Presentation on theme: "First Aid & Survival Skills"— Presentation transcript:
1 First Aid & Survival Skills Team Leader TrainingFirst Aid & Survival SkillsOntario Search and Rescue Volunteer Association
2 First Aid & Survival Skills Objectives – First Aid and Survival SkillsFirst AidSurvival SkillsThe team leader must ensure that team members have the required first aid credentials and survival skills suitable to their assignment and that the team is equipped with essential first aid/survival supplies and equipment.The first aid equipment carried will be based on the level of training and the program that the team has been qualified. As a team leader, ensure that you are aware of these requirements and that equipment is checked prior to taking on an assignment.
4 First Aid Objectives – First Aid Explain and understand the role of a team leader in a first aid situationExplain the steps to be taken in a rescue situationExplain the procedures for completion and debriefing
5 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid Responsible for overseeing the processAssigning tasks to team membersRequest additional resources as requiredIn situations requiring first aid or a rescue, the team leader is responsible for overseeing the process, assigning tasks to team members and requesting additional resources as required
6 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid In situations requiring the application of FIRST AID, the team leader mustAssignNotifyDocumentContactAssess
7 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid AssignAssign first aiders to care for the patientAlways assign the most competent or experienced first aiders to provide careAlways have the patient’s best interests foremost in all operationsIf you cannot remove the patient(s) to a higher level of care (e.g. EMS) in a timely fashion, be prepared to spend the night
8 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid NotifyNotify command of the situationProvide as much detail as possibleReport any change in conditions or circumstances as they arise
9 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid DocumentKeep proper documentation of the entire process and stay in constant communication with the lead first aiderAlthough no successful law suits have been recorded in Canada, it is vital that proper documentation be kept of all events for your own safety/benefit, and that of the team
10 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid ContactStay in contact with command, informing them of the progress being made as well as passing on information about the patient so that EMS is aware of subjects’ condition and are prepared when the patient(s) arrivesYour efficiency in the field and proper reporting to medical personnel will assist in the next level of care and facilitate a speedier recovery for the patient(s).
11 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid AssessAssess the situation and determine what resources are necessary to provide proper care for the ill or injured person and/or perform a rescue if requiredStay in contact with commandOnly request the equipment and personnel necessary to perform the required tasks
13 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid In situations requiring a Rescue, the team leader is responsible forPersonnelAccessEquipmentRequesting specialty skillsTransport
14 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid PersonnelRequest all required additional personnel and/or resources to enable effective and efficient rescueDo not bring in any more than necessary as too many personnel/resources will only creates confusion
15 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid AccessAssign two members to find and flag the best possible route to transport the patient safelyHave route cleared sufficiently to allow safe passage of personnel carrying a rescue basket or other equipment used (e.g. (Snowmobile, ATV, etc.)Clear an area in order to prepare the patient for transport if required
16 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid EquipmentBe prepared to receive any additional equipmentAssign appropriate personnel to take charge of each piece as it arrivesIf a chainsaw is necessary, make sure the person operating it is qualified and authorized
17 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid Requesting specialty skillsIf specialty skills are required for extrication, notify command of what speciality skills are required.Allow leaders of special teams to perform his/her duty without interferenceHowever stay in touch with him/her so as to pass on information to command as it becomes available.
18 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid TransportIf it is necessary to carry a patient in a basket for any distance, remember it is exhausting work. Have members trade off regularly so as not to become fatiguedRemember slow and steady gets the job done safelyStop regularly to check on the patient
19 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid Completion & debriefingTransfer to EMSHead-countEquipmentReportDebrief
20 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid Transfer to EMSUpon arriving at the EMS vehicle, allow only one person, preferably the lead first aider to report to EMS personnel
21 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid Head-countCheck that all rescue personnel are accounted for
22 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid EquipmentAssign one person to over-see that all equipment is accounted for, cleaned and properly stored.
23 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid ReportUpon completion of all tasks, make a full report of the incident to command, and be prepared to answer any questions which may arise
24 Role of the Team Leader – First Aid DebriefDebrief the incident from start to finishTake notes of any errors and recommendations to improve efficiency in the futureRemember, keep the debrief positiveRemember it is essential to ensure the entire team participates in the overall debrief
28 Survival Skills Objectives - Survival Explain and understand the role of a team leader in a survival situationExplain the steps to be taken in a survival situation
29 Role of the Team Leader - Survival Survival SkillsRole of the Team Leader - SurvivalIdentifyThe 7 enemies of survivalSurvival patternsTaking the essentialsSurvival techniques
30 Role of the Team Leader - Survival Survival SkillsRole of the Team Leader - SurvivalDemonstrate/describe survival patternsFirst aidFireShelterSignalsFood and water
31 Role of the Team Leader - Survival Survival SkillsRole of the Team Leader - SurvivalDemonstrate/describe 7 enemies of survivalFear and panicPainColdThirstHungerFatigueBoredom and loneliness
32 Role of the Team Leader - Survival Survival SkillsRole of the Team Leader - SurvivalResponsible to oversee the processOrganize and assign tasks to team membersMaintain positive attitude at all timesCheck each memberCoachBe PositiveAs search operations may take place in remote areas and in adverse conditions, the team leader must have a firm understanding of the skills necessary to survive in these conditions. These skills must extend to caring for an injured or ill person for an extended period of time. As stressed in the OSARVA Search Techniques Manual, in preparing for an assignment, the team leader must remember these two rules of thumb:“Dress for the season not for the day”.“Prepare for the worst and hope for the best.”
33 Role of the Team Leader - Survival Survival SkillsRole of the Team Leader - SurvivalCheck each memberEnsure members are prepared and equipped for assignmentSafety of the team relies heavily on the equipment carried and knowledge of its use
34 Role of the Team Leader - Survival Survival SkillsRole of the Team Leader - SurvivalCoachCoach team members about survival patternsTeam members will look to you for guidanceBrainstorm with team membersBut the final decision is yours to make
35 Role of the Team Leader - Survival Survival SkillsRole of the Team Leader - SurvivalBe positiveMaintain a positive attitude at all timesYour positive attitude will help prevent other team members becoming disheartened
36 Survival Skills Be Positive The result of positive leadership and LOTS oftime. This might,however, need abuilding permit.
37 Role of the Team Leader - Survival Survival SkillsRole of the Team Leader - SurvivalOrganize & assignOrganize the members and assign required tasksEnsure all members are kept on taskIn many cases you may have to work quickly and efficiently with whatever supplies you have at your immediate disposal.Knowing your team, their abilities, and that they are properly equipped prior to embarking on your tasks is essential
38 You never know who requires your assistance! Survival SkillsYou never know who requires your assistance!