Ppt on water scarcity facts

3 FACTS! 1.Econ is a skills based course. Learning methodology resembles algebra more than history. 2.You MUST complete assignments BEFORE class Class.

scarcity and choices 4.Explain how Macroeconomics is different than Micro 5.Explain the difference between positive and normative economics 6.Identify the 5 main assumptions of Economics 7.Give an example of marginal analysis 8.Name 10 Disney movies AP Economics “Econ, Econ” Econ 3 FACTS/ Land = All natural resources that are used to produce goods and services. Anything that comes from “mother nature.” (Water, Sun, Plants, Oil, Trees, Stone, Animals, etc.) The Four Factors of Production Labor = Any effort a /


The Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation Landscaping and Review of Approaches and Technologies for Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Opportunities for Action Main.

are Despite the fact that drinking water requirements represent a fraction of consumption when compared with agriculture and industrial demands, the trend towards water scarcity in many parts of the world mean that access to water for domestic consumption/not being recognized for political reasons. Needs adequate investments in capacity-building, back-up support and financing. Water scarcity increases. Increase in wastewater to be addressed. Good prospects if right tariff structures and incentives can be /


Issues Facing Global Water Supply CGR4M: ENVIRONMENT AND RESOURCE MANAGEMENT.

.g., United Nations, Kyoto Protocol) to implement solutions to global environmental concerns; Water Scarcity  Two types of water scarcity:  Physical scarcity: when there isn’t enough water to meet our needs. This type of scarcity is associated with arid areas.  Economic water scarcity: when various institutes (govt., businesses, etc.) and finances limit access to available water What Happens When Water is Scarce: Mexico City  20 million people in Mexico City  Founded/


DO-First – Day 5, Page 1-2 Analyze the three documents on the first page and list the three causes of water scarcity based on those documents. Then answer.

in a world of limited resources. Objectives and Key Points SWBAT use cotemporary geographic data to determine the relationship between water scarcity, desalinization, and oil revenue. Water scarcity is caused by Pollution, Climate Change, Increased Populations, and the fact that less than 1% of Earth water is available for human use. WHY Page 3: Analyze the map below to answer the three questions that follow Desalination/


TOURISM AND ENVIRONMENT (THM 317)

tourism accounts for over 7% of GDP. 33-50% of Internet-based transactions are tourism-related. THM 317 Some basic facts about tourism and the environment (cont) BUT… Globally, about 7% of total carbon emissions are attributed to air travel from/ has grown rapidly. Golf courses require an enormous amount of water every day and, as with other causes of excessive extraction of water, this can result in water scarcity. If the water comes from wells, over pumping can cause saline intrusion into groundwater/


Lesson Objectives: By the end of this lesson you will be able to: *Explain why scarcity and choice are the basis of economics.

of anything. Sooner or later, a limit is always reached. The fact that limited amounts of goods and services are available to meet unlimited wants is called scarcity. At many different levels, scarcity forces people to make choices. You, for example have to decide how/.Land- Things from the earth that are used to make goods or provide services. Soil for farming, oil, iron, coal, water, and forests. 2.Labor- The time and energy that someone devotes to tasks for which they are paid. Medical care given by/


AP Economics “Econ, Econ” Econ. Terms to know: Scarcity Economics Microeconomics vs. Macroeconomics Trade-off Marginal Costs Marginal Benefits Positive.

in its basic subdivisions (National Economic Growth, Government Spending, Inflation, Unemployment, etc.) Positive vs. Normative Positive Statements- Based on facts. Avoids value judgements (what is). Normative Statements- Includes value judgements (what ought to be). How is Economics used? Economists/=tbn:ANd9GcSQEPR3kvnQSsXYsFETIccr65vt1e7mMJG1Ki9Ng htG2n954-sorkYyMWUz Life is about Scarcity! http://12serata.wordpress.com/tag/water-scarcity/ Scarcity https://socialsciences.arts.unsw.edu.au/tsw/Cartoon08.jpg


What do human beings use fresh water for? Do you think all people in the world have equal access to fresh water? If not, why not?

not, why not? From the map… Which countries have… Few problems with water scarcity? Physical water scarcity? Approaching physical water scarcity? Economic water scarcity? Do you think there might be some areas that have not been estimated on your maps, which still suffer from physical water scarcity? These facts are from the world water council: Quantity of water needed to produce 1kg of: Wheat: 1,000L Rice: 1,400L Beef: 13,000L Daily/


European indicator-based assessment of Water Scarcity and Drought Maggie Kossida George Papoutsoglou ETC/W Thematic Workshop Water Quantity and Use 10-11.

Water Scarcity and Drought Maggie Kossida George Papoutsoglou ETC/W Thematic Workshop Water Quantity and Use 10-11 October 2007, EEA, Copenhagen National Technical University of Athens-NTUA WS & Droughts 2 nd Interim report, June 2007, DG ENV EU Drought Facts / plans 2.3.2. Developing an observatory and an early warning system on droughts 2.7.1. A water scarcity and drought information system throughout Europe EU Commission Communication The issue: reliable info is indispensable for decision-making, /


Chapter 1: What is Economics? Section 1. Slide 2 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Chapter 1, Section 1 Objectives 1.Explain why scarcity and choice.

and want. –The fact that limited amounts of goods and services are available to meet unlimited wants is called scarcity. Scarcity forces people to make choices but it is not the same as a shortage. Shortages are temporary while scarcity always exists. http/all natural resources used to produce goods and services. These resources include: –Fertile land for farming –Oil –Coal –Iron –Water –Forests Slide 13 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Chapter 1, Section 1 Factors of Production: Labor Labor is the effort /


1 Water scarcity & droughts Progress on indicator development.

awareness raising indicators which in combination will give an overview of the developments as regards water scarcity and droughts give an overview of the developments as regards water scarcity and droughts allow distinguishing between natural and man made phenomena allow distinguishing between natural and man made phenomena  Draft indicator fact sheets have been developed and these are currently being finalised  The Standard Precipitation Index (SPI/


Earth Observation for Water Management

observations for vailidation, calibration and development of EO-derived products. Africa Water Atlas Modeling of Africa’s surface water systems (water balance data), identifying: “hotspots”: tenuous food security situation “hopespots”: potential for rainwater harvesting “water towers”: areas with upstream water surplus Africa Water Atlas Key Facts: Millions of people in Africa suffer water shortages throughout the year Water scarcity is not simply due to geography: population growth, poor planning and/


Chapter 1: What is Economics? Section 1

want. The fact that limited amounts of goods and services are available to meet unlimited wants is called scarcity. Scarcity forces people to make choices but it is not the same as a shortage. Shortages are temporary while scarcity always exists. Scarcity is a/ to all natural resources used to produce goods and services. These resources include: Fertile land for farming Oil Coal Iron Water Forests Factors of Production: Labor Labor is the effort people devote to tasks for which they are paid. Labor includes:/


Chapter 9 Water Quality April 22, 2010 Happy Earth Day!

Great Plains) Water Availability Facts Although the earth’s surface (about 70%) is covered largely by water, most of this water is unusable ocean water. Approximately 3% of all water is freshwater, of which the majority is unavailable for human use – frozen in icecaps Remaining 1% of readily accessible water comes from surface freshwater. –lakes, rivers, and shallow underground aquifers. Regions That are Facing Water Scarcity and Water Stress Two/


What’s in Economics for You? Scarcity, Opportunity Cost & Trade

sense that it combines significant elements of all systems. Free-Market Prices and Value Value is subjective Scarcity determines Value Teachers, Doctors, and Athletes Water and Diamonds (Paradox of value) Different values lead to trade Choosing at the Margin Price = marginal/weekend, your top choices are going camping with your friends or working extra hours at your part-time job. What facts (think rewards and penalties), if they changed, would influence your decision? GAINS FROM TRADE If you spend the next/


Earth Observation for Water Management International trends & developments Earth observation applications Business development Capacity building.

DPSIR framework: driving force, pressure, state, impact, response Africa Water Atlas Modelling of Africa’s surface water systems (water balance data), identifying: “hotspots”: tenuous food security situation “hopespots”: potential for rainwater harvesting “water towers”: areas with upstream water surplus 27 Example Africa Africa Water Atlas Key Facts Millions of people in Africa suffer water shortages throughout the year Water scarcity is not simply due to geography: population growth, poor planning/


National Water Resources Plan of Brazil Fourth International Conference on Agriculture Statistics Beijing – People’s Republic of China – October 22-24,

billion people will be living in areas with absolute water scarcity, and two-thirds of the world’s population could be living under water stress conditions (FAO, 2007). Despite this fact, a significant portion of future development is foreseen /current expansion of the agricultural frontier puts additional pressures on available water resources beyond the carrying capacity of regional ecosystems. Much of the answer to water scarcity can be found in farming-related techniques harvesting more rainfall, /


Economic Choices: Well informed citizens make rational economic choices everyday. The choices we make are based on the fact that we do not have enough.

choices we make are based on the fact that we do not have enough resources to satisfy everybody’s wants and needs. The study of economics will help citizens think about the choices that they are making. The Fundamental Economic Problem Scarcity All individuals have needs and wants Needs: items needed in order to survive: food, water, clothing, shelter Wants: items that we/


Fundamental Economic Concepts -Scarcity, Choice, Opportunity Cost, Marginal Analysis Fundamental Economic Concepts -Scarcity, Choice, Opportunity Cost,

decisions, Macroeconomics looks at the economy as a whole Positive vs. Normative Positive Statements- Based on facts. Avoids value judgements (what is). Normative Statements- Includes value judgements (what ought to be). How/sealed auction? ◦ Consumer surplus } Stay Tuned! Scarcity Situation that occurs when wants are greater than available resources. Scarcity is the fundamental problem in economics. In this classroom, is/are _________ scarce? Desks? Water? Books? Gasoline? Jolly Ranchers? … Good looking/


Earth Observation for Water Management International trends & developments Earth observation applications Business development Capacity building.

DPSIR framework: driving force, pressure, state, impact, response Africa Water Atlas Modelling of Africa’s surface water systems (water balance data), identifying: “hotspots”: tenuous food security situation “hopespots”: potential for rainwater harvesting “water towers”: areas with upstream water surplus 27 Example Africa Africa Water Atlas Key Facts Millions of people in Africa suffer water shortages throughout the year Water scarcity is not simply due to geography: population growth, poor planning/


Water Desalination via Energy-Efficient Capacitive Deionization (CDI) Technology Summary Lecture Instructor University.

Analysis Social & Health Impact Areas of physical and economic water scarcity. (2008). In UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library. From http://maps.grida.no/go/graphic/areas-of-physical/water-scarcity Social & Health Impact 3.575 million people die each year from water related disease. 884 million people lack access to safe water. Every 15 seconds, a child dies from a water-related disease. From http://water.org/learn- about-the-water-crisis/facts/http://water.org/learn- about-the-water-crisis/facts/


Reporting sheet 3 QNT_SW Reporting sheet 3 QNT_SW State & quantity of surface water resources Maggie Kossida ETC/W National Technical University of Athens.

availability and use of freshwater resources adequately monitoring the progress along with the European policy objectives improve water facts today to facilitate policy decisions and issues Three main questions to adequately capture the drivers, pressures and/as a non delivery Transnational RBD MS part (if not conflict w/ int. conventions) No water scarcity problems communication 18/07, water accounts Methods and standards of measurement should be discussed in more detail Hydrological vs. Calendar year /


Outline Today: Water cycle (Chapter 9, can skip the detail about different kinds of streams) What is special about water? The water cycle The fresh water.

Where does your water come from? Some water facts (from OCWD web site) 70% of California’s rivers have been engineered to redistribute water from northern to southern California Northern Orange County – 70% of water comes from groundwater/1999 How will climate change affect water scarcity How will climate change affect water scarcity? (supply) How will population increase and higher demand for water affect water scarcity? (demand) Summary Know the basic flows of the water cycle, which are the biggest /


Water Scarcity in Africa Catherine Schoeninger and Danielle Yunker A Study of Water Resources in Zimbabwe

and sanitation problems for the households of Sakubva, Zimbabwe”? Physics and Chemistry of the Earth. 27 (11-22): 723-732. Web of Knowledge Database. 13 February 2006. Rijsberman, F.R. “Water scarcity: fact or fiction?”. 80 (1-3): 5-22. 2006. Web of Knowledge Database. 17 February 2006. “Solar Stills”. Gujarat Energy Development Agency. 2003. 21 March 2006. http://www.geda.org.in/


Chapter 1: What is Economics? Section 1: Scarcity and factors of Production.

and want. –The fact that limited amounts of goods and services are available to meet unlimited wants is called scarcity. Scarcity forces people to make choices but it is not the same as a shortage. Shortages are temporary while scarcity always exists. Slide/all natural resources used to produce goods and services. These resources include: –Fertile land for farming –Oil –Coal –Iron –Water –Forests Slide 12 Copyright © Pearson Education, Inc.Chapter 1, Section 1 Factors of Production: Labor Labor is the effort/


Prof. Mike Young Research Chair, Water Economics and Management The University of Adelaide Climate Change and Business, Brisbane 30 th August 2007 Reducing.

means much less water! - 25% - 75% 7 8 9 “The simple fact is that there is little or no reason why our large cities should be gripped permanently by water crises … Having a city on permanent water restrictions makes as much/traded) 4.Small users pay marginal opportunity cost (scarcity price) for entitlements and allocations above, say, 200KL/annum 5.No special industry water supply agreements 6.Independent regulation of supply charges and scarcity prices in all States 18 3. Competitive infrastructure access/


Economic Rationale in Caring for the Environment 1 of 15 1 of 34 Objectives After reading this module, you should: Be aware of the issue of resource scarcity;

2 of 15 2 of 34 The scarcity of environmental resources There are powerful economic arguments in caring for the environment at all levels of the economic system. In fact, the balance between: use of raw materials/ policy failures affecting the environment in developing countries include: Low tariffs of environmental resources’ use, such as irrigation water; Subsidized energy-intensive inputs, such as fertilizers and pesticides; Poorly defined property rights; Poorly designed investments; Subsidies /


Class Discussion Activity– Wednesday 11/7 Take a moment to write down 2 facts about each of the following topics: Water scarcity / Green revolution / Deforestation.

Class Discussion Activity– Wednesday 11/7 Take a moment to write down 2 facts about each of the following topics: Water scarcity / Green revolution / Deforestation / Global Warming  Students will review their knowledge on the 4 major environmental topics covered in Chapter #2  Change from mixed to mono crop  Intensive applications of fertilizers & /


Managing Water Supply shannon williams. W ATER S CARCITY.

2014. http://www.bna.com. http://www.bna.com Tindall, James A., and Andrew A. Campbell. "Water Security- National and Global Issues." USGS Fact Sheet 2010, no. November (2010). UN Millennium Project | Goals, Targets & Indicators." UN Millennium Project /Watkins, Kevin, Liliana Carvajal, Daniel Coppard, and Ricardo Fuentes. "Human Development Report, 2006: Beyond Scarcity: Power, Poverty and the Global Water Crisis." Edited by Tom Griffin, Bruce Ross-Larson, and Christopher Trott. Choice Reviews Online, 2006,/


WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT

runoff harvesting) Emergency Situations (earthquakes, land slides, terrorist attacks, wars, system mal-functioning) WATER FOUNDATION FUTURE FACTS “Of all the social and natural crises we humans face, the water crisis is the one that lies at the heart of our survival and that of our / a third.” “By the middle of this century, 7 billion people in 60 countries will be faced with water scarcity, at best 2 billion in 48 countries, depending on factors like population growth and policy-making” "Technological, /


CHAPTER ONE: WHAT IS ECONOMICS?

OPPORTUNITY COSTS, AND TRADE-OFFS FOR INDIVIDUALS, BUSINESSES, AND GOVERNMENTS. A. DEFINE SCARCITY AS A BASIC CONDITION THAT EXISTS WHEN UNLIMITED WANTS EXCEED LIMITED PRODUCTIVE RESOURCES. B. /DIFFER FROM THOSE OF A MOUNTAINOUS LANDLOCKED SOCIETY? AN ISLAND SOCIETY HAS WATER RESOURCES TO CONSIDER AND LIKELY A MORE LIMITED POPULATION. THE FACTORS OF/. NOTE: PRODUCTIVITY IS ALSO HELPED BY ECONOMIC INTERDEPENDENCE WHICH IS THE FACT THAT WE DEPEND ON ONE ANOTHER FOR GOODS AND SERVICES. ECONOMIC INTERDEPENDENCE/


Water Jonathan Casimini Devon Banning. Where Our Drinking Water Comes From In Naples The Water in Naples comes from groundwater pumped through three well.

water scarcity. 2 types of scarcity -physical – a situation in which water use is approaching or exceeding sustainable limits. -economic – occurs when human, institutional, infrastructural, or financial limitations prevent people from gaining access to water even though there is enough available. Shortages from water/62,600 1 single day of U.S. news print = 300,000,000 Interesting Facts About Water The first municipal water filtration works opened in Paisley, Scotland in 1832. More than 79,000 tons of /


C HAPTER 1 W HAT IS E CONOMICS ? S1: Scarcity and Factors of Production S2: Opportunity Cost S3: Production Possibilities Curves.

not W HY ARE SCARCITY / CHOICE BASIS OF ECONOMICS ? Economics begins w/idea that people cannot have everything they want/need The fact that limited amounts of goods and services are available to meet unlimited wants is called scarcity. Scarcity forces people to make/L AND Refers to all natural resources used to produce goods/services Resources include: Fertile land for farming Oil Coal Iron Water Forests F ACTORS OF P RODUCTION : LABOR Labor is the effort people devote to tasks for $$ Labor includes: Medical/


Scarcity, Efficiency, and Growth Econ Dept, UMR Presents.

unskilled, also includes entrepreneurial ability u K: Capital-tools, machines, human capital (education) u l: Land-natural resources, even water Scarcity implies the necessity of Choice u We can’t have everything we want thus we must make choices u Three Basic Questions v /efficient if the gainers could potentially compensate the losers and still come out ahead Why Efficiency Makes Sense u The fact of scarcity implies we can’t have everything we want, so what we select should take into account what it costs /


C HAPTER 1 W HAT IS E CONOMICS ? S1: Scarcity and Factors of Production S2: Opportunity Cost S3: Production Possibilities Curves.

not W HY ARE SCARCITY / CHOICE BASIS OF ECONOMICS ? Economics begins w/idea that people cannot have everything they want/need The fact that limited amounts of goods and services are available to meet unlimited wants is called scarcity. Scarcity forces people to make /L AND Refers to all natural resources used to produces goods/services Resources include: Fertile land for farming Oil Coal Iron Water Forests F ACTORS OF P RODUCTION : LABOR Labor is the effort people devote to tasks for pay Labor includes: /


What is Economics? Chapter 1 Scarcity and the Science of Economics Section 1.

satisfy wants and needs Value, Utility, and Wealth  Value is worth expressed in dollars and cents. Scarcity by itself is not enough to create value. For something to have value, it must also have/ monetary value whereas some non-necessities have a large monetary value  Water and Diamonds  Utility is a good’s or service’s capacity to provide satisfaction, which /2,200,000. That $60,000 shortfall turned into a $4,800,000 canyon.  In fact, by starting at 30, Adam would have to save a whopping $16,000 per year as /


Earth Week 2009 Ms. Napolitano. Aim: Students will consider the global implications of fresh water use and discuss solutions to water scarcity. Brainstorm:

fresh water use and discuss solutions to water scarcity. Brainstorm: –List all the things you do or use that require water. (start thinking about everything you do from when you wake up that requires water) Brainstorm: –List all the things you do or use that require water. / people in the world lack access to safe drinking water? a.15%; b. 25%; c. 35%; d. 45% Water Facts Every day more than 1 billion people make a 3-hour journey on foot just to collect water Water Facts More than 1.2 billion people (25% of /


Decoding the Facts: FTCE Social Science Review FTCE Elementary Education K-6 Subject Area Exam Social Sciences Workshop.

Question and Answer Session Exit Survey and Additional Support FTCE BASICS- Just the Facts WHAT DO YOU KNOW???? Turn and Talk with your neighbor about what you /are broader than needs. Needs: These are basic requirements for survival like food and water and shelter. In recent years we have seen a perceived shift of certain items/ Economic Questions" - these are the questions all nations must ask when dealing with scarcity and effciently allocating their resources. What to produce? How to produce? For whom to/


Global food problems, some facts Global food problems, some facts Adverse effects of modern agriculture – soil, water-logging,salinity,contamination Adverse.

Global food problems, some facts Global food problems, some facts Adverse effects of modern agriculture – soil, water-logging,salinity,contamination Adverse effects of modern agriculture – soil, water-logging,salinity,contamination Problems / of nutrients and overuse of agricultural chemicals are major factors in land degradation. Water scarcity is an important aspect of poor agricultural outputs. Salinization and water logging has affected a large amount of agricultural land worldwide.  AGRICULTURE Loss of/


Unequal Distribution of Water in Sub Sahara Africa

die as a result of HIV-AIDS What do these facts mean to you? Africa water facts Only 47% of sub-Saharan Africans have access to safe drinking water Industry is not the primary cause of water pollution in Africa Natural causes such as snails, worms,/ years These areas are listed as having water scarcity or water stress Water scarcity is defined as less than 1,000 cubic meters of water available per person per year Water stress means less than 1,500 cubic meters of water available per person per year Is there /


WATER IS LIFE Surface Water Scenario in Rajasthan.

population at fast rate, this is likely to touch 438 cum in 2045 bringing Rajasthan in absolute scarcity category. 98% inter-state resources, 78% utilizable surface resources and 137% of ground water resources already utilized. With the exploitation rate of 137%, the ground water situation is precarious. 11 Drinking Water Supply : Some Facts Huge imbalance between demand & supply: Urban deficit & rural deficit is 2994 mld/


Capitan Reef, A Brackish Water Resource Denise Wann July 22, 2003.

so fast that as many as 7 billion people in 60 countries could face water scarcity by 2050.” (The Washington Post, March 2003) “Fresh water supplies are shrinking so fast that as many as 7 billion people in 60 countries could face water scarcity by 2050.” (The Washington Post, March 2003) Fresh Water FactsWater promises to be to the 21 st century what oil was to the/


CHAPTER 1: SECTION 1 The Foundation of Economics Scarcity Exists A want is something that we desire to have. Resources are needed to produce the goods.

rationing device, competition is a consequence of scarcity. If scarcity did not exist, everyone would get everything that he or she wanted. (See Transparency 1-3).Transparency 1-3 TRANSPARENCY 1-3: Economic Facts of Life Economics Defined Economics is the /capital, and entrepreneurship. Land includes all the natural resources found in nature. An acre of land, mineral deposits, and water in a stream are all considered land. Labor refers to the physical and mental talents that people contribute to the /


Fundamental Economics Vocabulary. Scarcity O The fact that resources are limited. O Examples of Scarcity: water, oil, fertile soil.

Fundamental Economics Vocabulary Scarcity O The fact that resources are limited. O Examples of Scarcity: water, oil, fertile soil Factors of Production O Resources used to make goods O Goods are items sold in a market O Examples: Land, labor, capital, and entrepreneurship Land O Natural /


Basic Economic Concepts. What is Economics in General? Economics is the study of _________. Economics is the science of scarcity. Scarcity is the condition.

many people to hire Governments must choose how much to spend on welfare. scarcity Keep in Mind… “ In spite of the practical benefits, economics is/Government Spending, Inflation, Unemployment, etc.) Positive vs. Normative Positive Statements- Based on facts. Avoids value judgements (what is). Normative Statements- Includes value judgements (what ought / are used to produce goods and services. Anything that comes from “mother nature.” (Water, Sun, Plants, Oil, Trees, Stone, Animals, etc.) The Four Factors of /


Basic Economic Concepts. What is Economics in General? Economics is the study of _________. Economics is the science of scarcity. Scarcity is the condition.

many people to hire Governments must choose how much to spend on welfare. scarcity Keep in Mind… “ In spite of the practical benefits, economics is/Government Spending, Inflation, Unemployment, etc.) Positive vs. Normative Positive Statements- Based on facts. Avoids value judgements (what is). Normative Statements- Includes value judgements (what ought / are used to produce goods and services. Anything that comes from “mother nature.” (Water, Sun, Plants, Oil, Trees, Stone, Animals, etc.) The Four Factors of /


Scarcity and the Science of Economics Chapter 1. Imagine… A girl and her boyfriend get shipwrecked on a deserted island. After surveying the island they.

 Value is worth expressed in dollars and cents. Scarcity by itself is not enough to create value. For something to have value, it must also have utility.  Paradox of Value Example: diamonds & water  Utility is a good’s or service’s capacity/ to be protected against fraudulent, deceitful, or grossly misleading information, advertising, labeling, or other practices, and to be given the facts to make an informed choice. 3. The right to choose: to be assured, wherever possible, access to a variety of products/


Basic Economic Concepts. What is Economics in General? Economics is the study of _________. Economics is the science of scarcity. Scarcity is the condition.

many people to hire Governments must choose how much to spend on welfare. scarcity Keep in Mind… “ In spite of the practical benefits, economics is/Government Spending, Inflation, Unemployment, etc.) Positive vs. Normative Positive Statements- Based on facts. Avoids value judgements (what is). Normative Statements- Includes value judgements (what ought / are used to produce goods and services. Anything that comes from “mother nature.” (Water, Sun, Plants, Oil, Trees, Stone, Animals, etc.) The Four Factors of /


Drought in Isfahan International Hydrological Program Division of Water Sciences International Hydrological Program Division of Water Sciences Ministry.

to the Intergovernmental Council of IHP for further consideration and decision; Noting that under the growing threat of water scarcity, droughts may have different economic, social and environmental impacts depending on their intensity and duration, while their /extensive range of impacts that evolve over time and last for a longer period; Drawing attention to the fact that there is limited harmonized effort among different concerned countries, universities, international organizations and UN agencies to/


CHALLANGES AND RESPONSES FOR WATER EDUCATION IN A CHANGING ENVIRONMENT THE CHALLENGES IN THE NILE BASIN: HOW CAN NETWORKS CONTRIBUTE TO WATER CAPACITY.

WATER CAPACITY DEVELOPMENT AMEL M. AZAB 29 TH MAY 2013 Contents The Nile Basin Key Issues and Challanges Knowledge Management Challenges Knowledge and Capacity Development Framework Role of knowledge Networks in CD Highlights from the Nile Basin Capacity Building Network Facts/New education areas, based on new COPs and inter-disciplinairy collaboration (Climate Change, Water scarcity,…etc.) More Challanges for the Nile Basin........ The need for professional capacities in different fields to support /


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