2 Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy Great Britain, France, Russia The map shows the alliance arrangement in Europe in In what year did World War I begin?1914What countries made up the Triple Alliance?Germany, Austria-Hungary, ItalyWhat countries made up the Triple Entente?Great Britain, France, RussiaGermany worried about one day having to fight a war on two fronts or two different borders. According to the map, was this fear justified?Yes. They had one member of the Triple Entente on their Western border (France) and one on their Eastern Border (Russia).Italy would switch sides in Whom did this hurt?Austria-HungaryIf this map were your only evidence, how could you use it to describe one possible underlying cause of World War I?There were two opposing alliances that were in close contact with one another. This increases the likelihood of war.
4 John McCutcheon (American) What is the significance of the date of this cartoon? What is the name and nationality of the cartoonist?By August 5th, 1914, All the major countries of the alliances (except Italy) were involved in the war.John McCutcheon (American)What is the “Crime of the Ages”?The Peace of Europe was deadHow can the cartoon be used to describe the chain of events that led to war?It shows everyone blame one another. Example: Austria blames Serbia (assassination), Serbia blames Austria (ultimatum), Germany blames Russia (mobilization of army), Belgium blames Germany (invaded).What does the hand in the upper left corner represent?America. Pointing the finger at all of them.According to the cartoon, what was the underlying cause for war? Explain.The Alliance System. Because it brought all of the major countries into the war.
6 They were an island nation and needed a large navy to defend itself. In millions of British pounds, how much did Germany and Austria-Hungary spend in 1890? In 1914?1890: 40 million pounds1914: 153 million poundsMore than tripled the amount they spentHow much did Great Britain, Russia, and France spend in 1890? In 1914?1890: 101 million pounds1914: 227 million poundsMore than doubled the amount they spentWhich nation spent the greatest percent on its navy? Why would it do that?Great BritainThey were an island nation and needed a large navy to defend itself.Is there evidence in the chart to support the thesis that an arms build-up (militarism) was an underlying cause of World War I? Explain.Yes. The chart shows that all of the countries continued to spend more and more money on their military which increased the tension among the nations.How can an argument be made that an arms build-up might lead to peace? Explain.If several nations continually increase the size of their military, those countries may be fearful of attacking another powerful nation.
8 Germany will be the aggressor or the one being beaten. Why is von Bülow worried about England, France, and Russia?They are all expanding their empires and becoming more powerful while Germany has been slow to colonize and may be taken over.What is an anvil? What does von Bülow mean when he says Germany will be “a hammer or an anvil?”steel or iron block with a flat top on which metal can be hammered and shaped.Germany will be the aggressor or the one being beaten.Judging from the document, who is Germany likely to “hammer?”Members of the Triple EntenteOne half-century earlier, the Englishman Charles Darwin introduced his idea of evolution, which was based on the idea of survival of the fittest. Do you think von Bülow believed in this idea? Explain.Yes. He realizes that if they don’t increase their power they will fall far behind.How can you use this document to make an argument that the arms build-up was a more important underlying cause than the network of alliances?Von Bülow states that Germany must increase the size of their military or face the possibility of becoming ‘slaves of humanity.’
10 England, the bloodsucker of the world -I- In what language and in what year was this cartoon created?German, 1917 Translate each of the following:Freiheit der MeereEngland der Blutsauger der WeltFreedom of the SeasEngland, the bloodsucker of the worldWhat is the main point being made by the cartoonist?That Great Britain dominates the seasIn Document C, examine British naval expenses in Do the Germans have reason to worry about freedom of the seas? Explain.Yes, Great Britain has the largest navy and has the power on the seasWhat does this document suggest is an underlying cause of World War I? Explain.Imperialism. Germany feels that Great Britain is gaining too much power and needs to be stopped.
12 What was the total area of British colonies in 1913? 12, 740,000 sq. milesWhat was the combined area of colonies held by the nations of the Triple Entente? What was the combined area of colonies held by Germany and Austria-Hungary?17, 180,000 sq. miles (Triple Entente)1,139,000 sq. miles (Germany & A.H.)In what different ways could a large colonial population help the economy of the mother country?Provided raw material and a large customer base to buy finished products.How can you use this document to argue that imperialism (colonization) was one underlying cause of World War I?The members of the Triple Entente had acquired a majority of colonies and Germany and Austria-Hungary wanted more.How can you use Documents E and F to argue that imperialism was more important than alliances and militarism as the underlying cause of World War I?- Germany and A-H were jealous of the Triple Entente and wanted to become more competitive in acquiring colonies.