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Upliftment of Muslims or Islamic Renaissance

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1 Upliftment of Muslims or Islamic Renaissance
Lucknow, 2013 Dr. Ibrahim B. Syed President, IRFI (Islamic Research Foundation International) Louisville, KY, USA Read 6,000 Critical Thinking Articles at <

2 Mission Promoting Critical Thinking Opposing Points of View Ijtihad Islamic Renaissance

3 Upliftment of Muslims Thro’ Islamic Renaissance and to establish
Vision Upliftment of Muslims Thro’ Islamic Renaissance and to establish EVIDENCE BASED RELIGION

4 Critical Thinking Critical thinking is the ability to engage in reasoned discourse with intellectual standards such as clarity, accuracy, precision, and logic, and to use analytic skills with a fundamental value orientation that emphasizes intellectual humility, intellectual integrity, and fair-mindedness.

5 Critical Thinking Critical thinking is defined as reflective skepticism. Critical thinking is a way to approach problems and make decisions.

6 In Islam "enlightened thinkers” are known as Raushanfekran.
"Afalaa utadabbaroon al-Quran? (4:82)" Do they not do tadabbur in the Quran? So says Allah in the Quran. Tadabbur means highly concentrated goal-oriented critical thinking like the way scientists do when challenged to find something new or when they embark upon solving a difficult problem.

7 Qur'anic view of creative reflection is called al-Basira.
In Islam Ijtihad or independent thinking is used as a principle of creative and critical thinking; rationality and scientific rationality in a secular perspective. The Quran encourages us over and over again to think, reflect, ponder, understand and analyze.

8 Surah Rad, 13:3 Behold, verily in these things there are signs (Ayath or Natural Phenomena) for those who consider, think, reflect, and ponder! The majority of the Mufasirun interpreted “Tafakkur” as reflection and contemplation, which is a process and not an outcome.

9 Qur’anic usage of the concept of Tafakkur....
The Qur’an has used the derivatives of the verb “fakkara” which is the root word of Tafakkur- 18 times; · Al-Baqarah: 219,266 · Al-‘Imran: 191 · Al-An’am: 50 · Al-A’araf: 176,184 · Yunus: 24 · Ar-Ra’d: 3 · An-Nahl: 11,44,69 · Ar-Rum: 8,21 · Saba’: 46 · Al-Zumar: 42 · Al-Jathiyah: 13 · Al-Hasyr: 21 · Al-Muddathir: 18

10 However, very rarely do parents encourage children to question.
Our response to difficult inquiries from our children is to say "do it because I said so." This discourages the children from developing critical thinking. They become lazy and complacent and easy prey to cult type following. To take things at face value makes us vulnerable.

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12 International Conference on Islamic Renaissance
3:110. Ye are the best of Peoples, evolved for mankind, Enjoining what is right, Forbidding what is wrong, And believing in God. If only the People of the Book had faith, it were best for them: among them are some who have faith, but most of them are perverted transgressors.

13 Surah an-Nisah, 4: 79 79. Ma asabaka min hasanatin famina Allahi wama asabaka min sayyi-atin famin nafsika waarsalnaka lilnnasi rasoolan wakafa biAllahi shaheedan 79. Whatever good, (O man!) Happens to thee, is from God; But whatever evil happens To thee, is from thy (own) soul. And We have sent thee As an Apostle To (instruct) mankind. And enough is God For a witness.

14 ICIR (Intnl. Conf. on Islamic Renaissance)
IT IS A TERRIBLE THING TO WASTE A MUSLIM MIND

15 ISLAMIC LIFE CONSITS OF BOTH DEEN & DUNIYA
ICIR ISLAMIC LIFE CONSITS OF BOTH DEEN & DUNIYA

16 ICIR Muslims focus only on Deen at the expense of Duniya
Ulama say “This Duniya is for the Kuffar who Excel in worldly things, but for Muslims the place is Jannah in the Aakhira” Muslims focus only on Deen at the expense of Duniya

17 As a result Europeans Colonized Muslim countries that lead to the downfall of Muslims in all fields.

18 The irony is Muslims contributed to
European Renaissance

19 European Renaissance took place in all fields: Arts & Sciences

20 A Partial List of Muslims who worked for
Islamic Renaissance:

21 Sir Syed Ahmed Khan Shaikh Muhammad Abduh Allamah Muhammad Iqbal Shaikh Muhammad Wahab Syed Qutb Jamaluddin al Afghani Rashid Ridha

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23 Hasan al Banna Sayyid Qutb Abul Ala Mawdudi Syed Abul Hasan An Nadwi Malik Ben Nabi Ibrahim al Jazairy Ali Shariati Imam Khomeini Badiuzzaman Said Nursi

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26 They were not perfect but they struggled valiantly to become inspirations for the younger generation of the Ummah

27 Modern Organizations:
OIC (Organization of Islamic Conference) COMSTECH (Committee on Science and Technology) ISESCO (Islamic Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization)

28 To achieve the Islamic Renaissance
Muslims should excel in all the fields. The aim of this Conference is to find practical Steps to achieve excellence in all fields

29 How to bring Renaissance in Duniya:
Winning Gold Medals in the Olympics Winning Nobel Prizes

30 39. That man can have nothing But what he strives for;
Surah Najm, 53: 39 39. Waan laysa lil-insani illa ma saAAa 39. That man can have nothing But what he strives for;

31 Critical Thinking-Which Qur’an Title is not correct?

32 THREE ORIGINAL DISCOVERIES
1. Sex determination  75: 39 2. Comets of Ice: 24:43 3. Blitz Benefits: 13:12 and 30:24.

33 Original Contributions of Medieval Islamic world:
public hospitals and mental hospitals, public libraries and library which lends books to the public, academic strata obtained from the university as undergraduate, post graduate and doctoral, astronomical observatory as a research institution, and endowments(in arabic : wakaf).

34 The Guinness Book of World Records states that the world’s oldest university is the University of Al Karaouine in Fez, Morocco, founded in 859 CE. Al Azhar, in Egypt established in the 10th century, offers various academic degrees including post graduate. It is considered the first complete university. The public library not only offers a complete collection of manuscripts but also the center of instruction and dissemination of knowledge and ideas, as a place of meetings and discussions, and sometimes as a place of learning and study for postgraduate students. The concept of a library catalog is also introduced in medieval Islamic libraries, when books are grouped by specific categories and types.

35 Medieval Muslims scientists listed under
1 Astronomers and astrophysicists 2 Chemists and alchemists 3 Economists and social scientists 4 Geographers and earth scientists 5 Mathematicians 6 Biologists, neuroscientists, and psychologists 7 Physicians and surgeons 8 Physicists and engineers 9 Political scientists 10 Other scientists and inventors

36 Medieval Islam produced a Galaxy of Muslim Scientists including
al Biruni, al Jahiz, al Jindi, al-Razi, Ibnu Sina, al Idrisi, Ibnu Bajja, Ibnu Tufayl, Ibnu Rushd, al-Suyuti, Geber, al Khwarizmi, Firnas ibnu Abbas, Ibnu Nafis, Ibn Al-Haytham, al-Kindi Ibnu Khaldun, and others.

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39 Abu-Rayhan Biruni Born: 5 September 973, Died: 13 December 1048
Abu-Rayhan Biruni Born: 5 September 973, Died: 13 December He was a Persian. Specialist in: Anthropology, astrology, astronomy, chemistry, comparative sociology, geodesy, geology, history, mathematics, medicine, philosophy, pharmacology, physics, psychology, science Father of anthropology, geodesy and Indology. Founder of experimental mechanics and experimental astronomy. Pioneer of experimental psychology. Contributed to many other fields of knowledge. Ta’rikh al-Hind, The Mas’udi Canon, Understanding Astrology, and many other books

40 Reasons for Backwardness
Reasons for collapse of the civilization of Islam: because of sect disagreement, Sunni and Shiite conflict, the Mongol invasions, the Crusades, The lethal combination of taqlīd(unquestioning acceptance or Blind Imitation) foreign invasion and because of political and economic factors. After the fall of Islam in Andalusia, in 1492, began the rise of Europe or Europe’s Renaissance and scientific revolution.

41 By the thirteenth century, the 'ulama' (religious scholars) had become "self-appointed interpreters and guardians of religious knowledge.… learning was confined to the transmission of traditions and dogma, and [was] hostile to research and scientific inquiry" The mentality of taqlīd reigned supreme in all matters, and religious scholars condemned all other forms of inquiry and research.

42 Exemplifying the taqlīd mentality, Burhän al-Din al-Zarnüji wrote during the thirteenth century, "Stick to ancient things while avoiding new things" and "Beware of becoming engrossed in those disputes which come about after one has cut loose from the ancient authorities". Much of what was written after the thirteenth century lacked originality, and it consisted mostly of commentaries on existing canonical works without adding any substantive new ideas.

43 Reasons for Backwardness
Muslims rigidly suffer from religious taboos which are thousand years old. The Prophet’s advice of learning oneself and teaching others as a religious obligation is forgotten. During the Prophet’s days women were not in purdah as they are today. The Muslim clerics succeed, with the help of the Muslim rulers, to confine learning to only old religious sayings. In general, Muslims don’t believe that man went to the moon

44 More percentage of people in the Arab countries are illiterate than in India. Almost two-thirds of Muslims in the world are illiterate and among them three-fourths of women are illiterate. The Arab Human Development Report 2002 identified three major deficits in the Arab world today: knowledge, freedom and women’s rights. Despite the huge oil money they have, there is almost total absence of advanced research there.

45 There is autocratic rule; absence of political and civil rights; no freedom of the media or speech. The massive oil money is used for the personal use of kings or dictators and for the purchase of armaments. This is justified by the Mullahs, Imams and Ummah in the name of Islam. The new forces of the Taliban and Al-Qaeda led by Osama bin Laden also justify dictatorship and suppression of women. Extreme Communal Organizations carry out all their nefarious activities in the name of Islam.

46 In our Madrasas scientific teaching is not done
except in some southern States. India has one lakh Madrasas and if the Muslims start teaching there, what is taught in government schools, very soon with the help of the government, Muslims will come up. Such facility is not there for Dalits or most OBCs.

47 A common frustration of modern educators in the Islamic world is that while their students can memorize copious volumes of notes and textbook pages, they often lack competence in critical analysis and independent thinking. Education in Islam is twofold: acquiring intellectual knowledge (through the application of reason and logic) and developing spiritual knowledge (derived from divine revelation and spiritual experience).

48 Our exploiting religious leaders who have made livelihood on Islam against Quranic injunctions (2:41, /6:90/12:104) have successfully divided and deviated us from the right path of Allah. They conceal projection of Quranic directives with simply Tilawath and Hifz without understanding to keep us in the dark and confuse us with weak and unauthentic Hadiths so that we continue to depend on them for guidance which is a great sin (2:42,174). Creating differences in Quranic Ayath is a sin 2:176/40:4).   Just be Muslim and follow Quran and authentic Hadiths which should be in conformity with the Quran. In India Pakistan sub continent more importance is given to sects, sub sects, Maslak, Fiqah etc… issues resulting in various deviations and exploitation so much so our Masajid are also divided.

49 for the Muslims and the result is the backwardness of
Muslim rulers ruled India for 1,000 years, but did not care for the Muslims and the result is the backwardness of the Muslim masses.

50 Two major events adversely affected Muslim growth
Two major events adversely affected Muslim growth. One was the defeat in the 1857 Revolt against the British in which thousands of rich and advanced Muslims were massacred; as a result for decades Muslims remained isolated. Muslims refused to read English as a token of boycott of the British. Even the fatwa was issued against Sir Syed Ahmed who started English teaching in Aligarh. The second event was the formation of Pakistan when many of the rich and educated Muslims went away to Pakistan

51 In 1835 the First Medical College in India started in Calcutta
In 1835 the First Medical College in India started in Calcutta. 49 Students were admitted. But no Muslim applied for admission as a Protest against the British.The first Muslim medical graduate of this college was Raheem Khan in 1856, after 21 years.—KBC –Rs5/Cr. Q.

52 Knowledge is wealth these days
Knowledge is wealth these days. Aziz Premji, Muslim film stars and others are rich because of their acquiring of knowledge. Maulvis of the Madrasas themselves do not know science and technology. They Oppose Evolution, forward thinking ideas. Hence teachers of science and technology have to be appointed in the Madrasas. Even technical training should be imparted there. Muslim boys learn technology and manufacturing more easily than others. Hence the question is of taking the lead. Unless the Muslim leaders take the lead no Sachar Committee can be of much help.

53 Top TEN Most Corrupt Countries in the world:
1.Somalia North Korea Myanmar Afghanistan Uzbekistan Turkmenistan Sudan Iraq Haiti Venezuela Six out of Ten are MUSLIM COUNTRIES

54 Ever wondered why Muslims are so powerless
Ever wondered why Muslims are so powerless?  Here is why: There are 57 member-countries of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC), and all of them put together have around 500 universities; one university for every three million Muslims. The  United States has 5,758 universities and India has 8,407.

55 NOBEL PRIZES There are a mere 13.4 Million Jews in the
entire world yet they have received 195 Nobel Prizes out of over 800. The Muslims number 1.7 BILLION (with a very big "B") ... or 120 times the number of Jews! Based upon this 117:1 Muslim-to-Jewish ratio, one might expect the Muslims to have 23,400 Nobel Laureates.

56 Muslim Nobel Laureates
6 won for Peace: Sadat, Arafat, Yunus (BGD), Ebadi, El-Baradai, Tawakkul (Yemen) 2 won for Literature: Mahfouz(Egypt) and Orhan Pamuk (Turkey) Physics: 1: Abdus Salam (Pak) Chemistry: 1: Ahmed Zewail (Egypt) Medicine: ZERO ECONOMICS: ZERO

57 In 2004, Shanghai Jiao Tong University compiled an 'Academic Ranking of World Universities’, and intriguingly, not one university from Muslim-majority states was in the top 500.

58 As per data collected by the UNDP,
literacy in the Christian world stands at nearly 90 per cent and 15 Christian-majority states have a literacy rate of 100 per cent.    A Muslim-majority state, as a sharp contrast, has an average literacy rate of around 40 per cent and there is no Muslim-majority state with a literacy rate of 100 per cent.

59 Some 98 per cent of the 'literates' in the
Christian world had completed primary school, while less than 50 per cent of the 'literates' in the Muslim world did the same.    Around 40 per cent of the 'literates' in the Christian world attended university while no more than two per cent of the 'literates' in the Muslim world did the same.

60 Muslim-majority countries have 230 scientists per one million Muslims
Muslim-majority countries have 230 scientists per one million Muslims. The US has 4,000 scientists per million and Japan has 5,000 per million.  In the entire Arab world, the total number of full-time researchers is 35,000 and there are only 50 technicians per one million Arabs. (In the Christian world there are up to 1,000 technicians per one million).  

61 Furthermore, the Muslim world spends 0
 Furthermore, the Muslim world spends 0.2 per cent of its GDP on research and development, while the Christian world spends around five per cent of its GDP.    Conclusion: The Muslim world *lacks the capacity* to *produce knowledge*!    Daily newspapers per 1,000 people and number of book titles per million are two indicators of whether knowledge is being diffused in a society.    In Pakistan , there are 23 daily newspapers per 1,000 Pakistanis while the same ratio in Singapore is 360. In the UK , the number of book titles per million stands at 2,000 while the same in Egypt is 20.   Conclusion: The Muslim world *is failing to* *diffuse knowledge.*

62 *is failing to* *apply knowledge.*
Exports of high technology products as a percentage of total exports are an important indicator of knowledge application. Pakistan 's export of high technology products as a percentage of total exports stands at one per cent. The same for Saudi Arabia is 0.3 per cent; Kuwait , Morocco , and  Algeria is all at 0.3 per cent, while Singapore is at 58 per cent.   Conclusion: The Muslim world *is failing to* *apply knowledge.*

63 Why are Muslims powerless. Because we aren't producing knowledge,
Why are Muslims powerless?   .....Because we aren't producing knowledge,  .....Because we aren't diffusing knowledge.  .....Because we aren't applying knowledge.   And, the future belongs to knowledge-based Societies.   Interestingly, the combined annual GDP of 57 OIC-countries is under $2 trillion.   America , just by herself, produces goods and services worth $12 trillion; China $8 trillion, Japan $3.8 trillion and Germany $2.4 trillion (purchasing power parity basis).    

64 Oil rich Saudi Arabia, UAE, Kuwait and Qatar collectively produce goods and services (mostly oil) worth $500 billion; Spain alone produces goods and services worth over $1 trillion, Catholic Poland $489 billion and Buddhist Thailand $545 billion.  * ..... (Muslim GDP as a percentage of worlds GDP is fast declining).*   So, why are Muslims so powerless?*  Answer: **Lack of education**.*   All we do is shouting to Allah the whole day!!! And blame everyone else for our multiple failures!!!!!

65 OK Issue ( Masla) Taqlid Ijtihad REFERENCES
1.Birthday Celebrations and or Eid Milad 2. Women praying in Masjid without partition or Separate Rooms 3. No Segregation between Men and Women or Free Mixing of Men and Women 4. Clapping of Hands to express Admiration or Cultural Performance or End of a Lecture Not OK Not OK OK (Not Un- Islamic) OK WFM_Readable.aspx?FLD_ ID=99 1.Fiqh Council of N. America 2.Seerat un Nabi 3.Govt. of Saudi Arabia 1.Sahih Bukhari 2. Dr. Hasan Turabi 3. Dr. Yusuf Al-Qaradawi 4.Muwatta of Imam Malik 1.Mufti Sheikh Atiyyah Saqr of Al-Azhar University, Cairo 2. Not Against Shariah 3. English

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67 Education (Deeni + Secular)
CONCLUSION Major Reasons for Backwardness 1. Lack of Education 2. TAQLID Major Solutions: Education (Deeni + Secular) 1. IJTIHAD 2. Critical Thinking 3. Opposing Points of View 4.Empowerment of Women

68 Wakf properties be used to establish Educational Institutions and Professional Colleges.
Zakat to be used to finance artisans and traders Establish Think Tanks in every state by Muslim Intellectuals Focus on Morals and Character Development to fight Corruption Investment in Education and Science at individual level and community level Volunteers: Retired professionals, Drs, Engg, IAS Officers, etc. train youth for Entrance Exams AS tests

69 PLAN OF ACTION MOTHERS – SOURCE OF GREAT INFLUENCE
Khutbahs in every Masjid of the world Lectures Discussions PRINT MEDIA: Publications: Newspapers, Magazines, Books Audio and Video Media: s, Skype, TV, DVDs, You Tube, Social Media, CDs. Traveling and Touring the World MOTHERS – SOURCE OF GREAT INFLUENCE

70 PLAN OF ACTION EACH MOTHER BUILDS A GENERATION
MOTHER IS THE FIRST SCHOOL FOR A CHILD EACH MOTHER BUILDS A GENERATION MOTHERS ARE TEACHERS OF THE WORLD MOTHERS MOLD YOUTH AND BUILD CHARACTHER MOTHERS REFROM THE FAMILY ALL MOTHERS TOGETHER CAN REFORM THE UMMAH MOTHERS – SOURCE OF GREAT INFLUENCE THE HAND THAT SHAKES THE CRADLE, SHAKES THE WORLD

71 Thank you for your patience Jazakallah

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