Presentation on theme: "JOINT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE BRIEFING ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT"— Presentation transcript:
1 JOINT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE BRIEFING ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT Department of Basic Education,Department of Social Development and Department of Health31 October 2017
2 OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION PurposeBackground to the development of the policyThe National Integrated ECD PolicyProgress to date:Strategy and Implementation (programmes)Infrastructure for ECD ServicesLeadership and coordination; andHuman Resource DevelopmentRecommendation
3 PURPOSETo present to the Joint Portfolio Committee meeting a progress report on Early Childhood Development (ECD)
5 SITUATIONAL ANALYSISThere are 8, 207, 723 million children from birth to 6 years old according to 2015 Mid Year Population Estimates;The largest number is in KZN(23%), Gauteng (20%) and lowest in N Cape (2%) and FS (5%);Whilst poverty levels have fallen by 15% since 2004 using the lower bound poverty level of R604 per person per month, about 58% children are still deemed poor; andBurden of poverty is distributed unequally across provinces, majority of poor children are black, living predominantly in rural provinces i.e. Limpopo (76%), E. Cape (75%) & KZN (67%)
7 PURPOSE OF NATIONAL INTEGRATED ECD POLICY Provide an overarching multi-sectoral enabling framework of ECD services, inclusive of national, provincial and local spheres of government;Define a comprehensive package of ECD services and support, with identified essential components;Identify the relevant role players and their roles and responsibilities for the provision of the various components of ECD services; andEstablish national ECD leadership and coordinating structure.
8 VISIONAll infants, young children and their families in South Africa live in environments conducive to their optimal development.
9 To provide a Comprehensive programme of quality MISSIONTo provide a Comprehensive programme of qualityECD services that would be universally available in sufficient quantities and proximity so that all children enjoy an equal opportunity to access them.
10 ECD CENTRE DEFINITIONThe definition in the National Integrated ECD Policy for an ECD Centre:A partial care facility that provides an early childhood programme with an early learning and development focus for children from birth until the year before they enter Grade R/ formal school.
11 POLICY GOALS Short-term 2017 Establishment of the necessary legal framework(s), organisational structures and institutional arrangements,Planning, financing mechanisms necessary to support and realise its commitmentsEstimated cost of R265.6mMedium-term 2024Availability of age and developmental stage appropriate essential components of the comprehensive package of quality ECD services, accessible to all infants and young children and their caregiversEstimated cost of R13.8bLong-term 2030Availability of a full comprehensive age and development stage appropriate package of quality ECD development services and accessible to all infants and young children and their caregiversEstimated cost of R12.5b
12 COMPREHENSIVE PACKAGE OF SERVICES HEALTHNUTRITIONPARENTSUPPORTLEARNINGEARLYSOCIALPROTECTIONSECURITYFOODCOMMUNICATIONPLAY, SPORT& CULTURE
13 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES PARENTSPrimary caregiverCreating nurturing environment for holistic development of childrenGOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTSNationalPlanning, co-ordination, setting targets;ProvincialDelivery of services;District:Effective co-ordinationCIVIL SOCIETYContracted for relevant services.Enter partnership with government departments.
14 RESPONSIBILITIES OF KEY DEPARTMENTS RESPONSIBILITYSocial DevelopmentEnsuring universal availability and adequate quality of, and equitable access to, inclusive learning opportunities;Development, delivery, regulation, registration, quality monitoring, improvement and evaluation of ECD programmes.HealthProvision of health and nutrition programmes for pregnant women, infants and children, parenting support programmes, opportunities for learning and play through health facilities and home visits for children at risk of poor development outcomesBasic EducationDevelopment of early learning curriculum;Continuity and synergy between early learning and Grade R;Integration of key health messages in school curriculum;Training, implementation and monitoring relating to curriculum implementation for birth to four-year-olds.
15 INTERDEPARTMENTAL COLLABORATION Inter-Ministerial CommitteeNational Interdepartmental CommitteeSouth African Inter-Sectoral Forum for Early Childhood DevelopmentNational Training and Curriculum Sub-committeePolicy and Legislation Sub-committeeInfrastructure and Registration Sub-CommitteeMonitoring and Evaluation Sub-committeeCommunication and Advocacy Sub-committeeECD Donor Sub-committee
16 The Funding Model set out in the Policy (2015) Funding for early childhood development servicesObjectives of early childhood development fundingExpand coverage of servicesEnsure that poorer children, children with developmental difficulties and/or disabilities are not excluded because of the cost of servicesImprove the quality of service provisionThe funding modelProgramme support fundingEligibility for and calculation of staffing and programme support costsTargeting criteria for eligibility and the sum of fundingIncreased funding for early childhood development programmes for children with disabilitiesFunding for infrastructure developmentFunding the training of the workforce for early childhood developmentA national coordinated funding framework and accountability for expenditure
17 PROGRESS: strategy and implementation (PROGRAMMES)
19 STATUS OF ECD CENTRE REGISTRATION AND CHILDREN RECEIVING SUBSIDIES END OF FINANCIAL YEAR 2016/17Total number of registered ECD CentresTotal number of children subsidized –Total number of children accessing ECD services –END OF 2nd QUARTER 2017/18Number of new registered ECD Centres – 1 623Number of new children accessing ECD services –Number of new children subsidized –Number of children subsidized by the Conditional Grant –
21 PROGRESSThe ECD National Integrated Implementation Plan drafted with assistance of UNICEF.All the affected National departments have made inputs except for the following that must still be followed up:Department of Energy;Department of Science and Technology;Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry;Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs;Government Communication and Information System (GCIS); and- COGTA other relevant outstanding units
22 e.g. COGTA ENGAGEMENT Area of work Plan of Action Progress Next Steps Engagement with COGTAConcept DocumentTo develop the concept document with the work-stream on collaboration with COGTAWork with COGTA has begun in terms of the review of the by-laws and the IDP engagements.Finalise the by-laws project and target municipalities for investment in ECD’s.COGTA has advised that DSD must fast-track a capacity building programme for municipalities explaining to municipalities “what an ECD means to a municipality”A discussion was held with COGTA and SALGA on this. SALGA has already engaged with UNICEF on the capacity building on municipalities.A joint plan must be developed.
24 DISTRIBUTION OF THE NATIONAL CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK (NCF) ProvinceCopies distributed to centresCopies distributed to officialsTotal per provinceEC20 9603102 1270FS5 8001505 950GP14 80037015 170KZN15 60039015 990LP11 92030012 220MP6 8001706 970NW5 4001405 540NC2 400602 460WC7 0001807 180Total90680207092 750
25 INCLUSIVE IMPLEMENTATION The NCF has been versioned into Braille to ensure that all Blind practitioners and parents have access to the programme;37 Deaf Teaching assistants were trained on the NCF in order to ensure that all children at the Schools for the Deaf have access to the programme;Next steps include collaborating with organisations working with Deaf parents and practitioners working with young Deaf children.
26 ECD QUALITY SUPPORT AND STIMULATION ItemProgressNext StepsDeadlineImplementation of the South African National Curriculum Framework for Children from Birth to Four (NCF)The NCF was versioned into the 10 official languages including Braille.The NCF documents will be printed and distributed to provinces for further circulation and engagement with key partners and practitioners.November 2017Development of advocacy materials for parents and caregivers on importance of play-based learning and stimulation.A DVD on the importance of play has been developed.Activity books for parents and caregivers are under construction.March 2018
27 ECD QUALITY SUPPORT AND STIMULATION….. ItemProgressNext StepsDeadlineImplementation of the South African National Curriculum Framework for Children from Birth to Four.300 practitioners, trainers, academics and government officials attended the Play Conference to better understand the value of play in learning in the implementation of the NCF.Finalise the report for dissemination to all participants.Action the recommendations made at the conference.15, 632 practitioners have registered to do the on-line in-service training programme.8 051 have completed one of the four courses available on the platform.Ratchet up the marketing of the course in order to meet the target of 150, 000 by end of 2018.A service provider has been appointed to establish an easy-to-use education mobile application called ECD mobi which will service the resources, skills and knowledge needs of parents and care-givers of children from birth to four years.To establish ECD mobi as a part of the existing Cloud of the Department of Basic Education integrated into the ECD feature.Design, implement and continuously evaluate the skills and knowledge through ECDmobi that supports parents and primary caregivers with children especially those with constrained access to resources.
28 MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK Khulisa Management Services was appointed with funding from UNICEF to:Establish national baseline on utilisation of play-based learning in the implementation of the NCF and the CAPS for Grades R to 3;Implement Action Research on impact of training of practitioners and educators in play-based learning; andDevelop national M&E framework for NCF.
30 PROGRESS TO DATE Monitoring tools have been developed and tested; Communication with provinces on the process;Sampling and piloting of 360 centres;Monitoring and data collection at centres;Training of 100 provincial and district officials on the tools; andTraining manual developed.
47 PROGRESS: NUTRITIONNutrition guidelines for ECD programmes were developed and approved in the 1st quarter of 2017 to ensure quality nutritious meals and adherence to food service standards.
48 CHALLENGES No Challenges Action Responsibility 1. 2. Obtaining accurate information timeously from provinces due to no reliable data collection and information systemsSigning of the approval of the MOU with the donor currently in process to collect data and develop the system.NationalProvinces to develop and maintain reliable data systems and strengthen their information management on ECD.Provinces2.Immunization coverage- vaccine stock outs- Data quality- measles outbreak in some provinces etc.- Staff shortage- competing priorities– campaigns using sameresources-personnelmomConnect messagesnurseConnect messagesBWISE to reach young peopleUpdated Road to Health Book – child health promotion messages (for children under 5 year – nutrition, love, protection, health care and extra care
49 CHALLENGES No Challenges Proposed Solution Responsibility 3. Lack of knowledge on how to plan for activities, the environment, assessment addressing and barriers to learningDevelopment.Resourcing of the HRD StrategyNational4.Lack of co-operation from COGTA as a key department in implementing the ECD policy (Infrastructure, by-laws, zoning, registration and basic services).A process map outlined demonstrates how complicated, costly and time consuming it is to go through the municipality’s systemBi-lateral meetings have been taking place with DoH on the Health & Environmental issues.A joint IMC between DSD & COGTA5.Outstanding Departments of Science and Technology, Labour, Energy, and Transport are delaying the finalisation of the implementation planLetters written to the Ministers to have Bi-Lateral meetings with the departments.
50 CHALLENGES No Challenges Proposed Solution Responsibility 6. Lack of sufficient human capacity at national and in provincesAdditional capacity in the ECD Chief Directorate for coordination of ECD services across government departments, management of the Conditional Grant, management of donors, facilitation of programme issues including monitoring with technical support to provinces;Prioritisation of ECD work and develop a National Departments’ bid for all sector departments to obtain the required resources to implement the ECD policy.National Departments
53 ECD CONDITIONAL GRANTThe conditional grant framework was approved in December 2016.The grant had become operational on the 01st April 2017.The grant has two components:ECD subsidy componentECD Maintenance component
54 CONDITIONAL GRANTThe 3 units, ECD programme, infrastructure and finance are working together at national on the implementation of the Grant.Bi-monthly meetings have been held with provinces since February 2016 to prepare of the Grant implementation.An amount of R , transferred to provinces for subsidy, maintenance and administration of the grant.Provinces spent R which is 52% of funds transferred by end of 2nd quarter.DSD to report to Treasury by 15 November 2017.The Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) framework for the ECD Conditional Grant has been developed by M&E unit.Monitoring also to be done through review of progress reports and claim certificates (developed to also be used as a Reporting Tool).National DSD is continuing with bi-monthly meetings with provinces & to do sight visits when possible, to ensure monitoring of progress and reporting which complies with the Conditional Grant Framework.
55 NUMBER OF ECD CENTRES TO BENEFIT FROM THE ECD MAINTENANCE GRANT ProvinceTotalGauteng15Western Cape13Northern Cape66North West48Free State79Mpumalanga62Limpopo98KwaZulu Natal117Eastern Cape180Grand Total678
57 FACILITIES IN POOREST WARDS ProvinceMaintenance Grant% that falls in the Poorest wards%Gauteng1516.7North West483164.6Western Cape130.0Mpumalanga621829.0Northern Cape6622.7Free State7945.1Limpopo9880.6KwaZulu Natal1178169.2Eastern Cape18011563.9Grand Total67834447.9
58 CHALLENGESNoChallengesActionResponsibility1.Lack of resources regarding HR, appropriate skills and finance for implementation of the ECD policy regarding coordination of work done by various departments, programmes and Conditional Grant;Approval of the MOU with DG Murray Trust for the work to start data collection and development of the information system and support of the management of the Conditional GrantFinalise Financing Strategy to inform funding of services.NationalProvinces2.Lack of prioritization of ECD objectives by other departments in the implementation of the policy due to competing priorities with shrinking resources;3.Slow movement in alignment of policies and legislation with ECD policy by partner departments;
61 PARTNERSHIPS & COLLABORATION Department of Social Development through Comprehensive Social Security is developing an Integrated Policy on the Maternal support to address the first 1,000 days of child’s life which will address low uptake in 0-2 years old & ensure uptake of CSG and other grants when the child is born.DG Murray Trust (DGMT) to assist in strengthening capacity for support in the implementation of the ECD Conditional GrantIlifa Labantwana has set aside funds to assist with data collection on ECD centres and children in ECD centres and various programmes in all programmes.Information will be fed into an Information System in the department.To provide reliable & verifiable data informing us of the number of centres, where they are located and children accessing ECD services.To enable tracking children’s movement and what services they are getting.Draft MOU is being finalised which also include assistance with funds for the management of the Conditional Grant.
62 PARTNERSHIPS & COLLABORATION Following the training of trainers on parenting programme for parents and caregivers, provinces are to train 15 parents and 10 caregivers by end of 2017/18.To accelerate programme UNICEF in collaboration with the National ECD Alliance (NECDA) working with DSD, will train 17,000 parents and caregivers by December 2018 as part of prevention and early intervention programme.USAID and FHI360 provided capacity to assist in the finalisation of the ECD Policy and capacity building of parenting programme.Draft Sector Financing Strategy to be finalised with Treasury after addressing issues of non-centre base programmes and children with disabilities.Draft communication strategy developed in conjunction with the partner departments and GCIS to facilitate integrated inter-sectoral awareness messages.
63 PARTNERSHIPS & COLLABORATION NDA in collaboration with University of Fort Hare Centre of Excellence did phase one research longitudinal study on ECD to improve implementation.Through partnerships with private sector, NDA managed to build an ECD centre in Ducats, in the Eastern Cape.Through capacity building interventions, NDA assist centres assisted to be registered according to Children’s Act.Provinces are driving awareness campaigns during provincial events.
64 CHALLENGESNoChallengesActionResponsibility1.Lack of resources regarding HR, appropriate skills and finance for implementation of the ECD policy regarding coordination of work done by various departments, programmes and Conditional Grant;Approval of the MOU with DG Murray Trust for the work to start data collection and development of the information system and support of the management of the Conditional GrantFinalise Financing Strategy to inform funding of services.NationalProvinces2.Lack of prioritization of ECD objectives by other departments in the implementation of the policy due to competing priorities with shrinking resources;3.Slow movement in alignment of policies and legislation with ECD policy by partner departments;
68 ECD PRACTITIONERS (for Birth to 4) ProvinceNumber of Registered CentresEstimated No of ECD practitioners (x5 per centre)Below Grade 12ECD Level 4 and aboveTargeted In training at Level 4 (2017)Eastern Cape1 7848 9204 0144 90690Free State1 8439 2154 1475 068Gauteng3 70618 5308 33910 192405KwaZulu-Natal1 8799 3954 2285 167428Limpopo2 92714 6356 5868 04991Mpumalanga1 6038 0153 6074 408700Northern Cape7873 9351 7712 16450North West4712 3551 0601 2951 000Western Cape3 19015 9507 1788 773707TOTAL18 19090 95040 93050 0223 471Based on information from DSD Audit of ECD Centres (2014)
69 CURRENT NQF LEVEL 4 ECD PRACTITIONERS TRAINING PROVINCENUMBER OF PRACTITIONERSEASTERN CAPE90FREE STATENo training will be offered this yearGAUTENG405KWA-ZULU NATALLIMPOPO91MPUMALANGA700NORTHERN CAPE50NORTH WESTWESTERN CAPE707TOTAL2 043
70 NEXT STEPSWorking with the ETDP SETA and SAQA to ensure that all practitioners who have completed the Level 4 qualifications from accredited ECD training providers are on the National Learners Record Database (NLRD); andConduct an audit of the qualifications of ECD practitioners serving in registered ECD centres.
71 PROVINCIAL DEPARTMENTS OF EDUCATION BUDGETS FOR TRAINING
72 2014/15 TRAINING BUDGET(Birth to 4) ProvincesMain AppropriationAdjustmentsFinal AppropriationTotal ExpenditureVarianceExpenditure as % of final appropriationR'000%Eastern Cape22 276(14 450)7 8261507 6761.9%Free State1 800(1 800)Gauteng43 5838 34351 92643 8268 10084.4%KwaZulu-Natal(21 615)25 66381 61623.9%Limpopo28 50330 311(1 808)106.3%Mpumalanga15 044(10 000)5 0444 82322195.6%Northern Cape3 272(2 199)1 073100.0%North West31 76631 6917599.8%Western Cape9 174TOTAL(32 547)95 88072.0%
73 2015/16 TRAINING BUDGET(Birth to 4) ProvincesMain AppropriationAdjustmentsFinal AppropriationTotal ExpenditureVarianceExpenditure as % of final appropriationR'000%Eastern Cape23 4782 42921 04910.3%Free StateGauteng45 588(9 683)35 90535 55634999.0%KwaZulu-Natal63 096(6 834)56 26250 8545 40890.4%Limpopo32 6402 31934 95934 8788199.8%Mpumalanga15 856(3 000)12 85612 57228497.8%Northern Cape3 316(567)2 749100.0%North West33 62024 2909 33072.2%Western Cape4 70086099.2%TOTAL(13 065)37 36188.0%39
74 2016/17 TRAINING BUDGET(Birth to 4) ProvincesMain AppropriationAdjustmentsFinal AppropriationTotal ExpenditureVarianceExpenditure as % of final appropriationR'000%Eastern Cape24 746(3 500)21 2461 21720 0295.7%Free State1 061(707)3543322293.8%Gauteng48 004(24 000)24 00420 6883 31686.2%KwaZulu-Natal75 934(31 471)44 463100.0%Limpopo34 70940 274(5 565)116.0%Mpumalanga16 72811 4325 29668.3%Northern Cape2 4301 64978167.9%North West35 402(15 000)20 40277319 6293.8%Western Cape(12 719)99 812TOTAL(87 397)43 50883.5%
76 PROGRESSS-Cubed Consulting has been commissioned to develop a national ECD Human Resources Development Strategy with financial support from UNICEF. The deliverables are:Conduct a policy and literature review and do a baseline of current human resources;To conceptualise and develop a comprehensive human resource development strategy for early childhood development in South Africa; andTo provide cost estimates for the human resource development strategy for early childhood development in South Africa;The enormous diversity of roles and role players, and the differences in buy-in and state of preparedness of the many departments to implement the ECD policy makes the development of a uniform, detailed costed strategy difficult.
77 IMPLICATIONS FOR THE SECTOR The National Integrated ECD Policy (NIECD Policy) recognises ECD as a public good, commits to ensuring universal availability and equitable access to quality ECD services which can only be achieved by building a robust ECD system built on:Enabling and regulatory policies, laws and procedures;Appropriate services and delivery modalities;Adequate financial resources;Adequate infrastructure, technologies and materials to support delivery;Information management and data systems for planning and quality control;Leadership, management and coordination of services; andAdequate human resources.
78 GENERAL CHALLENGES The strategy is multi-sectoral and has to speak to multiple different processes and systems within a common framework;The timing of the development of the strategy;Immaturity of ECD programmes;Lack of clarity and agreement on responsibilities in the policy;Concerns about the respective department’s autonomy;Difference in the state of readiness to implement; andConcurrent but non-aligned HR development processes.
79 NEXT STEPSDevelop plans to ensure human resources and systems in each line department work in synergy to create a coherent national ECD HR framework or system.The various line departmental HR structures and systems should be articulated with the policy, and they should work in synergy to provide a coherent national multi-sectoral ECD workforce.Secure agreement on the HR development strategy (across all affected line departments and levels of government) focusing on:What the scope, purpose and intent of the strategy will beHow it will achieve its intended purpose.Develop plans to ensure that all departments will apply and use the strategy in the design of their own HR strategies.
80 RECOMMENDATIONIt is recommended that the Portfolio Committee discusses the joint briefing by the Departments of Basic Education, Department of Health and Social Development on Early Childhood Development41