Presentation on theme: "Contents 1. Brief introduction of Mongolia 2. Early Warning Center of NEMA 3. “Anhaar” mobile application 4. Emergency Information Network center of Ulaanbaatar."— Presentation transcript:
0 Information and Communication Technology Usage in Mongolia for DRR Purevnyam B.Senior officer of NEMA
1 Contents1. Brief introduction of Mongolia 2. Early Warning Center of NEMA 3. “Anhaar” mobile application 4. Emergency Information Network center of Ulaanbaatar city 5. Conclusion
2 Background Mongolia 3.2 million people all most half of them live in Ulaanbaatar city (over populated)Other half sparsely located in 21 provincesDry weather – low precipitation in summerSiberian strong windCold winter with heavy snowfall (dzud)Western Mongolia - mountainous “high-risk” earthquake zone.
7 Earthquake disaster warning system /EDWS/ Government of Mongolia jointly with KT corporation of the South Korean telecommunication provider have conducted EDWS project from 2012 to 2014.The EDWS project was initiated and funded by Government of Mongolia as ITPTA (Information Technology, Post and Telecommunication Authority) jointly with NEMA of Mongolia in 2012.Government of Mongolia implemented EDWS project with two phases in
8 Earthquake disaster warning system /EDWS/ In 2013, phase one of the abovementioned project was completed, which included a Control center (CC), forty siren towers, three TV and five radio systems. Phase two, which included a mobile control center and twelve earthquake monitoring sensors, twenty siren towers, five radio systems, was concluded in 2014.This system will gather, analyses data being fed from sensors and broadcast information to respective stakeholders using wireless or wired networks in case of disaster.Warning methods consist of siren tower, EBS (TV and Radio) and CBS (Cell broadcasting Service for mobile network operator).
9 GENERAL STRUCTURE OF EDWS RCAGSatellite Hub StationNAMEMMobile network operators-2Siren tower 60 setFiber optic cable3 secTotal: sec15-17 seccalculateRadio repeater-4 (VHF)Earthquake sensor and recorder-12 set8-10 secControl Center (NEMA)EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS CENTERNEMAMobile Control CenterEBS TV-3 FM-10
10 Control centerThe Control Center (CC): Is the main unit of EDWS system. The CC provides one-stop command and control features with automatic feedback system across the communication network. During normal conditions, the CC will monitor the network connection and statusof all Siren towers in order to ensure their readiness at all times. Under emergency situations, authorized staff in the CC will issue warning command immediately. Also in case the CC fails, there is a Mobile CC for back-up.
11 Siren TowerThe key element of the Siren station is remote siren terminal (RST) which has a reliable performance. RST is designed for remote siren activation from CC, and generates various patterns of siren signals to notify the emergency situation to the public. RST automatically reports the activation result to the CC after the command execution.Live voice warning messages from CC can be remotely delivered to the public for more clear notifications of the emergency situations.
12 Emergency broadcast system /EBS/ The Emergency Broadcasting System (EBS): Sends notifications from CC or the Mobile CC to radio broadcasting station using audio data and to the TV broadcasting station through text message. EBS reports the result of notifications to the Centers. This system is connected to CC via Satellite and VHF network.Other functions for maintenance include recording the history of operation and reporting the result of notifications, self-tests, status displays etc.
14 Cell broadcast service /CBS/ The Cell Broadcast Service (CBS) is a service where emergency messages can be sent to mobile handsets sets in an area to warn citizens.ResidendsSimple cell phoneEDWS system in NEMACBISDisaster informationSend commandOfficer in charge of systemCellularCBCBSCCC System
15 Early Warning SMS Delivering System The Emergency Operations Center delivers disaster and emergency early warning short messages to the all users of national mobile operators ‘Mobicom’ and ‘Unitel’ through 2G system.
17 Application components: The measures to get information about common disastersList of essential phones for emergency callsInstruction for giving First AidEquipments /flash light, alarm sound, use as a flashlight/
18 Available to install all types of smart phones with the operating system more than Android 2.2; IOS 6.1Enehuu Anhaar app iig irgeded surtalchilah heregleeg taniltsuulahiin tuld idewhjuuleltiin uil ajillagaag bid hiiseer bgaaApp iiin tataltiin huwid niit 2500 gariu hun tataj awch surgasanHumuust bol golduu social medeelliin suwguudaar hurgej bna. Taniltsuulga huudsuudiig niit 20 iig hiisenEdgeer zuragt medeelliig toogoor FB ashiglaj bgaa dawhardsan toogoor niit gariu irged harsan bnaMun OBEG iin site deer medeelliig bolon tataj awah holboosiig oruulsan bgaaAnhaaral handuulsan ta buhend bauarlalaaSafety guide - “ANHAAR” Mobile application
19 Emergency Information Network center of Ulaanbaatar city (Emergency Call Center)
21 (Emergency Call Center) Emergency Information Network center(Emergency Call Center)The whole system of this service was designed and completed by “LG” corporation of South Korea. The service started going live since Jun 2010 and all information is disseminated and shared via fiber optic among emergency management agency, police, and all units under hospitals in Ulaanbaatar.
23 ConclusionMore financial and technical support to facilitate necessary technology for ICT development.Proper legislation on how to regulate the communication between private landowners, legal entities.Cooperation with Governments of other countries on sharing information and learning best practices.Effective communication with the mass media.Awareness rising and promotion as well as basic education regarding disaster preparedness.Digital divide (urban and rural areas) and Universal service obligation fund issues.