Ppt on water scarcity in california

Water Resources.

upconing below cone of depression Aquifer below Brooklyn, NY destroyed Serious problem in Gulf Coast and California Salt water incursion in caostal aquifer Extent of salt water incursion in Miami-Dade Salt water intrusion in Miami-Dade Sinkholes forms in areas with abundant water and soluble bedrock (gypsum or limestone) collapse follows ground water withdrawal Stalagtites Stalagmites Dripstones in a cavern Interfering with the flood plain Asphalt and concrete reduces infiltration and/


DEMAND-SIDE MEASURES FOR ADDRESSING WATER SCARCITY AND DROUGHT: WHAT DO WE KNOW… Kurt A. Schwabe Associate Professor of Environmental Economics Associate.

WATER SCARCITY AND DROUGHT: WHAT DO WE KNOW… Kurt A. Schwabe Associate Professor of Environmental Economics Associate Director, Water Science and Policy Center University of California-Riverside MWD (1990): 208 gpcd MWD (2013): 175 gpcd Urban GPCD elsewhere… Israel: 84 Spain: 76 Australia: 80 to 130 (Hanak et al. 2011) OBJECTIVES/OUTLINE Highlight recent findings from studies of water/? Answer: It depends… Addink (2014) reviews experiments in… North Marin Water District (1989). 46 single family homes. $0.50/


Worldwide Review and Overall Prediction of Water Reuse Standards Institute of Water Ressources and Water Supply Institute of Wastwater Management and Water.

scarcity Water reuse has been long time investigated and practiced Each state developed their own reuse programs statenameyear NationNational Guidelines for Water Recycling (Draft)2006 ACTAustralian Capital Territory Wastewater Reuse for Irrigation1999 NSW New South Wales Guidelines for Urban and Residential Use of Reclaimed Water 1993 QLDQueensland Water Recycling Guidelines2005 SASouth Australian Reclaimed Water Guidelines1999 Tas.Environmental Guidelines for the Use of Recycled Water in/known:California /


Chapter 13 WATER RESOURCES. Case Study: Water Conflicts in the Middle East Most of the water in the middle east comes from three shared river basins:

dry, while other states have contaminated aquifers. This problem may cause “water wars” in the future because developing urban areas are in need of water. (ie. California/Arizona and Middle East) Where is our water going? Cooling towers of power plants Too little Water Too little Water There are four causes of water scarcity: There are four causes of water scarcity: 1)Drought – prolonged period of low precip., high evapor. rate 2/


Turn of the Century. Rural Life Changes During the Industrial Revolution of the 1800s, new machines changed the lives of people in the rural areas of.

set and get a high price for the product. Scarcity and Surplus When a product is hard to get it is scarce. Scarcity raises prices. When a product is hard to get it is scarce. Scarcity raises prices. When a product is easy to get,/ people came to the U.S. After the California gold rush of 1849, many Chinese people lived in San Francisco, California. After the California gold rush of 1849, many Chinese people lived in San Francisco, California. They wanted to stay in the United States, so they were willing to/


Chapter 14 WATER RESOURCES. Case Study: Water Conflicts in the Middle East Most of the water in the middle east comes from three shared river basins:

very dry, while other states have contaminated aquifers. This problem may cause “water wars” in the future because developing urban areas are in need of water. (ie. California/Arizona and Middle East) Where is our water going? Cooling towers of power plants Too little Water There are four causes of water scarcity: There are four causes of water scarcity: 1)Drought – prolonged period of low precip., high evapor. rate 2)Dry/


1 “When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.” - Benjamin Franklin.

and contamination from deeper wells The Salton Sink is a waterless depression in southeastern California, part of the Sonoran desert. At one point, the sink was actually the bottom of a huge freshwater lake. 11 Salton Sink, showing the water line of Lake Cahuilla. The Salton Sink was an area experiencing water scarcity, meaning there was not enough access to freshwater to drink or grow/


Water and Water Pollution

than 1 million Fig. 11-4b, p. 240 Water Hot Spots in Western States Wash. N.D. Montana Oregon Idaho S.D. Wyoming Nevada Neb. Utah Colo. Kansas California Oak. N.M. Texas Highly likely conflict potential Substantial conflict potential Moderate conflict potential Unmet rural water needs Fig. 11-5, p. 240 Freshwater Shortages Causes of water scarcity: dry climate and too many people Stresses on/


PACON 2010 Pacific Congress on Marine Science & Technology (PACON) 22nd International Conference International Partnerships in Marine Science and Technology:

bills doublewater scarcity (20% of increase),water shortage to increase vegetarianismwave of natural disasters,waves biggerweather out of its mindweather patterns awryweather patterns last longerWestern aid cancelled outWest Nile feverwhale beachingswhales lose weightwhales move northwhales wiped outwheat yields crushed in Australiawildfireswind shiftwind reduced,winds strongerwinds weakerwine - Australian bakedwine - harm to Australian industrywine industry damage (California) wine industry/


Water Resources and Water Pollution

water scarcity in any particular area are a dry climate, drought, too many people using a water supply more quickly than it can be replenished, and wasteful use of water. More than 30 countries—mainly in the Middle East and Africa—now face water scarcity. By 2050, 60 countries, many of them in/ flooded an area of mostly productive land totaling roughly the area of California. impaired some of the important ecological services that rivers provide. Reservoirs eventually fill up with sediment,/


Water Resources and Water Pollution

water scarcity in any particular area are a dry climate, drought, too many people using a water supply more quickly than it can be replenished, and wasteful use of water. More than 30 countries—mainly in the Middle East and Africa—now face water scarcity. By 2050, 60 countries, many of them in/ flooded an area of mostly productive land totaling roughly the area of California. impaired some of the important ecological services that rivers provide. Reservoirs eventually fill up with sediment,/


Water Conflicts and the Future What are the possible conflicts and solutions to increasing demands for water? This section looks at 4 themes: 1.Trends.

Explain why climate change might lead to problems of water scarcity in some countries. Climate change and water Inequalities in access to water Health will vary Food and other resources may be harder to access /water eg Turkey to Israel Osmosis membranes filtering salt from brackish water eg Israel (the Ashkelon plant produces 15% of domestic demand). Also in California, Spain and China Fertigation: fertilser and water drip feeding of crops, as in Israel RESPONSES TO RISING DEMAND Managing future water/


Case Studies in Electric Power. Electricity Case StudiesSeptember 152 Contents Argentina and Chile – State versus Private California Power Crisis – Problems.

in California put a stop to the deregulation movement around the whole world.  It is also clear that very sophisticated analysts who developed the California market had not predicted the possibility of the price spikes in their risk analysis even though the fundamental factors that supposedly caused the crisis including demand growth, low water/price. Or, they may have idled the plants, hoping to induce a scarcity that would drive prices even higher. Electricity Case StudiesSeptember 1575 Were Maintenance /


Water Resources Chapter 13. Core Case Study: Water Conflicts in the Middle East: A Preview of the Future  Water shortages in the Middle East: hydrological.

Water? 5) Water shortages will grow a) Main factors leading to scarcity 1. dry climate 2. drought 3. too many people using a reliable supply 4. wasteful use of water b) More than 30 countries face water scarcity, 60 are likely to have water/of the farmers  Government subsidies to continue farming deplete the aquifer further  Biodiversity threatened in some areas  California Central Valley: serious water depletion 2) Groundwater Overpumping Has Other Harmful Effects a) Limits future food production b) /


Water and International Security: Definitions, History, and Future Risks Dr. Peter H. Gleick www.pacinst.org Pacific Institute, Oakland, California Tufts.

.  Subnational, state-to-state, ethnic, local disputes are all increasingly common.  Water-related acts of terrorism. Subnational Water Conflicts; Terrorism Los Angeles Aqueduct, Alabama Gates Credit: G.D.Bain 1991 Meuse River Vaal Dam, South Africa, DWAF  Technical (scarcity) * –Improve efficiency of water use in all sectors –Explore new supply options  Economic (allocation) –Reduce water subsidies; re-evaluate rates –Re-evaluate agricultural policies  Institutional (management) –Joint/


Chapter 17: Water Use and Management Shutian Lu, Siri Nycklemoe, Jonathan Olsen, and Jeffrey Gruba.

-volume showerheads and efficient dishwashers and washing machines ●Buy a waterless or low volume toilet (the largest U.S. domestic water use is toilet flushing). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4LrUc0C7vW0 Water Recycling In California, water recovered from treated sewage constitutes the fastest-growing water supply, growing 30 percent per year. Purified sewage effluent is being used for everything from agricultural irrigation to flushing toilets/


Population and Water Issues. Country Population Over Time 19502000`2050 China Soviet Union India US Japan Indonesia Germany Brazil UK Italy France Bangladesh.

jeans, and 400 gallons to produce the cotton in a shirt Your Water Use and Water Footprint  USGS Water Use Calculator USGS Water Use Calculator USGS Water Use Calculator  Water Consumption Calculator Water Consumption Calculator Water Consumption Calculator  Water Footprint Water Footprint Water Footprint  H 2 O Conserve Water Footprint Calculator H 2 O Conserve Water Footprint Calculator H 2 O Conserve Water Footprint Calculator Water Stress and Water ScarcityWater Stress = Less than 1700 m 3 per/


Water Resources and Water Pollution Chapter 11. Three big ideas One of the major global environmental problems is the growing shortage of freshwater in.

water scarcity in any particular area are a dry climate, drought, too many people using a water supply more quickly than it can be replenished, and wasteful use of water. More than 30 countries—mainly in the Middle East and Africa—now face water scarcity. By 2050, 60 countries, many of them in/disadvantages –flooded an area of mostly productive land totaling roughly the area of California. –impaired some of the important ecological services that rivers provide. Reservoirs eventually fill up with sediment/


Wastewater Treatment Al-Azhar University-Gaza Master Program of Water and Environmental Science.

wastewater reuse practice expands due to water scarcity.  Social tensions in case of non-acceptance: Environmental benefits  Treated wastewater reuse allows for the conservation and rational allocation of freshwater resources, particularly in areas under water stress.  Reduces the amount/are not removed. Table 6: Quality for raw wastewater and primary effluent at selected treatment plants in California Quality parameters (mg/l, except as otherwise indicated) City of DavisSan DiegoLos Angeles County Joint /


Water in the West and California Jim Sedell Station Director Pacific Southwest Research Station Centennial Forum November 2004.

billion filtration plant 5,099 miles designated 2,720 miles suitable or eligible California Rivers of Opportunity Water Allocation for Ecosystem Support –South Africa’s National Water Act 1998. –Council of Australian Governments Water Reform Framework 1994. –U.S. Policy Lacks Focus on Ecological Health of Rivers. Over 800 Watershed Councils in the U.S. integrate public-private lands and are the emerging governance system/


II. How do societies exploit their water resources? A. Hydraulic infrastructure – Wells (pumping underground water) – Dams (storing water) – Canals (transporting.

-North transfer- China Ebro -Spain Ob to the Aral Sea NAWAPA Alaska to California Major Water Transfer Schemes Water Management Spain Case Study The Colorado River: A Case Study Video: The Colorado: a river in peril? 0’52 Video: Colorado River: America’s Most Endangered River 2013 Human influences on water supply and scarcity Humans affect the hydrological cycle at many points of flows and storage/


1 “When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.” - Benjamin Franklin.

and consumption. 6 The Salton Sink is a waterless depression in southeastern California, part of the Sonoran desert. At one point, the sink was actually the bottom of a huge freshwater lake. 7 Salton Sink, showing the water line of Lake Cahuilla. The Salton Sink was an area experiencing water scarcity, meaning there was not enough access to freshwater to drink or grow food. Countries/


Hydro-social Issues in the FIRMA project Thomas E. Downing Environmental Change Institute University of Oxford.

(UK, California) Water scarcity--droughts, floods Climate change--management Conflicts over water--access Pollution--chemical, agricultural, industrial, hygienic Institutions Land use changes (Spain, afforestation) Changing perceptions of risk Empowerment of stakeholders--EU directive Demographic change--single person households Global change (2) Precautionary action--global warming shift in value systems Hydro-biological change Agricultural practices Technological change--better control of water flows/


Global Water Science Research & Exploration Spring 2010.

2000 based on CIESIN 2000 Water Scarcity Index http://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/water-scarcity-index Philippe Rekacewicz (Le Monde diplomatique), February 2006 Water Trivia! Where is the wettest /California b) Atacama Desert, Chile c) Sahara Desert, Africa c) Sahara Desert, Africa How much rain does Los Angeles normally get every year? How much rain does Los Angeles normally get every year? a) 50 inches b) 25 inches c) 15 inches a) 50 inches b) 25 inches c) 15 inches How much water does the average person in/


LIVING IN THE ENVIRONMENT 17 TH MILLER/SPOOLMAN Chapter 13 Water Resources.

.Receives enormous amounts of _______________ from urban areas, farms, and industries dry moderate pact Gulf of California pollutants Water Shortages Will Grow (1) More than ________ countries – most in the Middle East and Africa – now face stress from water scarcity By 2050 some _______ countries – may in Asia – may face water scarcity Due to the growing human population…China and urbanization ______ earth’s land area experiences severe/


1 “When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.” - Benjamin Franklin.

and contamination from deeper wells The Salton Sink is a waterless depression in southeastern California, part of the Sonoran desert. At one point, the sink was actually the bottom of a huge freshwater lake. 11 Salton Sink, showing the water line of Lake Cahuilla. The Salton Sink was an area experiencing water scarcity, meaning there was not enough access to freshwater to drink or grow/


California Reasonable Use Law: Lessons from the Russian River Frost Protection Litigation PAUL STANTON KIBEL Golden Gate University School of Law / Water.

that the direct pumping results in a great temporary scarcity of water during the crucial frost period…The direct diversion of water for frost protection in the crucial period constitutes an…unreasonable method of use of water within the purview of the Constitution and statutory provisions.” 8 California Reasonable Use Law Paul Stanton Kibel Holding in Light as Precedent for Expanded Use of California Reasonable Use Law 2011 Delta/


HISTORICAL ANALYSIS OF THE RIO GRANDE/BRAVO CE 397 Transboundary Water Resources Samuel Sandoval-Solis.

the right of Navigation. 4.- 15 million dollars, 200K sq. mi. Mexico “ceded” 55% of Territory Nuevo Mexico, Arizona, California, Colorado, Utah and Nevada 2000 190018001500 Pre-HispanicMx Ind.Colonial TX Ind.US Inv. Treaty 1848 1853 The Mesilla Treaty. The /the drought period 2.- Mexican supplied water to this area in scarcity periods 3.- The dam is built in Mexican Territory and it is 300 year old 4.- The scarcity in the Rio Bravo river is the waste of water in Colorado and New Mexico states 2000 /


Effects of Fire Suppression on Chaparral in Southern California Kathleen Patarak.

Co, as well as fires near Rosarita and Encinada B.C. Paradise, Cedar, and Otay Fires Largest fire in California history Largest fire in California history Burned over 383,000 acres. Burned over 383,000 acres. Otay fire burned out shortly after crossing the border into Mexico because of scarcity of fuel Otay fire burned out shortly after crossing the border into Mexico because of/


Chapter 4 Water Supply Will Our Taps Run Dry?. Think about this!

locations in the world are facing water shortage? Locations in the world facing water shortage Fresh water is distributed unevenly across the world Fresh water availability of a country is calculated by dividing the country’s total water resources (m 3 ) by its total population Different levels of fresh water availability: Water security, water vulnerability, water stress, water scarcity 2. Which locations in the world are facing water shortage? Locations in the world facing water shortage Water security/


Political Science 326 California Government in Comparative Perspective.

taking only 7.2% of the income of the richest 1% of households. California Budget - 26 In California, the wealthiest 10% of the taxpayers pay approximately 75% of the state income tax/ capability doesn’t decrease when you experience scarcity. Policy Logic - 5 But less of that capacity is available for use. If/ Maxine Waters. Latino splits between poorer, more recent immigrants with ties to service labor (Molinistas) and middle class with ties to business (Eastside PRI) Rainbows within Rainbows In the /


The Science and Technology Horizon- Key Trends The trends presented in this appendix are drawn from a wide range of authoritative sources citing well referenced.

hunger in 2008. That brought the global number of undernourished people to 973 million in 2008 out of a total population of around 6.5 billion.120 (UN Food and Agriculture Organisation) Water Scarcity: By 2025, the number of people living with extreme water scarcity will/steps towards this - Google has installed solar panels on the roof of its headquarters in Mountain View, California, with the aim of generating 30% of its energy needs. In the UK, BT plans to spend £250m on building wind farms around the /


Earth Observation for Water Management International trends & developments Earth observation applications Business development Capacity building.

-EYE; 2015) presentation on practical application of EO for irrigation management Managing irrigation from space (TOPS; 2013) presentation on mapping crop water requirements with satellite observations and CIMIS data in California 41 More examples: 42 Example soil moisture modelling enviroGRIDS soil and water assessment tool (SWAT): integration of different maps for soil and hydrological modelling 43 Soil moisture modelling Earth observation provides the base/


WARM UP- Elasticity of Demand For each graph, match the item in the list provided and then explain why you matched that item to the graph. 1.iPhones 2.Bags.

is the first way the market for bottled water is going to change? Why? 3. What has NOT changed in the market for bottled water? (at least not yet) 4. What is the change in the market for bottled water going to look like on the graph? 5/in the market, with profit motive in mind, which can help put more money into the economy. -Example: minimum wage in California is $8.00 and federal mw is $7.25. Price Floor Price Ceiling Sometimes the government decides to intervene in the market to make sure that scarcity /


Where does water come from?. Water Vocabulary Tributary- a small river that joins a larger one Head water- the source of a river River Basin- the land.

Agricultural Usage – Irrigating fields (food, fiber) – Raising livestock Industrial Usage – Manufacturing, mining, etc Threats to Water Security Water Security- the ability to access clean, safe water – Population Expansion – Urbanization – Pollution – Warming waters – Destruction of Forest/vegetation Water Scarcity- – Not having access to adequate clean drinking water – 1.2 billion people, almost 1/5 of the population live in areas of where they don’t have access to clean/


Chimney Rock -90 meters high -Carved names in rock - Rises near Bayard,Nebraska -Nearly half a million emigrants saw Chimney Rock.

was the first president to die in office. When James Polk was in office he told congress there was gold in California. Kit Carson On Christmas Eve of 1806 Kit Carson was born. His whole name is Christopher Houston Carson. In 1843 he married Maria Josefa Jaramillo/ones to get hurt. Supply and Quality of Water At Cherry Creek the water was dried up like most other creeks. The pioneers had to dig holes in the sand for water for people and horses. Scarcity of water can lead to intense suffering for man and /


Building shared vision: assessment of transboundary aquifers along the United States – Mexico border. Presented at International Conference on Water Scarcity,

transboundary aquifers along the United States – Mexico border. Presented at International Conference on Water Scarcity, Global Changes, and Groundwater: Management Responses, University of California – Irvine, UNESCO, USGS, 1-5 December 2008. 1 Building Shared Vision Assessment of Transboundary Aquifers along the United States – Mexico Border Christopher Scott Udall Center for Studies in Public Policy, and Dept. Geography & Regional Development, University of Arizona cascott@email/


California Water: Current Issues and Impacts on Tribes Presented to California Indian Bar Association October 17, 2014 Heather Whiteman Runs Him Staff.

Historical Background Recent Developments and Emerging Tribal Role in Resource Management – California Groundwater Legislation – Human Right to Water in California Law Emergency Planning and Response – Drought – Flood – Climate Change California Water and Tribal Nations Northern California Tribal Water Issues – Instream Flows – Competition for Scarce Supplies – Infrastructure Issues Southern California Tribal Water Issues – Water Scarcity – Funding Challenges and Infrastructure – Litigation/Finality Recent/


WATER INEQUALITY IN AN IMPAIRED ESTUARY: LEGACIES AND WATER HAZARDS IN CALIFORNIA’S BAY-DELTA RAOUL S. LIÉVANOS, M.A. ¹ ON BEHALF OF RESEARCH PARTNERS:

¹ (Lofland et al. 2006). Research Strategy  Key Secondary Data and Methods  Inventory of Surface Water-Toxic Releasing Facilities in California in 1999 with hazard scores ¹ (U.S. EPA’s Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators Version 2.1.5 (/Rethinking Environmental Racism: White Privilege and Urban Development in Southern California.” Annals of the Association of American Geographers 90(1): 12-40. Schnaiberg, A. 1980. The Environment: From Surplus to Scarcity. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Shilling, F./


Lab 3 Unit 5b: Global Water Resources Sara Tourscher.

to meet their needs for safe water in 2000 1.1 billion people were not able to meet their needs for safe water in 2000 Agriculture and industry increase scarcity Agriculture and industry increase scarcity Seasons of precipitation limited Seasons /on California crop yields and water productivity. Source: Renault and Wallender (2000) 4. Cities and Homes Waste is a major urban water management problem In many cities, water losses are 15% - 40%, some higher Unaccounted-for Water (UFW): volume of water withdrawn/


In a world where, according to the United Nations, the global consumption of water is doubling every twenty years, more than one billion people already.

what some hope will make water scarcity a thing of the past. They are building the Carlsbad Desalination Project, which will convert as much as 56 million gallons of seawater each day into drinking water for San Diego County residents. The project, with a price tag of $1 Billion, is emerging from the sand like an industrial miracle. In California’s highly regulated coastal zone/


Housing Affordability. Libertarian Explanation Readings: Housing and Urban Development, Not in My Backyard, Removing Barriers to Affordable Housing (1991)

Scarcity: Californias "Affordable" Housing Problem by Thomas Sowell (December 4, 2003) Housing Hurdles: The Solution? by Thomas Sowell (February 5, 2004) Counting the Costs of Government Regulation of Land Development by Thomas Sowell (April 7, 2004)Counting the Costs of Government Regulation of Land Development by Thomas Sowell (April 7, 2004) Easy Money In California/-value codes for windows and insulation; appliance codes (water heater). {will save money in the long run; but raise initial costs} Building /


About Watec Israel Water scarcity is a major concern in Israel, a country subject to arid and semi-arid climatic conditions. Water consumption exceeds.

Manufacturers Association of Israel Conference Topics California and Israel: the Water Nexus Water City "Shougang" - The Joint Chinese - Israeli Innovation Playground Implementation of Water Scarcity Solutions World wide- lesson learned from different regions Management of National Water System in Arid Regions Smart Cities: From Risk to Opportunity Assuring Water Quality and Security: New Approaches in Online Monitoring Conference Topics cont. Water Challenges in Oil & Gas Industries Wastewater Treatment/


How Dry Can It Possibly Get? Hilda Blanco Research Professor Interim Director, Center for Sustainable Cities University of Southern California Urban Water.

Cities University of Southern California Urban Water Institute, Annual Conference 8/13/2014 Outline Climate change not major driver of SoCal urban water plans – Why? Climate signal not clear Climate change impacts on drought for CA IPCC NCA CA assessment Water scarcity and urban water management in CA Major Driver of Southland’s Urban Water Management Not climate change Imported water – Reaction to vulnerability of imported water & increasing prices Agencies/


Rainwater Collection By Gib Corcoran. Action Plan In order to reduce Blue Valley West’s negative impact on the environment, rainwater will be collected.

a shortage of water or a drought, such as the one in California happening at the moment, this would be a cost- friendly way to collect water. It is currently predicted that almost half of the world population will be in high water stress by the/www.rainsaucers.com/buy.htm#!/48-RainSaucer™/p/25100595/category=0 Water Scarcity. (n.d.). Retrieved May 4, 2015, from http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/scarcity.shtml http://www.un.org/waterforlifedecade/scarcity.shtml Garden. (n.d.). Retrieved May 4, 2015, from/


Climate, Water, and California Agriculture: From Research to Policy Louise Jackson, Professor and Extension Specialist Department of Land, Air and Water.

and leaves the industry less resilient to future water scarcity.” http://resources.ca.gov/climate/safeguarding/ 433 MMT CO2e in 1990 http://www.arb.ca.gov/cc/inventory/data/graph/graph.htmhttp://www.arb.ca.gov/cc/inventory/data/graph/graph.htm (CA Air Resources Board) Greenhouse gas emissions in California California agricultural production Highest agricultural crop value in USA for >50 consecutive years ≈25 million acres/


WHERE AND WHEN DO WE NEED WATER? Dr. Francisco J. Meza Project Mentor Dr. Guillermo Podestá Facultad de Agronomía e Ingeniería Forestal Pontificia Universidad.

seasons that are particularly sensitive to water scarcity –Perform preliminary estimates of the benefits of using climate forecasts in agricultural water resources planning. Region Under Study Maipo River Basin Climatic Variability in Chile and El Niño Phenomenon /. ATI participant Dr Francisco Meza. ATI participant Summary of Scientific Activities –85th AMS Annual Meeting, San Diego, California –Papers: Meza, F.J. 2005. Use of ENSO driven climatic information for optimum irrigation under drought conditions/


Chapter 13 Water Resources

Fig. 13-4, p. 322 Washington North Dakota Montana Oregon Idaho South Dakota Wyoming Nebraska Nevada Utah Colorado Kansas California Oklahoma New Mexico Arizona Figure 13.5: This map shows water scarcity hotspots in 17 western states that, by 2025, could face intense conflicts over scarce water needed for urban growth, irrigation, recreation, and wildlife. Some analysts suggest that this is a map of places/


For next lecture: Reading: Kahn, Ch 16 Jenkins, Kopits and Simpson, 2009 Lecture 24 December 1, 2011 Climate Change and Growth Their Impact on Water Resources.

improve efficiency a.Australia, Chile, US west, South Africa and Spain have used water markets b.Options markets For drought management in cities Used in California c.Water as an economic good (irrigation and commercial uses) Should water for domestic use be considered a basic right? Big issue in Egypt and Northern Mexico. 3.In most countries the consumer isn’t charged enough to cover the cost of/


Our Water Systems: Public, Private, or Both? by K. William Easter Professor of Applied Economics University of Minnesota Seminar - February 7, 2009.

water at its scarcity value c. How much to allocate for environmental uses? 30% of stream flow in dry season to 50% in wet season 12 5. How water was developed in the 20 th century In early stages of settlement, people located near water/will private management and/or ownership help? – cont’d d. Might use markets to reallocate water to domestic uses both permanently and temporarily California did in 1990s – temporary reallocation Chile and Australia have done a little – permanent reallocation Mexico had the/


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