 # Number System.

## Presentation on theme: "Number System."— Presentation transcript:

Number System

Introduction A set of values used to represent different quantities
For example, a number student can be used to represent the number of students in the class Digital computer represent all kinds of data and information in binary numbers Includes audio, graphics, video, text and numbers Total number of digits used in the number system is called its base or radix

Number Systems Decimal Number System Binary Number System
Octal Number System Hexadecimal Number System Decimal number system is used in general Computers used binary number system Octal and hexadecimal number system are also used in computer systems

Number Systems B O D H Number System Base Symbol Binary Base 2 Octal
Decimal Base 10 D Hexadecimal Base 16 H

Quantities/Counting (1 of 3)
Decimal Binary Octal Hexa- decimal 1 2 10 3 11 4 100 5 101 6 110 7 111

Quantities/Counting (2 of 3)
Decimal Binary Octal Hexa- decimal 8 1000 10 9 1001 11 1010 12 A 1011 13 B 1100 14 C 1101 15 D 1110 16 E 1111 17 F

Quantities/Counting (3 of 3)
Decimal Binary Octal Hexa- decimal 16 10000 20 10 17 10001 21 11 18 10010 22 12 19 10011 23 13 10100 24 14 10101 25 15 10110 26 10111 27 Etc.

Conversion Among Bases
The possibilities: Decimal Octal Binary Hexadecimal

Quick Example 2510 = = 318 = 1916 Base

Decimal to Decimal Decimal Octal Binary Hexadecimal

Weight 12510 => 5 x 100 = x 101 = x 102 = Base

Binary to Decimal Decimal Octal Binary Hexadecimal

Binary to Decimal Technique
Multiply each bit by 2n, where n is the “weight” of the bit The weight is the position of the bit, starting from 0 on the right Add the results

Example Bit “0” => 1 x 20 = x 21 = x 22 = x 23 = x 24 = x 25 = 32 4310

Octal to Decimal Decimal Octal Binary Hexadecimal

Octal to Decimal Technique
Multiply each bit by 8n, where n is the “weight” of the bit The weight is the position of the bit, starting from 0 on the right Add the results

Example 7248 => 4 x 80 = x 81 = x 82 =

Technique Multiply each bit by 16n, where n is the “weight” of the bit The weight is the position of the bit, starting from 0 on the right Add the results

Example ABC16 => C x 160 = 12 x 1 = B x 161 = 11 x 16 = A x 162 = 10 x 256 = 2560 274810

Decimal to Binary Decimal Octal Binary Hexadecimal

Decimal to Binary Technique Divide by two, keep track of the remainder
First remainder is bit 0 (LSB, least-significant bit) Second remainder is bit 1 Etc.

Example 12510 = ?2 12510 =

Octal to Binary Decimal Octal Binary Hexadecimal

Octal to Binary Technique
Convert each octal digit to a 3-bit equivalent binary representation

Example 7058 = ?2 7058 =

Convert each hexadecimal digit to a 4-bit equivalent binary representation

Example 10AF16 = ?2 A F 10AF16 =

Decimal to Octal Decimal Octal Binary Hexadecimal

Decimal to Octal Technique Divide by 8 Keep track of the remainder

Example = ?8 8 19 2 8 2 3 8 0 2 = 23228

Technique Divide by 16 Keep track of the remainder

Example = ?16 77 2 16 = D 0 4 = 4D216

Binary to Octal Decimal Octal Binary Hexadecimal

Binary to Octal Technique Group bits in threes, starting on right
Convert to octal digits

Example = ?8 = 13278

Binary to Hexadecimal Technique Group bits in fours, starting on right

Example = ?16 B B = 2BB16

Octal to Hexadecimal Technique Use binary as an intermediary

Example 10768 = ?16 E 10768 = 23E16

Hexadecimal to Octal Technique Use binary as an intermediary

Example 1F0C16 = ?8 F C 1F0C16 =

Exercise – Convert ... Decimal Binary Octal Hexa- decimal 33 1110101
703 1AF

Exercise – Convert … Decimal Binary Octal Hexa- decimal 33 100001 41
21 117 165 75 451 703 1C3 431 657 1AF

Common Powers (1 of 2) Base 10 Power Preface Symbol pico p nano n
10-12 pico p 10-9 nano n 10-6 micro 10-3 milli m 103 kilo k 106 mega M 109 giga G 1012 tera T Value .001 1000

Common Powers (2 of 2) Base 2
Preface Symbol 210 kilo k 220 mega M 230 Giga G Value 1024 In computing, particularly w.r.t. memory, the base-2 interpretation generally applies

References Slides Taken From: pt Introduction to Information Technology by Riaz Shahid, CM Aslam and Safia Iftikhar The Concepts of Information Technology by Imran Saeed, Ahsan Raza, Tariq Mehmood and Zafar Hussain

Similar presentations