Presentation on theme: "MISSING AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN Chief Inspector Debra Masson"— Presentation transcript:
1 MISSING AND EXPLOITED CHILDREN Chief Inspector Debra Masson October 2016
2 What is Child Sexual Exploitation? Child sexual exploitation is child abuse and it’s illegal. It can be…befriending or grooming young girls and boys by giving them clothes, phones, jewellery, drugs or money in return for sex.sexting – sending naked or underwear photos and videos to girls or boys or encouraging them to do the sameforcing girls and boys to have sex with you or another person through intimidation, fear or violence.We’re not just talking about young children; this can involve anyone under 18.
3 Regional PictureThe Biggest offender threat group identified in the South East Region is individuals
4 Regional Picture■ Victims are most commonly White British, female and 15 years old. ■ Offenders are most commonly White British, male and 18 years old. CSE offenders in the South East commonly have existing PNC records. ■ Vulnerabilities often associated with victims and offenders include emotional, social and behavioural difficulties, additional learning needs, substance use, experience of missing episodes and mental health. ■ Online is the biggest known thematic location threat in the region. ■ The biggest practice threats to tackling CSE in the region are: information sharing, lack of partnership working, professionals not seeing children as children, data not being inputted into systems and data quality. ■ Specific information required: names of schools, websites, apps etc linked to CSE need to be specified. ■ Meeting location and offence location: the ability to record specific information regarding where offences take place would support contextual safeguarding and the identification of locations where children are at risk. ■ Engagement, using appropriate methodology, with partner agencies can lead to valuable information sharing.
5 Hampshire CSE Threat Overview – Victim Profile 195 children currently flagged at risk of CSE70% of children flagged are White British female, aged 13-16, with the most common age being 16. This is consistent with the regional victim profileJust under a quarter of victims (22%) flagged are male which is above the regional averageMissingChildrenCSECSE & Missing Children1534226% of children flagged at risk of CSE have been missing more than once in the last 3 months and are therefore subject to a MISPER Management PlanVictim Profile – Strategic problem profile produced in March 2016 identified victim profile as white British females at risk from peer-on-peer MO as the most common group. Crude analysis of the current children flagged at risk has identified no real change in that assessment. A recent SEROCU CSE Profile (yet to be published and so can not be directly quoted) has identified a very similar victim profile, although the data used from the SE forces is a little out of date now.The 3 children identified at risk from drugs networks are Alana JOHNSON (Southampton), Georgina KELLY (Out of force, but historically Andover) and Olivia BRIERS (Havant). Standing objective of any intelligence development support is to try and identify other children who may be at risk from transient or local dangerous drug networksOffender Profile – Work is ongoing within ITD to develop processes to identify perpetrators through means other than just intelligence. Also issues around perp flagging make it difficult to assess a cohort list. However, based on those we are aware of, and using the April strategic profile as a benchmarking tool, it appears the offender profile remains the same with the majority being under 21 (consistent with peer-on-peer) and white british nationals. Again, using the regional profile as a guide this is consistent with our regional forcesAs discussed with yourself and Julia, the main issue with perps is appetite from force resources to proactively target and manage them.OCG - Under the criminality of 'sexual offences' there are 246 OCGs nationally which equates to 4% of overall OCGs across the UK. For clarification, on the OCG tracker 'sexual offences' can include: distribution of indecent material of young people and children, human trafficking for sexual exploitation, organised prostitution, sexual offences and/or exploitation, sexual assault, grooming, causing children and young persons to watch sexual activity- all of these categories can be about children or vulnerable adults.Locations – Identification of locations of CSE remains difficult due to long standing issues of data recording. Often information around locations children are frequenting during missing episodes, or disclosed to partner agencies, are held as working sheets or on OELs and not converted to intelligence. This is almost impossible to extract in an automated way and so severely limits our opportunities to map hotspots and target resources in those areas. Operation Makesafe has been used to target generic locations that are nationally identified as CSE risk, such as hotels, taxi ranks and take aways. This has led to at least one positive intervention, however reporting on locations remains very low. It remains an ongoing intelligence requirement with officers and partner agencies to break out intelligence where locations are being specified.There is an ongoing action on the national CSE action plan around Children’s Homes. It is an area that has been addressed over the course of the year through CSE SPOCs. However it is still considered to be a gap due to the lack of clear plans from districts around how they are engaging with children’s homes and the results of those. Until that is measured we are unable to say with certainty whether they are children’s homes at greater risk than others from being targetted by groups such as transient dealers. An action has been sent to my team from TCG this month to scope the threat to and from children’s homes. Terms of reference is under way.75 children with CSE flags (38%) are currently linked to Class A drugs intelligence3 children have intelligence actively linking them to potentially serious exploitation by drug networks7%of children flagged at risk are shown as residing in OFSTED LAC
6 Hampshire Perpetrator Profile Majority of perpetrators/suspects are 21 years or under, which is consistent with Peer-on-Peer methodology and consistent with regional offender profileMost common ethnicity is White Northern European, which is consistent with regional offender profileNo current active CSE OCGs in HampshireNationally only 4% of scored OCGs have a sexual element to their criminality, which includes exploitation of adults.There is some evidence over the past year of transient drug networks forming concerning relationships with vulnerable females and exploiting them for drug trafficking.However there is limited intelligence to suggest sexual exploitation as much as trafficking and criminal exploitation.
7 Children Flagged at Risk of CSE For data between: 01/10/2015 - 30/09/2016 Executive SummaryNumber of children across force identified at risk of CSE has slightly increased over last reporting period as Goldstone move away from aligning risk assessments with CSD risk assessments, leading to an overall reduction in High Risk but an increase in Medium RiskVictim profile remains as at previous strategic profile (April 2016); white British females, age who are regular MISPERs remain most at risk groupA quarter of children currently flagged at risk of CSE have been missing 3 time or more in the last 90 days, with over half of that group flagged at Medium Risk of CSEOver a third of children flagged at risk have been linked at some point to drugs intelligence, with just under two thirds of that group flagged at Medium Risk of CSEPeer on peer offending is most commonly identified through intelligence and crime, which is consistent with offender profile where most common age range for suspects is yearsVictim engagement through supporting formal action remains low
10 Operation MakesafeOperation Makesafe is now being rolled out across Hampshire and the IOWIt is an initiative to identify potential victims of child sexual exploitation and, where necessary to deploy police officers to intervene before harm occurs.The Operation involves working with childrens care homes, hotel staff, taxi drivers and licensed premises to identify potential victims.They will be given briefings by Neighbourhood Police Teams to raise awareness of the issues, including what signs to look for and what information to give when they call the police.
11 Operation MAKESAFE Operations Plan An Action plan is in place to deal with all calls made from members of the public relating to Operation Makesafe. The following questions are listed on the action plan and will be asked of the caller:What is the exact current location of the suspects and victim? (i.e. hotel room number, street address where dropped off at, area of bar etc)Concise description of both the suspect and victim ?If known, names and D.O.B of both suspect and victim ?Any vehicles involved, if so colour, make, model and VRM ?Who is the designated member of staff meeting police and where will they meet police?What are the specific reasons for concern?Suitable scene preservation advice will be given
12 How can Local Practitioners help How can Local Practitioners help? Taxi Drivers – Licensing Hotels and B&B Childrens Care Homes What more can be done ?
13 ExampleWe were contacted by a B&B owner on the Isle of Wight and who had recently received Operation Makesafe training. A man in his 50s had booked into the B&B with a teenage girl. The relationship appeared odd and the informant believed sexual activity had taken place. The suspect and child located by Police. No disclosures were made and the forensic examinations completed were negative. This matter was closed, however it is a great example of the B&B owner being aware of the signs of CSE.
15 C5 Perpetrator Disruption Notice What is the C5 Notice ?As of October 6, 2016, Hampshire Constabulary has introduced a new process for changing perpetrator behaviour in CSE cases which do not result the perpetrator being charged.The appropriately named C5 Notice focuses on five areas of concerning behaviour: Communication Conduct Control Consent Consequences
16 Who can be served with the C5 notice Who can be served with the C5 notice? The notice will only be served on perpetrators who have been NFA’D following a thorough Police investigation or where intelligence exists that cannot be developed and service of the notice would not increase the risk to a victim. There is a strict referral pathway which must be followed in order to serve the C5 Notice
17 C5 Perpetrator NoticeWhat should I consider before serving the notice?Risk must be assessed on a case by case basis Mental health / Learning ability/drug or alcohol dependency: Is the suspect capable of understanding the notice and its implications? Risk to the victim: would serving the notice increase the risk to the victim/family or prevent them engaging in the future? Risk to the perpetrator: would serving the notice effect the mental health of the perpetrator or increase the risk of self harm.
22 Aims and objectives of the campaign Raise awareness of the signs of CSEEncourage friends, family and professionals to consider whether a child displaying signs of CSE may be a victimSignpost to support and how CSE can be reported
23 The ConceptAs victims of CSE appear to be living a fairytale lifestyle from the perspective of outsiders this was agreed on as a general theme. Disney released ‘Alice Through the Looking Glass’ in the UK on May 27 so the concept links to the story of Alice in Wonderland.This is a story of a girl who goes missing into a strange and curious world and tries to get back to her normal life. This links heavily to the situation CSE victims find themselves in.
24 Five signs of CSE :•Going missing, staying out late or skipping schoolChanges to moodUnexplained giftsBeing involved with unusual characters, not their usual group of friendsBeing controlled by someone elseAlthough these are the main areas we will be focusing on throughout the campaign, other signs will also be included within the communications activity.
25 Alice’s Diary Blog Alice’s Diary blog was launched with the campaign and will run until the end of The blog is updated by ‘Alice’ the CSE victim and others around her such as parents, friends and teachers who spot the signs she is a victim. The blog has received 16,238 views since it was launched in May 2016