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Contents 1. Brief introduction of Mongolia 2. Early Warning Center of NEMA 3. “Anhaar” mobile application 4. Emergency Information Network center of Ulaanbaatar.

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Presentation on theme: "Contents 1. Brief introduction of Mongolia 2. Early Warning Center of NEMA 3. “Anhaar” mobile application 4. Emergency Information Network center of Ulaanbaatar."— Presentation transcript:

0 Information and Communication Technology Usage in Mongolia for DRR
Purevnyam B. Senior officer of NEMA

1 Contents 1. Brief introduction of Mongolia 2. Early Warning Center of NEMA 3. “Anhaar” mobile application 4. Emergency Information Network center of Ulaanbaatar city 5. Conclusion

2 Background Mongolia 3.2 million people
all most half of them live in Ulaanbaatar city (over populated) Other half sparsely located in 21 provinces Dry weather – low precipitation in summer Siberian strong wind Cold winter with heavy snowfall (dzud) Western Mongolia - mountainous “high-risk” earthquake zone.

3 Population Density

4 Natural Disasters in Mongolia

5 Relevant Government Agencies


7 Earthquake disaster warning system /EDWS/
Government of Mongolia jointly with KT corporation of the South Korean telecommunication provider have conducted EDWS project from 2012 to 2014. The EDWS project was initiated and funded by Government of Mongolia as ITPTA (Information Technology, Post and Telecommunication Authority) jointly with NEMA of Mongolia in 2012. Government of Mongolia implemented EDWS project with two phases in

8 Earthquake disaster warning system /EDWS/
In 2013, phase one of the abovementioned project was completed, which included a Control center (CC), forty siren towers, three TV and five radio systems. Phase two, which included a mobile control center and twelve earthquake monitoring sensors, twenty siren towers, five radio systems, was concluded in 2014. This system will gather, analyses data being fed from sensors and broadcast information to respective stakeholders using wireless or wired networks in case of disaster. Warning methods consist of siren tower, EBS (TV and Radio) and CBS (Cell broadcasting Service for mobile network operator).

RCAG Satellite Hub Station NAMEM Mobile network operators-2 Siren tower 60 set Fiber optic cable 3 sec Total: sec 15-17 sec calculate Radio repeater-4 (VHF) Earthquake sensor and recorder-12 set 8-10 sec Control Center (NEMA) EMERGENCY COMMUNICATIONS CENTER NEMA Mobile Control Center EBS TV-3 FM-10

10 Control center The Control Center (CC): Is the main unit of EDWS system. The CC provides one-stop command and control features with automatic feedback system across the communication network. During normal conditions, the CC will monitor the network connection and status of all Siren towers in order to ensure their readiness at all times. Under emergency situations, authorized staff in the CC will issue warning command immediately. Also in case the CC fails, there is a Mobile CC for back-up.

11 Siren Tower The key element of the Siren station is remote siren terminal (RST) which has a reliable performance. RST is designed for remote siren activation from CC, and generates various patterns of siren signals to notify the emergency situation to the public. RST automatically reports the activation result to the CC after the command execution. Live voice warning messages from CC can be remotely delivered to the public for more clear notifications of the emergency situations.

12 Emergency broadcast system /EBS/
The Emergency Broadcasting System (EBS): Sends notifications from CC or the Mobile CC to radio broadcasting station using audio data and to the TV broadcasting station through text message. EBS reports the result of notifications to the Centers. This system is connected to CC via Satellite and VHF network. Other functions for maintenance include recording the history of operation and reporting the result of notifications, self-tests, status displays etc.

13 Emergency broadcast system /EBS/

14 Cell broadcast service /CBS/
The Cell Broadcast Service (CBS) is a service where emergency messages can be sent to mobile handsets sets in an area to warn citizens. Residends Simple cell phone EDWS system in NEMA CBIS Disaster information Send command Officer in charge of system Cellular CBC BSC CC System

15 Early Warning SMS Delivering System
The Emergency Operations Center delivers disaster and emergency early warning short messages to the all users of national mobile operators ‘Mobicom’ and ‘Unitel’ through 2G system.

16 Safety guide - “ANHAAR” Mobile application
НҮБ-ын Хөгжлийн хөтөлбөрийн дэмжлэгтэйгээр Онцгой байдлын ерөнхий газарт хэрэгжиж буй "Орон нутгийн түвшинд гамшгийн эрсдэлийг бууруулах менежмент, зохицуулалтын чадавхийг сайжруулах нь” төслийн хүрээнд манай Batu digital company Anhaar нэртэй энэхүү аппликэйшнийг хөгжүүлж 1-р сарын 15-нд хэрэглэгчдэд хүргэсэн. Зорилго: Гамшгийн эрсдлийг бууруулах мэдлэг ойлголтыг ард иргэдэд илүү хүртээмжтэй сонирхолтойгоор хүргэх Safety guide - “ANHAAR” Mobile application

17 Application components:
The measures to get information about common disasters List of essential phones for emergency calls Instruction for giving First Aid Equipments /flash light, alarm sound, use as a flashlight/

18 Available to install all types of smart phones with the
operating system more than Android 2.2; IOS 6.1 Enehuu Anhaar app iig irgeded surtalchilah heregleeg taniltsuulahiin tuld idewhjuuleltiin uil ajillagaag bid hiiseer bgaa App iiin tataltiin huwid niit 2500 gariu hun tataj awch surgasan Humuust bol golduu social medeelliin suwguudaar hurgej bna. Taniltsuulga huudsuudiig niit 20 iig hiisen Edgeer zuragt medeelliig toogoor FB ashiglaj bgaa dawhardsan toogoor niit gariu irged harsan bna Mun OBEG iin site deer medeelliig bolon tataj awah holboosiig oruulsan bgaa Anhaaral handuulsan ta buhend bauarlalaa Safety guide - “ANHAAR” Mobile application

19 Emergency Information Network center of Ulaanbaatar city
(Emergency Call Center)

20 (Emergency Call Center)
Emergency Information Network center (Emergency Call Center) 101,105 - Emergency 102 - Police 103 - Ambulance .... PSTN

21 (Emergency Call Center)
Emergency Information Network center (Emergency Call Center) The whole system of this service was designed and completed by “LG” corporation of South Korea. The service started going live since Jun 2010 and all information is disseminated and shared via fiber optic among emergency management agency, police, and all units under hospitals in Ulaanbaatar.

22 ICT structure of EIN center

23 Conclusion More financial and technical support to facilitate necessary technology for ICT development. Proper legislation on how to regulate the communication between private landowners, legal entities. Cooperation with Governments of other countries on sharing information and learning best practices. Effective communication with the mass media. Awareness rising and promotion as well as basic education regarding disaster preparedness. Digital divide (urban and rural areas) and Universal service obligation fund issues.

24 Thank you for your attention

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