Small intestine anatomy and physiology ppt on cells

Abdominal and Gastrointestinal Emergencies

fats Promotes carbohydrate metabolism Detoxifies drugs Completes the breakdown of dead blood cells Stores vitamins and minerals 16 Anatomy and Physiology The small intestine Where 90% of absorption occurs Divided into three sections: Duodenum Jejunum Ileum 17 Anatomy and Physiology Colon (large intestine) Moves undigested food (feces) to be eliminated from the body 18 Anatomy and Physiology The main role of the large intestine is to complete the reabsorption of water. Bacterial digestion also occurs/


WelcomeTo Alverno College 2008 Sarah Arvelo

through the system at least 18 times before being excreted in the feces. Physiology Menu Bilirubin Elimination Direct bILIRUBIN (conjugated) INDIRECT BILIRUBIN (free bilirubin) Is a part of the contents of bile and passes through bile ducts into the small intestine. ½ of bilirubin is converted into urobilinogen by the flora of the intestine. Urobilinogen is absorbed into portal circulation or excreted in the feces. 1/


Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Slides 14.15 – 14.32 Seventh Edition.

Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Slides 14.15 – 14.32 Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism Lecture Slides in PowerPoint by Jerry L. Cook Stomach Anatomy/ folded mucosa  Glands and specialized cells are in the gastric gland region Structure of the Stomach Mucosa Slide 14.20b Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Figure 14.4b, c Small Intestine Slide 14.21 Copyright /


1 Chapter 24 The Digestive System Structure Structure –Gross Anatomy –Histology Function Function –Mechanical –Chemical Development Development Disorders.

waves near the pylorus –open it and squirt out 1-2 teaspoons full with each wave 37 Physiology--Chemical Digestion Protein digestion begins Protein /Small intestine reabsorbs 8 liters Small intestine reabsorbs 8 liters Large intestine reabsorbs 90% of that last liter Large intestine reabsorbs 90% of that last liter Absorption is by osmosis through cell walls into vascular capillaries inside villi Absorption is by osmosis through cell walls into vascular capillaries inside villi 75 Anatomy of Large Intestine/


BIOLOGY 252 Human Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 The Digestive System: Lecture Notes.

Anatomy & Physiology Chapter 24 The Digestive System: Lecture Notes The Digestive System Structure –Gross Anatomy –Histology Function –Mechanical –Chemical Overview of GI tract Functions Mouth - bite, chew, moisten, swallow Pharynx and esophagus - transport Stomach - mechanical disruption; absorption of water & alcohol Small intestine - mechanical & chemical digestion & absorption Large intestine - absorb electrolytes & vitamins ( B & K) Rectum and/ staining cells –produce hormones Composition and Functions /


Chapter 5 The Human Body. National EMS Education Standard Competencies  Anatomy and Physiology  Applies fundamental knowledge of the anatomy and function.

to venules  Fine end divisions of arterial system  Allow contact between blood and cells  Billions of capillaries in body 69 Veins  Return blood to the /and reservoir for blood The Digestive System: Physiology  Enzymes are added to food. – By salivary glands, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine  Enzymes convert food into basic sugars, fatty acids, amino acids. – Further processed by liver – Circulated via blood throughout body 96 The Endocrine System: Anatomy and Physiology  Complex message and/


Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter.

as Benjamin Cummings  Mouth  Pharynx  Esophagus  Stomach  Small intestine  Large intestine  Anus Mouth (Oral Cavity) Anatomy Slide 14.4 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin/ absorbed in the blood or lymph  Food must enter mucosal cells and then into blood or lymph capillaries  Defecation  Elimination of /energy is in the form of fat or glycogen Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Seventh /


Digestive System Dr. Michael P. Gillespie. Digestion & Absorption  Digestion is the process of breaking down food into molecules that are small enough.

and small intestines catalyze these catabolic reactions. Amino acids, cholesterol, glucose, vitamins, minerals, and water can be absorbed without chemical digestion. Absorption  Absorption is the entrance of ingested and secreted fluids, ions, and small molecules that are products of digestion into the epithelial cells/leads to the duodenum.  Pyloric sphincter – connects the stomach to the duodenum and regulates passage of food. Anatomy Of The Stomach  Rugae – large folds in the mucosa of the stomach when/


Animal, Plant & Soil Science Lesson C2-2 Anatomy of Animals.

. The skeleton stores minerals, primarily calcium and phosphorus, and bone marrow is the site of blood cell formation. In mammals, the skeletal system consists of bones, cartilage, teeth, and joints. Why is it important to understand the anatomy and physiology in livestock and small animal production?  People who care for animals need to understand the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology.  A. Practicing the correct nature of anatomy and physiology of an organism promotes animal well/


Microscopic Anatomy Modifications for Absorption Small intestine is highly adapted for nutrient absorption Length provides a huge surface area and its.

lymph along through the lacteals Microscopic Anatomy Microvilli Tiny projections of the plasma membrane of the absorptive cells of the mucosa (b) (c) Gives the mucosal surface a fuzzy appearance called the brush border The plasma membrane of the microvilli bear enzymes referred to as brush border enzymes, which complete the digestion of carbohydrates and proteins in the small intestine SMALL INTESTINE MODIFICATIONS VILLI Histology of the/


Bledsoe et al., Anatomy & Physiology for Emergency Care, 2nd Ed. © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, NJ Chapter 11 The Cardiovascular.

Saddle River, NJ Formed Elements Hemoglobin recycling –Heme molecules Bilirubin absorbed by liver cells Released into the small intestine within the bile Bledsoe et al., Anatomy & Physiology for Emergency Care, 2nd Ed. © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper/retraction –Reduces the size of the damaged area –Makes it easier for repairs Fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells, and endothelial cells Bledsoe et al., Anatomy & Physiology for Emergency Care, 2nd Ed. © 2008 by Pearson Education, Inc. Upper Saddle River, /


Dr. Michael P. Gillespie Digestive System. Digestion & Absorption Digestion is the process of breaking down food into molecules that are small enough.

and small intestines catalyze these catabolic reactions. Amino acids, cholesterol, glucose, vitamins, minerals, and water can be absorbed without chemical digestion. Absorption Absorption is the entrance of ingested and secreted fluids, ions, and small molecules that are products of digestion into the epithelial cells/ – leads to the duodenum. Pyloric sphincter – connects the stomach to the duodenum and regulates passage of food. Anatomy Of The Stomach Rugae – large folds in the mucosa of the stomach when it/


Ch 25 The Digestive System Jen Tynes SELU. The Digestive System General anatomy and digestive processes General anatomy and digestive processes Mouth.

causing more contact chyme flows in spiral path causing more contact Small Intestine - Surface Area Villi are fingerlike projections 1 mm tall contain blood vessels and lymphatics (lacteal) nutrient absorption Microvilli 1 micron tall; cover surface brush border on cells brush border enzymes for final stages of digestion Microscopic Anatomy tissue layers have modifications for nutrient digestion and absorption tissue layers have modifications for nutrient digestion/


This course will explore the anatomy and physiology of the endocrine regulation of metabolism, the digestive system, the immune system, the reproductive.

Finally exam 3 will concentrate on the final aspects of the Renal System, as well as the anatomy and physiology of the Reproductive system. Exam 3 will be a final exam in that 15% of this exam/Externa Serosa Mucosa consists of 3 sub-layers: 1)surface epithelium: columnar epithelial + goblet cells in stomach, also cells that secrete enzymes and hormones in the stomach and small intestine What do goblet cells produce? Name 2 functions of this product. 2)lamina propria: loose connective tissue with capillaries/


Anatomy and Physiology

anatomy is the structures that can only be seen under magnification Physiology The study of the functions of the cells, tissues, and organs of the animal. Biochemistry How cells, tissues and organs work together to complete a task…digestion. Why study anatomy and physiology? Efficient production of livestock requires understanding the anatomy and physiology/pH of 2, churning and contracting to mix and grind food ingredients – food, HCl, enzymes Digestion - Monogastric Small intestine major site of nutrient /


Review Tip Anatomy and Physiology is the most demanding chapter but one that provides a feeling of accomplishment when you have completed it. Study all.

and to solve problems. Anatomy—the study of body structure Physiology—the study of body function Pathology—the study of abnormal changes in body structure or function, usually caused by disease Overview, cont’d. Body Ordering Living things are arranged from simple to complex: ■ Chemicals—atoms and molecules ■ Cells—structural and/ generally contain questions requiring knowledge of the different portions of the large and small intestines. Body Systems, cont’d. Accessory Digestive Organs ■ Liver—largest gland/


Welcome to the Spring 2013 Semester!

intestine Small intestine Descending colon of large intestine Cecum Initial part of sigmoid colon Appendix Urinary bladder (b) Anterior view of the nine regions showing the superficial organs Abdominal Quadrants Right upper quadrant (RUQ) Left upper quadrant (LUQ) Right lower quadrant (RLQ) Left lower quadrant (LLQ) (c) The 4 abdominopelvic quadrants Microscopic Anatomy Microscopy – examining small structures through a microscope Antonie van Leeuwenhoek  1st discovered & examined cells/


****Only label the lines on pictures!!****

Anatomy & Physiology Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism ****Only label the lines on pictures!!**** Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Digestive System and /cells Blood ____________ Lacteals (specialized _________ capillaries) Figure 14.7b Slide 14.26 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Absorption in the Small Intestine _______ is ___________ along the length of the small intestine/


Chapter 21a The Digestive System. About this Chapter Digestion function and processes Anatomy of the digestive system Motility Secretion Regulation of.

and vein Submucosal plexus Villi Muscularis externa SECTIONAL VIEW OF THE SMALL INTESTINE Digestive System Anatomy PLAY Interactive Physiology® Animation: Digestive System: Anatomy Review: Overall Function of the GI System Motility Tonic contractions Sustained Occur in smooth muscle sphincters and/H + ATP Na + Cl – Capillary Secretion Cl – secretion by intestinal and colonic crypt cells Figure 21-9 K+K+ Na + 2 Cl – Na + K+K+ K+K+ Na +, K + and Cl – enter by cotransport. Cl – enters lumen through CFTR channel/


GI Physiology I: Introduction & Motility Mechanisms

small intestine, so most of digestion is accomplished there or upstream. Figure 15-6 General Anatomy of Gut Wall (Contains connective tissue, immune cells, capillaries, nerve endings) (Might have role in villus movement) The gut wall has a layered organization, with the absorptive cells lining the lumen and neural and muscular components below. Blood and/Physiology, 61:19-43, 1999) INTERSTITIAL CELLS OF CAJAL (ICC) Cells mediate between efferent neurons and smooth muscle cells: Responsible for slow waves and/


ZOOL 2003 - Human Anatomy and Physiology I Course Instructor: Dr. Martin Huss Chapter 1: Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology.

Anatomy and Physiology. Overview of Human Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy – the study of the structure of the body and the relationships of the various parts of the body Anatomy – the study of the structure of the body and/, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, and liver Composed of the oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus, and liver/ the blood obtained after removal of the fibrin clot and blood cells Serous - relating to, containing, or producing serum /


Tortora & Grabowski 9/e  2000 JWS 24-1 Chapter 24 The Digestive System Structure –Gross Anatomy –Histology Function –Mechanical –Chemical Development.

stomach to pyloric region Intense waves near the pylorus –open it and squirt out 1-2 teaspoons full with each wave Tortora & Grabowski 9/e  2000 JWS 24-40 Physiology--Chemical Digestion Protein digestion begins –HCl denatures (unfolds) protein /tract each day Small intestine reabsorbs 8 liters Large intestine reabsorbs 90% of that last liter Absorption is by osmosis through cell walls into vascular capillaries inside villi Tortora & Grabowski 9/e  2000 JWS 24-90 Anatomy of Large Intestine 5 feet long /


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College—North Harris 1 An Introduction to Anatomy.

, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2012/


Human Anatomy and Physiology: Unit 1 Unit 1: An Introduction to Human Anatomy and Physiology Chapter 1 © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc.

Pearson Education, Inc. Physiology (1-2) Human physiology specialties include: Cell physiology Study of the functions of living cells Special physiology Study of the physiology of specific organs Systemic physiology Study of all aspects of the function of specific organ systems Pathological physiology or pathology Study of the effects of diseases on organ or system functions © 2013 Pearson Education, Inc. Checkpoint (1-2) 2.Describe how anatomy and physiology are closely related/


Copyright ©2002 The McGraw-Hill Companies. DIGESTIVE SYSTEM Chapter 25 extraído de: Anatomy and Physiology 2 nd. edition, Kenneth S. Saladin McGraw-Hill.

Anatomy and Physiology 2 nd. edition, Kenneth S. Saladin McGraw-Hill Veja mais sobre este assunto em: http://www.biocourse.com/mhhe/bcc/domains/quad/topic.xsp?id=000270 Chapter 25 The Digestive System General anatomy & digestive processes Mouth through esophagus Stomach Liver, gallbladder & pancreas Small intestine Chemical digestion & absorption Large intestine/ cells (less with aging) –essential for absorption of B12 by small intestine –necessary for RBC production (pernicious anemia) Pepsin --- chief cell/


Chapter 5 The Human Body. Introduction A working knowledge of anatomy is important. Knowledge of anatomy helps to communicate correct information: –To.

of arterial system Allow contact between blood and cells Billions of capillaries in body Veins Return oxygen/Anatomy (4 of 4) Liver Small intestine Large intestine Appendix Rectum The Digestive System: Physiology Enzymes are added to food. –By salivary glands, stomach, liver, pancreas, small intestine Enzymes convert food into basic sugars, fatty acids, amino acids. –Further processed by liver –Circulated via blood throughout body The Endocrine System: Anatomy and Physiology (1 of 2) Complex message and/


The Digestive System and Metabolism Muse 2440 lecture #7 2/29/12.

at duodenal ampulla The Liver Figure 24–21 The Gallbladder and Bile Ducts. The Liver The Physiology of the Liver 1.Metabolic regulation 2.Hematological regulation 3/Intestine Figure 24–23a The Gross Anatomy and Regions of the Large Intestine. The Large Intestine  Histology of the Large Intestine  Lack villi  Abundance of mucous cells  Presence of distinctive intestinal glands  Are deeper than glands of small intestine  Are dominated by mucous cells The Large Intestine  Histology of the Large Intestine/


Anatomy & Physiology Larry Johnson, PhD Veterinary Integrative Biosciences Texas A & M University College Station, TX

L = 12-13 PINTS/PERSON Endocrine System An information signal system! Series of small organs that involve the release of hormones Important for regulating metabolism, growth/development, tissue function, and mood. The Special Systems The Eye (sight) The Ear (hearing and balance) The Tongue (taste) The Nasal Cavity (smell) Conclusions Anatomy (structure) and Physiology (function) Four Types of Tissues Fields of Anatomy Various Systems of body Questions?


Human Body ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HS20-HB1 ANALYZE THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF A HEALTHY HUMAN.

System  Components:  Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine  Liver, gall bladder, pancreas  Functions:  Breaks down food  Absorbs nutrients  Eliminates wastes Urinary System  Components:  Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra  Functions:  Produces and eliminates urine  Eliminates wastes  Regulates blood composition  Regulates acid-base balance  Maintains mineral balance  Regulates production of red blood cells Reproductive System(s)  Components:  Gonads (testes/


Human Body ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY HS20-HB1 ANALYZE THE ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY OF A HEALTHY HUMAN.

System  Components:  Mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine  Liver, gall bladder, pancreas  Functions:  Breaks down food  Absorbs nutrients  Eliminates wastes Urinary System  Components:  Kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra  Functions:  Produces and eliminates urine  Eliminates wastes  Regulates blood composition  Regulates acid-base balance  Maintains mineral balance  Regulates production of red blood cells Reproductive System(s)  Components:  Gonads (testes/


Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology. Introduction Anatomy is the study of the structure and makeup of the organism. −Gross anatomy: organs and locations.

) are added to food by: −Salivary glands −Stomach −Liver −Pancreas −Small intestine The Digestive System: Physiology Converts food into basic sugars, fatty acids, amino acids −These products cross wall of intestine and travel through portal vein to liver −Liver further processes and stores or transports to heart −Circulatory system then nourishes all cells The Endocrine System: Anatomy and Physiology Made up of glands located throughout body −Remove, concentrate, or alter/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2015/


Chapter 23. Digestive System BIOL242. Overview Digestive Anatomy –Common histology of GI tract –Tour through GI tract: Oral cavity  pharynx  esophagus.

Chapter 23. Digestive System BIOL242 Overview Digestive Anatomy –Common histology of GI tract –Tour through GI tract: Oral cavity  pharynx  esophagus  stomach  small intestine  large intestine –Accessory organs: liver, pancreas Digestive Physiology –Horomones and reflexes –Nutrient digestion and absorption (carbs, proteins, fats) Metabolism Anabolism: Uses raw materials to synthesize essential compounds Catabolism: Decomposes substances to provide energy cells need to function –Require two essential /


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2015/


Nurse Assistant In a Long-Term Care Facility Unit I: The Nurse Assistant Lesson Plan 5: Human Anatomy and Physiology Basic Body Structure CellsCells.

Nurse Assistant Lesson Plan 5: Human Anatomy and Physiology Small and Large Intestine Small IntestineLarge Intestine (Colon) Nurse Assistant In a Long-Term Care Facility Unit I: The Nurse Assistant Lesson Plan 5: Human Anatomy and Physiology Digestive System Nurse Assistant In a /nodes Spleen Manufactures white blood cells Filters impurities such as dead cells and bacteria Nurse Assistant In a Long-Term Care Facility Unit I: The Nurse Assistant Lesson Plan 5: Human Anatomy and Physiology Figure 5.15 – /


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College—North Harris 1 An Introduction to Anatomy.

, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2012/


LAT Chapter 5 Anatomy & Physiology. Anatomy And Physiology Study of cells, tissues and organs Gross anatomy Histology Physiology For cell diagrams and.

Anatomy & Physiology Anatomy And Physiology Study of cells, tissues and organs Gross anatomy Histology Physiology For cell diagrams and labeling exercises, go to: http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/animals/cell/ Body Organization Animal cells have three basic components Animal cells have three basic components Cell/. Digestive System Anatomy and Operation Most digestion occurs in first section of small intestine, which is the duodenum.Most digestion occurs in first section of small intestine, which is/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2015/


© 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. PowerPoint ® Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College—North Harris 1 An Introduction to Anatomy.

, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy Microscopic anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of cells and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of tissues and their structures © 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology Cell physiology: processes within and between cells Organ physiology: functions of specific organs Systemic physiology: functions of an organ system Pathological physiology: effects of diseases © 2012/


Lecture Presentation by Lee Ann Frederick University of Texas at Arlington Chapter 1 An Introduction to Anatomy and Physiology © 2015 Pearson Education,

to death © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Anatomy examines cells and molecules Cytology: study of and their structures cyt- = cell Histology: study of and their structures © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-3 Relationships between Anatomy and Physiology Physiology physiology: processes within and between cells physiology: functions of specific organs physiology: functions of an organ system physiology: effects of diseases © 2015 Pearson Education, Inc. 1-4 Levels/


Introduction to Anatomy & Physiology. Course Description: It is an introduction to the study of the structure and function of the human body. This course.

anatomy and physiology and begins with how the body is organized from the chemical level to the organismal level. A description of the various cell and tissue types follows and then the student is introduced to the individual body systems. Course objectives: The Anatomy and Physiology/out gas exchanges through air sacs in lungs 9- DIGESTIVE ORGANS Oral cavity, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectum, anus (liver & pancreas) FUNCTIONS Breaks food down into absorbable units that enter the /


Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism

and Body Metabolism Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism Slides 14.1 – 14.14 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Organs of the Digestive System Two main organ groups Organs of the Alimentary canal (continuous coiled hollow tube)- Mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine/in the Small Intestine Source of enzymes that are mixed with chyme Intestinal cells Pancreas /


Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism

and Body Metabolism Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Seventh Edition Elaine N. Marieb Chapter 14 The Digestive System and Body Metabolism Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Digestive System and /cells Blood capillaries Lacteals (specialized lymphatic capillaries) Figure 14.7b Slide 14.26 Copyright © 2003 Pearson Education, Inc. publishing as Benjamin Cummings Folds of the Small Intestine Called circular folds or plicae circulares Deep folds of the mucosa and/


Chapter 24 The Digestive System

forms that can be absorbed through cell membranes Physiology--Mechanical Digestion Gentle mixing waves every /and copper Phagocytizes worn out blood cells & bacteria Activates vitamin D (the skin can also do this with 1 hr of sunlight a week) Summary of Digestive Hormones Gastrin stomach, gastric & ileocecal sphincters Gastric inhibitory peptide--GIP stomach & pancreas Secretin pancreas, liver & stomach Cholecystokinin--CCK pancreas, gallbladder, sphincter of Oddi, & stomach Anatomy of the Small Intestine/


Chapter 24, part 1 The Digestive System.

secretions Pancreatic juice secreted into small intestine Carbohydrases Lipases Nucleases Proteolytic enzymes Figure 24.18 The Pancreas Figure 24.18a-c The liver Performs metabolic and hematological regulation and produces bile Histological organization Lobules containing single-cell thick plates of hepatocytes Lobules unite to form common hepatic duct Duct meets cystic duct to form common bile duct Figure 24.19 The Anatomy of the Liver Figure/


The Tissue Level of Organization Lecture Outline

in GI tract (stomach to rectum) Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e Ex. Nonciliated Simple Columnar Section from small intestine Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e Ciliated Simple Columnar Epithelium Single layer rectangular cells with cilia Unicellular glands (goblet cells) secrete mucus Cilia (motile membrane extensions) move mucous found in respiratory system and in uterine tubes Principles of Human Anatomy and Physiology, 11e Ex. Ciliated Simple Columnar Section of uterine tube/


RADIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF THE DIGESTIVE CANAL

of hydrolysis that occurs within the intestinal brush border. Dietary fat is digested in the lumen and not further hydrolyzed in the intestinal cells. However, within these cells, absorbed fat is resynthesized to complex lipids and combined with transport proteins for delivery into the lymph.The major manifestations of small intestinal diseases are malabsorption of nutrients and abnormalities in water and electrolyte transport. ANATOMIC AND FUNCTIONAL OF THE COLON The ileal/


Human Anatomy & Physiology University of Washington PMT

absorption of vitamin B12 in small intestine Gastric Anatomy Regions of the Stomach Cardia Fundus Body Pylorus Constantly being replaced, covered thick mucus, same simple columnar epithelium Pyloric Sphincter – regulates gastric emptying Gastric Glands In fundus and body of stomach Extend deep into underlying lamina propria Each gastric pit communicates with several gastric glands Parietal cells Chief cells Parietal Cells Secrete intrinsic factor and hydrochloric acid (HCl) Chief/


Hormones Digesting, absorbing and assimilating a meal requires precise coordination of a huge number of physiologic processes. Control over GI functions.

up with what youve already given me" (small intestine to stomach). Finally, a note about differences in digestive anatomy and physiology among animals. The digestive systems of humans, dogs, mice, horses, kangaroos and great white sharks are, to a first approximation/ "grow"). Ghrelin receptors are present on the cells in the pituitary that secrete growth hormone, and also have been identified in the hypothalamus, heart and adipose tissue. Control and Physiologic Effects of Ghrelin At least 2 major biologic /


Animal, Plant & Soil Science Lesson C2-2 Anatomy of Animals.

. The skeleton stores minerals, primarily calcium and phosphorus, and bone marrow is the site of blood cell formation. In mammals, the skeletal system consists of bones, cartilage, teeth, and joints. Why is it important to understand the anatomy and physiology in livestock and small animal production?  People who care for animals need to understand the fundamentals of anatomy and physiology.  A. Practicing the correct nature of anatomy and physiology of an organism promotes animal well/


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