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JOINT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE BRIEFING ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT

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Presentation on theme: "JOINT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE BRIEFING ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT"— Presentation transcript:

1 JOINT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE BRIEFING ON EARLY CHILDHOOD DEVELOPMENT
Department of Basic Education, Department of Social Development and Department of Health 31 October 2017

2 OVERVIEW OF PRESENTATION
Purpose Background to the development of the policy The National Integrated ECD Policy Progress to date: Strategy and Implementation (programmes) Infrastructure for ECD Services Leadership and coordination; and Human Resource Development Recommendation

3 PURPOSE To present to the Joint Portfolio Committee meeting a progress report on Early Childhood Development (ECD)

4 BACKGROUND TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE POLICY

5 SITUATIONAL ANALYSIS There are 8, 207, 723 million children from birth to 6 years old according to 2015 Mid Year Population Estimates; The largest number is in KZN(23%), Gauteng (20%) and lowest in N Cape (2%) and FS (5%); Whilst poverty levels have fallen by 15% since 2004 using the lower bound poverty level of R604 per person per month, about 58% children are still deemed poor; and Burden of poverty is distributed unequally across provinces, majority of poor children are black, living predominantly in rural provinces i.e. Limpopo (76%), E. Cape (75%) & KZN (67%)

6 THE national integrated ecd POLICY

7 PURPOSE OF NATIONAL INTEGRATED ECD POLICY
Provide an overarching multi-sectoral enabling framework of ECD services, inclusive of national, provincial and local spheres of government; Define a comprehensive package of ECD services and support, with identified essential components; Identify the relevant role players and their roles and responsibilities for the provision of the various components of ECD services; and Establish national ECD leadership and coordinating structure.

8 VISION All infants, young children and their families in South Africa live in environments conducive to their optimal development.

9 To provide a Comprehensive programme of quality
MISSION To provide a Comprehensive programme of quality ECD services that would be universally available in sufficient quantities and proximity so that all children enjoy an equal opportunity to access them.

10 ECD CENTRE DEFINITION The definition in the National Integrated ECD Policy for an ECD Centre: A partial care facility that provides an early childhood programme with an early learning and development focus for children from birth until the year before they enter Grade R/ formal school.

11 POLICY GOALS Short-term 2017
Establishment of the necessary legal framework(s), organisational structures and institutional arrangements, Planning, financing mechanisms necessary to support and realise its commitments Estimated cost of R265.6m Medium-term 2024 Availability of age and developmental stage appropriate essential components of the comprehensive package of quality ECD services, accessible to all infants and young children and their caregivers Estimated cost of R13.8b Long-term 2030 Availability of a full comprehensive age and development stage appropriate package of quality ECD development services and accessible to all infants and young children and their caregivers Estimated cost of R12.5b

12 COMPREHENSIVE PACKAGE OF SERVICES
HEALTH NUTRITION PARENT SUPPORT LEARNING EARLY SOCIAL PROTECTION SECURITY FOOD COMMUNICATION PLAY, SPORT & CULTURE

13 ROLES AND RESPONSIBILITIES
PARENTS Primary caregiver Creating nurturing environment for holistic development of children GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENTS National Planning, co-ordination, setting targets; Provincial Delivery of services; District: Effective co-ordination CIVIL SOCIETY Contracted for relevant services. Enter partnership with government departments.

14 RESPONSIBILITIES OF KEY DEPARTMENTS
RESPONSIBILITY Social Development Ensuring universal availability and adequate quality of, and equitable access to, inclusive learning opportunities; Development, delivery, regulation, registration, quality monitoring, improvement and evaluation of ECD programmes. Health Provision of health and nutrition programmes for pregnant women, infants and children, parenting support programmes, opportunities for learning and play through health facilities and home visits for children at risk of poor development outcomes Basic Education Development of early learning curriculum; Continuity and synergy between early learning and Grade R; Integration of key health messages in school curriculum; Training, implementation and monitoring relating to curriculum implementation for birth to four-year-olds.

15 INTERDEPARTMENTAL COLLABORATION
Inter-Ministerial Committee National Interdepartmental Committee South African Inter-Sectoral Forum for Early Childhood Development National Training and Curriculum Sub-committee Policy and Legislation Sub-committee Infrastructure and Registration Sub-Committee Monitoring and Evaluation Sub-committee Communication and Advocacy Sub-committee ECD Donor Sub-committee

16 The Funding Model set out in the Policy (2015)
Funding for early childhood development services Objectives of early childhood development funding Expand coverage of services Ensure that poorer children, children with developmental difficulties and/or disabilities are not excluded because of the cost of services Improve the quality of service provision The funding model Programme support funding Eligibility for and calculation of staffing and programme support costs Targeting criteria for eligibility and the sum of funding Increased funding for early childhood development programmes for children with disabilities Funding for infrastructure development Funding the training of the workforce for early childhood development A national coordinated funding framework and accountability for expenditure

17 PROGRESS: strategy and implementation (PROGRAMMES)

18 REGISTRATION OF ECD CENTRES

19 STATUS OF ECD CENTRE REGISTRATION AND CHILDREN RECEIVING SUBSIDIES
END OF FINANCIAL YEAR 2016/17 Total number of registered ECD Centres Total number of children subsidized – Total number of children accessing ECD services – END OF 2nd QUARTER 2017/18 Number of new registered ECD Centres – 1 623 Number of new children accessing ECD services – Number of new children subsidized – Number of children subsidized by the Conditional Grant –

20 NATIONAL ECD INTEGRATED IMPLEMENTATION PLAN

21 PROGRESS The ECD National Integrated Implementation Plan drafted with assistance of UNICEF. All the affected National departments have made inputs except for the following that must still be followed up: Department of Energy; Department of Science and Technology; Department of Agriculture, Fisheries and Forestry; Department of Cooperative Governance and Traditional Affairs; Government Communication and Information System (GCIS); and - COGTA other relevant outstanding units

22 e.g. COGTA ENGAGEMENT Area of work Plan of Action Progress Next Steps
Engagement with COGTA Concept Document To develop the concept document with the work-stream on collaboration with COGTA Work with COGTA has begun in terms of the review of the by-laws and the IDP engagements. Finalise the by-laws project and target municipalities for investment in ECD’s. COGTA has advised that DSD must fast-track a capacity building programme for municipalities explaining to municipalities “what an ECD means to a municipality” A discussion was held with COGTA and SALGA on this. SALGA has already engaged with UNICEF on the capacity building on municipalities. A joint plan must be developed.

23 OPPORTUNITIES FOR LEARNING

24 DISTRIBUTION OF THE NATIONAL CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK (NCF)
Province Copies distributed to centres Copies distributed to officials Total per province EC 20 960 310 2 1270 FS 5 800 150 5 950 GP 14 800 370 15 170 KZN 15 600 390 15 990 LP 11 920 300 12 220 MP 6 800 170 6 970 NW 5 400 140 5 540 NC 2 400 60 2 460 WC 7 000 180 7 180 Total 90680 2070 92 750

25 INCLUSIVE IMPLEMENTATION
The NCF has been versioned into Braille to ensure that all Blind practitioners and parents have access to the programme; 37 Deaf Teaching assistants were trained on the NCF in order to ensure that all children at the Schools for the Deaf have access to the programme; Next steps include collaborating with organisations working with Deaf parents and practitioners working with young Deaf children.

26 ECD QUALITY SUPPORT AND STIMULATION
Item Progress Next Steps Deadline Implementation of the South African National Curriculum Framework for Children from Birth to Four (NCF) The NCF was versioned into the 10 official languages including Braille. The NCF documents will be printed and distributed to provinces for further circulation and engagement with key partners and practitioners. November 2017 Development of advocacy materials for parents and caregivers on importance of play-based learning and stimulation. A DVD on the importance of play has been developed. Activity books for parents and caregivers are under construction. March 2018

27 ECD QUALITY SUPPORT AND STIMULATION…..
Item Progress Next Steps Deadline Implementation of the South African National Curriculum Framework for Children from Birth to Four. 300 practitioners, trainers, academics and government officials attended the Play Conference to better understand the value of play in learning in the implementation of the NCF. Finalise the report for dissemination to all participants. Action the recommendations made at the conference. 15, 632 practitioners have registered to do the on-line in-service training programme. 8 051 have completed one of the four courses available on the platform. Ratchet up the marketing of the course in order to meet the target of 150, 000 by end of 2018. A service provider has been appointed to establish an easy-to-use education mobile application called ECD mobi which will service the resources, skills and knowledge needs of parents and care-givers of children from birth to four years. To establish ECD mobi as a part of the existing Cloud of the Department of Basic Education integrated into the ECD feature. Design, implement and continuously evaluate the skills and knowledge through ECDmobi that supports parents and primary caregivers with children especially those with constrained access to resources.

28 MONITORING AND EVALUATION FRAMEWORK
Khulisa Management Services was appointed with funding from UNICEF to: Establish national baseline on utilisation of play-based learning in the implementation of the NCF and the CAPS for Grades R to 3; Implement Action Research on impact of training of practitioners and educators in play-based learning; and Develop national M&E framework for NCF.

29 PROJECT TIMELINE

30 PROGRESS TO DATE Monitoring tools have been developed and tested;
Communication with provinces on the process; Sampling and piloting of 360 centres; Monitoring and data collection at centres; Training of 100 provincial and district officials on the tools; and Training manual developed.

31 HEALTH CARE AND NUTRITION

32 Antenatal 1st visit before 20 weeks rate (%)

33 Antenatal client initiated on ART rate (%)

34 Maternal mortality in facility ratio (per 100,000)

35 Mother postnatal visit within 6 days rate (%)

36 Neonatal death in facility rate (per 1,000)

37 INFANT EXCLUSIVELY BREASTFED AT HEXAVALENT 3RD DOSE RATE (%)

38 CHILD UNDER 5 YEARS SEVERE ACUTE MALNUTRITION CASE FATALITY RATE (%)

39 Immunisation coverage under 1 year (%)

40 Measles 2nd dose coverage (%)

41 DTaP-IPV-Hib-HBV 3 - Measles 1st dose drop-out rate (%)

42 Child under 5 years pneumonia case fatality rate (%)

43 Child under 5 years diarrhoea case fatality rate (%)

44 PCR TEST POSITIVE AT TEN WEEKS

45 CHILD UNDER 1 YEAR STARTED ART (NUMBER)

46 CHILD UNDER 5 YEARS STARTED ART (NUMBER)

47 PROGRESS: NUTRITION Nutrition guidelines for ECD programmes were developed and approved in the 1st quarter of 2017 to ensure quality nutritious meals and adherence to food service standards. 

48 CHALLENGES No Challenges Action Responsibility 1. 2.
Obtaining accurate information timeously from provinces due to no reliable data collection and information systems Signing of the approval of the MOU with the donor currently in process to collect data and develop the system. National Provinces to develop and maintain reliable data systems and strengthen their information management on ECD. Provinces 2. Immunization coverage - vaccine stock outs - Data quality - measles outbreak in some provinces etc. - Staff shortage - competing priorities– campaigns using same resources-personnel momConnect messages nurseConnect messages BWISE to reach young people Updated Road to Health Book – child health promotion messages (for children under 5 year – nutrition, love, protection, health care and extra care

49 CHALLENGES No Challenges Proposed Solution Responsibility 3.
Lack of knowledge on how to plan for activities, the environment, assessment addressing and barriers to learning Development. Resourcing of the HRD Strategy National 4. Lack of co-operation from COGTA as a key department in implementing the ECD policy (Infrastructure, by-laws, zoning, registration and basic services). A process map outlined demonstrates how complicated, costly and time consuming it is to go through the municipality’s system Bi-lateral meetings have been taking place with DoH on the Health & Environmental issues. A joint IMC between DSD & COGTA 5. Outstanding Departments of Science and Technology, Labour, Energy, and Transport are delaying the finalisation of the implementation plan Letters written to the Ministers to have Bi-Lateral meetings with the departments.

50 CHALLENGES No Challenges Proposed Solution Responsibility 6.
Lack of sufficient human capacity at national and in provinces Additional capacity in the ECD Chief Directorate for coordination of ECD services across government departments, management of the Conditional Grant, management of donors, facilitation of programme issues including monitoring with technical support to provinces; Prioritisation of ECD work and develop a National Departments’ bid for all sector departments to obtain the required resources to implement the ECD policy. National Departments

51 PROGRESS: INFRASTRUCTURE FOR ECD SERVICES

52 ECD CONDITIONAL GRANT

53 ECD CONDITIONAL GRANT The conditional grant framework was approved in December 2016. The grant had become operational on the 01st April 2017. The grant has two components: ECD subsidy component ECD Maintenance component

54 CONDITIONAL GRANT The 3 units, ECD programme, infrastructure and finance are working together at national on the implementation of the Grant. Bi-monthly meetings have been held with provinces since February 2016 to prepare of the Grant implementation. An amount of R , transferred to provinces for subsidy, maintenance and administration of the grant. Provinces spent R which is 52% of funds transferred by end of 2nd quarter. DSD to report to Treasury by 15 November 2017. The Monitoring & Evaluation (M&E) framework for the ECD Conditional Grant has been developed by M&E unit. Monitoring also to be done through review of progress reports and claim certificates (developed to also be used as a Reporting Tool). National DSD is continuing with bi-monthly meetings with provinces & to do sight visits when possible, to ensure monitoring of progress and reporting which complies with the Conditional Grant Framework.

55 NUMBER OF ECD CENTRES TO BENEFIT FROM THE ECD MAINTENANCE GRANT
Province Total Gauteng 15 Western Cape 13 Northern Cape 66 North West 48 Free State 79 Mpumalanga 62 Limpopo 98 KwaZulu Natal 117 Eastern Cape 180 Grand Total 678

56

57 FACILITIES IN POOREST WARDS
Province Maintenance Grant % that falls in the Poorest wards % Gauteng 15 1 6.7 North West 48 31 64.6 Western Cape 13 0.0 Mpumalanga 62 18 29.0 Northern Cape 66 22.7 Free State 79 4 5.1 Limpopo 98 80.6 KwaZulu Natal 117 81 69.2 Eastern Cape 180 115 63.9 Grand Total 678 344 47.9

58 CHALLENGES No Challenges Action Responsibility 1. Lack of resources regarding HR, appropriate skills and finance for implementation of the ECD policy regarding coordination of work done by various departments, programmes and Conditional Grant; Approval of the MOU with DG Murray Trust for the work to start data collection and development of the information system and support of the management of the Conditional Grant Finalise Financing Strategy to inform funding of services. National Provinces 2. Lack of prioritization of ECD objectives by other departments in the implementation of the policy due to competing priorities with shrinking resources; 3. Slow movement in alignment of policies and legislation with ECD policy by partner departments;

59 PROGRESS: leadership and coordination

60 PARTNERSHIPS AND COLLABORATION

61 PARTNERSHIPS & COLLABORATION
Department of Social Development through Comprehensive Social Security is developing an Integrated Policy on the Maternal support to address the first 1,000 days of child’s life which will address low uptake in 0-2 years old & ensure uptake of CSG and other grants when the child is born. DG Murray Trust (DGMT) to assist in strengthening capacity for support in the implementation of the ECD Conditional Grant Ilifa Labantwana has set aside funds to assist with data collection on ECD centres and children in ECD centres and various programmes in all programmes. Information will be fed into an Information System in the department. To provide reliable & verifiable data informing us of the number of centres, where they are located and children accessing ECD services. To enable tracking children’s movement and what services they are getting. Draft MOU is being finalised which also include assistance with funds for the management of the Conditional Grant.

62 PARTNERSHIPS & COLLABORATION
Following the training of trainers on parenting programme for parents and caregivers, provinces are to train 15 parents and 10 caregivers by end of 2017/18. To accelerate programme UNICEF in collaboration with the National ECD Alliance (NECDA) working with DSD, will train 17,000 parents and caregivers by December 2018 as part of prevention and early intervention programme. USAID and FHI360 provided capacity to assist in the finalisation of the ECD Policy and capacity building of parenting programme. Draft Sector Financing Strategy to be finalised with Treasury after addressing issues of non-centre base programmes and children with disabilities. Draft communication strategy developed in conjunction with the partner departments and GCIS to facilitate integrated inter-sectoral awareness messages.

63 PARTNERSHIPS & COLLABORATION
NDA in collaboration with University of Fort Hare Centre of Excellence did phase one research longitudinal study on ECD to improve implementation. Through partnerships with private sector, NDA managed to build an ECD centre in Ducats, in the Eastern Cape. Through capacity building interventions, NDA assist centres assisted to be registered according to Children’s Act. Provinces are driving awareness campaigns during provincial events.

64 CHALLENGES No Challenges Action Responsibility 1. Lack of resources regarding HR, appropriate skills and finance for implementation of the ECD policy regarding coordination of work done by various departments, programmes and Conditional Grant; Approval of the MOU with DG Murray Trust for the work to start data collection and development of the information system and support of the management of the Conditional Grant Finalise Financing Strategy to inform funding of services. National Provinces 2. Lack of prioritization of ECD objectives by other departments in the implementation of the policy due to competing priorities with shrinking resources; 3. Slow movement in alignment of policies and legislation with ECD policy by partner departments;

65 PROGRESS: ECD HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT

66 TRAINING OF ECD PRACTITIONERS

67 QUALIFICATIONS SINCE 1995

68 ECD PRACTITIONERS (for Birth to 4)
Province Number of Registered Centres Estimated No of ECD practitioners (x5 per centre) Below Grade 12 ECD Level 4 and above Targeted In training at Level 4 (2017) Eastern Cape 1 784 8 920 4 014 4 906 90 Free State 1 843 9 215 4 147 5 068 Gauteng 3 706 18 530 8 339 10 192 405 KwaZulu-Natal 1 879 9 395 4 228 5 167 428 Limpopo 2 927 14 635 6 586 8 049 91 Mpumalanga 1 603 8 015 3 607 4 408 700 Northern Cape 787 3 935 1 771 2 164 50 North West 471 2 355 1 060 1 295 1 000 Western Cape 3 190 15 950 7 178 8 773 707 TOTAL 18 190 90 950 40 930 50 022 3 471 Based on information from DSD Audit of ECD Centres (2014)

69 CURRENT NQF LEVEL 4 ECD PRACTITIONERS TRAINING
PROVINCE NUMBER OF PRACTITIONERS EASTERN CAPE 90 FREE STATE No training will be offered this year GAUTENG 405 KWA-ZULU NATAL LIMPOPO 91 MPUMALANGA 700 NORTHERN CAPE 50 NORTH WEST WESTERN CAPE 707 TOTAL 2 043

70 NEXT STEPS Working with the ETDP SETA and SAQA to ensure that all practitioners who have completed the Level 4 qualifications from accredited ECD training providers are on the National Learners Record Database (NLRD); and Conduct an audit of the qualifications of ECD practitioners serving in registered ECD centres.

71 PROVINCIAL DEPARTMENTS OF EDUCATION BUDGETS FOR TRAINING

72 2014/15 TRAINING BUDGET(Birth to 4)
Provinces Main Appropriation Adjustments Final Appropriation Total Expenditure Variance Expenditure as % of final appropriation R'000 % Eastern Cape 22 276 (14 450) 7 826 150 7 676 1.9% Free State 1 800 (1 800) Gauteng 43 583 8 343 51 926 43 826 8 100 84.4% KwaZulu-Natal (21 615) 25 663 81 616 23.9% Limpopo 28 503 30 311 (1 808) 106.3% Mpumalanga 15 044 (10 000) 5 044 4 823 221 95.6% Northern Cape 3 272 (2 199) 1 073 100.0% North West 31 766 31 691 75 99.8% Western Cape 9 174 TOTAL (32 547) 95 880 72.0%

73 2015/16 TRAINING BUDGET(Birth to 4)
Provinces Main Appropriation Adjustments Final Appropriation Total Expenditure Variance Expenditure as % of final appropriation R'000 % Eastern Cape 23 478 2 429 21 049 10.3% Free State Gauteng 45 588 (9 683) 35 905 35 556 349 99.0% KwaZulu-Natal 63 096 (6 834) 56 262 50 854 5 408 90.4% Limpopo 32 640 2 319 34 959 34 878 81 99.8% Mpumalanga 15 856 (3 000) 12 856 12 572 284 97.8% Northern Cape 3 316 (567) 2 749 100.0% North West 33 620 24 290 9 330 72.2% Western Cape 4 700 860 99.2% TOTAL (13 065) 37 361 88.0% 39

74 2016/17 TRAINING BUDGET(Birth to 4)
Provinces Main Appropriation Adjustments Final Appropriation Total Expenditure Variance Expenditure as % of final appropriation R'000 % Eastern Cape 24 746 (3 500) 21 246 1 217 20 029 5.7% Free State 1 061 (707) 354 332 22 93.8% Gauteng 48 004 (24 000) 24 004 20 688 3 316 86.2% KwaZulu-Natal 75 934 (31 471) 44 463 100.0% Limpopo 34 709 40 274 (5 565) 116.0% Mpumalanga 16 728 11 432 5 296 68.3% Northern Cape 2 430 1 649 781 67.9% North West 35 402 (15 000) 20 402 773 19 629 3.8% Western Cape (12 719) 99 812 TOTAL (87 397) 43 508 83.5%

75 ECD HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT STRATEGY

76 PROGRESS S-Cubed Consulting has been commissioned to develop a national ECD Human Resources Development Strategy with financial support from UNICEF.  The deliverables are: Conduct a policy and literature review and do a baseline of current human resources; To conceptualise and develop a comprehensive human resource development strategy for early childhood development in South Africa; and To provide cost estimates for the human resource development strategy for early childhood development in South Africa; The enormous diversity of roles and role players, and the differences in buy-in and state of preparedness of the many departments to implement the ECD policy makes the development of a uniform, detailed costed strategy difficult.

77 IMPLICATIONS FOR THE SECTOR
The National Integrated ECD Policy (NIECD Policy) recognises ECD as a public good, commits to ensuring universal availability and equitable access to quality ECD services which can only be achieved by building a robust ECD system built on: Enabling and regulatory policies, laws and procedures; Appropriate services and delivery modalities; Adequate financial resources; Adequate infrastructure, technologies and materials to support delivery; Information management and data systems for planning and quality control; Leadership, management and coordination of services; and Adequate human resources.

78 GENERAL CHALLENGES The strategy is multi-sectoral and has to speak to
multiple different processes and systems within a common framework; The timing of the development of the strategy; Immaturity of ECD programmes; Lack of clarity and agreement on responsibilities in the policy; Concerns about the respective department’s autonomy; Difference in the state of readiness to implement; and Concurrent but non-aligned HR development processes.

79 NEXT STEPS Develop plans to ensure human resources and systems in each line department work in synergy to create a coherent national ECD HR framework or system. The various line departmental HR structures and systems should be articulated with the policy, and they should work in synergy to provide a coherent national multi-sectoral ECD workforce. Secure agreement on the HR development strategy (across all affected line departments and levels of government) focusing on: What the scope, purpose and intent of the strategy will be How it will achieve its intended purpose. Develop plans to ensure that all departments will apply and use the strategy in the design of their own HR strategies.

80 RECOMMENDATION It is recommended that the Portfolio Committee discusses the joint briefing by the Departments of Basic Education, Department of Health and Social Development on Early Childhood Development 41

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