Presentation on theme: "What is Civics? Definition: the study of the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens. Citizen: a person who lives in a city or town, is entitled."— Presentation transcript:
What is Civics? Definition: the study of the rights, duties, and responsibilities of citizens. Citizen: a person who lives in a city or town, is entitled to rights and privileges, and owes allegiance to the government right = something you are entitled to duty= something you must do or there’s a consequence responsibility= something that you should do, but you are not required to.
Keep Order: 1. Governments pass and enforce _laws____to prevent and settle conflicts. 2. _courts_______ determine whether people accused of crimes are guilty or not and how they should be punished. Provide Security : 1. Governments defend their communities from ____foreign___ attack 2. They set up ___military_________to watch and address problems. Provide Services: 1. Governments raise _taxes__ to create and manage libraries, schools, parks, hospitals, and recreation centers 2. Governments also build and repair roads, bridges, collect garbage, and deliver mail. Guiding the Community: 1. Governments create public policy- setting government actions to achieve community goals. 2. Creating a ___budget___ is a plan for collecting and spending money. Governments must be careful with taxpayer money. The Four Functions of Government government=the ruling authority for a community.
Quotations about Power When the power of love overcomes the love of power, the world will know peace Jimi Hendrix Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely Lord Acton, Letter to Bishop Mandell Creighton, 1887 Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun Mao Zedong Our scientific power has outrun our spiritual power. We have guided missiles and misguided men. Martin Luther King Jr., Strength of Love, 1963
Power (in your class notes with today’s date) Power: The ability to cause others to behave as they might not otherwise choose to do. Power to rule can be gained or lost in many ways Power can be used for positive or negative purposes
Essential Question “Why should you care about power, politics, and government?”