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THE CLARA PLAN SMART CITIES AND HIGH SPEED RAIL

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1 THE CLARA PLAN SMART CITIES AND HIGH SPEED RAIL
Consolidated Land & Rail Australia Pty Ltd THE CLARA PLAN SMART CITIES AND HIGH SPEED RAIL

2 We live in a world of rapid change
Only a short time ago….

3 20 years ago – 1997 Just a registered domain name
Popular programs only just began coming to market

4 10 years ago – 2007 The first iPhone was released
Was three years old and was only just released to the public

5 US Population 330m AUS Population 24m TEXAS
Australia and United States compared TEXAS US Population 330m Australia land mass compared to the USA Area > Land Australia is ranked 7th at 7.68 million sq km million square miles The USA is ranked 4th at 9.16 million sq km million square miles, 20% more than Australia Coastline Australia is ranked 7th at 25,760 km, 29% more than United States The USA is ranked 9th at 19,924 km AUS Population 24m Stats Source:

6 WHAT IS THE PROBLEM?

7 Population Growth Australia’s population is expected to rise from 23.3 million in 2015 to 37.6 million by 2050. CLARA will absorb 3.2m new residents, this represents approximately 22% of Australia’s additional 14.3m residents by 2050. Regional Population Growth, Australia,

8 Congestion The total ‘avoidable’ cost of congestion: COST Private Time
Source: The Bureau of Infrastructure, Transport and Regional Economics (BITRE) - Traffic and congestion cost trends for Australian capital cities - November 2016 COST Private Time $ 6 billion Business Time $ 8 billion Extra Vehicle Operating cost $ 1.5 billion Extra Air Pollution $ 1 billion TOTAL $16.5 billion

9 Housing Affordability
20 MOST UNAFFORDABLE HOUSING MARKETS (2017) Source: 13th Annual Demographia International Housing Affordability Survey: 2017 ‘’Housing affordability is the result of there being insufficient supply of housing. You need to have more supply of housing...putting infrastructure first would result in an increase in housing supply.’’ Prime Minister Malcolm Turnbull

10 Median Household Income
Housing Affordability Rank of major markets’ least-affordable cities 2017 Least Affordable Nation Metropolitan Market Median Multiple Median Price Median Household Income 1 China Hong Kong 18.1 $5,422,000 $300,000 2 Australia Sydney 12.2 $1,077,000 $88,000 3 Canada Vancouver 11.8 $830,100 $70,500 4 New Zealand Auckland 10 $830,800 $83,000 5 USA San Jose 9.6 $1,000,000 $104,100 6 Melbourne 9.5 $740,000 $78,200 7 Honolulu 9.4 $745,300 $78,900 8 Los Angeles 9.3 $593,900 $63,900 9 San Francisco 9.2 $835,400 $90,400 UK Bournemouth & Dorset 8.9 £265,000 £29,900 11 San Diego 8.6 $589,300 $68,700 12 London (GLA) 8.5 £440,000 £51,800 13 Toronto 7.7 $615,800 $79,700 14 Plymouth & Devon 7.1 £215,000 £30,400 15 London Exurbs £285,000 £40,400 16 Adelaide 6.6 $435,000 $66,000 17 Bristol-Bath 6.2 £255,000 £41,200 18 Brisbane $495,000 $79,400 19 Perth 6.1 $528,300 $87,300 20 Miami $315,000 $51,500 “Out of 86 cities across the world with over a million people house prices relative to incomes in Sydney and Melbourne were the second and fourth most expensive.’’ Alan Moran, Australian Financial Review 19 Jan 2015 Source: Demographia, CLSA C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD

11 C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD
Housing Affordability (2016) Australia vs Global House Price Index 2016 240 190 140 90 340 290 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2012 2010 2014 2016 Global House Price Index Australian 8 Capital City House Price Index tripled While the Global House Price Index has grown about 50% since 2000, Australian house prices have tripled. Five out of the 20 least affordable cities in the world are in Australia. Source: IMF, CoreLogic RP Data, CLSA C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD

12 THE CLARA PLAN

13 The CLARA Plan CLARA proposes to build eight of the world’s most advanced, sustainable cities and connect them with a High Speed Rail system between Sydney and Melbourne via Canberra.

14 C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD
Phase One Melbourne to the Shepparton Region. Phase Two Sydney to the Canberra Region. Phase One is our proposed leg from Melbourne to the Greater Shepparton Region, a two city phase. Phase Two is Sydney through to Canberra, including two cities out of Sydney and one city out of Canberra. Our final phase is the connection of our HSR and construction of the final three cities. This phase will include the construction of a secondary line connecting Wagga Wagga to Albury/ Wodonga intersecting at CLARA City 5. Phase Three Canberra Region with the Shepparton Region. C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD

15 Stage One Stage Two Stage Three Stage Four Stage Five
Staging of the CLARA Plan Phase One will consist of the following Five Stages. Stage One Land Acquisition and Political Mandate Stage Two Land Entitlement, Subdivision works and concurrent HSR works. Stage Three Infrastructure works Stage Four Post Subdivision and Infrastructure work housing and commercial real estate development Stage Five City built out to reach target population. Cities can be initially developed at a minimum core size, growing to its targeted total population over a 35 year period. Phase One of the CLARA Plan is the proposed leg from Melbourne to the Greater Shepparton Region. This will involve a $13bn high speed rail into northern Victoria and the development of two new cities in the region over 35 years. Phase One can begin by 2021, with our cities connected by HSR and people moving into our cities by 2026.

16 C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD
Australian Population Growth The 8 CLARA Smart Cities when fully developed will absorb 3.2m new residents, this represents approximately 22% of Australia’s additional 14.3m residents by 2050. Comparing City Populations at 2050 (in millions) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 CLARA 8 CITIES MELBOURNE SYDNEY The population of Australia is expected to increase by almost 60 per cent to 37.6 million people by Sydney and Melbourne’s populations are projected to increase by 60 to 80 per cent to almost 8 million inhabitants each. Currently Sydney and Melbourne are housing over 40% of the Australian population. C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD

17 C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD
Affordability driving CLARA house sales Median House Prices – Major Australian Markets (AU$ thousands) Median House Prices Q1 2016 CLARA SYDNEY MELBOURNE NATIONAL $500,000 $1,032,000 $730,000 $719,000 CLARA Median Dwelling prices and projected at: $532,000 less than Sydney $230,000 less than Melbourne $219,000 less than the national median The relative affordability of the CLARA housing stock has been set to serve two distinct purposes: To attract the share of new households to our new cities by pricing dwellings well under the medians of Sydney, Melbourne and the national median home price. AND; To deliver savings that assist to offset the cost of regular HSR usage. We project that more affordable homes means greater disposable income due to low mortgage repayments and that this, combined with off-set petrol and car expenses commuting at present from Melbourne and Sydney, will mean that NO resident living in a CLARA city will be disadvantaged by HSR travel. C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD

18 all travel cost covered for the first 5 years
More than just housing affordability Sydney CBD Marrickville $1,620,000 10-25 minutes Annandale $1,455,000 Randwick $2,150,000 Newtown $1,285,000 Marsfield 26-50 51+ minutes Bankstown $900,000 Castle Hill $1,350,000 Liverpool $720,000 Penrith $635,000 Glenbrook $857,000 Picton $662,000 Camden $625,000 Epping $1,685,000 Campbelltown $580,000 Parramatta $1,012,000 Homebush $1,930,000 Chatswood $2,100,000 Strathfield $2,225,000 Hornsby $1,167,000 Oran Park $692,000 $780,111 $1,669,875 $1,627,500 CLARA Cities will offer better quality house at $500,000, with all travel cost covered for the first 5 years The diagram demonstrates the cost of housing in relation to proximity to the CBD by public transport. What does proximity offer? Short commute to Sydney CBD Advanced Healthcare All levels of Education Arts & Culture Parks and Recreation Restaurants/ Cafes What does a CLARA SMART City offer in addition? Imagine new cities where data is open, energy is renewable, water is valued, homes are affordable and people can live within 10 minutes of all they need; cities where world class healthcare meets high tech education; where new and existing businesses will converge to create more vibrant regional economies; cities built to unlock all human potential; cities made possible by high speed rail that can place citizens in our capitals in less time than a morning commute C ON S OL I D AT E D L A N D & R A I L A U S T R A L I A P T Y LTD

19 SMART CITIES

20 SMART Product Management
SMART Mobility SMART Building SMART Education SMART Home SMART Energy SMART Society What is in a SMART CITY? SMART Healthcare SMART Water SMART Workplace SMART Retail Big Data SMART Economies IoT SMART Product Management SMART Waste

21 Globally, Smart Cities are now poised to accelerate rapidly
Smart Citizens Smart Energy Smart Technology Smart Agriculture Smart Infrastructure Smart Buildings Smart Healthcare Smart Gov. & Smart Edu. Contributing to society requires integrated, converged and connected solutions. Number of Patents 300 200 100 400 ‘03 ‘04 ‘05 ‘06 ‘07 ‘08 ‘09 ‘10 ‘11 ‘12 ‘13 ‘14 ‘15 250 150 50 450 350 Using patents as the barometer of innovation, a quick look at these figures show that 2015 was the biggest year yet for smart city technologies. The number of patent publications that directly mentioned the term ‘smart city’ or ‘smart cities’ increased by 80% compared to 2014, reaching over 400 publications.

22 It’s time to imagine cities in a new and dynamic way!
Our cities must focus on; Liveability Community Connectivity – online and offline Sustainability Affordability Mobility

23 JOBS Jobs are key to a successful CLARA city. CLARA is already in discussion with large multi national companies about providing a core industry and minimum amount of initial jobs. Creating a scale that will provide organic growth within our cities from day one. There must be jobs for our cities to be successful. We are not building ‘vampire’ cities, cities where everyone evacuates the cities in daylight hours only to return in darkness not knowing their family, there neighbours, affecting mental health and liveability. Our cities are not just cities, they are communities, they are connected communities! We understand new jobs are created by SME’s, however we also understand a core anchor provides the initial 10,000 jobs, this creates a population of approximately 25,000 which in turn may enable businesses such as; ALDI, Woolworths, Coles, A 50 bed hospital, Hospitality, Schools, etc…. The Capital Injection of between $8bn to $10bn into any regional area will create an abundance of new and continuing jobs for every new city we create.

24 Jobs There must be jobs for our cities to be successful!
CLARA understands new jobs are created by SME’s. However we also understand that a core anchor tenant provide an initial 10,000 jobs which creates a population of approx. 25,000 which in turn supports other business and infrastructure such as; - ALDI, Woolworths, Coles; - A 50 bed hospital; - Hospitality; - Schools.

25 Key Disruptive Technologies
Connected mobile devices and supported applications Objects transferring data to one another Data, applications, and services stored, secured, managed, and accessible remotely Systems that generate electricity from non-depleting natural resources Simulation of physical presence in a real or imagined world Mechanism of storing ledgers across a network of connected computers Successive layers of material formed under computer control to create an object Devices that capture energy produced at one time for use at another Driverless or self-directed machines Reading and writing the genome of organisms, including humans Machines with enhanced senses, dexterity, and intelligence Computer system capable of generating its own insights Mobile technology and applications Cloud technology and applications Virtual reality 3D printing Autonomous vehicles Advanced robotics Internet of things Renewable energy Blockchain Energy storage Genomics Artificial intelligence Need some noted on this Theo? Source: Brookings Institution - UK, US and Japan data from Angus Maddison historical data, measured in 1990 International Geary-Khamis dollars. China and India data from Brookings projections, measured in 2055 PPP dollars. Changing World of Business 25

26 HIGH SPEED RAIL (HSR)

27 WORLD’S BEST HSR OPTIONS
SUPERCONDUCTING MAGNETIC LEVITATION TRAIN – JAPAN - Currently the fastest train in the world with a top speed of 603km/h - Commercial speed of 504km/h - At this speed an express train Sydney to Melbourne would be a journey of 1hr minutes. - Sydney to Canberra express would have a journey time 50 minutes and Melbourne to Canberra express would be 1hr

28 WORLD’S BEST HSR OPTIONS
TGV - FRANCE

29 WORLD’S BEST HSR OPTIONS
HIGH SPEED RAIL - CHINA

30 FINANCING

31 What is value capture? Value capture is the use of proceeds from the uplift in value of land that is created by the construction of transport and other infrastructure nearby. Value capture allows for part of the land value uplift to partly or wholly fund physical and social infrastructure. DEFINING VALUE CAPTURE Instrument Government Value Capture - Property and Land Tax - Betterment Levies and Special Assessments - Tax Increment Financing (TIF) Private Value Capture - Land Sale or Land Lease - Air Rights Sale - Land Rezoning - Urban Redevelopment schemes

32 per lot and will be sold for and avg. of
Funding the CLARA Plan CLARA has secured land at under $1,000, per lot and will be sold for and avg. of $150, per lot 50,000 100,000 150,000 200,000 Value Uplift per Dwelling Allotment Land Cost Civil Works HSR Margin Total Rev Our work with state and local governments aims to rezone our land, acquire the corridor for the HSR and implement individual local government precinct areas and planning schedules for each city. The development of eight cities will provide CLARA with substantial uplift in the value of the city-site land it holds. The uplift from the land appreciation is sufficient to allow CLARA to fully finance the construction of the High Speed Rail network as well as the subdivision of the land and provision of city infrastructure. CLARA projects 165,000 housing lots per city being built out over years. From each lot, the following funds will be deployed: $80,000 per dwelling allotment for city greenfield subdivision works. Including subdivision costs, major infrastructure, and services connection, they will be ‘Build ready’ $35,000 per lot for HSR (HSR on long term financing over fifty years) $1,000 per lot will go to the raw land cost of each city, much of which is already under our legal control. Leaving a margin of approx. $34,000 per dwelling alotment – approx. $5.6bn per city.

33 CONCLUSION Australia needs a population strategy! A decentralisation plan! A rebalancing of our settlement!


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