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Point de départ A noun designates a person, place, or thing. As in English, nouns in French have number (singular or plural). However, French nouns also have gender (masculine or feminine). © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 1
Nouns that designate a male are usually masculineNouns that designate a male are usually masculine. Nouns that designate a female are usually feminine. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 2
Some nouns can designate either a male or a female regardless of their grammatical gender.© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 3
Nouns for objects that have no natural gender can be either masculine or feminine.© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 4
You can usually form the plural of a noun by adding -s, regardless of gender. However, in the case of words that end in -eau in the singular, add -x to the end to form the plural. For most nouns ending in -al, drop the -al and add -aux. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 5
Refer to a group composed of males and females with a masculine plural noun.© and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 6
The English definite article the never varies for number or genderThe English definite article the never varies for number or gender. However, the French definite article takes different forms according to the gender and number of the noun that it accompanies. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 7
In English, the singular indefinite article is a/an, and the plural indefinite article is some. Although some is often omitted in English, the plural indefinite article cannot be omitted in French. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 8
Use c’est followed by a singular article and noun or ce sont followed by a plural article and noun to identify people and objects. © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 9
Essayez! Select the correct article for each noun.le, la, l’ ou les? un, une ou des? 1. _____ café 1. _____ bureau 2. _____ bibliothèque 2. _____ différence 3. _____ acteur 3. _____ objet 4. _____ amie 4. _____ amis 5. _____ problèmes 5. _____ amies 6. _____ lycée 6. _____ université 7. _____ examens 7. _____ ordinateur 8. _____ littérature 8. _____ tableaux le un © and ® 2011 Vista Higher Learning, Inc. 10
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