2 What is a stroke?A stroke happens when the supply of blood to part of the brain is suddenly interrupted, or when a blood vessel in the brain bursts, spilling blood into the spaces surrounding the nerve cells. There are two types of stroke: ischemic and hemorrhagic.Ischemia is a word used to explain the oxygen and nutrient loss when there is inadequate blood flow.Hemorrhagic strokes involve bleeding in the brain.
3 How do You get it? Common Risk Factors High blood pressure Common Risk FactorsHigh blood pressureEating foods that are not “heart-healthy”Not managing diabetesSmokingHigh cholesterolObesityDrinking large amounts of alcohol
4 Signs & SymptomsSudden weakness or numbness in the face, arm, or leg on one side of the bodyAbrupt loss of vision, strength, coordination, sensation, speech, or ability to understand speech (worse over time)Sudden dimness of vision especially in one eyeSudden loss of balance with vomiting, nausea, hiccups, etc.Sudden and severe headacheLoss of consciousnessUnexplained dizziness or sudden falls
5 Treatment Ischemic Stroke Clot dissolving medicine Ischemic StrokeClot dissolving medicineAspirin or antiplatelet medicineClot can be removed with a medical deviceHemorrhagic StrokeSurgeryMedicines to control blood pressure and brain swelling
6 Side effects to treatment Medication – aspirin- stomach ulcers - Nausea Clot dissolving Drugs- low blood pressure - signs of blood from other sites (urine, stool, etc.) - nausea and vomiting Surgery - dizziness - fatigue - headache - Diarrhea - pain
7 Prevention To prevent a stroke, lifestyle changes such as the following are necessary:Eating healthy (Low carbs and saturated fats)Exercising daily (At least 30 minutes)Controlling high blood pressureAvoid harmful drugsGet enough sleep
8 Is it hereditary?Your stroke risk may be higher if a parent, sibling, or any relative has had a stroke.Some strokes are symptoms of genetic disorders such as casdil (Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Sub-cortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy), which is a disease caused by a gene mutation.Children of parents with genetic disorders have a greater risk for stroke.FAMILIES WITH YOUNG WHITE WOMEN ALSO HAVE A HIGHER CHANCE.African AMERICANS HAVE A HIGHER RISK OF STROKE ACCORDING TO A STUDY CONDUCTED IN
9 Facts Over 500,000 people survive strokes each year. There are about 2.5 million disabledStroke survivors in the United States.There is a ten percent risk of stroke forobese people who are 20% over standard weight.11 Million People Suffer from silent strokes(No symptoms present, Patient is typically unaware)each year.
10 FactsSpot a stroke fast F- face drooping A- arm weakness S- speech difficulty T- Time to call 9-1-1
11 Review questions What are the two types of strokes? - Hemorrhagic and ischemiaWhat are two risk factors?- Obesity, smoking, high cholesterol…What is one symptom of stroke?- LOSS OF VISION, DIZINESS, WEAKNESS…
12 REVIEW Questions What is one way to prevent stroke? - EAT HEALTHY, AVOID HARMFUL DRUGS,EXERCISE…A STROKE OCCURS WHEN THE SUPPLY OFBLOOD TO THE ______ IS INTERRUPTED.- BRAINIs stroke partly hereditary?- yesExplain the FAST principle.- Facial drooping, one arm dropping, slurred speech, time to call 911How do mini strokes increase the risk of a massive stroke?- There is an interruption in the brain and can be a sign that another stroke could occur
13 Works Cited or Consulted Human Diseases and Conditions. Vol. 3. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, Print."Understanding Stroke." WebMD. WebMD, 9 Mar Web. 16 Sept <Kelly, Evelyn B. Diseases and Disorders. Vol. 3. Tarrytown, New York: Paul Bernabeo, Print."Stroke." Mayo Clinic. Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 10 Sept Web. 12 Sept < conditions/stroke/basics/definition/con >.