1 National Administration “Romanian Waters” NARW Bucharest - Romania Romanian experience in UWWTD implementation - financial aspects, issues and challengesGeog. Ioana Nedelea - River Basin Management Plans DepartmentVienna, 17 – 18 May 2017DANUBE WATER CONFERENCE
2 NARW – general presentation Since 1913 we take care of Romanian Waters LEGAL:Water management applied at level of the river basin since ’60spublic institution since 2005in coordination of Ministry of Watersand ForestsADMINISTRATIV:Headquater11 water basin administrationsTECHNICAL:River basin management plans departmentWater resources management departmentWater works management departmentDevelopment and investment departmentEmergency situations (water disaster planning) department
3 Sustainable development of water resources; What are we doing?River basin management and planning;Sustainable development of water resources;Administration and coordination of water infrastructure;Financial management with cost recovery mechanism;Flood risk management and planning;Implementation of investment program for water infrastructures development;Implementation of the EU directives in the water fieldInternational cooperation (EU, ICPDR, neighboring countries).
4 What are the requirements related to the water field All Water Directives, especially under Water Framework Directive - “Water is not a commercial product that is a patrimony to be protected, treated and defended”European Commission Reporting (Water Framework Directive, UWWTD, Nitrates Directive, e. g.)ICPDR Reportingnational law, rulesAll efforts must be done for havingclean water and a healthy environmentfor next generation!!!
5 Updated River Basin Management Plan (2016-2021) approved by national law CONTENTGeneral overview of the river basin;Surface water characterization;Groundwater characterization;Identification and mapping protected areas;Monitoring and characterization of water status;Environmental objectives;Economic analyses;Programe of measures;Exemptions to environmental objectives;Quantitative aspects and climate change;Information, consultation and public participationConclusions.Approved by Governmental Decision no. 859/2016
6 Updated River Basin Management Plan(2016-2021) approved by national law problemsMeasuresmoneyIssues418 (13.8%) surface water bodies will not achieve good ecological status or potential untill 2021;15 (10.5%) groundwater bodies will not achieve environmental objectives untill 2021, respectively chemical status;SolutionsProgram of measuresBasic and supplementary measures for human aglomerations, industrial and agricultural activities, other activities that generate wastewaterImplementation deadline and applied measures are crucial for achieving good ecological statusInvestmentsHigh investment costs for implementing measures, respectively funding of measures
7 Urban WasteWater Treatment Directive 91/271/EEC Aim protection of the environment against the negative effects of discharges of urban waste water and waste water from certain industrial sectorsRomania declared the entire territory as sensitive area, havingin view the protection of the Black Sea against eutrophication;Romania obtined transitional period:Final implementation deadline: 31 December 2018;For aglomerations 2000 – p.eFinal implementation deadline: 31 December 2015;For aglomerations > p.eCompliance criteria:Collection of wastewaterTertiary treatment (advanced nutrient removal) in agglomerations above p.e.Secondary treatment (mechanical-biological) in agglomerations bellow p.e.The quality of waste water discharged into natural resources to be appropriateEnsuring collection and treatment of waste water from the entire agglomeration (collection / purification of at least 98%).
8 The evolution of connection level to sewage systems and treatment systems necessary to be achieved until the compliance periodPLANNED IN 2007Sewage networks (% p.e.)Wastewater treatment plant (% p.e.)
9 Necessary measures for UWWTD implementation Rehabilitation of sewage networksConstruction/extention of sewage networksModernization / rehabilitation of treatment plantsConstruction / extension of treatment plantsRehabilitation of facilities for treatment, storage and use of secondary / tertiary sludge (processing, storage, use)Construction of new storage / incineration facilitiesStaff training/ Capacity buildingResearch / feasibility studies
10 Necessary investment costs for human aglomerations According to the Program of Measures – RBMP (UWWTD)Estimated costs may increase as agglomerations and necessary measures are updated1st River Basin Management Plan ( )human aglomerationsEstimated 12,08 billion EuroAchieved 4,14 billion Euro2nd River Basin Management Plan ( )Estimated 7,6 billion Euro3rd River Basin Management Plan ( )Estimated 4,07 billion Euro!!!!! Do not forget the operating and maintenance costs
11 Sources of financing for collection and treatment of wastewater from human agglomerations ( )Funding sources for UWWTD implementation according Updated RBMP :49,86 % european funds (Cohesion /structural funds)22, 87% national funds (state /local budget)0,76 % -operators funds1,71 % other funds (loans/projects)24,8% no funding sources identified !!!
12 The main measures for point sources Allocation of invetment cost necessary for implementation of basic measures for human agglomerations according to the PoM ( )The main measures for point sourcesInvestment costsbillion Euro(%)Rehabilitation/modernizationof sewage networks0,6211.53Extention/construction of sewage networks3,3762.84Extention /construction of treatment plans0,234.21Construction of new wastewater treatment plans and sludge management1,1521.42
13 Main european programe for funding of basic measures Main european programe for funding of basic measures for human agglomerations(to extension 2016) Sectoral Operational Program SOP EnvironmentProvided funding from cohesion funds in most urban areas;Low absorption rates (~50% in 2014), but increasing in 2016 (~78,5%)Expenditure financed for UWWD compliance 2007 – 2013 assessed to 3 billion EURSOP Large InfratructuresActions will be continued for development of water and wastewater systems under Priority Axis 3;The program includes 1,8 billion EUR for wastewater;Finalizing the investments started in periodDevelopment of new projects, according to the prioritization of the County Master PlansBeneficiaries are Regional Water Operators / local authorities2014 – 2020 National Rural Development ProgrammeFor small agglomeration 2000 – 5000 p.e.0.5 bill. EUR for funding measures of drinking water and wastewater infrastructureEuropean Regional Development Funds– includes 0.7 bill. EUR!!! The absorption of all European funds at the end of 2016 was 83%
14 Evolution of wastewater collection and treatment systems in agglomerations (p.e) 2012 - 2016 Aglomerations > l.eAglommerations > p.e
15 Situation of human agglomerations, collection networks and treatment plants as well as load in p.e.Size of human agglomerations(p. e.)No. aglom.no. population equivalentNo p.e . connected to sewage networksNo. p.e. connected to treatment plants%collection (sewage networks)% treatment plant>1000023884,8078.82167915,7513,62Total >2000 l.e.65,8360,91Romania has a population of 19,908,574 inhabitants with low level of concentration of the localities:- Spread on the hill and mountain area- Linear distribution in the plain area
16 Issues of implementation of UWWTD Complex coordination of authorities responsible with UWWTD implementation;Complexity and rigor of Directive, having in view the environmental, soci- economical and sustainable aspects;Complex and time consuming procurement procedures for wastewater infrastructure works;Implementation delays of the works;Dynamic of the changes in delineation of the agglomerations (decreasing of population and industrial activities / migration);low affordability / low connection level to collecting and treatment systems in rural areasVery high costs!!!!Assuring the funds!!!!
17 Ensuring compliance with European requirements CONCLUSIONSActions to continue implementing measures for proper operation of the wastewater infrastructureMaking a financial prioritization, given the funds identified through a coherent strategyEnsuring the financing of measures without identified funding sourcesCreating a mechanism to support the infrastructure of wastewater in rural areasEnsuring compliance with European requirements
18 You are welcome in Romania! Thank you!You are welcome in Romania!Protect water, you need it!