Medieval Art Very flat Tried to use perspective, but not very successful Not very concerned with true anatomy and proportions Duccio di Buoninsegna, Italian (1278-1318) Kimbell Art Museum
Art in the Renaissance Movement toward realism (copied from classical art) Secularism- still using religion as a source of inspiration, but moving towards individual portraits and other secular themes in painting and sculpture Rediscovered the technique of perspective (three dimensions) Individualism also seen in the portraits and some sculptures
Perspective Trademark of Renaissance painting Artists needed to study geometry to learn the laws of perspective and organization of space and light.
Raphael’s “School of Athens” Finished in 1511 in Rome Shows perspective and classical influence Plato and Aristotle in the middle; Raphael and friends off to the side; Commissioned by Pope Julius II in the early 16 th cen.
Human form Also studied human movement and anatomy to present realistic portrayals of individual people Glorified the human body through nude paintings
Individualism Many of the finest Renaissance paintings of art are portraits. Raphael's Portrait of Baldassare Castiglione Lady with an Ermine, DaVinci
Sculpture and Architecture Sculpture and architecture based on the classical ideals of Greece and Rome Donatello was most famous for his freestanding statue of St. George
High Renaissance 1490-1520 Da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo were the dominant artists during this period Raphael known as one of Italy’s greatest painters. His madonnas were especially admired Raphael, Madonna and Child (1503, Norton Simon Museum of Art)
Pieta by Michelangelo 1499, St. Peter’s Basilica, Vatican
The Last Supper by Leonardo da Vinci; 1498 Convent of Sta. Maria della Grazie, Milan
Virgin of the Rocks by da Vinci (1483) Louvre, Paris Virgin of the Rocks by da Vinci (1508) National Gallery, London
Northern Renaissance French nobles started to invade Italian city-states. Artists started fleeing north into Europe to seek peace, which also helped spread the ideas of the Italian Ren. Once those ideas spread, artists from all over Europe went to Italy to study under the masters.
Arnolfini Wedding by Jan Van Eyck (1434) Jan van Eyck: Flemish painter who started using oil- based paints, which gave richer colors and lasted longer.
Albrecht Durer. The Adoration of the Magi. 1504. Oil on panel. Galleria degli Uffizi, Florence, Italy. Albrecht Dürer: German painter who studied in Italy.
Peasant wedding c. 1568 Bruegel Pieter Bruegel: Flemish painter who was famous for painting different scenes of peasants (diff. from the norm)
Art Stations For each station, you need to identify the picture and answer the following questions: –When and where was it created? –Who created it? –How does it exhibit characteristics of Renaissance art? –What is your favorite part of the painting or sculpture?
Exit Slip Before you leave, answer the following 3- 2-1: –List three characteristics of Renaissance art –Name two important pieces of Renaissance art –What was your favorite piece of Renaissance art and why?