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Skyway & Southern Luzon Tollway

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Presentation on theme: "Skyway & Southern Luzon Tollway"— Presentation transcript:

1 Skyway & Southern Luzon Tollway
Dodik Marseno Catur Utomo CITRA Group of Indonesia 4th REAAA Business Forum 23rd March 2017, Bali Nusa Dua Convention Center

2 CITRA Tollway in Philippines

3 Metro Manila Skyway Stage 1 & 2: 30 km in operation
The Philippines Gov invited Citra Group thru Indonesian Gov to help resolve traffic problem in Metro Manila especially expansion of SLEX which at that time called as “GIANT PARKING SPACE” “The first PPP project in the Philippines” (thru JV Citra Group & PNCC) “The first elevated expressway in the Philippines”

4 Metro Manila Skyway Stage 1 & 2: 30 km in operation
Elevated Expressway on top of the existing Expressway, using Indonesian technology called “SOSROBAHU” or rotating device of Pierhead Project Stage 1 launching with the first Pierhead rotation by President Fidel Ramos on 1996 Project Stage 1 inauguration lead by President Estrada “Erap” on December 1999 Project Stage 2 inauguration lead by Vice President Binay and Secretary Ping De Jesus on April 2011

5 “Ir Tjokorda Raka Sukawati”
SOSROBAHU technology “Balinese Inventor” “Ir Tjokorda Raka Sukawati” 1 2 The Sosrobahu device is a Hydraulic Non Friction Rotating Device; it is a flat jack with a diameter of 80 cm for 6 lanes elevated roadway. The device is placed in the centre of a pier with a gap of 20mm is made between the pier and pier head. 3 4

6 Metro Manila Skyway Stage 3

7 Skyway Stage 4 or Metro Manila Expressway

8 South Luzon Expressway (SLEX)

9 Southern Tagalog Arterial Road (STAR)

10 NAIA Expressway

11 Infrastructure Opportunity in Philippines

12 Infrastructure Opportunity in Philippines
“High economic growth, combined with a rising population has put increase strain on Philippines Infrastructure” The World Economic Forum (WEF) Global Competitiveness Report ranks the Philippines 106th out of 140 countries in terms of infrastructure development, and ranks 97th in terms of quality of roads. Improvements are needed across the board, from ports and airports to roads and railroads.

13 GDP Growth Philippines

14 Population Growth Philippines
Philippines is one of the country with the “highest population growth” among ASEAN country

15 Road to Gold The Golden Age of Infrastructure: 5% to 7% of GDP
The Duterte Administration is committed to a Golden Age of Infrastructure for the Philippines to catalyze an accelerated and inclusive economic growth and development. This implies that the amount of infrastructure spending must reach at least 5% of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) to be at par with international minimum standards and with the level of spending of the country’s ASEAN neighbors. Secretary Dominguez of the Department of Finance (DOF) and Secretary Diokno of the Department of Budget and Management (DBM) both promised that the target for infrastructure spending is 7% of GDP.

Philippines Infrastructure Budget (Billion and % of GDP) $17.7B P860.7B (5.4%) $15.6B P756.4B (5.2%) TARGET INFRASTRUCTURE SPENDING 7% of GDP $11.8B P575.7B (4.3%) $7.1B P346.2B (2.7%) Amount (In Billion) $8.8B P428.4B $7.5B P363.5B $6.3B P306.9B (2.7%) $4.4B P215.7B (2.0%) $5.6B P273.9B $3.6B P175.4B (1.8%) $3.9B P190.9B $3.0B $2.0B P99.5B P144.3B $1.9B P90.7B Philippines Infrastructure Budget (Php) Percentage of GDP (%) DPWH Capital Outlays (Php) 1 US $ - P 48.6 (as of Oct. 13, 2016) Source: Department of Budget and Management (as of Sep. 2016) 6

17 DPWH Strategic Programs and Policies
Traffic Decongestion Program (Construct/improve/widen national roads and bridges; Construct by-passes/diversion roads; Construct flyovers; interchanges and underpasses) Integrated and Seamless Transport System (Construct/improve logistics infrastructure network in Northern Mindanao, Davao, SOCSARGEN and CARAGA; Construct/improve roads leading to growth corridors in Western Mindanao; Study and implement Inter-island linkage projects through long-span bridges; Connect gaps along national roads; Construct/replace bridges; Upgrade, improve and rehabilitate/reconstruct national roads; Initiate studies on tunneling technology) Public-Private Partnership Program (Augment and complement Locally-Funded and Foreign-Assisted projects; Construct High- Standard Highway Network based on Masterplan and Technical Studies.) Convergence and Rural Road Development Program (Construct/upgrade local access roads to designated tourism destinations, RORO ports/seaports and airports; Construct Farm to Market Roads in support to the Agri- Infrastructure program of the Department of Agriculture (DA); Construct/improve roads leading to industrial trade corridors.) Livable, Sustainable and Resilient Communities Source: Department of Public Work and Highway

18 Type of PPP Scheme Five (5) types of PPP schemes:
Type 1 – Pure BOT type Government : ROW Acquisition Private Sector : Design, construction and operation and maintenance; Investment will be recoverd by toll revenue; and shoulder revenue risk Type 2 – BOT Type with Government Subsidy/Financial Support Government : ROW Acquisition, Up-front subsidy (50% maximum of total cost) or Government Financial Support (GFS) Type 3 – Segment Dividing Type (Project will be divided into Government Segment and Private Segment) Government : ROW Acquisition of both segments; Design and Construction of Government segment; and will be leased to the private sector at the lease fee of 0-100% of Government Expenditure Private Sector : Design and Construction of Private segment; O&M of both segments; Investment will be recovered by toll revenue of both segments; Private Sector pays lease fee to the Government; and shoulder revenue risk Source: Department of Public Work and Highway

19 Type of PPP Scheme Type 4 – Service Payment Type
Government : ROW Acquisition; During O&M period, Government will pay to Private Sector service fee to recover its investments; Toll revenue will be turned over to the Government. If toll revenue is not enough to pay the service fee, the Government will add a subsidy and shoulder revenue risk Private Sector : Design, construction and operation and maintenance; and receive service fee annually to recover investments Type 5 – Lease Type Government : ROW Acquisition; and Design and Construction Private Sector : O&M; Leases the facility from the Government (Lease fee ranges from 0-100% of Government Expenditures;) and shoulder revenue risk Source: Department of Public Work and Highway

20 Risks in Toll Road Development
PROJECT Risks MARKET Risks COUNTRY Risk Development Risks Permit & clearance ROW acquisition & utilities relocation Fund raising Foreign exchange rates Currency devaluation Political Risks Policy Change Regulation change Revolution Construction Risks Cost overruns Contractor capability Timeline Inflation rates Force Majeure Earthquake Flood Operational Risks Toll rate adjustment Accuracy of traffic forecast Toll collection Interest rates

21 Infrastructure Opportunity in Metro Manila (especially for toll road)

22 Rapid Growth of Metro Manila, 1980-2010
2010/’80 Population (000) 5,923 11,856 2.0 Roads (km) 675 1,032 1.5 price (Php billion) 1,233 3,226 2.6 GRDP per Capita (Php 000) 208 272 1.3 No. of Vehicles ( 000 units) 446 1,904 4.3 Public Transport LRT (km) 20 (‘85) 50 2.5 Bus (000 units) 3.6 14.2 3.9 Jeepney (000 units) 37 48 Are there solutions for sustainable development of Metro Manila? 4 Source: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Study, 2014

23 3 Major Problem in Metro Manila
3 Major Urban Problems in Metro Manila Traffic congestions Natural disasters (flood, earthquake, typhoon, landslide, etc.) Affordable housing, slum/squatter areas Transport Land use Environment They are interrelated!! 5 Source: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Study, 2014

24 Traffic Congestion Everywhere throughout the day
Hourly Traffic Distribution on MManila Roads1) 2030 Volume/ Capacity Ratio V/C > 1.50 (beyond capacity) V/C = 1.00 – 1.50 (at & above capacity) V/C = 0.75 – 1.00 (reaching capacity) V/C < (below capacity) 7% 6% 5% 4% 3% 2% 1% 0% Direction1 Direction 2 2-way % of Daily Traffic 1) Results from 11 survey stations, 2012 Traffic Demand and Impact (Metro Manila) 19 24 2012 2030 ‘30/’12 Traffic demand (million trips/day) 12.8 14.5 1.13 Public transport share in total demand 69% 1.00 Occupancy of road space by private vehicles 78% Transport cost (Php billion/day) 2.4 6.0 2.50 Air quality (million Tons/year) GHG 4.79 5.72 1.19 PM 0.014 0.019 1.36 NOx 0.049 0.059 1.20 If nothing is done by 2030 Source: JICA Study Team 6 Source: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Study, 2014

25 Proposed Dream Plan for Mega Manila
5 NOs for Mega Manila No traffic congestion No households living in high hazard risk areas No barrier for seamless mobility No excessive transport cost burden for low-income groups No air pollution Source: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Study, 2014

26 5 Main components of Dream Plan
At-grade roads (urban roads) Missing links: C3, C5, bridges and others New roads (137km) Flyovers Sidewalks and pedestrian facilities Urban/Suburban Rails Network Main Roads/Expressways Network Malolos San Jose Del Monte Secondary roads in periurban areas Expressways Intercity expressway (426 km) Urban expressway (78 km) Urban/Suburban rails Main line: 246 km (6 lines) Secondary line: 72 km (5 lines) Integrated lines and improved accessibility Bus/Jeepneys Modern fleet and operation Rationalized route structure Improved terminals and interchange facilities Traffic management Traffic signals Traffic safety Traffic enforcement and education ITS Dasmarinas Calamba Legend Legend NS Commuter Main Urban Roads Upgrade New links Expressways Existing New links Main Line Existing Line Extension/New Line New Main Line(UG) Secondary Line Source: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Study, 2014

27 Main transport network concept for central area of Metro Manila
Urban/Suburban Rails Network Main Roads/Expressways Network 4km 4km 2 Source: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Study, 2014

28 Urban Expressways need to be developed as an integrated network
Distribution of Expressway Demand (Dream Plan, 2030) Role of urban expressway Attract long-trip vehicle traffic from at-grade urban roads Volume/Capacity Ratio V/C > 1.50 V/C = 0.90 – 1.50 V/C = 0.75 – 0.90 V/C = 0.50 – 0.75 V/C < 0.50 Provide congestion free fast travel to those who are willing to pay for such service Strengthen network resilience Should be integrated in terms of: Physical (between expressways, and with urban roads) Toll system Operational and management Cross section traffic demand 30,000 pcu/day 60,000 pcu/day SLEX Source: Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) Study, 2014


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