English Grammar P ARTS OF S PEECH Presented by: Pir Suhail Ahmed Adapted by: Mrs. Yancey
E IGHT P ARTS OF S PEECH Nouns Adjecti ves Pronouns Adverbs Conjunctions Prepositions Verb s Interjections
A A Person An An Idea A A Thing Place A word that names
K INDS OF N OUNS Common Nouns boy girl Proper Nouns Ali Italy Singular Nouns boy Girl Plural Nouns boys girls Singular Possessive boy’s girl’s Plural Possessive boys’ girls’
Concrete Nouns guitar house smoke Abstract Nouns happiness humor bravery Collective Nouns family Audience team K INDS OF N OUNS
Interrogative Pronouns who whom what which whose Indefinite Pronouns anybody, one, each, either, none, someone Personal / Possessive Pronouns I, me, mine you, your, yours she, her, hers, it, its we, us, our, ours they, them, their, theirs myself, yourself Demonstrative Pronouns this, that, these, those Pronoun The pronoun is a word used in place of one or more nouns. It may stand for a person, place, thing, or idea. The word it stands for is the antecedent.
A word that expresses action or otherwise helps to make a statement. Every sentence must have a verb. Verb Subject Predicate Verb
K INDS OF V ERBS Action verbs express mental or physical action. Transitive verbs are action verbs that are followed by words that answer the question what? or whom? Cats see their prey in the dark. Intransitive verbs are action verbs that is not followed by words that answer the questions what? or whom? Cats see well. He rode the horse to victory.
K INDS OF V ERBS Linking verbs make a statement by connecting the subject with a word that describes or explains it. Common Linking Verbs: am, is, are, was, were, seem, be Other Linking Verbs: look, remain, seem, become, stay, grow, appear, sound, taste, smell, feel He has been sick.
K INDS OF V ERBS Verb Phrases are verbs that consist of more than one word. Helping verbs are words that assist the main verb. Common Helping Verbs: am, is, are, was, were, Seem, be, has, have, had, can, could, do, does, did, may, might, must, do, does, did, shall, should, will, would
Modifies or describes a noun or pronoun. Answers these questions: Adjective
Adverb Modifies or describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Answers these questions:
Introduces a noun or pronoun or a phrase or clause functioning in the sentence as a noun. The word or word group that the preposition introduces is its object. Preposition
aboard about above across after against along among around at before behind below beneath beside between beyond by down during except for from in into like of off on over past since through throughout to toward under underneath until up upon with within without C OMMON P REPOSITIONS
A word that joins words or groups of words. and however because either/or neither/nor Conjunction but so if although then thus
An exclamatory word that expresses emotion. Interjection