagiarismby brainstorming with Primary Sources first!
35 Dialogue with Quotations Quotes to explore Science and the Environment:“Approximately 80% of our air pollution stemsfrom hydrocarbons released by vegetation, solet’s not go overboard in setting and enforcingtough emission standards from man-madesources.”Ronald Reagan, quoted in 1980 Sierra Magazine
36 Dialogue with Quotations Quotes to explore Math and Economics incurrent events:“I used to think if there was reincarnation, Iwanted to come back as the President or thePope or a .400 baseball-hitter, but now I wantto come back as the bond market. You canintimidate everybody.”James Carville, Bill Clinton’scampaign manager, in a 1993 interview
37 Compare/contrast image of women in art “No art was ever less spontaneous than mine….It calls for as much cunning as the commission of a crime.” Edgar Degas
38 BibliographyThe idea for the Heroes personality quiz was adapted from the exhibit Heroes: Mortals and Myths in Ancient Greece, organized by the Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, in cooperation with the Frist Center for the Visual Arts, Nashville, January 29-April 25, 2010.Images:Helen of Troy. Musee du Louvre, France. The Perseus Digital Library. Tufts University, Web. 18 Feb<Herakles. The Perseus Digital Library. Tufts University, Web. 31 Jan< Heracles in the lion’s skin. Tampa Museum of Art, Tampa, Florida. The Perseus Digital Library Tufts University, Web. 17 Feb <Odysseus. Museum of Fine Arts, Boston. The Perseus Digital Library. Tufts University, Web. 17 Feb < =yes>.
39 BibliographyDeSena, L. H. Preventing plagiarism. New York: National Council of Teachers of English, Print. Head, Allison J. and Michael B. Eisenberg. “How Today’s College Students Use Wikipedia for Course-Related Research.” First Monday Web. 1 Mar /2476. Martin, R. G. “Plagiarism and Originality: Some Remedies.” The English Journal 60.5 (1971): JSTOR. Web. 17 July Price, M. “Beyond ‘Gotcha!’: Situating Plagiarism in Policy and Pedagogy.” College Composition and Communication. Sept. (2002): JSTOR. Web. 17 July Tennessee Electronic Library. “Why should I use primary sources?” Volunteer Voices Web. 15 July Vargas, M. F. “Developing an Immunity to Sophomoric Plagiarism: Notetaking Skills. The English Journal 74.2 (1985): JSTOR. Web. 17 July Whitaker, E. E. “A Pedagogy to Address Plagiarism. College Composition and Communication (1993): JSTOR. Web. 17 July 2007.