Thyroid gland anatomy and physiology ppt on cells

Unit 3 Lesson 1: Urinary and Endocrine Diseases. Chapter 13 Urinary System Diseases and Disorders Chapter 13 Urinary System Diseases and Disorders.

2006 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 39 Anatomy and Physiology Consists of many glands –Hypothalamus –Pituitary –Pineal –Thymus –Thyroid Copyright © 2006 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 40 Anatomy and Physiology Consists of many glands –Parathyroids –Adrenals –Pancreatic islets –Ovaries and testes Copyright © 2006 by Thomson Delmar Learning. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED. 41 Anatomy and Physiology Each gland is unique and delivers its secretion into the bloodstream Negative feedback/


Endocrinology. Sections  Anatomy and Physiology  Endocrine Disorders and Emergencies.

Endocrinology Sections  Anatomy and Physiology  Endocrine Disorders and Emergencies Anatomy & Physiology  Endocrine Glands  Have systemic effects.  Act on specific target tissues in specific ways.  May have single or multiple targets.  Disorders  Disorders result from over- or underproduction of hormone(s). Hypothalmus  Located deep within the cerebrum.  Some cells relay messages from the autonomic nervous system to the central nervous system.  Other cells respond as gland cells to release /


Anatomy and Physiology for Emergency Care

Anatomy and Physiology for Emergency Care Chapter 11 The Endocrine System Objectives Compare the similarities between the endocrine and nervous systems Compare the major chemical classes of hormones Explain the general mechanisms of hormonal action Describe how endocrine organs are controlled Objectives Discuss the location, hormones, and functions of the following glands and tissues: pituitary, thyroid, parathyroids, thymus, adrenals, kidneys, heart, pancreas, testes, ovaries, and pineal gland Explain how /


Welcome back to Mrs. M’s Anatomy & Physiology class!

stomach. Gastric pits Surface epithelium Gastric pit Pyloric sphincter Mucous neck cells Parietal cells Gastric gland Gastric glands Chief cells (c) Figure 14.4d Anatomy of the stomach. Pepsinogen Pepsin HCI Parietal cells Chief cells Enteroendocrine cell (d) The Human Body—An Orientation Physiology Study of how the body and its parts work or function © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. Relationship between Anatomy and Physiology Structure determines what functions can occur If structure changes, the/


Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 16

Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 16 Endocrine System Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 16 Endocrine vs. Nervous System See Table 16/Thyroid hormones Calcitonin Thyroid hormones T3: principal thyroid hormone T4: most abundant, precursor of T3 Thyroid gland stores thyroid hormone as thyroglobulins Regulate metabolic rate of all cells Calcitonin Produced by parafollicular cells of thyroid Influences processing of calcium by bone cells by decreasing blood calcium levels Antagonist to parathyroid hormone Parathyroid gland/


BENIGN THYROID DISORDERS

www.thyroidmanager.org www.pitt.edu/~anat/Head/Thyroid/Thyroid.htm Clinical medicine (kumar and clark) Grant’s atlas of anatomy Pressure effect: Dysphagia. breathlesness & orthopnoea. Hoarseness. Facial congestion. Goitre Enlargement of thyroid gland. Classification: Simple (non-toxic) goitre. Toxic goitre. Neoplastic goitre. Inflammatory goitre. Simple (non-toxic) goitre include: simple hyperplastic goitre (colloid goiter) Cause: -physiological in pregnancy, puberty -iodine definiecy. Appearance: Large/


Principles of Anatomy and Physiology Thirteenth Edition Chapter 18 The Endocrine System Copyright © 2012 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Gerard J. Tortora Bryan.

Principles of Anatomy and Physiology Thirteenth Edition Chapter 18 The Endocrine System Copyright © 2012 by John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Gerard J. Tortora Bryan H. Derrickson Thyroid gland Trachea PARATHYROID GLANDS PARATHYROID GLANDS (behind thyroid glands) SKIN Lung ADRENAL GLANDS PANCREAS SMALL INTESTINE Scrotum Male TESTES Female OVARY Uterus KIDNEY STOMACH HEART THYMUS Trachea THYROID GLAND PITUITARY GLAND HYPOTHALAMUS PINEAL GLAND LIVER Hormone receptor Endocrine cell Circulating hormone Blood capillary /


Histology Anatomy & Physiology Diseases

of thyroid lobe Inferior glands near the lower part of thyroid gland Most of blood supply from branches of inferior thyroid artery, although branches from superior thyroid supply at least 20% of upper glands. Glands drain ipsillaterally by superior, middle, and inferior thyroid veins. Parathyroid Parathyroid Glands (posterior view of thyroid) Parathyroid Glands are located on the posterior aspect of the thyroid; sometimes the tissue is embedded within thyroid tissue. Parathyroid Anatomy & Physiology Usually/


Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 23 The Respiratory System Lecture Outline.

-capillary membrane (Figure 23.12). Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e41 Photomicrograph of lung tissue showing bronchioles, alveoli and alveolar ducts. Histology of Lung Tissue Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e42 Details of Respiratory Membrane Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e43 Cells Types of the Alveoli Type I alveolar cells –simple squamous cells where gas exchange occurs Type II alveolar cells (septal cells) –free surface has microvilli –secrete alveolar fluid/


Human Anatomy & Physiology Ninth Edition PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Barbara Heard, Atlantic Cape Community College C H A P T E R © 2013 Pearson.

through metarteriole – thoroughfare channel and bypasses true capillaries. Figure 19.4 Anatomy of a capillary bed. © 2013/and nutrients to cells 2. Anaerobic metabolism by cells, so lactic acid accumulates 3. Movement of interstitial fluid into blood, so tissues dehydrate Initial stimulus Physiological response Signs and/and brain. Maxillary artery Occipital artery Facial artery Lingual artery Superficial temporal artery Branches of the external carotid artery Superior thyroid artery Larynx Thyroid gland/


Human Anatomy & Physiology Ninth Edition PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Barbara Heard, Atlantic Cape Community College C H A P T E R 16 © 2013.

follicles and is precursor of thyroid hormone Parafollicular cells produce the hormone calcitonin © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 16.9 The thyroid gland. Hyoid bone Thyroid cartilage Common carotid artery Inferior thyroid artery Trachea Aorta Gross anatomy of the thyroid gland, anterior view Epiglottis Superior thyroid artery Isthmus of thyroid gland Left subclavian artery Left lateral lobe of thyroid gland Colloid-filled follicles Follicular cells Parafollicular cells Photomicrograph of thyroid gland/


PHYSIOLOGY OF THYROID GLAND Dr. Shaikh Mujeeb Ahmed Assistant Professor AlMaarefa College ENDO BLOCK 412.

. Know the physiological effects of thyroid hormone. Indicate the relative activities of T4 and T3. Describe the etiology, symptoms and treatment of thyrotoxicosis and hypothyroidism. Physiologic Anatomy of the Thyroid Gland located immediately below the larynx on each side of and anterior to the trachea one of the largest of the endocrine glands secretes two major hormones, thyroxine and triiodothyronine, commonly called T 4 and T 3, respectively Anatomy of thyroid gland The gland is composed of/


Endocrine and Nervous Systems. CPT® copyright 2012 American Medical Association. All rights reserved. Fee schedules, relative value units, conversion.

Systems From RIZZO. Fundamentals of Anatomy and Physiology, 3E. © 2010 Delmar Learning, a part of Cengage Learning, Inc. Reproduced by permission. www.cengage.com/permissions 21 Endocrine and Nervous Systems Endocrine, nutritional and metabolic diseases, and immunity disorders (240-279), by location: –Disorders of thyroid gland (240-246) –Disorders of parathyroid gland (252) –Disorders of the pituitary gland and its hypothalamic control (253) –Disorders of adrenal glands (255) –etc. Neoplasms (Chapter 2/


Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 23 The Respiratory System Lecture Outline.

-capillary membrane (Figure 23.12). Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e41 Photomicrograph of lung tissue showing bronchioles, alveoli and alveolar ducts. Histology of Lung Tissue Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e42 Details of Respiratory Membrane Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e43 Cells Types of the Alveoli Type I alveolar cells –simple squamous cells where gas exchange occurs Type II alveolar cells (septal cells) –free surface has microvilli –secrete alveolar fluid/


Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. D- Chapter 13 Lecture PowerPoint Endocrine Anatomy and Physiology.

functioning organ as both an exocrine gland and endocrine gland Three hormones are secreted from the islet cells: Alpha cells secrete glucagon Beta cells insulin Delta cells secrete somatostatin Structure of the Gland Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. Pancreatic islet (Islet of Langerhans) From Kent M. Van De Graaff and Stuart Ira Fox, Concepts of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 2nd ed. ©1989 Wm. C. Brown/


Chapter 11 Care of the Patient with an Endocrine Disorder

glands are divided into two categories: endocrine and exocrine. Review how these two types differ. Overview of Anatomy and Physiology Pituitary gland—“master gland” Anterior pituitary gland Posterior pituitary gland Thyroid gland Parathyroid gland Adrenal gland Adrenal cortex Adrenal medulla Pancreas The pituitary gland is known as the “master gland//nursing interventions (continued) Medications Oral hypoglycemic agents Stimulate islet cells to secrete more insulin Only for type II diabetes mellitus Oral/


2011 ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY (C)

and Division C Test Packets are available from SO store at www.soinc.org ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY Event Content: 2011 BASIC ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY Respiratory system (new) Muscular system Endocrine system Major disorders Treatment and prevention of disorders PROCESS SKILLS - observations, inferences, predictions, calculations, data analysis, and/ Major Endocrine Organs Hypothalamus Pituitary gland Pineal gland Thyroid gland Parathyroid gland Thymus Adrenal gland Pancreas Ovaries Testes Hormones specific chemical/


The Tissue Level of Organization Lecture Outline

lining respiratory, reproductive, urinary & GI tract Glandular epithelium secreting portion of glands thyroid, adrenal, and sweat glands Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e Classification of Epithelium Classified by arrangement of cells into layers simple = one cell layer thick stratified = two or more cell layers thick pseudostratified = cells contact BM but all cells don’t reach apical surface nuclei are located at multiple levels so it looks multilayered Classified by shape of/


Pituitary Disorders Anwar Ali Jammah Asst. Professor & Consultant

to jugular vein Pituitary Anatomy Optic chiasm lies 10 mm above the gland and anterior to the stalk Pituitary hormones Posterior lobe Anterior lobe Cell types of adenohypophysis 1. Acidophils (stain with acidic dyes) 2. Basophils (stain with basic dyes) 3. Chromophobes (do not stain with either stain) Acidophils: Somatrophs – secrete Growth Hormone (GH) Mammotrophs – secrete prolactin (PRL) Basophils : Thyrotrophs – secrete Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH/


Anatomy and Physiology  Consists of many glands Hypothalamus Pituitary Pineal Thymus Thyroid 2.

Anatomy and Physiology  Consists of many glands Hypothalamus Pituitary Pineal Thymus Thyroid 2 Anatomy and Physiology  Consists of many glands Parathyroids Adrenals Pancreatic islets Ovaries and testes 3 Anatomy and Physiology  Each gland is unique and delivers its secretion into the bloodstream  Negative feedback system controls amount of hormones secreted 4 Diagnostic Tests  Endocrine glands that can be physically examined are the thyroid and testes  Tests: blood and urine testing for hormones  CT/


The Endocrine System Ex. 27.

, and protein hormones Steroids – gonadal and adrenocortical hormones Eicosanoids – leukotrienes and prostaglandins PLAY InterActive Physiology®: Endocrine System: Orientation Hormones alter target cell activity by one of two mechanisms Hormone Action Hormones alter target cell activity/) fills the lumen of the follicles and is the precursor of thyroid hormone Other endocrine cells, the parafollicular cells, produce the hormone calcitonin Thyroid Gland Figure 16.7 Thyroid hormone – the body’s major metabolic/


ZOOL 2003 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I Course Instructor: Dr. Martin Huss Chapter 1: Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology.

chemical messengers, also called hormones Hormones alter the metabolism of target cells Hormones alter the metabolism of target cells Examples of organs of the ES are the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal gland, and thymus gland Examples of organs of the ES are the pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal glands, pancreas, ovaries, testes, pineal gland, and thymus gland Organ Systems of the Body Cardiovascular system Cardiovascular system Composed of/


Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 24 The Digestive System Lecture Outline.

Once out of the way---rupturing and releasing their digestive enzymes & proteins Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e109 Cells of Intestinal Glands Absorptive cell Goblet cell Enteroendocrine –secretin –cholecystokinin –gastric inhibitory peptide Paneth cells –secretes lysozyme Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e110 Goblet Cells of GI epithelium Unicellular glands that are part of simple columnar epithelium Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e111 Roles of Intestinal Juice/


Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 4 The Tissue Level of Organization Lecture Outline.

lining epithelium –epidermis of skin –lining of blood vessels and ducts –lining respiratory, reproductive, urinary & GI tract Glandular epithelium –secreting portion of glandsthyroid, adrenal, and sweat glands Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e20 Classification of Epithelium Classified by arrangement of cells into layers –simple = one cell layer thick –stratified = two or more cell layers thick –pseudostratified = cells contact BM but all cells don’t reach apical surface nuclei are located at/


Www.soran.edu.iq Physiology Behrouz Mahmoudi Endocrine System 1.

., publishing as Benjamin Cummings 17 www.soran.edu.iq The Thyroid Gland What is the Anatomy of the Thyroid Gland? – Lies near thyroid cartilage of larynx – Has a rich blood supply – Contains numerous thyroid follicles Produce, store, release thyroid hormones Copyright © 2007 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings 18 www.soran.edu.iq The Thyroid Gland What are the Thyroid Follicles and Thyroid Hormones? – Production requires adequate iodine in the diet – Occurs/


Anatomy & Physiology Lesson 8. THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Two body systems are responsible for sending and receiving sensory information and coordinating body.

Anatomy & Physiology Lesson 8 THE ENDOCRINE SYSTEM Two body systems are responsible for sending and receiving sensory information and coordinating body responses. These are the nervous system and the endocrine system. / tyrosine (an amino acid). Produced in the thyroid gland, adrenal medulla, mast cells, blood platelets, and pineal gland. Include thyroid hormones (T 3 and T 4 ), epinephrine, norepinephrine, histamine, serotonin, and melatonin. HORMONES –Peptides and proteins consist of chains of 3-200 amino /


1. Thyroid Gland The metabolism of Virtually all nucleated cells of many tissues in the body is controlled by thyroid hormone Over activity (Hyperthyroidism)

at the base of tongue (Lingual thyroid) 3 Thyroid Gland Anatomy: Thyroid gland has follicles lined by cuboidal epithelial cells. Inside the follicle is colloid (Iodinated glycoprotein Thyroglobulin) which is synthesized by follicular cells. Each follicle is surrounded by basement membrane, between follicular cells there are parafollicular cells containing calcitonin secreting C cells 4 Follicular & parafollicular cells 5 Thyroid Gland Physiology: Thyroid gland synthesizes two hormones T3 – Triiodothyronin/


Anatomy and Physiology of The Endocrinal System Dr. Miada Mahmoud Rady EMS / 474 Endocrinal Emergencies lecture 1.

Anatomy and Physiology of The Endocrinal System Dr. Miada Mahmoud Rady EMS / 474 Endocrinal Emergencies lecture 1 Topics 1 Introduction. Overview of the whole endocrine system. 2 Mechanism of hormone regulation. Hormonal control of the endocrine system. 3 Function of hormones. Individual body glands. Introduction Endocrine system is the body second great controlling system. The endocrine system influences almost every cell, organ, and function of the body/


Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 4 The Tissue Level of Organization Lecture Outline.

lining epithelium –epidermis of skin –lining of blood vessels and ducts –lining respiratory, reproductive, urinary & GI tract Glandular epithelium –secreting portion of glandsthyroid, adrenal, and sweat glands Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e20 Classification of Epithelium Classified by arrangement of cells into layers –simple = one cell layer thick –stratified = two or more cell layers thick –pseudostratified = cells contact BM but all cells don’t reach apical surface nuclei are located at/


Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology SEVENTH EDITION Elaine N. Marieb Katja Hoehn PowerPoint.

publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology SEVENTH EDITION Elaine N. Marieb Katja Hoehn PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Vince Austin, Bluegrass Technical and Community College C H A /and is the precursor of thyroid hormone  Other endocrine cells, the parafollicular cells, produce the hormone calcitonin Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Thyroid Gland Figure 16.8 Copyright © 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings  Thyroid/


Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Slides 9.1 – 9.22 Seventh Edition Elaine.

of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Slides 9.23 – 9.41 Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 9 The Endocrine System Lecture Slides in PowerPoint by Jerry L. Cook Thyroid Gland Slide 9/ Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings  Located posterior to the sternum  Largest in infants and children  Produces thymosin  Matures some types of white blood cells  Important in developing the immune system Hormones of the Ovaries Slide 9.36 Copyright /


Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e1 Chapter 4 The Tissue Level of Organization Lecture Outline.

lining epithelium –epidermis of skin –lining of blood vessels and ducts –lining respiratory, reproductive, urinary & GI tract Glandular epithelium –secreting portion of glandsthyroid, adrenal, and sweat glands Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e20 Classification of Epithelium Classified by arrangement of cells into layers –simple = one cell layer thick –stratified = two or more cell layers thick –pseudostratified = cells contact BM but all cells don’t reach apical surface nuclei are located at/


Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb PowerPoint ® Lecture.

Cummings Human Anatomy & Physiology, Sixth Edition Elaine N. Marieb PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Vince Austin, University of Kentucky 18 The Endocrine System Copyright © 2004 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Endocrine System: Overview  Endocrine system  the body’s second great controlling system which influences metabolic activities of cells by means of hormones  Endocrine glands  pituitary, thyroid, parathyroid, adrenal, pineal, and thymus  Ductless glands that/


R.Arulmoli Gross anatomy of Endocrine glands: Pituitary,adrenal,thyroid and parathyroid glands.

, which are typical of myxedema. Because of this and other patients with the same problem, Kocher stopped performing total thyroidectomies. For this work, demonstrating the physiological importance of the thyroid gland in man, Professor Kocher was awarded the Nobel prize. Thyroid gland- Surgical anatomy A B (A). Lingual thyroid is seen in the back of the tongue. (B). On thyroid scan, radioiodine uptake is present only in the lingual/


Anatomy and Physiology April Jennifer Torres Susana Harris Anisha Fabien Adaobi Abaekobe Anatomy and Physiology April Jennifer Torres Susana.

from the heart, the stomach, and the reproductive tract, Autonomic inputs, Stress and Invading microorganisms Thyroid The thyroid is one of the largest endocrine glands in the body located in the neck inferior to the thyroid cartilage. The function of the thyroid gland is to take iodine, found in many foods, and convert it into thyroid hormones: thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3). Thyroid cells are the only cells in the body which can absorb/


ANPS Anatomy & Physiology Endocrinology II. Hypothalamus CRH corticotropin releasing hormone TRH thyrotropin releasing hormone GnRH gonadotropin releasing.

Anatomy & Physiology Endocrinology II Hypothalamus CRH corticotropin releasing hormone TRH thyrotropin releasing hormone GnRH gonadotropin releasing hormone GHRH GH releasing hormone GIH (somatostatin) GH inhibitory hormone PRL prolactin releasing hormone Gonadotrophs (LH / FSH cells) Corticotrophs (ACTH) Thyrotrophs (TSH) Lactotrophs (PRL) Adrenal gland Thyroid gland Ovary, Testis Mammary tissue Anterior pituitary cell/ (-) IGFs Somatic cell growth organ/tissue size and function Bone chondrocyte/osteoblast/


Fundamentals of Pharmacology for Veterinary Technicians

Basic Anatomy and Physiology The endocrine system is composed of ductless glands that secrete chemical messengers called hormones into the blood Hormones are chemical substances produced by cells in one part of the body and /Basic Anatomy and Physiology © 2004 by Thomson Delmar Learning, a part of the Thomson Corporation. Pituitary Gland Hormones The pituitary gland is divided into two parts: anterior (cranial) and posterior (caudal) Anterior pituitary hormones used in veterinary practice include: Thyroid /


THYROID GLAND DISORDERS

are due to the binding of T3 to Thyroid receptors in peripheral tissues. THYROID GLAND DISORDERS PHYSIOLOGY EFFECTS OF THYROID HORMONES THEY ARE NOT ESSENTIAL FOR LIFE, BUT ARE EXTREMELY HELPFUL THYROID GLAND DISORDERS THYROID HORMONE EFFECTS: Affects every single cell in the body Modulates: Oxygen consumption Growth rate Maturation and cell differentiation Turnover of Vitamins, Hormones, Proteins, Fat, CHO THYROID GLAND DISORDERS MECHANISMS OF THYROID HORMONE ACTION Act by binding to Nuclear receptors/


Trauma Care! Anatomy is the study of the structure of an organism

the vertebrate endocrine system The hypothalamus and the pituitary gland control much of the endocrine system Endocrine Glands Endocrine Glands Hypothalamus Pineal gland Pituitary gland Thyroid gland LE 45-6 Hypothalamus Pineal gland Pituitary gland Thyroid gland Parathyroid glands Adrenal glands Pancreas Ovary (female) Testis (male) Relation Between the Hypothalamus and Pituitary Gland The hypothalamus, a region of the lower brain, contains neurosecretory cells The posterior pituitary, or neurohypophysis/


Clicker Quiz 1 Anatomy.

Anatomy Embryology Physiology Answer: b. Anatomy © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. 2 Which of the following is a logical organization? Atoms, cells, molecules, tissues Molecules, atoms, cells, tissues Atoms, tissues, molecules, cells Atoms, molecules, cells, tissues Answer: d. Atoms, molecules, cells/in? Epigastric region Hypogastric region Right and left iliac regions Right and left lower quadrants Answer: b. / Inadequate secretion of thyroid hormone from the thyroid gland Excessive secretion of androgens/


The Endocrine System: Endocrine Glands and Hormone Actions

pituitary Target cell response Hypothalamus Long loop negative feedback Figure 6.7 Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings. Pineal Gland Glandular tissue in brain Secretes melatonin Function unknown May be involved in circadian rhythms Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings. Pineal Gland Figure 6.2a Copyright © 2008 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings. Thyroid and Parathyroid Glands Figure 6/


The Central Endocrine Glands

blood cell production Along with autonomic nervous system, control and integrate both circulation and the digestion and absorption of food Chapter 18 The Central Endocrine Glands Human Physiology by Lauralee Sherwood ©2007 Brooks/Cole-Thomson Learning Tropic Hormones Regulates hormone secretion by another endocrine gland Stimulates and maintains their endocrine target tissues Example Thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) secreted from anterior pituitary stimulates thyroid hormone secretion by thyroid gland Also/


Human Anatomy & Physiology Ninth Edition PowerPoint ® Lecture Slides prepared by Barbara Heard, Atlantic Cape Community College © 2013 Pearson Education,

is Neuroendocrine organ Some have exocrine and endocrine functions –Pancreas, gonads, placenta Other tissues and organs that produce hormones –Adipose cells, thymus, and cells in walls of small intestine, stomach, kidneys, and heart © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Figure 16.1 Location of selected endocrine organs of the body. Pineal gland Hypothalamus Pituitary gland Thyroid gland Parathyroid glands (on dorsal aspect of thyroid gland) Thymus Adrenal glands Pancreas Gonads Testis (male) Ovary (female/


1 Chapter 26 Pregnancy, Growth, and Development Lecture 24 Martini’s Visual Anatomy and Physiology First Edition Martini  Ober.

‘prenatal’ (before birth) stage of development Growth is an increase in size. Involves increases in cell numbers (hyperplasia) and cell sizes (hypertrophy) Development is the continuous process by which an individual changes from one life phase to/maternal thyroid and parathyroid glands AldosteroneAdrenal cortexIncreases fluid retention 30 The Fetus and Mother at Term Figure from: Martini, Anatomy & Physiology, Prentice Hall, 2001 31 The Fetus and Mother at Term Figure from: Saladin, Anatomy & Physiology, /


PowerLecture: Chapter 15 The Endocrine System. Learning Objectives  Know the general mechanisms by which molecules integrate and control the various.

Fig. 15.4, p. 275 ACTHTSHFSHLHPRLSTH(GH) adrenal glands thyroid gland testes in males, ovaries in females mammary glands a Cell bodies of different secretory neurons in the hypothalamus secrete releasing and inhibiting hormones. b The hormones are picked up by/ and exercise for health can reduce the effects of stress. Social connections for support and exercise for health can reduce the effects of stress. Video: Peanut Allergies  This video clip is available in CNN Today Videos for Anatomy & Physiology,/


Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital Fudan University Female Reproductive Physiology.

Physiology Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital Fudan University Anatomy & Female Development Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital Fudan University Female genital anatomy /and certain foods Hyperprolactinemia : amenorrhea galactorrhea Thyroid-stimulating Hormone Stimulates release of T3 and T4 from the thyroid gland Abnormalities of thyroid secretion (both hyper- and/oocyte Ovulation Obstetrics & Gynecology Hospital Fudan University Theca cells: LH-R(+), produce sex steroids Granulosa cells: FSH-R,E-R,A-R,LH-R,PRL/


Endocrine disease Dr Taha Mahwi Consultant physician and Endocrinologist.

cells secrete hormones that bind to receptors on the same cell, i.e., the cell that secreted the hormone (Autocrine). Functional anatomy and physiology Types of Hormones: A wide variety of molecules act as hormones : The amines, e.g.: thyroid hormones and catecholamine, originally from amino acid Tyrosine. Glycoproteins.e.g Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH). Proteins and/ because it crosses placenta & treat the fetus also whose thyroid gland exposed to TRAb, high dose cause fetal hypothyroidism& goitre./


Human Anatomy. Levels of Organization Cells  Tissue  Organ  Organ System Smallest Unit of Life A group of cells working together A group of tissues.

. You’re hard bone is stronger and lighter than steel!! Bone anatomy (p.912) Beneath compact bone is/ones that activate different muscles and glands ◦ Allows for conscious control of your muscles and lets you control your movement/thyroid and must in unison) Digestive cells: helps to release various fluids during digestion (stomach acid, digestive enzymes, gastric juices) Homeostasis: How it works The ability or tendency of an organism or cell to maintain internal equilibrium by adjusting its physiological/


1 Review slides Lecture Exam 3. 2 Overview of the Endocrine System The endocrine system consists of - collections of cells located in tissues scattered.

glands All anterior pituitary hormones use second messengers (an ‘axis’) 10 Overview of the Pituitary Hormones Figure from: Martini, Anatomy & Physiology, Prentice Hall, 2001 All anterior and posterior pituitary hormones bind to membrane receptors and/ on Target TissueControl of Release TRIIODOTHYRONINE (T3) & THYROXINE (T4) Thyroid (follicular cells) all cellsincreases rate of metabolism (BMR) Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH) CALCITONINThyroid (C cells) Intestine, bone, kidney Decreases plasma [Ca 2+ ] ( /


PowerLecture: Chapter 15 The Endocrine System. Learning Objectives  Know the general mechanisms by which molecules integrate and control the various.

secrete other hormones; other hormones from the hypothalamus are inhibitors and block secretions. Most of these hormones are releasers that stimulate target cells to secrete other hormones; other hormones from the hypothalamus are inhibitors and block secretions. Fig. 15.4, p. 275 ACTHTSHFSHLHPRLSTH(GH) adrenal glands thyroid gland testes in males, ovaries in females mammary glands a Cell bodies of different secretory neurons in the hypothalamus secrete releasing/


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