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1 Have homework out to check (annotation and citation of article)
Do-now: Have homework out to check (annotation and citation of article) In your notes, answer the following question: How does religion influence society?

2 The Medieval Church “It is our task, with the aid of divine goodness, to defend the holy church of Christ everywhere…and to strengthen it within through knowledge of the Catholic faith.” - Charlemagne

3 Catholic The great majority of people in Europe during the Middle Ages were Catholic

4 When Rome fell, the Church was the only organized institution in Europe

5 The Church therefore became the authority in many secular matters
Secular means worldly matters, rather than spiritual ones

6 Secular or Holy?

7 The Church needed money to support its hierarchy.
All Catholics were required to give 10% of their income to the Church, this is called tithing.

8 Church Hierarchy Pope: Head of the church. The pope is infallible in defining matters of faith and morals. Cardinal: Appointed by the pope, they advise the pope and, on his death, elect a new pope. Archbishop: An archbishop is a bishop of a main or metropolitan diocese, also called an archdiocese. Bishop: A bishop, like a priest, is ordained to this station. He is a teacher of church doctrine, a priest of sacred worship, and a minister of church government. Priest: An ordained minister who can administer most of the sacraments, including the Eucharist, baptism, and marriage. He can be with a particular religious order or committed to serving a congregation. Deacon: A transitional deacon is a seminarian studying for the priesthood. A permanent deacon can be married and assists a priest by performing some of the sacraments.

9 Hierarchy Can you come up with your own? Examples: -family -school

10 Papal Supremacy Popes claimed authority over all secular rulers (kings)

11 With power came Corruption & Greed


13 Medieval Churches


15 Priests Most Priests were common people that devoted themselves to the work of the Church (God). Most of the Bishops and other members of the clergy were nobles.

16 Monks & Nuns Monasteries were built throughout Europe
Men who worked in these monasteries were called monks Women who worked in these monasteries were called nuns

17 The Early Middle Ages The monasteries were the centers of learning (schools), hospitals and shelters for the poor.

18 In order to achieve eternal life in heaven Catholics must receive the sacraments.
Sacraments are sacred rites of the Church: for example- Baptism. Sacraments could only be performed by a priest

19 Church Law The Church created its own set of laws called Canon Law.
Anyone who broke these laws was excommunicated or banished from the Church

20 Excommunication Not only were you banished from the Church, you were denied all the sacraments and thus would never achieve heaven.

21 Interdict If a noble or vassal was excommunicated all the people living on his land were excommunicated too.

22 Jews Some Jews had migrated into Europe after the destruction of Judea by the Romans. Most settled in what is today known as Germany They were the minority in Europe

23 Anti-Semitism The prejudice against Jews
Many Christians blame the Jews for the death of Christ. (remember the Jewish priests)

24 READ SECTION 3 The Medieval Church

25 POP List 3 ways the Church increased its SECULAR power during Medieval Times- Define tithing- Why is the threat of excommunication taken so seriously by Medieval peasants?

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