Presentation on theme: "Themes commonly found in literature"— Presentation transcript:
1 Themes commonly found in literature Literary ThemesThemes commonly found in literature
2 What is a theme?Themes can be found everywhere: literature, stories, art, movies etc…The theme can be a moral.Ask yourself, “What is the story teaching?”Try to figure out the author’s view about life by looking at how people behave.
3 Theme & Meaning Theme is the… underlying meaning of the story, a universal truth, (something true for all)a significant statement the story is making about society or human nature.
4 Theme = universal truth The theme is usually something everyone goes through, a statement or a lesson about life.
5 Theme...the meaning of life? The theme expresses the author's opinion or raises a question about human nature or the meaning of human experience.Theme...the meaning of life?
6 At times the author's theme may not confirm or agree with your own beliefs. Even then, if skillfully written, the work will still have a theme that illuminates some aspects of true human experience.
7 The author's task is to communicate on a common ground with the reader. Although the particulars of your experience may be different from the details of the story, the general underlying truths behind the story may be just the connection that both you and the writer are seeking.
8 An understanding of theme is dependent upon one's previous experience of life and literature. THE PURPOSE OF THEMEAt the same time, theme in literature can enlarge one's understanding of life.
9 Be aware that the theme never completely explains the story. It is simply one of the elements that make up the whole. Some short stories have secondary themes as well.
10 The Theme can be Directly Stated or Implied When a theme is directly stated, the reader is told what the theme of the selection is.When a theme of a work is implied, readers think about what the work seems to say about nature of people or about life.
11 Important things to note about Theme There is usually no single correct statement of a work’s theme, though there can be incorrect ones.A long work, like a novel, full-length play or screen play may have several themes.Not all literary works have themes - a work meant only to entertain may have no theme at at.
12 Understanding the difference between Main Idea, Subject, Topic and Theme: The Main Idea is any idea that is particularly important or central in a written work.
13 Subject = TopicThe Subject or Topic is what the selection as a whole is about.And remember the Theme is the message or lesson that the author is trying to communicate
14 Main Idea The Subject/Topic and Theme fall under the umbrella of the Main Idea.
15 Common Literary Themes (Themes repeated in many works)
16 1. The quest for immortality “Stranger, stop and cast an eye. As you are now, so once was I. As I am now, so you shall be, Prepare for death and follow me.”
17 2. The individual’s relationship and obligation to society. Sometimes called “man vs. society”
18 3. The individual’s inward journey to understand himself or herself/identity. Sometimes called “man vs. self”
19 4. The individual’s relationship and obligation to the natural world. Sometimes called “Man vs. Nature”
23 8. The individual’s experience of alienation, loneliness and despair
24 9. The artist’s relationship and obligation to society.
25 10. What tomorrow’s world holds for us … aka: “The Future”
26 11. Love: Topics/Effects Friend Love Love of Country AdmirationPossessivenessPhysical LoveRomanceLogical Type LoveSelf-centered loveGame-PlayingUnrequited loveGodly loveFamilial loveInfatuationJealousy
27 Sometimes called “man vs. the institution” 12. Role of InstitutionsSometimes called “man vs. the institution”
28 More Themes Bravery: Never give up. Friendship: Success comes with working together.Greed: Family and friends are worth a ton.Loyalty: True friends will tell you when you’re wrong, and they’ll never leave you.War: When man has suffered a loss, no one wins. War is necessary sometimes.Honesty: The truth will set you free.Kindness: It is better to give than to receive.
29 Creativity provides many possibilities Think about these themes—what would you add as an important theme often expressed in creative writing?What theme would you most like to explore?