Presentation on theme: "Secondary PowerPoint 1: Government and Democracy"— Presentation transcript:
1 Secondary PowerPoint 1: Government and Democracy
2 What words come to mindwhen you hear the wordGOVERNMENT?
3 Governments are made up of the people and institutions put in place to manage a country, nation,province or community.
4 The role of government Create and enforce laws Provide services Manage land and resourcesMake decisions for the benefit of the people living within its borders
5 Different types of government Governments from around the world differ from one another. They can be compared by considering the following questions:How are decisions made?How many people have access to power?c) What types of rights andfreedoms are given tocitizens?
6 Can you name two different types of government and a country that uses each system?
7 AutocracyA type of government where political power is concentrated in the hands of one person who rules without restrictionPeople are not consulted on the decisions and affairs of the countryNo rule of law, the leader is supremeAn autocracy can be a dictatorship or an absolute monarchy
8 DictatorshipThe dictator exercises power through control of a mass movement, political party or the militaryOften comes to power through a military takeover (coup d’état)The dictator uses forceful control over its peopleThere is a heavy military presencePolitical opposition is forbiddenNo concern for public opinion or for their preferencesRestricted individual civil and political rightsNo independent media
9 MonarchyA monarch (king or queen) or royal family holds political power that is inherited and usually lasts until deathThere are two main types:In an absolute monarchy, a monarch (or dictator) retains full political power over a state and its peopleIn a constitutional monarchy, power is more symbolic and it is limited by a constitution and decisions are made by an elected government
10 DemocracyPower is shared by all citizens and a majority of the population is included in political decision-makingCitizens elect political representatives through elections to make decisions on their behalfCitizens also have access to power, which means they can choose to run for political officeExistence of rule of law (all people and institutions are subject to and accountable to laws that are fairly applied)Individual civil and political rights are protected (such as freedom of speech, religion and assembly)
11 What is the difference between an autocracy and a democracy?
12 Constitutional Monarchy The authority of the monarch is limited by a constitutionA constitution includes the basic principles and laws of a nation or state that define the powers and duties of the government and guarantee certain rights to the peopleA constitutional monarchy has a democratically elected government with a government leader, while the monarch remains the head of state and performs ceremonial dutiesThe government exercises rule of law
13 Republic A sovereign state, country or government without a monarch Democratically elected government holds all political powerGovernment exercises power according to the rule of lawRepublics usually have a constitution
14 What are the similarities and differences between a constitutional monarchy and a republic?
15 Consensus DemocracyConsensus refers to general or widespread agreement in decision-makingConsensus democracy uses a consensus decision-making model to develop legislation and policies. The goal is to be more collaborative and inclusive by taking into account a broad range of opinions, as opposed to decisions made by majority ruleIn a consensus government, elected representatives do not belong to political party (e.g., Nunavut, Northwest Territories)
16 Government in CanadaCanada’s system of government is a parliamentary democracyElected members represent citizens in the federal parliament and provincial/territorial legislaturesThe political party with the most representatives forms governmentCanada is also a constitutional monarchy and the Queen is the head of stateEvery act of government is done in the name of the QueenThe authority for every act comes from the Canadian people through the ConstitutionThe Constitution of Canada is the highest legal ruling in the countryThe Constitution includes laws, decisions by judges, agreements between federal and provincial governments, traditions and civil and political rights
17 Constitution of Canada An 1867 Act of the British parliament, originally called the British North America Act, outlined Canada’s system of governmentIn 1982 the Queen came to Canada to sign the Constitution Act, making it law and ensuring Canada’s legislative independenceIt also includes our civil and legal rights outlined in the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms (1982)
18 In 1983, a student poured red paint on one of two Interesting FactIn 1983, a student poured red paint on one of twocopies of the Constitution to protest the United States performing cruise missile tests over Canada. The other copy got wet with rain the day Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau and the Queen signed it.
19 Debrief What does democracy mean to you? Are there some countries that call themselves democracies, when in reality they are not or do not abide by the principles?Whose role is it to ensure a democratic government acts responsibly?What does it mean if citizens do not participate in their democracy?