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STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES FOR THE HISTORIC DISTRICTS OF THE CITY OF DUBUQUE, IOWA.

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1 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES FOR THE HISTORIC DISTRICTS OF THE CITY OF DUBUQUE, IOWA

2 ACKNOWLEDGMENTS We would like to acknowledge the support and assistance of numerous individuals without whose support this report would not be possible: Laura Carstens, Planning Services Department, Dubuque Wally Wernimont, Planning Services Department, Dubuque Kerry McGrath, Iowa SHPO Judy McClure, Iowa SHPO Jack Porter, Iowa SHPO Terry Mozena, Historic Preservation Commission, Dubuque Mike Gibson, Archivist, Center for Dubuque History, Loras College Tacie Campbell, Curator, Dubuque County Historical Society We would like to extend a special thanks to all of the members of the Guidelines Steering Committee and the Historic Preservation Commission who generously donated their time and experience to assist in the creation of the Guidelines. This project has been funded with the assistance of a matching grant-in-aid from the State Historical Society of Iowa, Community Programs Bureau, through the Department of the Interior, National Park Service, under provisions of the National Historic Preservation Act of 1966; the opinions expressed herein are not necessarily those of the Department of the Interior. This program received Federal Funds from the National Park Service. Regulations of the U.S. Department of the Interior strictly prohibit unlawful discrimination in Federally Assisted Programs on the basis of race, color, national origin, age or handicap. Any person who believes he or she has been discriminated against in any program, activity, or facility operated by a recipient of Federal assistance should write to: Director, Equal Opportunity Program, U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, 1849 C Street, Washington, D.C. 20240. This project has been funded in part by a grant from the National Trust for Historic Preservation’s Charles Evans Hughes Preservation Fund. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002

3 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 TABLE OF CONTENTS INTENT AND PURPOSE VISION FOR DUBUQUE’S HISTORIC PRESERVATION DISTRICTS LONG RANGE GOALS FOR DUBUQUE’S HISTORIC PRESERVATION DISTRICTS SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR’S STANDARDS FOR REHABILITATION METHODOLOGY – USE OF THE GUIDELINES METHODOLOGY – DEFINING THE DISTRICTS PROPERTY LISTINGS BY DISTRICT HOW TO GET STARTED DISTRICT GUIDELINES Cathedral District Jackson Park District Langworthy District Old Main District West Eleventh District TOPICS REVIEWED BY THE GUIDELINES: Setting and Site Amenities – Commercial Driveways, Parking, Paving – Residential Signs and Graphics Driveways, Parking, Paving – Commercial Wayfinding Features Grade Changes and Retaining Walls Street Lighting Sidewalks, Walkways, and CurbsYard and Park Features Fences and GatesLandscaping Amenities – Residential Utilities RESOURCES Glossary of Historic Preservation Terms Resources Available from the Carnegie-Stout Library Selected Reading Funding Resources Local Resources State and National Resources i

4 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 INTENT AND PURPOSE This document was developed in coordination with the City of Dubuque, the local Historic Preservation Commission (HPC), the State Historic Preservation Office, and preservation partners in the community. This document provides suggestions and recommendations for the treatment of exterior landscape and streetscape elements both in public spaces and in private spaces that are visually accessible to the public in the five existing historic districts. The guidelines focus on the retention and replication of features and objects that are unique to the area—and to each district where applicable—for the purpose of protecting, maintaining, and restoring the historic character of the current and potential historic districts. Issues of new construction and renovation are addressed by emphasizing the importance of relating new construction to existing features and streetscapes. Positive and negative visual examples are utilized to provide a clear baseline of acceptable and recommended approaches. The Guidelines are intended to present landscaping and streetscape recommendations to property owners, residents, contractors and others, relating to the type of rehabilitation and new construction that may be occurring in the current locally designated historic districts. Unlike the City’s Historic Preservation Ordinance, these design guidelines are not regulations. They are suggestions, and are not mandatory. These also may be used as a reference for rehabilitation and new construction in locations currently not within a designated historic district, and may be expanded in the future to accommodate new historic districts. The City of Dubuque Streetscape and Landscape Guidelines are based on the Secretary of the Interiors Standards for Rehabilitation as they relate to issues of Site and Setting, and the Secretary of the Interiors Standards for the Treatment of Historic Properties with Guidelines for the Treatment of Cultural Landscapes. These federally-defined standards provide the framework for the specific guidelines presented here. The Historic Preservation Commission hopes that these design guidelines encourage property owners, businesses, institutions, neighborhood associates and City departments to look for ways to work together and to seek our funding sources to preserve, retain and repair original historic materials whenever economically feasible. When preservation of these historic features is not economically viable, the Commission hope that the guidelines encourage people to search for suitable substitute materials that capture the sense of place that Dubuque’s historic districts provide. ii

5 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 VISION FOR DUBUQUE’S HISTORIC PRESERVATION DISTRICTS Dubuque’s five historic preservation districts encompass over 600 primary and secondary structures of national, state, local and neighborhood significance. The districts exhibit a range of architectural styles that reflect the historic context of the development of Iowa’s oldest city. They include densely developed, mixed use, urban environments with commercial storefronts and upper story housing; one-, two-, and multi-family residences; institutional uses; neighborhood parks and public open spaces. Within this context, and consistent with the City’s historic preservation ordinance, we envision the preservation, restoration and stewardship of the historical and architectural resources of Dubuque’s five historic preservation districts, including: Promotion of the educational, cultural, economic and general welfare of the community through the protection, enhancement and perpetuation of these districts; Safeguarding of the city’s historic, aesthetic, architectural, and cultural heritage by preserving these districts; Stabilization and improvement of property values in these districts; Fostering of civic pride in the legacy of beauty and achievements of the past exemplified by these districts; Protection and enhancement of the city’s attractions to tourists and visitors and the support and stimulus to business these districts provide; Strengthening of the economy of the city; and Promotion of the use of these districts as sites for the education, pleasure and welfare of the people of the city. iii

6 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 LONG RANGE GOALS FOR DUBUQUE’S HISTORIC PRESERVATION DISTRICTS Long range goals for the planning and development of Dubuque’s historic preservation districts are set forth in the Dubuque 2000 Comprehensive Plan, and are listed below for these districts separately and collectively: CATHEDRAL, JACKSON PARK, LANGWORTHY AND WEST ELEVENTH STREET HISTORIC DISTRICTS Preserve historic and aesthetic character and function of established residential neighborhoods. CATHEDRAL, JACKSON PARK AND OLD MAIN HISTORIC DISTRICTS Preserve historic and aesthetic character and function of established commercial neighborhoods. Maintain and improve the aesthetic qualities of the City parking system’s facilities. ALL HISTORIC DISTRICTS Encourage neighborhood identity, planning and pride of place. Encourage clean-up/beautification for the public, private and business sectors. Protect and preserve the city’s historic buildings, urban pattern and natural environment. Protect and preserve existing open space and parkland to meet the community’s needs. Utilize principles of good design and/or historic preservation in all public projects. Compliment the human scale and historic bulk and mass of existing structures when designing new or redeveloped structures. Enhance the aesthetics of new and existing development – design, landscaping, parking, signage – with special sensitivity to the historic character and building materials found in the community. Adapt land use controls to fit the various historic development patterns and neighborhoods that reflect urban, suburban and rural characteristics. Safeguard the cultural and historic resources of the community as critical to the quality of life and the attractiveness of Dubuque. Promote the preservation of historic buildings and architectural resources in the community. Educate the community about the benefits of historic preservation to the community’s quality of life, economic development efforts, tourism and tax base enhancement. Increase appreciation, education, technical assistance and funding for the community’s historical and architectural heritage. iv

7 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 Secretary of the Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation The Standards (36 CFR Part 67) apply to historic buildings of all periods, styles, types, materials, and sizes. They apply to both the exterior and the interior of historic buildings.The Standards also encompass related landscape features and the building's site and environment as well as attached, adjacent, or related new construction. The Standards are applied to projects in a reasonable manner, taking into consideration economic and technical feasibility. 1.A property shall be used for its historic purpose or be placed in a new use that requires minimal change to the defining characteristics of the building and its site and environment. 2.The historic character of a property shall be retained and preserved. The removal of historic materials or alteration of features and spaces that characterize a property shall be avoided. 3.Each property shall be recognized as a physical record of its time, place, and use. Changes that create a false sense of historical development, such as adding conjectural features or architectural elements from other buildings, shall not be undertaken. 4.Most properties change over time; those changes that have acquired historic significance in their own right shall be retained and preserved. 5.Distinctive features, finishes, and construction techniques or examples of craftsmanship that characterize a historic property shall be preserved. 6.Deteriorated historic features shall be repaired rather than replaced. Where the severity of deterioration require replacement of a distinctive feature, the new feature shall match the old in design, color, texture, and other visual qualities and, where possible, materials. Replacement of missing features shall be substantiated by documentary, physical, or pictorial evidence. 7.Chemical or physical treatments, such as sandblasting, that cause damage to historic materials shall not be used. The surface cleaning of structures, if appropriate, shall be undertaken using the gentlest means possible. 8.Significant archeological resources affected by a project shall be protected and preserved. If such resources must be disturbed, mitigation measures shall be undertaken. 9.New additions, exterior alterations, or related new construction shall not destroy historic materials that characterize the property. The new work shall be differentiated from the old and shall be compatible with the massing, size, scale, and architectural features to protect the historic integrity of the property and its environment. 10.New additions and adjacent or related new construction shall be undertaken in such a manner that if removed in the future, the essential form and integrity of the historic property and its environment would be unimpaired. v

8 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 METHODOLOGY – Use of the Guidelines The Guidelines are composed of two components: the Streetscape and Landscapes portion, which addresses the appearance of street and landscaping elements that provide the overall context for the residences and commercial structures in the districts; and the Architectural portion, which addresses the treatments of the specific styles, types and features of the buildings in the historic districts. These two manuals are intended for use together to provide a complete and coordinated set of guidelines for the historic districts and surrounding areas. Property owners will receive a copy of both the Architectural Guidelines and a portion of the Streetscape and Landscape Guidelines that deals with the historic district in which their property is located. Property owners who wish to review the Guidelines for other districts can request a copy from the Historic Preservation Commission, or they can reference the complete sets held by the Historic Preservation Commission, City Planning Services, or the Carnegie-Stout Library. The complete Guidelines also will be posted on the City of Dubuque website in a PDF format for reference, downloading and printing. The Guidelines are intended to be a flexible document that will respond to the changing needs of the City, the historic districts, and the property owners. An annual review of the Guidelines will be performed each May by the Historic Preservation Commission to assess the need for changes and additions. Updates to the Guidelines documents will be posted to the website for access by the public, and at the locations listed above holding complete sets of the documents. vi

9 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 METHODOLOGY – Defining the Districts There are currently five historic districts in the City of Dubuque — Jackson Park, West 11 th, Langworthy, Cathedral, and Old Main. The Guidelines will address each district separately. Although the majority of the recommendations will be similar for each district, this approach was chosen to: clarify and simplify information for users of the Guidelines, allow for the recognition and promotion of differences between districts where they exist, accommodate the expansion or addition of districts to the Guidelines in the future by the insertion of new chapters, and simplify the process of reviewing and updating of the Guidelines when necessary Historic Districts Map vii

10 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 METHODOLOGY – Defining the Districts, continued The districts are architecturally diverse, and encompass both residential and commercial architecture, as well as public sites of historic and cultural importance, and public greenscapes. It is the goal of these guidelines to provide a comprehensive set of recommendations that can apply to all of the districts, while still promoting the unique characteristics and features of each district. The survey of each district attempted to identify features that were particular to each district through the examination of existing structures and features, as well as historic photographs of the different districts at various points in their history. The intent is not to recreate a specific period of history in each district, but rather to recognize and retain significant existing historic features, and to encourage the introduction of compatible and historically appropriate new materials as necessary in each district. It is necessary, of course, to acknowledge the existing City ordinances regulating construction, signs, and street trees, and these documents should be consulted prior to any major alteration of the streetscape features. Photographs are utilized throughout to provide visual explanations of treatments and conditions that are recommended and not recommended in accordance with the federal standards. In an attempt to provide increased flexibility of options in certain situations however, the Guidelines present different levels of recommendations. Options presented in normal text represent the preferred option that is in accordance with the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards. These options should be used if at all possible. Options marked by an * represent alternatives that are less preferred, but are still acceptable, and should be discussed with the City of Dubuque Planning Services Department and Historic Preservation Commission. Cathedral DistrictOld Main DistrictJackson Park District viii

11 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 METHODOLOGY – Defining the Districts, continued The Streetscape and Landscape Guidelines are intended for use in the five existing historic districts: Jackson Park, West 11 th Street, Langworthy, Cathedral, and Old Main, and the surrounding areas. These districts are situated primarily in the historic downtown section of Dubuque reflecting some of the earliest and most architecturally significant growth in the latter half of the nineteenth century through the early twentieth century. Although primarily residential in character, a wide range of architectural styles and types are visible across the historic districts resulting from differences in the dates of construction and primary functions, as well as differences in the cultural and ethnic backgrounds of the property owners and the wide variance in socio- economic status of the inhabitants. The result is a remarkably intact architectural catalogue that documents the history of the development of Dubuque, ranging from standard workers’ housing to brick apartment flats to high style mansions and public institutions. While Dubuque was officially platted in 1833 as part of the rush to exploit Dubuque’s lead mine, the bulk of the buildings in the historic districts, both commercial and residential, date to the period after 1853 and the resolution of a major land claim dispute. The earliest surviving dwellings are contained in the Irish-American section of the Cathedral District originally known as “Dublin”, where many business and working class families settled close to the riverfront industries. The commercial section of Main Street had developed as a thriving business center as early as the 1840s, but many of the brick buildings seen there today are post-Civil War replacements of the original structures dating to the 1860s and 1870s. The settlement of the land claim in 1853 sparked a short-lived burst of building in the Cathedral District, which was quickly ended with the Panic of 1857. Housing construction began again in earnest following the Civil War and continued through the 1900s when manufacturing interests, land speculation, and railroads generated new prosperity and personal wealth. Many of the large, high style homes that are so prominent in the Cathedral, Jackson Park, and West Eleventh Districts appeared during this time, filling in or redeveloping the remaining plots near downtown, and ix spreading to newly opened lands to the north and west of downtown. Following shifts in taste and demographics, growth continued to expand further away from the original downtown area through the turn of the century. The originally isolated high-style homes in the Langworthy area were soon joined by multiple examples of the more modest, typically American styles of the early twentieth century. Infill and redevelopment throughout the early twentieth century scattered these newer styles among the older homes as building density increased and larger plots were divided and sold. 1837 plat of Dubuque

12 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 METHODOLOGY – Defining the Districts, continued Jackson Park The redevelopment of Jackson Park from the town cemetery into a large public park during the 1870s spurred the spread of housing into this area. The Jackson Park historic district is distinctive for the number of large, high-style homes demonstrating a remarkable level of craftsmanship and unusual local variants on national styles designed by local architects. From the 1860s through the 1890s prominent citizens and wealthy industrialists either built their showcase homes conspicuously “on the hill” overlooking the town and River below, or in the desirable “upper teens” between 10 th and 17 th Streets. Public institutions serving the nouveau-riches located in this area as well, including a considerable number of religious institutions catering to multiple denominations. Characteristics of this area included high density residential development centered around large, prominent homes, institutional buildings and greenspaces; wide brick paved streets with limestone curbs and low retaining walls; secondary structures located at the rear of the property and accessed by alleys; elaborate iron fencing; street trees in the right of way; and park- like landscaping on the larger lots. West 11 th Street Like the Jackson Park District north of downtown, the West 11 th Street district is most notable for the high-profile upper-class residences that were prominently situated “on the hill”, i.e. on the bluff overlooking the town below. The styles, scale, materials, and location of these homes served as a clear demonstration of the wealth, position, and power of the individuals who could command the resources to construct these homes. Moving west, away from the bluff’s edge, the housing assumes a more modest character, with smaller scales, smaller lots, and a higher density of development. A wide range of architectural styles and types are represented in the district, including some unusual and eclectic variants of national styles. Characteristics of this area included low-density residential development along the bluffs with increased density and smaller homes to the west; massive limestone retaining walls along the bluff with lower versions to the west; decorative wood and iron fencing; and the location of secondary structures to the rear of lots or inserted into the topography. Langworthy Named for the Langworthy family, the members of which were influential in the settlement and development of both Iowa in general and Dubuque in particular, this residential district has a rambling, suburban character that is clearly distinct from the more dense urban setting of the districts near the downtown. Edward Langworthy’s Octagon House designed by John Rague is the showpiece of the district, but this district also is notable for its excellent range of typically “American” residential architectural styles from the 1890s through the 1920s. A wide variety of styles and economic levels are reflected in the mix of smaller bungalows, American Four-squares, and Tudors, mixed with the larger and more showy Classical and Mission Revivals, and Queen Annes. Characteristics of the district include relatively low development density with large houses on large lots; wide streets; fewer limestone retaining walls due to the more level topography; and secondary structures set at the side or rear of the property and accessed by driveways. x

13 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 METHODOLOGY – Defining the Districts, continued Cathedral The Cathedral District draws its name and its character from St. Raphael’s Cathedral. The massive Gothic Revival structure serves as the centerpiece of the district, and is a clear signifier of the predominantly Irish Catholic immigrant community that settled this area in the 1850 through the 1880s. The district is composed largely of very densely developed worker-class housing on and around the south end of Bluff Street and Cable Car Square, giving the area a distinctly urban character. Most of the earliest wooden structures have been removed, renovated or replaced with more durable dwellings, but the district still retains its defining features. These include high density development of small structures very closed spaced on small lots, and minimal setbacks with little or no fencing or retaining wall features (with the exception of the homes on St. Mary’s Street). Larger high-style homes and institutional buildings constructed during the 1880s and 1890s infill lots in the northern end of the district. More recently, many of the homes on Bluff have been converted to commercial usage in and around Cable Car Square, creating a lively mixed-use environment. Old Main Although badly damaged and reduced by urban renewal efforts of the 1970s, the traditional commercial downtown area of Main Street does retain groupings of several important and architecturally significant commercial structures built during the period immediately following the Civil War. Demolition, new parking, and redevelopment have broken up the original “street wall” of similarly scaled and styled two- and three-story brick commercial structures that served as the center of commercial and retail activity for Dubuque from the 1840s through the 1960s. The style, scale and settings of the buildings combined with the nature of the activities in this area give the Old Main district a distinctly urban, commercial character that is unique in Dubuque. Some of its defining features include two and three story brick buildings complexly filling their narrow, deep lots; prominent glazed storefronts at the first floor level with residential or rental spaces above; minimal setbacks fronting onto wide sidewalks and a wide central thoroughfare; little or no landscaping or fencing; interesting and unusual signage projecting from the storefronts; and rear alleys to provide access for deliveries and refuse collection. xi

14 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 PROPERTY LISTINGS BY DISTRICT STREET West 1 st West 2 nd West 3 rd West 4 th West 5 th West 6 th West 7 th West 8 th West 9 th West 10 th West 11 th West 12 th West 13 th West 14 th West 15 th West 16 th West 17 th Alice Alpine Arlington Bluff Central Chestnut Copperhead Lane Dell Emmett RANGE OF ADDRESSES 199 to 235 (odd), 335 to 399 199, 335 to 399 199 to 240, 335 to 499, 1004, 1020, 1027 to 1099 150 to 248 (even), 331 to 499 320 to 444 300 to 399 300 to 398 (even) 36 301 to 399 (odd) 295 to 399 250 to 695 250 to 499, 1240, 1250, 1264 to 1270 50, 100 to 299 100 to 399 35 to 399 44 to 399 50 to 399 1055 to 1077 100 to 499 447 to 649 39 to 699, 701 to 759 (odd), 900 to 999 (odd) 720 507 to 658 All 1335 to 1360 All STREET Grove Terrace Hayden Lane Heeb Highland Place Hill Iowa Jefferson Jones Langworthy Lincoln Locust Loras Boulevard Madison Main Melrose Terrace North Main Olive Prairie Raymond Place Rose St. Mary’s Spruce Walnut West Locust Wilbur RANGE OF ADDRESSES 970 to 1295 All 1 to 51 1105 to 1295 189 to 299 (odd) 1300 to 1699 560 to 687 300 to 399 1040 to 1199 2241 53, 55, 401 to 699 (odd), 901 to 999 (odd), 1001 to 1599 100 to 636 1700 to 1759 100 to 399, 405, 1290 to 1759 All 1700 to 1759 970 to 1080 1136 to 1349 400 705, 715 All 945 to 1073 1006 to 1293 300 to 399 490 to 610 xii

15 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 HOW TO GET STARTED xiii Step 1: Review the design guidelines for your specific Historic Preservation District and research historical documentation (photos, surveys, etc.) of your property. This may assist in generating ideas or providing direction for the idea you already have. Step 2: Contact the Planning Services Department to discuss your ideas with the Historic Preservation Specialist, to obtain the appropriate forms, and to seek historic preservation funding. Step 3: Complete the forms and compile the information you will need to submit along with them. It is recommended that you retain the services of a contractor or design professional, if feasible, to assist you in formulating a plan of action (i.e. decide what renovations you want to accomplish, determine how much can you afford to do, etc.), generating graphics to explain your project (floor plans, elevations, details), and completing the required forms. These individuals can help you compile all of the information required for submission to Planning Services for their review and the possible review of the Historic Preservation Commission. Step 4: Return your completed forms and all required information to the Planning Services Department for their review. If the Historical Preservation Specialist determines that your project will have "no material affect" on your property or meets the standards established by the design guidelines, they may be able to sign off on your project and you can proceed to Step 6. If Planning Services Staff determines that your project will require a review by the Historic Preservation Commission, you will placed on the agenda for an upcoming HPC meeting and will receive a notice via mail of the time and place of said meeting. Step 5: Attend the appropriate HPC meeting and be prepared to explain your project to the commissioners. At this meeting, three things may happen. The commission may table action until they receive additional information, award a certificate of appropriateness or deny your request based on non-conformance with the Secretary of the Interior's Standards. If they award the certificate, you may proceed to Step 6. If the commission denies your request, you will need to revise your project, abandon your project or compile information to establish economic non-viability for completing your project according to the Secretary of the Interior's Standards. Step 6: Obtain a building permit and hire a competent contractor to complete the approved work.

16 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 RESOURCES GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS RESOURCES AVAILABLE FROM THE CARNEGIE-STOUT LIBRARY SELECTED READING FUNDING RESOURCES LOCAL RESOURCES Local Contacts Chapter 25 Preservation Ordinance Street Tree and Landscaping Ordinance STATE AND NATIONAL RESOURCES R-1

17 Adaptive Use Rehabilitation of a historic structure for use other than its original use such as a residence converted into offices. Addition New construction added to an existing building or structure. Alteration Any act or process that changes one or more of the exterior architectural features of a structure, including, but not limited to, the erection, construction, reconstruction, addition, sand blasting, water blasting, chemical cleaning, chemical stopping, or removal of any structure, but not including changes to the color of exterior paint. American bond A brickwork pattern where most courses are laid flat, with the long "stretcher" edge exposed, but every fifth to eighth course is laid perpendicularly with the small "header" end exposes, to structurally tie the wall together. Appropriate Especially suitable or compatible. Apron A decorative, horizontal trim piece on the lower portion of an architectural element. Arch A curved construction which spans an opening and supports the weight above it. (see flat arch, jack arch, segmental arch and semi-circular arch) Attic The upper level of a building, not of full ceiling height, directly beneath the roof. Baluster One of a series of short, vertical, often vase-shaped members used to support a stair or porch handrail, forming a balustrade. Balustrade An entire rail system with top rail and balusters. Bargeboard A board which hangs from the projecting end of a gable roof, covering the end rafters, and often sawn into a decorative pattern. Bay The portion of a facade between columns or piers providing regular divisions and usually marked by windows. Bay window A projecting window that forms an extension to the floor space of the internal rooms; usually extends to the ground level. Belt course A horizontal band usually marking the floor levels on the exterior facade of a building. Board and batten Siding fashioned of boards set vertically and covered where their edges join by narrow strips called battens. Bond A term used to describe the various patterns in which brick (or stone) is laid, such as "common bond‘ or "Flemish bond." STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS R-2

18 Bracket A projecting element of wood, stone or metal which spans between horizontal and vertical surfaces (eaves, shelves, overhangs) as decorative support. Building A structure used to house human activity such as a dwelling or garage. Bulkhead The structural panels just below display windows on storefronts. Bulkheads can be both supportive and decorative in design. Bulkheads from the 19th century are often of wood construction with rectangular raised panels while those of the 20th century may be of wood, brick, tile, or marble construction. Bulkheads are also referred to as kickplates. Bungalow Common house form of the early 20th century distinguished by horizontal emphasis, wide eaves, large porches and multi- light doors and windows. Capital The head of a column or pilaster. Casement window A window with one or two sashes which are hinged at the sides and usually open outward. Certificate of Appropriateness A certificate issued by the building official or Historic Preservation Commission indicating its approval of plans for alteration, construction, removal or demolition of a landmark or of a structure within a historic district. Certified Local Government Any city, county, parish, township, municipality, or borough or any other general purpose subdivision enacted by the National Preservation Act Amendments of 1980 to further delegate responsibilities and funding to the local level. Character The qualities and attributes of any structure, site, street or district. Clapboards Horizontal wooden boards,thinner at the top edge, which are overlapped to provide a weatherproof exterior wall surface. Classical order Derived from Greek and Roman architecture, a column with its base, shaft, capital and entablature having standardized details and proportions, according to one of the five canonized modes: Doric, Tuscan, Ionic, Corinthian, or Composite. Clipped gable A gable roof where the ends of the ridge are terminated in a small, diagonal roof surface. Colonial Revival House style of the early 20th century based on interpretations of architectural forms of the American colonies prior to the Revolution. Column A circular or square vertical structural member. Commission The Historic Preservation Commission. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-3

19 Compatible In harmony with location and surroundings. Configuration The arrangement of elements and details on a building or structure which help to define its character. Contemporary Reflecting characteristics of the current period. Contemporary denotes characteristics which illustrate that a building, structure, or detail was constructed in the present or recent past rather than being imitative or reflective of a historic design. Context The setting in which a historic element, site, structure, street, or district exists. Corbel In masonry, a projection, or one of a series of projections, each stepped progressively farther forward with height and articulating a cornice or supporting an overhanging member. Corinthian order Most ornate classical order characterized by a capital with ornamental acanthus leaves and curled fern shoots. Cornice The uppermost, projecting part of an entablature, or feature resembling it. Any projecting ornamental molding along the top of a wall, building, etc. Cresting A decorated ornamental finish along the top of a wall or roof, often made of ornamental metal. Cross-gable A secondary gable roof which meets the primary roof at right angles. Demolition Any act or process that destroys in part or in whole a landmark or a structure within a historic district. Dentils A row of small tooth-like blocks in a classical cornice. Design guidelines The "Standards for Rehabilitation and Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings" as adopted by the Secretary of the United States Department of the Interior, and other guidelines which may be adopted from time to time. Doric order A classical order with simple, unadorned capitals, and with no base. Dormer window A window that projects from a roof. Double-hung window A window with two sashes, one sliding vertically over the other. Eave The edge of a roof that projects beyond the face of a wall. Element A material part or detail of a site, structure, street, or district. Elevation Any one of the external faces or facades of a building. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-4

20 Ell The rear wing of a house, generally one room wide and running perpendicular to the principal building. Engaged column A round column attached to a wall. Entablature A part of a building of classical order resting on the column capital; consists of an architrave, frieze, and cornice. Fabric The physical material of a building, structure, or community, connoting an interweaving of component parts. Facade Any one of the external faces or elevations of a building. Fanlight A semi-circular window usually over a door with radiating muntins suggesting a fan. Fascia A projecting flat horizontal member or molding; forms the trim of a flat roof or a pitched roof; also part of a classical entablature. Fenestration The arrangement of windows on a building. Finial A projecting decorative element, usually of metal, at the top of a roof turret or gable. Fishscale shingles A decorative pattern of wall shingles composed of staggered horizontal rows of wooden shingles with half-round ends. Flashing Thin metal sheets used to prevent moisture infiltration at joints of roof planes and between the roof and vertical surfaces. Flat arch An arch whose wedge-shaped stones or bricks are set in a straight line; also called a jack arch. Flemish bond A brick-work pattern where the long "stretcher" edge of the brick is alternated with the small "header" end for decorative as well as structural effectiveness. Fluting Shallow, concave grooves running vertically on the shaft of a column, pilaster, or other surface. Foundation The lowest exposed portion of the building wall, which supports the structure above. Frieze The middle portion of a classical cornice; also applied decorative elements on an entablature or parapet wall. Gable The triangular section of a wall to carry a pitched roof. Gable roof A pitched roof with one downward slope on either side of a central, horizontal ridge. Gambrel roof A ridged roof with two slopes on either side. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-5

21 Ghosts Outlines or profiles of missing buildings or building details. These outlines may be visible through stains, paint, weathering, or other residue on a building's facade. Greek Revival style Mid-19th century revival of forms and ornament of architecture of ancient Greece. Harmony Pleasing or congruent arrangement. Height The distance from the bottom to the top of a building or structure. Hipped roof A roof with uniform slopes on all sides. Historic District An area designated as a "historic district" by ordinance of the city council and which may contain within definable geographic boundaries one or more landmarks and which may have within its boundaries other proportions or structures that, while not of such historic or architectural significance to be designated as landmarks, nevertheless contribute to the overall historic or architectural characteristics of the historic district. Historic imitation New construction or rehabilitation where elements or components mimic an architectural style but are not of the same historic period as the existing buildings (historic replica). Hood molding A projecting molding above an arch, doorway, or window, originally designed to direct water away from the opening; also called a drip mold. Homestead Style An architectural form of the late 19th and early 20th centuries featuring dwelling built in Gable Front plans with limited architectural detailing and generally of frame construction. These dwellings were commonly built throughout the Midwest. Ionic order One of the five classical orders used to describe decorative scroll capitals. Infill New construction where there had been an opening before, such as a new building between two older structures; or block infill between porch piers or in an original window opening. Jack arch (see Flat arch) Keystone The wedge-shaped top or center member of an arch. Knee brace An oversize bracket supporting a roof or porch eave. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-6

22 Landmark A property, structure or natural object designated as a "landmark" by ordinance of the city council, pursuant to procedures prescribed in this title, that is worthy of rehabilitation, restoration and presentation because of its historic or architectural significance to the city. Landscape The totality of the built or human-influenced habitat experienced at any one place. Dominant features are topography, plant cover, buildings, or other structures and their patterns. Lattice An openwork grill of interlacing wood strips used as screening. Lintel The horizontal top member of a window, door, or other opening. Maintain To keep in an existing state of preservation or repair. Mansard roof A roof with a double slope on all four sides, with the lower slope being almost vertical and the upper almost horizontal. Masonry Exterior wall construction of brick, stone or adobe laid up in small units. Massing The three-dimensional form of a building. Material Change A change that will affect either the exterior architectural or environmental features of an historic property or any structure, site, or work of art within an historic district. Metal standing seam roof A roof composes of overlapping sections of metal such as copper-bearing steel or iron coated with a terne alloy of lead and tin. These roofs were attached or crimped together in various raised seams for which the roof are named. Modillion A horizontal bracket, often in the form of a plain block, ornamenting, or sometimes supporting, the underside of a cornice. Mortar A mixture of sand, lime, cement, and water used as a binding agent in masonry construction. Mullion A heavy vertical divider between windows or doors. Multi-light window A window sash composed of more than one pane of glass. Muntin A secondary framing member to divide and hold the panes of glass in multi-light window or glazed door. New construction Construction which is characterized by the introduction of new elements, sites, buildings, or structures or additions to existing buildings and structures in historic areas and districts. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-7

23 Normally Required Mandatory actions, summarized in the guidelines, whose compliance is enforced by the Historic Preservation Commission. Obscured Covered, concealed, or hidden from view. Oriel window A bay window which emerges above the ground floor level. Paired columns Two columns supported by one pier, as on a porch. Palladian window A window with three openings, the central one arched and wider than the flanking ones. Paneled door A door composed of solid panels (either raised or recessed) held within a framework of rails and stiles. Parapet A low horizontal wall at the edge of a roof. Pediment A triangular crowning element forming the gable of a roof; any similar triangular element used over windows, doors, etc. Pier A vertical structural element, square or rectangular in cross-section. Pilaster A square pillar attached, but projecting from a wall, resembling a classical column. Pitch The degree of the slope of a roof. Portico A roofed space, open or partly enclosed, forming the entrance and centerpiece of the facade of a building, often with columns and a pediment. Portland cement A strong, inflexible hydraulic cement used to bind mortar. Mortar or patching materials with a high Portland cement content should not be used on pre-1920 buildings. The Portland cement is harder than the masonry, thereby causing serious damage over annual freeze-thaw cycles.) Preservation Generally, saving from destruction or deterioration old and historic buildings, sites, structures, and objects and providing for their continued use by means of restoration, rehabilitation, or adaptive use. Pressed tin Decorative and functional metalwork made of molded tin used to sheath roofs, bays, and cornices. Proportion Harmonious relation of parts to one another or to the whole. Pyramidal roof A roof with four identical sides rising to a central peak. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-8

24 Queen Anne style Popular late 19th century revival style of early eighteenth-century English architecture, characterized by irregularity of plan and massing and a variety of texture. Quoins A series of stone, bricks, or wood panels ornamenting the outside of a wall. Recommended Suggested, but not mandatory actions summarized in the guidelines. Reconstruction The act or process of reproducing by new construction the exact form and detail of a vanished building, structure, or object, or a part thereof, as is appeared at a specific period of time. Rehabilitation The process of returning a property to a state of utility, through repair or alteration, which makes possible an efficient contemporary use while preserving those portions and features of the property which are significant to its historic, architectural and cultural values. Replication Constructing a building so that it is an exact replica or imitation of an historic architectural style or period. Restoration The act or process of accurately taking a building's appearance back to a specific period of time by removing later work and by replacing missing earlier features to match the original. Retain To keep secure and intact. In the guidelines, "retain" and "maintain" describe the act of keeping an element, detail, or structure and continuing the same level of repair to aid in the preservation of elements, sites and structures. Re-use To use again. An element, detail, or structure might be reused in historic districts. Rhythm Regular occurrence of elements or features such as spacing between buildings. Ridge The top horizontal member of a roof where the sloping surfaces meet. Rusticated Roughening of stonework of concrete blocks to give greater articulation to each block. Sash The moveable framework containing the glass in a window. Segmental arch An arch whose profile or radius is less than a semicircle. Semi-circular arch An arch whose profile or radius is a half-circle the diameter of which equals the opening width. Setting The sum of attributes of a locality, neighborhood, or property that defines its character. Scale Proportional elements that demonstrate the size, materials, and style of buildings. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-9

25 Sheathing An exterior covering of boards of other surface applied to the frame of the structure. (see Siding) Shed roof A gently-pitched, almost flat roof with only one slope. Shingle Style Architectural style of the late 19th century which features frame dwellings largely covered with wood shingles on both floors. Shingles Wood which is split into flat shingles and different shapes. Wood shingles are common elements to the Queen Anne and Bungalow styles. Sidelight A vertical area of fixed glass on either side of a door or window. Siding The exterior wall covering or sheathing of a structure. Significant Having particularly important associations within the contexts of architecture, history, and culture. Sill The bottom crosspiece of a window frame. Slate Thin sections of stone which were used as a roof surface material for pre-1945 dwellings. Spindles Slender, elaborately turned wood dowels or rods often used in screens and porch trim. Stabilization The act or process of applying measures essential to the maintenance of a deteriorated building as it exists at present, establishing structural stability and a weather-resistant enclosure. Streetscape The distinguishing character of a particular street as created by its width, degree of curvature, paving materials, design of the street furniture, and forms of surrounding buildings. Stretcher bond A brickwork pattern where courses are laid flat with the long "stretcher" edge exposed. Style A type of architecture distinguished by special characteristics of structure and ornament and often related in time; also a general quality of a distinctive character. Surround An encircling border or decorative frame, usually at windows or doors. Swag Carved ornament on the form of a cloth draped over supports, or in the form of a garland of fruits and flowers. Transom A horizontal opening (or bar) over a door or window. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-10

26 Trim The decorative framing of openings and other features on a facade. Turret A small slender tower. Veranda A covered porch or balcony on a building's exterior. Vergeboard The vertical face board following and set under the roof edge of a gable, sometimes decorated by carving. Vernacular A regional form or adaptation of an architectural style. Wall dormer Dormer created by the upward extension of a wall and a breaking of the roofline. Water table A projecting horizontal ledge, intended to prevent water from running down the face of a wall's lower section. Weatherboard Wood siding consisting of overlapping boards usually thicker at one edge than the other. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 GLOSSARY OF HISTORIC PRESERVATION TERMS, continued R-11

27 About Fences Adhesion of Paint to Weathered Wood The Alliance Review: Side-Swiped? Synthetic Siding Still a Sticky Issue for Commissions Artificial Siding: Problems & Concerns Asbestos and Lead-Based Paint: A Nationwide Problem A Victorian Garden The Best Way to Build A Fence Effect of Weathering of New Wood on the Subsequent Performance of Semitransparent Stains Eliminating Lead Hazards Financing Historic Preservation: A guide to local, state, and federal financing for historic preservation projects Grand Millwork Catalog for Home Builders Historic Preservation: It’s role and responsibilities of the Historic Preservation Commission Historic Preservation: What it means for property owners and communities Introduction to Leadlock Encasement Products Lead in Drinking Water Liquid Wood Main Street: Keeping Up Appearances-Storefront Guidelines Maintenance of Gutters National Register Bulletin #39: Researching a Historic Property Painting the American House 1820-1920 Photodegradation of Wood Affects Paint Adhesion Porches Preservation Brief #2: Repointing Mortar Joints in Historic Brick Buildings Preservation Brief #9: The Repair of Historic Wooden Windows Preservation Brief #10: Exterior Paint Problems on Historic Woodwork STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 RESOURCES AVAILABLE FROM THE CARNEGIE-STOUT LIBRARY R-12

28 Preservation Brief #28: Painting Historic Interiors Preservation Tech Notes: Windows - Interior Storm Windows: Magnetic Seal The Rehabilitation of Historic Buildings: A guide to the restoration, rehabilitation and preservation of historic buildings in the City of Dubuque, Iowa Respirators for Lead Substitute Siding: Take it off…Here’s How Theme Gardens Why Bother to Paint Wood Before it Weathers? Why Save Wood Windows? STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 RESOURCES AVAILABLE FROM THE CARNEGIE-STOUT LIBRARY, Continued R-13

29 Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. Where to Look: a Guide to Historic Preservation Information. Washington, DC: The Council, 1982. All About Old Buildings: the Whole Preservation Catalog. Washington, DC: Preservation Press, 1985. American Bungalow Magazine. Bi-Monthly. 123 South Baldwin Avenue, P.O. Box 756, Sierra Madre, CA 91025- 756 Bleekman, George M. III, ed. Twentieth Century Building Materials, 1900-1950: an Annotated Bibliography. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service, Preservation Assistance Division, 1993. Blumenson, John J.-G., Identifying American Architecture. Nashville: American Association for State and Local History, 1981. Bullock, Orin M. The Restoration Manual; an Illustrated Guide to the Preservation and Restoration of Old Buildings. Norwalk, Conn: Silvermine Publishers, 1966. Bucher, William Ward III, ed., and Christine Madrid. Dictionary of Building Preservation. New York: J. Wiley, 1996. Conservation of Historic Brick Structures: Case Studies and Reports of Research. Dorset: Donhead, 1998. Coppa & Avery Consultants. An Architectural Guide to Wood Construction, Preservation, Conservation, Restoration and Framing. Monticello, IL: Vance Bibliographies, 1985. Curtis, John Obed. Moving Historic Buildings. Washington: U.S. Department of the Interior, Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service, Technical Preservation Services Division, 1979. Dennis, Stephen N., ed., and Andrea Zizzi. Directory of American Preservation Commissions. Washington, DC: Preservation Press, 1981. Diamonstein, Barbaralee. Buildings Reborn: New Uses, Old Places. New York: Harper & Row, 1978. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 SELECTED READING R-14

30 Economic Benefits of Preserving Old Buildings Conference. Economic Benefits of Preserving Old Buildings. Washington: Preservation Press, 1976. Evers, Christopher. The Old-House Doctor. Woodstock, New York: The Overlook Press, 1986. Favretti, Rudy J. Landscapes and Gardens for Historic Buildings: a Handbook for Reproducing and Creating Authentic Landscape Settings. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association for State and Local History, 1978. Fleming, Ronald Lee. Façade Stories: Changing Faces of Main Street Storefronts and How to Care for Them. Cambridge, MA: Townscape Institute; New York: Hastings House, 1982. Friedland, Edward P. Antique Houses: Their Construction and Restoration. Garden City, New York: Doubleday, 1981. Friedman, Donald. Historical Building Construction: Design, Materials, and Technology. New York: W.W. Norton, 1995. Greer, Nora Richter. Architecture Transformed: New Life for Old Buildings. Gloucester, Mass: Rockport Pub; Cincinnati, OH: North Light Books, 1998. Grow, Lawrence. The Fourth Old House Catalogue. Pittstown, NJ: Main Street Press; New York, NY: Distributed by Kampmann, 1984. Hanson, Shirley, and Nancy Hubby. Preserving and Maintaining the Older Home. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1983. Harris, Cyril M. ed. Illustrated Dictionary of Historic Architecture. New York: Dover Publications, 1977. Hutchins, Nigel. Restoring Old Houses. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1980. Kangas, Robert. The Old-House Rescue Book. Reston, Virginia: Reston Publishing Company, 1982. Litchfield, Michael W. Renovation: A Complete Guide. New York: Wiley, 1982. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 SELECTED READING, continued R-15

31 London, Mark. Masonry: How to Care for Old and Historic Brick and Stone. Washington, DC: Preservation Press, 1988. Maddex, Diane. The Brown Book: A Directory of Preservation Information. Washington, DC: Preservation Press, 1983. McAlester, Virginia and Lee McAlester. A Field Guide to American Houses. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1984. Metals in America’s Historic Buildings: Uses and Preservation Treatments. Washington, DC: U.S. Dept. of the Interior, Heritage Conservation and Recreation Service, Technical Preservation Services Division, 1980. Morton, W. Brown, III, Gary L. Hume, and Kay D. Weeks. The Secretary of the Interior's Standards for Rehabilitation and Guidelines for Rehabilitating Historic Buildings. 1979. Rev. ed. Washington, DC: Technical Preservation Services. U.S. Department of the Interior, 1990. Moss, Roger. Century of Color. Watkins Glen, N.Y.: The American Life Foundation, 1981. Myers, Phyllis. Neighborhood Conservation: Lessons from Three Cities. Washington: Conservation Foundation, 1977. Nash, George. Old-houses, A Rebuilder's Manual. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentiss-Hall, 1980. Old House Interiors. Gloucester, MA: Dovetale Publishers, 1995. Old-House Journal, The. Monthly. Old-House Journal Corporation, 435 Ninth Street, Brooklyn, New York, 11215. Old-House Journal Buyer’s Guide, The. Annual. Old-House Journal Corporation, 435 Ninth Street, Brooklyn, New York, 11215. Park, Sharon D., AIA. The Use of Substitute Materials on Historic Building Exteriors. Preservation Brief no. 16. Washington, DC: Technical Preservation Services, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1989. Phillips, Steven J. Old-House Dictionary. Lakewood, Colorado: American Source Books, 1989. Rooney, William F. Practical Guide to Home Restoration. New York: Bantam/Hudson Idea Books, 1980. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 SELECTED READING, continued R-16

32 Rusk, Katherine. Renovating the Victorian House: A guide for Aficionados of Old Houses. San Francisco: One Hundred One Productions, 1981. Rypkema, Donovan D. The Economics of Historic Preservation. Washington: The National Trust for Historic Preservation, 1994. Seale, William. Recreating the Historic House Interior. Nashville, Tenn.: American Association for State and Local History, 1979. Schweitzer, Robert, and Michael W.R. Davis. America's Favorite Homes - Mail Order Catalogues As A Guide To Popular Early 20th Century Houses. Detroit: Wayne State University Press, 1990. Shopsin, William C. Restoring Old Buildings for Contemporary uses: an American Sourcebook for Architects and Preservationists. New York: Whitney Library of Design, 1986. Stahl, Frederick A. A Guide to the Maintenance, Repair, and Alteration of Historic Buildings. New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold, 1984. Stephen, George. New Life for Old Houses. Washington, DC: The Preservation Press, 1989. Technical Preservation Services, National Park Service, U.S. Department of the Interior. Respectful Rehabilitation. Washington, DC: The Preservation Press, 1982. Travers, Jean. Guide to Resource Used in Historic Preservation Research. Washington: Preservation Press, 1978. United States, Advisory Council on Historic Preservation. The Contribution of Historic Preservation to Urban Revitalization. Washington: The Council, 1979. United States, Urban Renewal Administration. Historic Preservation Through Urban Renewal. Washington, 1963. _____. Preservation Briefs. Published periodically. Washington, DC: Government Printing Office. Warren, John, RIBA. Conservation of Brick. Oxford; Boston: Butterworth Heinemann, 1999. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 SELECTED READING, continued R-17

33 Weaver, Martin E. Conserving Buildings: Guide to Techniques and Materials. New York: Wiley, 1997. Weeks, Kay D. New Exterior Additions to Historic Buildings: Preservation Concerns. Preservation Brief no. 14. Washington, DC: Technical Preservation Services, U.S. Department of the Interior, 1986. Ziegler, Arthur P. Historic Preservation in Small Towns: a Manual of Practice. Nashville: American Association for State and Local History, 1980. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 SELECTED READING, continued R-18

34 Historic Preservation Grant A grant in the form of a forgivable loan for properties in historic districts to repair or restore: porches, wood windows, wood doors, wood siding, character-defining features, and chimneys. Exterior painting and historic color paint projects are also eligible. This is a program created by the Historic Preservation Commission and is jointly administered between the Planning Services Department and the Housing and Community Development Department. For more information contact the Housing and Community Development Department at (563) 589-4230 or the Planning Services Department at (563) 589-4210. Historic Preservation Revolving Loan A low-interest loan for properties located in the Jackson Park, Cathedral, W. 11 th Street or Langworthy Historic Preservation Districts for exterior work that results in property improvements that meet the Secretary of the Interior’s Standards and Guidelines for Rehabilitation. This is a program created by the Historic Preservation Commission and is jointly administered between the Planning Services Department and the Housing and Community Development Department. For more information contact the Housing and Community Development Department at (563) 589-4230 or the Planning Services Department at (563) 589-4210. Façade Grant A grant which requires matching funds for front or rear façade renovations in the Old Main Subarea which includes the Old Main Historic District to eliminate inappropriate additions or alterations and restore façades to their historic appearance, or to rehabilitate the façade to include new windows, paint, signage, awnings, etc. to improve overall appearance. Landscaping or screening with fencing or retaining walls may also be allowed, especially as it may improve property adjacent to the public right-of-way. For more information contact the Economic Development Department at (563) 589-4393. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 FUNDING RESOURCES R-19

35 Downtown Rehabilitation Loan A low-interest rehabilitation loan for interior and exterior rehabilitation, façade renovation and adaptive reuse of existing buildings and must include code-related improvements. For more information contact the Economic Development Department at (563) 589-4393. Home Owner Rehabilitation Program Low-interest loans for homeowners located anywhere in the City to rehabilitate their properties. For more information contact the Housing and Community Development Department at (563) 589-4230. Lead Paint Hazard Reduction Program A HUD lead paint removal assistance program, with grants made available for properties in downtown neighborhoods. This program is administered by the Housing and Community Development Department. For more information contact the Housing and Community Development Department at (563) 589-4230. Operation Paintbrush A program to access free exterior paint for homeowners anywhere in the City. For more information contact the Housing and Community Development Department at (563) 589-4230. Operation Upkeep Provides grants and loans to homeowners in the downtown census tracts to help improve the exterior appearance and conditions of their homes.census tracts For more information contact the Housing and Community Development Department at (563) 589-4230. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 FUNDING RESOURCES, continued R-20

36 Historic Rehabilitation Tax Credit For properties located within one of Dubuque’s five Historic Districts or designated as landmark properties, approved rehab can result in significant federal tax credits. This program is jointly administered through the City and the State Historic Preservation Office in Des Moines. For more information contact the Economic Development Department at (563) 589-4393. Iowa Historic Rehab Tax Credit A State tax credit program that offers 25% tax credit for historic rehabs. This program is administered through the Historic Preservation Office in Des Moines. For more information contact the State Historic Preservation Office at (515) 281-6412. Historic Resource Development Program (HRDP) A program that provides matching grants for work on historic properties, museums and their collections, libraries and their collections. Rehabilitation work on historic properties must meet the Secretary of Interior’s Standards for Rehabilitation. For more information contact the State Historic Preservation Office at (515) 281-6412. Neighborhood Grants Neighborhood grants are available for organized neighborhood associations and groups for many neighborhood improvement projects. For additional information contact the Neighborhood Development Specialist at 589-4326. STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 FUNDING RESOURCES, continued R-21

37 City of Dubuque Historic Preservation Commission(563) 589-4210 Dubuque County Historical Society(563) 557-9545 Center for Dubuque History (Loras College)(563) 588-7163 Building Services Department(563) 589-4150 Building Permits Demolition Permits Sign Permits Housing and Community Development(563) 589-4230 Lead Abatement Rehabilitation Loans Economic Development Department(563) 589-4393 Façade Grant Downtown Rehabilitation Loans Engineering Department(563) 589-4270 Construction in the Public Right-of-Way Planning Department(563) 589-4210 Historic Preservation Design Review Historic Preservation Homeowner Grant Historic Preservation Revolving Loan Sign Regulations Zoning Regulations Old House EnthusiastsP.O. Box 3075 Dubuque, IA 52004-3075 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 LOCAL CONTACTS R-22

38 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 LOCAL CONTACTS, continued Neighborhood Development Specialist(563) 589-4110 Neighborhood Grants Bluff Street Neighborhood Association Downtown Neighborhood Council Historic Bluffs Neighborhood Association Dubuque Main Street, Ltd.(563) 588-4400 Iowa OneCall Utility Line Location Service1-800-292-8989 Call 48 hours prior to excavation R-23

39 CITY OF DUBUQUE HISTORIC PRESERVATION ORDINANCE

40 CITY OF DUBUQUE STREET TREE AND LANDSCAPING ON PUBLIC RIGHT-OF-WAY POLICY

41 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 STATE AND NATIONAL RESOURCES FUNDS FOR HISTORIC PRESERVATION ACTIVITIES Iowa Arts Council (for activities that are primarily arts based) Community Arts, Local Arts Council Board Development, Grassroots Partnership incentive Julie Bailey, 515/ 281- 4018, Julie.Bailey@dca.state.ia.us Artists or Architects-in-the-Schools, Mini Grants Programs, Operational Support Grant Stephen Poole, 515/242-6500, Stephen.Poole@dca.state.ia.us Public Art Artists Roster, Art in State Buildings Program Bruce Williams, 515/281-4006, Bruce.Williams@dca.state.ia.us Iowa Dept. Economic Development Rural Innovation Grants (small study, training, planning project grants) Sue Lambertz, 515/242-4922, sue.lambertz@ided.state.ia.us Iowa Humanities Board (grants, speakers, exhibits) Executive Director, (319) 335-4153 National Trust for Historic Preservation Grant Programs Chris Happ, Midwest Region, (312) 939-5547 ext. 226, mwro@nthp.org State Historical Society of Iowa Iowa Historic Sites Program Grants(for historic properties & buildings that interpret Iowa history) Cynthia Nieb 515/281-8754, Cynthia.Neib@dca.state.ia.us SHSI REAP/HRDP Grants (funds survey, planning, nominations, public education, training) Cynthia Nieb, 515/281-8754, Cynthia.Neib@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Certified Local Government Matching Grants (for planning, survey, nomination, public education, planning for rehab. or reuse) Kerry McGrath, 515/ 281-6826, Kerry.McGrath@dca.state.ia.us R-24

42 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 STATE AND NATIONAL RESOURCES, continued HISTORIC PRESERVATION-RELATED TECHNICAL ASSISTANCE AND INFORMATION State Historical Society of Iowa SHSI Historic Sites: Steven Ohrn, 515/ 281-7650, Steve.Ohrn@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Archeology Doug Jones 515/ 281-4358, Doug.Jones@dca.state.ia.us Dan Higginbottom, 515/ 281-8744, Daniel.Higginbottom@dca.state.ia.us SHSI History, Architectural History: Ralph Christian, 515/ 281-8697, Ralph.Christian@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Conservation of Museum Collections, Objects, Materials SHSI Documentary Collections (Advice/Grants) Gordon Hendrickson, 515/ 281-8875, Gordon.Hendrickson@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Field Services On Site Technical Assistance Kathy Gourley, 515/ 281-6913, Kathy.Gourley@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Bureau Chief, History: Lowell Soike, 515/ 281-3306, Lowell.Soike@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Teacher Resource Center: Shirley Taylor, 515/281-8741, Shirley.Taylor@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Historic Property Inventory: Berry Bennett, 515/281-8742, Berry.Bennett@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Local Historic Preservation Programs Kerry McGrath, 515/ 281-6826, Kerry.McGrath@dca.state.ia.us SHSI Historic Library Collections: Des Moines 515/281-6200Iowa City 319/335-3926 SHSI National Register of Historic Places, Tax Incentives: Beth Foster, 515/ 281-4137, Beth.Foster@dca.state.ia.us Very Special Arts Iowa Disability Access for Arts Organizations Sue Jensen, 515/ 281-3179 R-25

43 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 STATE AND NATIONAL RESOURCES, continued Iowa Barn Foundation Rural Preservation: Jacqueline Schmeal (713) 527-9474, 102550.1237@compuserve.com Iowa Chapter, American Institute of Architects Directory of Architectural Firms 515/ 244-7502 Iowa Chapter, American Institute of Architects Educational Programming): Barb Schmidt, 515/244-7502 Iowa Dept. Economic Development Tourism Division Heritage Tourism Program: Nancy Landess, 515/ 242-4836, tourism@ided.state.ia.us Iowa Dept. of Human Rights Division of Persons with Disabilities - ADA Evaluations: John TenPas, 515/ 281-5969 Iowa Department of Transportation Highway Signs, Official/Private: Steve Westvold, DOT - 515/ 239-1296 ISTEA-21 Enhancement Program Ttechnical Assistance for Project Development Projects in north half of Iowa – Susan L. Licht, (319) 338-7188 Project in south half of Iowa – Leah Rogers, (319 895-8330 Iowa Historic Preservation Alliance Statewide Network, Advocacy: Joyce Barrett, (319) 337-3514, jjsmtbarr@aol.com Iowa Natural Heritage Foundation Landowner's Options for Voluntary Protection of Property: 515/288-1846, info@inhf.org Iowa Office of State Archaeologist Archeological Sites, Burial Discoveries: William Green, (319) 335-2389, osa@uiowa.edu Main Street Iowa Program Storefront Design Assistance: Tim Reinders, 515/ 242-4762, tim.reinders@ided.state.ia.us R-26

44 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 STATE AND NATIONAL RESOURCES, continued National Alliance of Preservation Commissions National Network, Newsletter, Advocacy Pratt Cassity, Executive Director,(706) 542-4731 Jack Williams, Board of Directors Chairman, (206) 325-6441 National Center for Preservation Technology and Training Research, Education, Information on Preservation Technology: 318/357-6421, ncptt@ncptt.nps.gov National Park Service National Center for Cultural Resource Stewardship and Partnership Programs Certified Local Government Coordinator - Virginia Freeman, (202) 343-6005 National Center for Cultural Resource Stewardship & Partnership Programs Historic Preservation Planning Susan Henry-Renaud, srenaud@hps.cr.nps.gov PRESERVATION ACTION National Lobby Network for Historic Preservation Reps. in Each State (202) 659-0915 DOWNTOWN REVITALIZATION The Main Street Iowa Program (State Coordinator) Thom Guzman, 515/ 242-4733, thom.guzman@ided.state.ia.us The National Main Street Center (Washington, DC) Kennedy Smith, Director, (202) 673-4219, kennedysmith@earthlink.net ISU Extension to Communities Community and Regional Planning: Tim Borich, 515/294-0220, x1borich@exnet.iastate.edu Community Networking and Coalition Building: Betty Wells, 515/ 294-1104, x1bwells@exnet.iastate.edu Educating Public Officials/Land Use Issues: Stuart Huntington, 515/294-2973, x1huntin@exnet.iastate.edu R-27

45 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 STATE AND NATIONAL RESOURCES, continued Landscape Design J. Timothy Keller (515) 294-5677, design@exnet.iastate.edu Julia Badenhope, (515) 294-5676, x1baden@exnet.iastate.edu Leadership Development: Paul Coates, 515/ 294-1844, x1paulc@exnet.iastate.edu Retail Trade Analysis: Kenneth E. Stone, 515/ 294-6269, x1kstone@exnet.iastate.edu Institute for Decision Making (UNI) Randy Pilkington, (319) 273-6945 REHABILITATION MONEY FOR HISTORIC PROPERTIES State Historical Society SHSI REAP-Historical Resource Development Program Grants Cynthia Nieb 515/281-8754, Cynthia.Nieb@dca.state.ia.us Iowa Community Cultural Grants: Riki Saltzman, 515/242-6195, Riki.Saltzman@dca.state.ia.us Federal Rehabilitation Investment Tax Credits (income producing properties) Beth Foster, 515/281-4137, Beth.Foster@dca.state.ia.us Iowa Historic Property Tempory Tax Exemption in Participating Counties Beth Foster, 515/281-4137, Beth.Foster@dca.state.ia.us Iowa Department of Economic Development Community Development Block Grants (CDBG) Henry Manning, 515/ 242-4836, hank.manning@ided.state.ia.us Housing Fund (rehab affordable housing, homeowner/tenant assistance) and Local Housing Assistance Program (develop community housing) Anna Smith, 515/242-4812, anna.smith@ided.state.ia.us Revitalization Assistance for Community Improvement (matching grants for neighborhood revitalization, restoration, signage, upper story rehabilitation cities under 30,000 ) Jean Carlson-Johnson, 515/242-4791, jean.johnson@ided.state.ia.us R-28

46 STREETSCAPE AND LANDSCAPE GUIDELINES City of Dubuque, Iowa 2002 STATE AND NATIONAL RESOURCES, continued Small Business Administration (for business-related projects): 515/284-4422 Federal Housing Administration (HUD-insured Title I home improvement loans): (800) 735-4849 or (800) 733-4663 Impact Review of Federal Actions on Historic Properties Section 106 Review State Historical Society of Iowa "SHPO" Comments/Section 106/Review and Compliance: Doug Jones, 515/281-5627, Doug.Jones@dca.state.ia.us DOCUMENTATION OF HISTORIC STRUCTURES Historic American Buildings Survey/Historic American Engineering Record (HABS/HAER) “Built in America” Digital Records: http://lcweb2.loc.gov/ammem/hhhtml/ R-29


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