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Systems of Linear Equations. Solve a System of Equations by Graphing Objectives: Solve a System of Equations by Graphing Standards: Learn and apply geometric concepts in Algebra. Connections. Representations.

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What is a System of Linear Equations? A system of linear equations is simply two or more linear equations using the same variables. If the system of linear equations is going to have a solution, then the solution will be an ordered pair (x (x, y) where x and y make both equations true at the same time. If the lines are parallel, there will be no solutions. If the lines are the same, there will be an infinite number of solutions.

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How to Use Graphs to Solve Linear Systems x y Consider the following system: x – y = –1 x + 2y = 5 Using the graph to the right, we can see that any of these ordered pairs will make the first equation true since they lie on the line. We can also see that any of these points will make the second equation true. However, there is ONE coordinate that makes both true at the same time… (1, 2) The point where they intersect makes both equations true at the same time.

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If the lines cross once, there will be one solution. If the lines are parallel, there will be no solutions. If the lines are the same, there will be an infinite number of solutions.

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x – y = –1 x + 2y = 5 How to Use Graphs to Solve Linear Systems x y Consider the following system: (1, 2) We must ALWAYS verify that your coordinates actually satisfy both equations. To do this, we substitute the coordinate (1, 2) into both equations. x – y = –1 (1) – (2) = –1 Since (1, 2) makes both equations true, then (1, 2) is the solution to the system of linear equations. x + 2y = 5 (1) + 2(2) = 1 + 4 = 5

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Graphing to Solve a Linear System While there are many different ways to graph these equations, we will be using the slope - intercept form. To put the equations in slope intercept form, we must solve both equations for y. Start with 3x + 6y = 15 Subtracting 3x from both sides yields 6y = –3x + 15 Dividing everything by 6 gives us… Similarly, we can add 2x to both sides and then divide everything by 3 in the second equation to get Now, we must graph these two equations. Solve the following system by graphing: 3x + 6y = 15 –2x + 3y = –3

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Graphing to Solve a Linear System Solve the following system by graphing: 3x + 6y = 15 –2x + 3y = –3 Using the slope intercept form of these equations, we can graph them carefully on graph paper. x y Start at the y - intercept, then use the slope. Label the solution! (3, 1) Lastly, we need to verify our solution is correct, by substituting (3, 1). Since and, then our solution is correct!

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Graphing to Solve a Linear System Let's summarize! There are 4 steps to solving a linear system using a graph. Step 1: Put both equations in slope - intercept form. Step 2: Graph both equations on the same coordinate plane. Step 3: Estimate where the graphs intersect. Step 4: Check to make sure your solution makes both equations true. Solve both equations for y, so that each equation looks like y = mx + b. Use the slope and y - intercept for each equation in step 1. Be sure to use a ruler and graph paper! This is the solution! LABEL the solution! Substitute the x and y values into both equations to verify the point is a solution to both equations.

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x y LABEL the solution! Graphing to Solve a Linear System Step 1: Put both equations in slope - intercept form. Step 2: Graph both equations on the same coordinate plane. Step 3: Estimate where the graphs intersect. LABEL the solution! Step 4: Check to make sure your solution makes both equations true. Let's do ONE more…Solve the following system of equations by graphing. 2x + 2y = 3 x – 4y = -1

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