Presentation on theme: "Upliftment of Muslims or Islamic Renaissance"— Presentation transcript:
1 Upliftment of Muslims or Islamic Renaissance Lucknow, 2013Dr. Ibrahim B. SyedPresident, IRFI (Islamic Research Foundation International)Louisville, KY, USARead 6,000 Critical Thinking Articles at<
2 MissionPromoting Critical ThinkingOpposing Points of ViewIjtihadIslamic Renaissance
3 Upliftment of Muslims Thro’ Islamic Renaissance and to establish VisionUpliftment of Muslims Thro’ Islamic Renaissance and to establishEVIDENCE BASED RELIGION
4 Critical ThinkingCritical thinking is the ability to engage in reasoned discourse with intellectual standards such as clarity, accuracy, precision, and logic, and to use analytic skills with a fundamental value orientation that emphasizes intellectual humility, intellectual integrity,and fair-mindedness.
5 Critical ThinkingCritical thinking is defined as reflective skepticism.Critical thinking is a way to approach problems and make decisions.
6 In Islam "enlightened thinkers” are known as Raushanfekran. "Afalaa utadabbaroon al-Quran? (4:82)"Do they not do tadabbur in the Quran?So says Allah in the Quran.Tadabbur means highly concentrated goal-oriented critical thinking like the way scientists do when challenged to find something new or when theyembark upon solving a difficult problem.
7 Qur'anic view of creative reflection is called al-Basira. In Islam Ijtihad or independent thinkingis used as a principle of creative and critical thinking;rationality and scientific rationality in a secular perspective.The Quran encourages us over and over again to think, reflect, ponder, understand and analyze.
8 Surah Rad, 13:3Behold, verily in these things there are signs (Ayath or Natural Phenomena) for those who consider, think, reflect, and ponder! The majority of the Mufasirun interpreted “Tafakkur” as reflection and contemplation, which is a process and not an outcome.
9 Qur’anic usage of the concept of Tafakkur.... The Qur’an has used the derivatives of the verb “fakkara” which is the root word of Tafakkur- 18 times;· Al-Baqarah: 219,266· Al-‘Imran: 191· Al-An’am: 50· Al-A’araf: 176,184· Yunus: 24· Ar-Ra’d: 3· An-Nahl: 11,44,69· Ar-Rum: 8,21· Saba’: 46· Al-Zumar: 42· Al-Jathiyah: 13· Al-Hasyr: 21· Al-Muddathir: 18
10 However, very rarely do parents encourage children to question. Our response to difficult inquiries from our children is to say "do it because I said so." This discourages the children from developing critical thinking.They become lazy and complacent and easy prey to cult type following.To take things at face value makes us vulnerable.
12 International Conference on Islamic Renaissance 3:110. Ye are the best of Peoples, evolved for mankind, Enjoining what is right, Forbidding what is wrong, And believing in God. If only the People of the Book had faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.
13 Surah an-Nisah, 4: 7979. Ma asabaka min hasanatin famina Allahi wama asabaka min sayyi-atin famin nafsika waarsalnaka lilnnasi rasoolan wakafa biAllahi shaheedan79. Whatever good, (O man!) Happens to thee, is from God; But whatever evil happens To thee, is from thy (own) soul.And We have sent thee As an Apostle To (instruct) mankind. And enough is God For a witness.
14 ICIR (Intnl. Conf. on Islamic Renaissance) IT IS A TERRIBLE THING TO WASTE A MUSLIM MIND
15 ISLAMIC LIFE CONSITS OF BOTH DEEN & DUNIYA ICIRISLAMIC LIFE CONSITS OF BOTH DEEN & DUNIYA
16 ICIR Muslims focus only on Deen at the expense of Duniya Ulama say “This Duniya is for the Kuffar who Excel in worldly things, but for Muslims the place is Jannah in the Aakhira”Muslims focus only on Deen at the expense of Duniya
17 As a result Europeans Colonized Muslim countries that lead to the downfall of Muslims in all fields.
18 The irony is Muslims contributed to European Renaissance
19 European Renaissancetook place in all fields:Arts & Sciences
20 A Partial List of Muslims who worked for Islamic Renaissance:
21 Sir Syed Ahmed KhanShaikh Muhammad AbduhAllamah Muhammad IqbalShaikh Muhammad WahabSyed QutbJamaluddin al AfghaniRashid Ridha
26 They were not perfectbut they struggled valiantlyto become inspirations for the younger generation of the Ummah
27 Modern Organizations: OIC (Organization of Islamic Conference)COMSTECH (Committee on Science and Technology)ISESCO (Islamic Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization)
28 To achieve the Islamic Renaissance Muslims should excel in all the fields.The aim of this Conference is to find practical Steps to achieve excellence in all fields
29 How to bring Renaissance in Duniya: Winning Gold Medals in the OlympicsWinning Nobel Prizes
30 39. That man can have nothing But what he strives for; Surah Najm, 53: 3939. Waan laysa lil-insani illa ma saAAa39. That man can have nothing But what he strives for;
31 Critical Thinking-Which Qur’an Title is not correct?
32 THREE ORIGINAL DISCOVERIES 1. Sex determination 75: 392. Comets of Ice: 24:433. Blitz Benefits: 13:12 and 30:24.
33 Original Contributions of Medieval Islamic world: public hospitals and mental hospitals,public libraries and library which lends books to the public,academic strata obtained from the university as undergraduate, post graduate and doctoral,astronomical observatory as a research institution, andendowments(in arabic : wakaf).
34 The Guinness Book of World Records states that the world’s oldest university is the University of Al Karaouine in Fez, Morocco, founded in 859 CE.Al Azhar, in Egypt established in the 10th century, offers various academic degrees including post graduate. It is considered the first complete university.The public library not only offers a complete collection of manuscripts but also the center of instruction and dissemination of knowledge and ideas, as a place of meetings and discussions, and sometimes as a placeof learning and study for postgraduate students.The concept of a library catalog is also introduced in medieval Islamic libraries, when books are grouped by specific categories and types.
35 Medieval Muslims scientists listed under 1 Astronomers and astrophysicists2 Chemists and alchemists3 Economists and social scientists4 Geographers and earth scientists5 Mathematicians6 Biologists, neuroscientists, and psychologists7 Physicians and surgeons8 Physicists and engineers9 Political scientists10 Other scientists and inventors
36 Medieval Islam produced a Galaxy of Muslim Scientists including al Biruni,al Jahiz, al Jindi,al-Razi, Ibnu Sina,al Idrisi, Ibnu Bajja,Ibnu Tufayl, Ibnu Rushd,al-Suyuti, Geber, al Khwarizmi,Firnas ibnu Abbas, Ibnu Nafis,Ibn Al-Haytham, al-KindiIbnu Khaldun, and others.
39 Abu-Rayhan Biruni Born: 5 September 973, Died: 13 December 1048 Abu-Rayhan Biruni Born: 5 September 973, Died: 13 December He was a Persian.Specialist in: Anthropology, astrology, astronomy, chemistry, comparative sociology, geodesy, geology, history, mathematics, medicine, philosophy, pharmacology, physics, psychology, scienceFather of anthropology, geodesy and Indology.Founder of experimental mechanics andexperimental astronomy.Pioneer of experimental psychology.Contributed to many other fields of knowledge.Ta’rikh al-Hind, The Mas’udi Canon, Understanding Astrology, and many other books
40 Reasons for Backwardness Reasons for collapse of the civilization of Islam:because of sect disagreement,Sunni and Shiite conflict,the Mongol invasions, the Crusades,The lethal combination oftaqlīd(unquestioning acceptance or Blind Imitation)foreign invasion andbecause of political and economic factors.After the fall of Islam in Andalusia, in 1492,began the rise of Europe or Europe’sRenaissance and scientific revolution.
41 By the thirteenth century, the 'ulama' (religious scholars) had become "self-appointed interpreters and guardians of religious knowledge.… learning was confined to the transmission of traditions and dogma, and [was] hostile to research and scientific inquiry"The mentality of taqlīd reigned supreme in all matters, and religious scholars condemned all other forms of inquiry and research.
42 Exemplifying the taqlīd mentality, Burhän al-Din al-Zarnüji wrote during the thirteenth century, "Stick to ancient things while avoiding new things" and "Beware of becoming engrossed in those disputes which come about after one has cut loose from the ancient authorities".Much of what was written after the thirteenth century lacked originality, and it consisted mostly of commentaries on existing canonical works without adding any substantive new ideas.
43 Reasons for Backwardness Muslims rigidly suffer from religious taboos which are thousand years old. The Prophet’s advice of learning oneself and teaching others as a religious obligation is forgotten. During the Prophet’s days women were not in purdah as they are today. The Muslim clerics succeed, with the help of the Muslim rulers, to confine learning to only old religious sayings. In general, Muslims don’t believe that man went to the moon
44 More percentage of people in the Arab countries are illiterate than in India. Almost two-thirds of Muslims in the world are illiterate and among them three-fourths of women are illiterate. The Arab Human Development Report 2002 identified three major deficits in the Arab world today: knowledge, freedom and women’s rights. Despite the huge oil money they have, there is almost total absence of advanced research there.
45 There is autocratic rule; absence of political and civil rights; no freedom of the media or speech. The massive oil money is used for the personal use of kings or dictators and for thepurchase of armaments. This is justified by the Mullahs, Imams and Ummah in the name of Islam. The new forces of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda led by Osama bin Laden also justify dictatorship and suppression of women.Extreme Communal Organizationscarry out all their nefarious activities in the name of Islam.
46 In our Madrasas scientific teaching is not done except in some southern States. India has one lakh Madrasas and if the Muslims start teaching there, what is taught in government schools, very soon with the help of the government, Muslims will come up.Such facility is not there for Dalits or most OBCs.
47 A common frustration of modern educators in the Islamic world is that while their students can memorize copious volumes of notes and textbook pages, they often lack competence in critical analysis and independent thinking. Education in Islam is twofold: acquiring intellectual knowledge (through the application of reason and logic) and developing spiritual knowledge (derived from divine revelation and spiritual experience).
48 Our exploiting religious leaders who have made livelihood on Islam against Quranic injunctions (2:41, /6:90/12:104) have successfully divided and deviated us from the right path of Allah.They conceal projection of Quranic directiveswith simply Tilawath and Hifz without understandingto keep us in the dark and confuse us with weak andunauthentic Hadiths so that we continue to dependon them for guidance which is a great sin (2:42,174).Creating differences in Quranic Ayath is a sin 2:176/40:4). Just be Muslim and follow Quran and authentic Hadithswhich should be in conformity with the Quran.In India Pakistan sub continent more importance is givento sects, sub sects, Maslak, Fiqah etc… issues resulting invarious deviations and exploitation so much so our Masajid are also divided.
49 for the Muslims and the result is the backwardness of Muslim rulers ruled India for1,000 years, but did not carefor the Muslims and the resultis the backwardness ofthe Muslim masses.
50 Two major events adversely affected Muslim growth Two major events adversely affected Muslim growth. One was the defeat in the 1857 Revolt against the British in which thousands of rich and advanced Muslims were massacred; as a result fordecades Muslims remained isolated.Muslims refused to read English as atoken of boycott of the British. Even thefatwa was issued against Sir Syed Ahmedwho started English teaching in Aligarh.The second event was the formation ofPakistan when many of the rich andeducated Muslims went away to Pakistan
51 In 1835 the First Medical College in India started in Calcutta In 1835 the First Medical College in India started in Calcutta. 49 Students were admitted. But no Muslim applied for admission as a Protest against the British.The first Muslim medical graduate of this college was Raheem Khan in 1856, after 21 years.—KBC –Rs5/Cr. Q.
52 Knowledge is wealth these days Knowledge is wealth these days. Aziz Premji, Muslim film stars and others are rich because of their acquiring of knowledge. Maulvis of the Madrasas themselves do not know science and technology. They Oppose Evolution, forward thinking ideas.Hence teachers of science and technology have to be appointed in the Madrasas. Even technical training should be imparted there. Muslim boys learn technology and manufacturing more easily than others. Hence the question is of taking the lead. Unless the Muslim leaders take the lead noSachar Committee can be of much help.
53 Top TEN Most Corrupt Countries in the world: 1.Somalia North Korea Myanmar Afghanistan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Sudan Iraq Haiti VenezuelaSix out of Ten are MUSLIM COUNTRIES
54 Ever wondered why Muslims are so powerless Ever wondered why Muslims are so powerless? Here is why: There are 57 member-countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and all of them put together have around500 universities;one university for every three million Muslims.The United States has 5,758 universitiesand India has 8,407.
55 NOBEL PRIZES There are a mere 13.4 Million Jews in the entire world yet they have received 195 Nobel Prizes out of over 800.The Muslims number 1.7 BILLION (with a very big "B") ... or 120 times the number of Jews! Based upon this 117:1Muslim-to-Jewish ratio, one mightexpect the Muslims to have 23,400 Nobel Laureates.
56 Muslim Nobel Laureates 6 won for Peace: Sadat, Arafat, Yunus (BGD), Ebadi, El-Baradai, Tawakkul (Yemen)2 won for Literature: Mahfouz(Egypt) and Orhan Pamuk (Turkey)Physics: 1: Abdus Salam (Pak)Chemistry: 1: Ahmed Zewail (Egypt)Medicine: ZEROECONOMICS: ZERO
57 In 2004, Shanghai Jiao Tong University compiled an 'Academic Ranking of World Universities’, and intriguingly, not one university from Muslim-majority stateswas in the top 500.
58 As per data collected by the UNDP, literacy in the Christian world standsat nearly 90 per cent and 15 Christian-majority states have a literacy rate of 100 per cent. A Muslim-majority state, as a sharp contrast,has an average literacy rate of around40 per cent and there is no Muslim-majoritystate with a literacy rate of 100 per cent.
59 Some 98 per cent of the 'literates' in the Christian world had completed primary school, while less than 50 per cent of the 'literates' in the Muslim world did the same. Around 40 per cent of the 'literates' in theChristian world attended university whileno more than two per cent of the 'literates'in the Muslim world did the same.
60 Muslim-majority countries have 230 scientists per one million Muslims Muslim-majority countries have 230 scientists per one million Muslims. The US has 4,000 scientists per million and Japan has 5,000 per million. In the entire Arab world, the total numberof full-time researchers is 35,000 and thereare only 50 technicians per one million Arabs.(In the Christian world there are up to 1,000technicians per one million).
61 Furthermore, the Muslim world spends 0 Furthermore, the Muslim world spends 0.2 per cent of its GDP on research and development, while the Christian world spends around five per cent of its GDP. Conclusion: The Muslim world *lacks the capacity* to *produce knowledge*! Daily newspapers per 1,000 people and number of book titles per million are two indicators of whether knowledge is being diffused in a society. In Pakistan , there are 23 daily newspapers per 1,000 Pakistanis while the same ratio in Singapore is 360. In the UK , the number of book titles per million stands at 2,000 whilethe same in Egypt is 20. Conclusion: The Muslim world *is failing to* *diffuse knowledge.*
62 *is failing to* *apply knowledge.* Exports of high technology products as a percentage of total exports are an important indicator of knowledge application.Pakistan 's export of high technology products as a percentage of total exports stands at one per cent. The same for Saudi Arabia is 0.3 per cent; Kuwait , Morocco , and Algeria is all at 0.3 per cent, while Singapore is at 58 per cent. Conclusion: The Muslim world*is failing to* *apply knowledge.*
63 Why are Muslims powerless. Because we aren't producing knowledge, Why are Muslims powerless? .....Because we aren't producing knowledge, .....Because we aren't diffusing knowledge. .....Because we aren't applying knowledge. And, the future belongs to knowledge-basedSocieties. Interestingly, the combined annual GDP of 57 OIC-countries is under $2 trillion. America , just by herself, produces goods and services worth $12 trillion; China $8 trillion,Japan $3.8 trillion and Germany $2.4 trillion (purchasing power parity basis).
64 Oil rich Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait and Qatar collectively produce goods and services (mostly oil) worth $500 billion;Spain alone produces goods and services worth over $1 trillion, Catholic Poland $489 billion and Buddhist Thailand $545 billion. * ..... (Muslim GDP as a percentage of worlds GDP is fast declining).* So, why are Muslims so powerless?* Answer: **Lack of education**.* All we do is shouting to Allah the whole day!!! And blame everyone else for our multiple failures!!!!!
65 OK Issue ( Masla) Taqlid Ijtihad REFERENCES 1.Birthday Celebrations and or Eid Milad2. Women praying in Masjid without partition or Separate Rooms3. No Segregation between Men and Women or Free Mixing of Men and Women4. Clapping of Hands to express Admiration or Cultural Performance or End of a LectureNot OKNot OKOK (Not Un- Islamic)OKWFM_Readable.aspx?FLD_ ID=991.Fiqh Council of N. America2.Seerat un Nabi3.Govt. of Saudi Arabia1.Sahih Bukhari2. Dr. Hasan Turabi3. Dr. Yusuf Al-Qaradawi4.Muwatta of Imam Malik1.Mufti Sheikh Atiyyah Saqr of Al-Azhar University, Cairo2. Not Against Shariah3. English
67 Education (Deeni + Secular) CONCLUSIONMajor Reasons for Backwardness1. Lack of Education2. TAQLIDMajor Solutions:Education (Deeni + Secular)1. IJTIHAD2. Critical Thinking3. Opposing Points of View 4.Empowerment of Women
68 Wakf properties be used to establish Educational Institutions and Professional Colleges. Zakat to be used to finance artisans and tradersEstablish Think Tanks in every state by Muslim IntellectualsFocus on Morals and Character Development to fight CorruptionInvestment in Education and Science at individual level and community levelVolunteers: Retired professionals, Drs, Engg, IAS Officers, etc. train youth for Entrance Exams AS tests
69 PLAN OF ACTION MOTHERS – SOURCE OF GREAT INFLUENCE Khutbahs in every Masjid of the worldLecturesDiscussionsPRINT MEDIA: Publications: Newspapers, Magazines, BooksAudio and Video Media: s, Skype, TV, DVDs, You Tube, Social Media, CDs.Traveling and Touring the WorldMOTHERS – SOURCE OF GREAT INFLUENCE
70 PLAN OF ACTION EACH MOTHER BUILDS A GENERATION MOTHER IS THE FIRST SCHOOL FOR A CHILDEACH MOTHER BUILDS A GENERATIONMOTHERS ARE TEACHERS OF THE WORLDMOTHERS MOLD YOUTH AND BUILD CHARACTHERMOTHERS REFROM THE FAMILYALL MOTHERS TOGETHER CAN REFORM THE UMMAHMOTHERS – SOURCE OF GREAT INFLUENCETHE HAND THAT SHAKES THE CRADLE, SHAKES THE WORLD