Ppt on water scarcity articles

1 The Evolution of Water Law in the European Union by Paulo Canelas de Castro Jean Monnet Chair University of Macau Jean Monnet Seminar.

(article 4) - Good water status (article 1) (ecological criteria) - river basin as geographic reference - Comprehensive good water management regime (broad scope of matters and procedures) 4. Principles: precaution, prevention, control at source, minimisation, knowledge and planning 11 Economically-friendly Irrelevance 1.Water taken as granted in quantitative form (State) 2. Water services unaccounted for; Someone would foot the bill - … the State The economy matters 1. Scarcity + quantity/


Monday April 16, 2012 Goal: Learn as much as possible in not enough time!!!. Warm UP: What are the main sources of air pollution? Acid Rain Webquest. Water.

Fresh Water Resources Physical and economic water scarcity and limited or reduced access to water are major challenges facing human society and are key factors limiting economic development in many countries. (MEA) Water scarcity and declining access to fresh water are a/organisms are in the water using up the oxygen BOD < 1 almost pure water BOD 5 Doubtful purity BOD 20 Unacceptable purity Homework Read the Ozone article and answer questions attached. Watch the frontline video on water pollution at: http/


WATER SERVICES NATIONAL TRAINING GROUP 2010 CONFERENCE WASTE WATER TREATMENT & DISPOSAL SYSTEMS FOR SINGLE HOUSES A NEW AUTHORISATION REGIME HOW IT MIGHT.

365 no.)  Intensive farming 1970’s  Deterioration in surface water quality  Substantial resources input by Cavan County Council  On-site/ 2009 - Ireland, except Cavan has failed in its obligations under Articles 4 & 8 obligations under Articles 4 & 8 - Adverse affects on environment - Adverse affects on/polluter pays Cost- polluter pays - local government/central government fund scarcity - local government/central government fund scarcity - registration - registration - fee from each household/grant from/


Economic Structure of Water Management and Water Loss-Leakage Control in Turkey Bahar SEL Section Manager 10.03.2015.

the river basin…” (Annex III) Exemptions from the objective to achieve the Good Water Status (on time) based – among other criteria – on “disproportionate costs” (Article 4) 10/22 Cost Recovery in WFD Water related Environmental costs Non-water related Environmental costs Environmental costs (External) Scarcity costs Resource costs (External) Administrative costs Capital and O&M costs Other direct costs Financial Costs (incl. internalized environmental and/


Background: Land scarcity and fragmentation Arable land of China is only 10% of the total arable land of the World (World Bank data and projections) Population.

), over the period 2010-2015 to tackle food security and arable land scarcity Land consolidation Due to serious farmland reductions between 1986 and 1996, in /the general plans for land use shall be determined by the State Council. Article 41 (Chapter 4: Protection of cultivated land) The State encourages land consolidation./shall organize rural collective economic organizations to carry out comprehensive consolidation of fields, water surface, roads, woods and villages according to the general plans for the /


Water.europa.eu Indepth assessment economic analysis progress report SCG meeting 14-15 May 2008 Maria Brättemark, Unit D.2, DG Environment, European Commission.

of detail reported often insufficient for the preparation of implementation of article 9 Low level of international coordination Few MS have reached sufficient /water economics, for the purpose of this report, but also other issues. Reporting formats – with WG D and network of economists – to improve the reporting next time Legal action ? water.europa.eu Slide 15 Other economic projects - Handbook on economic assessment – contracted to COWI. - Competitiveness study - Aquamoney - Water scarcity : water/


DRINKING WATER, BIODIVERSITY and DEVELOPMENT

use of international watercourse agreements and how they provide frameworks for sustainable water resources management, including implementation of the objectives, Articles and decisions of the CBD, is provided in Brels et al. (2008). GOOD PRACTICES /there will be a tipping point as glacial area contracts, leading to reduced flows and increasing water scarcity — threatening, amongst other things, drinking water supplies for probably around 2.6 billion people by 2030. The Nepal Himalaya has 3,252/


Catholic Social Ministry Gathering Washington, DC February 24-27, 2008

can be purchased Growing water scarcity – The quantity and quality of available water can decline over time as a result of overexploitation of natural water resources, environmental degradation of water sources, or declining flows of water into the area /1949: Geneva Convention (protocol 1, article 54) prohibits destroying in wartime drinking water installations, supplies and irrigation works 2002: UN Economic and Social Council stated that the human right to water is fundamental for life and health /


Water Resources and International Conflict: Game Theory Kristina Schneider CE 384D Kristina Schneider CE 384D.

about water” - Ismail Serageldin, Vice – President of the World Bank in a 1995 New York Times Article. Overview The Nature of Water Resource/Water Population supplied The quality of the water Resource Rivalry Potential causes of water disputes: Amount the resource is shared among the nations Degree of scarcity of water Relative power of each nation Accessibility of alternative fresh water supplies. Potential causes of water disputes: Amount the resource is shared among the nations Degree of scarcity of water/


Aswan High Dam Was it worth it? A case study of water storage and transfer in Egypt (an L.E.D.C.) Acknowledgement to : The Geography Portal site.

the Nile flow. Ethiopia responded no country can prevent it from using Nile water. Egypt says it will not give up its share of Nile water. Most upstream countries are seeking to use more water before it reaches Egypt. Water is limited; riparian needs are growing; potential for conflict is real. Water Scarcity Issue Countries Dependent Upon the Nile The Nile moves through ten different countries/


1. Mirza Hamid Hasan 3 June 2014  Pakistan is predominantly an agricultural country, heavily dependent on irrigation water.  Our food security and.

Analysis in the Water Sector 41  Suitable modifications and adjustments would be required in the relevant institutions in the water, agriculture and allied sectors so as to equip them to adequately respond to the growing water scarcity, challenges posed by/ To promote cooperation between the Parties in the development of the waters of the Rivers. iii. To make every effort to settle promptly, in accordance with provisions of Article IX (1), any question arising thereunder. 57 Institutional and Capacity /


Western Water Workshop Front Range Groundwater: Scarcity and Opportunity July 21, 2010.

meet both  Peaking on a deep aquifer well stresses the aquifer further reducing well yield Residential Water Use 2005 Annual Hydrograph Managed Peak Day Demand Conservation/Demand Management Programs Passive Conservation Information/Education –Bill Stuffers –ArticlesWater-Wise Garden Open House –New “Product” Exhibit –“Green Builders” BMPs –Water Use Audit Programs Demand Reduction –Annual Demands 5 % - 10% –Max Day Demands 5 % – 10% Conservation/Demand/


1 “When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.” - Benjamin Franklin.

lake. 7 Salton Sink, showing the water line of Lake Cahuilla. The Salton Sink was an area experiencing water scarcity, meaning there was not enough access to freshwater to drink or grow food. Countries experiencing water scarcity tend to be in highly populated and dry/River in Ohio caught fire, due to a buildup of oil on its surface. Articles in Time Magazine and National Geographic spurred a movement that gave birth the first water pollution laws. 32 Cuyahoga River fire, 1952. By 1972, about two-thirds of /


EEAs assessments of the status of Europe’s waters Peter Kristensen Project manager Integrated Water Assessment, European Environment Agency (EEA) Session.

. nutrients in groundwater, rivers and lakes; pollution sources and emissions); Water and health (Bathing water quality, drinking water quality, hazardous substances related to health) Water resources focus on water scarcity and drought (Water Exploitation Index, water abstraction by sectors, water resource accounts, water efficiency) Floods and water related disasters Climate change impacts on water and water adaptation measures Hydromorphological /structural activities (e.g. hydropower, navigation, number/


Water.europa.eu Policy update with regard to Priority and Emerging Substances SOCOPSE Final Conference Maastricht, 24-25 June 2009 Jorge Rodriguez Romero.

network, Modelkey) REACH Socopse Final Conference, 24.6.2009 Scarcity of monitoring data Analysed Fraction   Analysis   Fish - Fish Liver15 Mussel - Mussel Whole9 Sediment - Fraction <2mm (whole)62 Water - Whole water with no separation of liquid and SPM phases 42 Example/case further product controls are needed Socopse Final Conference, 24.6.2009 Outlook Overall methodology for WFD article 16 Community action to be consolidated, to be used in future updates, including relationship with other legislation/


Trans-boundary river basins in Spain and Portugal: The Albufeira Agreement Teodoro Estrela Deputy Water Director Ministry of Environment, and Rural and.

Articles 20 and 23) Exchange of Information (Articles 5, 6 and 7 and Annex I) Transboundary Impacts (Articles 8 and 9 and Annex II) Quality and Pollution (Articles 13 y 14) Water Uses (Article 15) Exceptional Situations (Articles 17, 18 y 19) Flow Regime (Article/ Groups on:  Flow regimes, water scarcity and emergency situations  Information exchange and public participation  Security of the infrastructures and floods  WFD and Water Quality Portuguese Technical Secretariat Permanent Technical Secretariat/


1 EU Water legislation PEIP National Workshop – Montenegro Budva, 13-14 May 2008 Dagmar Kaljarikova Policy Officer for Turkey, Montenegro, NGOs and REC.

Directive 2000/60/EC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive 91/272/EEC Urban Waste Water Treatment Directive 91/272/EEC Drinking Water Directive 98/3/EC Drinking Water Directive 98/3/EC Bathing Water Directive 2006/7/EC Bathing Water Directive 2006/7/EC Floods Directive 2007/60/EC Floods Directive 2007/60/EC Communication on Water Scarcity and Droughts 2007 Communication on Water Scarcity and Droughts 2007 Marine Strategy/


DG ENV - “Support to Water Policy Fitness Check ” Part 2 – Effectiveness and Efficiency May 10, 2011.

(Nitrates Directive) are not clearly described and often difficult to estimate Application of Article 9 on recovery of costs for water services / water pricing is not reported in many draft plans and remains challenging issue for 2010 Incoherent/3) Respondents to the survey (Public water authorities) were asked to what degree do availability of and access to funds constrain the implementation of the EU Water Policy Directives and policy covering water scarcity and drought 25 Assessing policy efficiency Is/


WATERHOLIC - a drop of water, a drop of hope 2013 2015 COLEGIUL TEHNIC „MIRON COSTIN” ROMAN, ROMÂNIA 23 – 27.02.2015 Palermo, ITALIA.

the health of ecosystems, safety of human contact and drinking water. Water scarcity Water scarcity is the lack of sufficient available water resources to meet the demands of water usage within a region. It already affects every continent and around 2.8 billion people around the world at least one month out of every year. NOTE: This article is the responsibility of the author, and ANPCDEFP and the/


Ecologic.eu Brussels, 19 March 2009 Environmental & economic impact of water pricing and quotas in the agriculture sector What do we learn from practical.

Institute- Vienna ecologic.eu The context Increasing concerns in Europe about drought events and water scarcity Article 9 WFD Communication by the Commission on Water Scarcity and Droughts adopted in July 2007  Getting the price right, shift land use /? Brussels, 19 March 2009 ecologic.eu Q.6 – Additional benefits? Wide range of additional benefits Direct: ecology, water-related tourism, fishing, shellfish production, industrial activity Indirect: related economic sectors (e.g. in the Charente area, /


Lesson objectives: To be able to describe global access to water To be able to explain why water demand is increasing Key terms SupplyDemandUrbanisationExtraction.

1.23 Physical water scarcity - where there is not enough water to meet all demands Economic water scarcity – where there is water available but not enough capacity or infrastructure to make use of it Increasing demand for water in China China’s/ water stress due to climate change.  Glacial runoff supplies the region with about one quarter of its water. As glaciers retreat, this will actually increase water supplies initially (until perhaps 2020, according to the original article), but then water supplies/


1 “When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.” - Benjamin Franklin.

lake. 11 Salton Sink, showing the water line of Lake Cahuilla. The Salton Sink was an area experiencing water scarcity, meaning there was not enough access to freshwater to drink or grow food. Countries experiencing water scarcity tend to be in highly populated and dry/River in Ohio caught fire, due to a buildup of oil on its surface. Articles in Time Magazine and National Geographic spurred a movement that gave birth the first water pollution laws. 40 Cuyahoga River fire, 1952. By 1972, about two-thirds of/


1 “When the well is dry, we learn the worth of water.” - Benjamin Franklin.

lake. 11 Salton Sink, showing the water line of Lake Cahuilla. The Salton Sink was an area experiencing water scarcity, meaning there was not enough access to freshwater to drink or grow food. Countries experiencing water scarcity tend to be in highly populated and dry/River in Ohio caught fire, due to a buildup of oil on its surface. Articles in Time Magazine and National Geographic spurred a movement that gave birth the first water pollution laws. 60 Cuyahoga River fire, 1952. By 1972, about two-thirds of/


Lesson objectives: To be able to describe global access to water To be able to explain why water demand is increasing Key terms SupplyDemandUrbanisationExtraction.

1.23 Physical water scarcity - where there is not enough water to meet all demands Economic water scarcity – where there is water available but not enough capacity or infrastructure to make use of it Increasing demand for water in China China’s/ water stress due to climate change.  Glacial runoff supplies the region with about one quarter of its water. As glaciers retreat, this will actually increase water supplies initially (until perhaps 2020, according to the original article), but then water supplies/


California Reasonable Use Law: Lessons from the Russian River Frost Protection Litigation PAUL STANTON KIBEL Golden Gate University School of Law / Water.

of Appeal Decision in Light v. SWRC B Foundation of California Reasonable Use Law ►Article X, Section 2 of the California Constitution (“The right to water…does not and shall not extent to the waste or unreasonable use or unreasonable method/s direct diversion of water constitutes an… unreasonable method of use of water is predicated on the very premises that the direct pumping results in a great temporary scarcity of water during the crucial frost period…The direct diversion of water for frost protection in/


Technologies for Adapting to Climate Change: Water Resources and Agriculture Anthony Nyong, University of Jos NIGERIA UNFCCC Seminar on the Development.

, sensitivity and adaptive capacity Adaptation should address these concerns. UNFCCC and Adaptation Article 4.5 of refers to promoting, facilitating and financing transfer of “environmentally /water scarcities. Scarcity is influenced by factors at global level (climate change), regional level (land-use change), river basin level (water resource management) and household level (access to water). Adaptation strategies in the water include Water exploitation methods Water storage methods +rain harvesting Water/


World Environment Day 2003 Water - Two Billion People are Dying for It! Developed by Rev. Jason John, Brisbane, on behalf of UnitingJustice Australia for.

Water Development Report: Water for People, Water for Life (http://www.unesco.org/water/wwap/wwdr/ex_summary). According to the press release,http://www.unesco.org/water/wwap/wwdr/ex_summary Faced with “inertia at the leadership level”, the global water crisis will reach unprecedented levels in the years ahead with “growing per capita scarcity of water/The campaigns link has a number of water-focussed campaigns. Their Environment magazine also contains a number of useful articles, but they do not appear to /


Water By Lisa, Genesis and Kathy. A D I M I N I S H I N G R E S O U R C E.

Lack of conservation; misuse Map of the World showing water scarcity Top 10 largest cities by population that have the greatest chance of running out of water 1. Los Angeles-major water supply Colorado River Basin 2. Houston- Jasper Aquifer,/Retrieved from http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/environment/article/A-GREEN-LAWN- AT-ANY-P... http://www.mysanantonio.com/news/environment/article/A-GREEN-LAWN- AT-ANY-P McDonald, Colin. (2011). BexarMet bets on getting water rights: Record drought could choke utility. /


Water.europa.eu Assessment River Basin Management Plans CIS Strategic Coordination Group meeting Brussels, 11-12 May 2011 Marieke van Nood WFD Team DG.

related to chemical pollution 13.Measures related to hydromorphology 14.Measures related to Article 9 (water pricing policies) 15.Additional measures in protected areas 16.Strategy to deal with water scarcity and droughts 17.Adaptation to climate change water.europa.eu 7 Other assessments EEA 2012 State of the Environment report on Water EP initiated ‘top-down’ study of RBMPs on specific topics: –Governance: international coordination/


Agriculture and Rural Development Demonstrating compliance with article 46 of RDR for investments in irrigation Meeting of the Strategic Coordination Group.

(5 November 2014) Christine FALTER, AGRI H1 DG Agriculture and Rural Development European Commission Demonstrating compliance with article 46 of RDR for investments in irrigation EAFRD support for irrigation – intention and legal basis What is / on water body with a scarcity problem is not permitted, except for some derogations….. Derogation 1 – linked investments Water required comes from a water saving resulting from a linked investment in existing irrigation equipment Derogation 2 - reservoir Water needed/


Today’s Questions What is the water or hydrological cycle? What causes floods? Who cares about snow and ice? What is an impervious surface and what does.

cases –Floods Washington Pakistan –Role of snow & glaciers globally –Urban watershed http://ga.water.usgs.gov/edu/watercyclesummary.html Quantities of Water Takehome Message: Lots of water! Not much fresh Not much clean fresh Water quantity is variable!! Water Scarcity Article in the Economist (& the NAS YouTube Video) emphasized: –Importance of having enough, clean water at the right time Problems –Too much or not enough –Polluted (http://www/


Water Privatization Plachimada, India Presented By Gerardo Marenco Yvette Becerra Sadam Olema.

size of Lake Erie. By 2050 demand is expected to double and consequently exceed the 1.4 trillion cubic meters of supply. Article 13 Water privatization has been recommended by the Indian Government’s national water policy to address the issue of water scarcity. Coca Cola in Plachimada ●Long before the coca cola company was contracted and established at Plachimada village of Kerala state it/


Miss Zarycky. World Water Conference presenting a research article related to local, national and/or global water issues. Students will be working.

/watch?v=QqNUTl Y5foQ 3) Think/Pair/Share -Create a list of examples where water has been contaminated on a global, national and local level 4) Kashechwan vs. Walkerton Water Crisis (Articles) - What are the main issues? What are the causes? What are the solutions/economic leaders. The message: Do not forget the role water plays in every aspect of the global economy. The video describes in surprising images and unlikely pacing the roles water and water scarcity play in the global economy We took a different /


A Proposal to Prevent Excessive Water Consumption-

in the Middle East Technical University Northern Cyprus Campus with the notions of sustainability and environmental friendliness. In the article, in accordance with the objectives of the strategic plan of the initiative, by the contribution of METU NCC /houses on the campus. Northern Cyprus has a subtropical semi- arid climate. Water resources are insufficient. Considering the scarcity of fresh water and difficulty exercised to keep water flow through the shower head in taking shower, a simple retrofit to /


The Ganges Water Conflict Prof. Hem Raj Subedee, Ph.D. Conflict, peace and department studies Tribhuvan, University Kathmandu, Nepal.

the Feeder canal in India as well as Hardinge Bridge Point in Bangladesh. Article 7 states that the Joint Committee is responsible for implementing the water sharing arrangements and examining any difficulties arising out of the implementation of the / governments which shall meet urgently to resolve the discussion. No arrangement for long-term solution of the dry season water scarcity. For augmenting the Ganges flow the cooperation of other riparian countries including Nepal and China are vital.1996 treaty/


Master in Water Engineering Water Supply and Drainage Systems.

it in different uses Public regulation Cooperation, equality –Focused in controlling the demand –Scarcity –Sustainability From the Clasic to the Modern System of Drinking Water Clasic System (preindustrial times) Transition to the Modern System (first industrialization, XIX)/ones Management tools, 2008 Management tools, 2010 Basic bibliography AGUILERA, F., 1993: Economía del agua, Madrid: MAPA. Articles of Kelso, Brown and Ingram, Bromley, Chan, Aguilera, or Wade. BIGATTI, G., 1997: «La conquista dell’acqua/


Without Clean Water Katie Neis Neis. Exploring water shortages and contamination in African communities, as well as in United States Indigenous peoples.

to try and ’solve’ these problems, even though they have consistently promoted privatization of water resources Africa’s push to reduce water contamination and scarcity for its most impoverished citizens, may need to come from civil society, in an organized/… http://www.africafiles.org/article.asp?ID=4564 http://www.africafiles.org/article.asp?ID=4564 www.thp.org www.hancock.forests.org.auhttp://www.nrdc.org/water/conservation/nblmesa.asphttp://www.nrdc.org/water/conservation/nblmesa.asacademic.emporia.edu/


Ecologic.de Public Participation- Key element of EU Water Policy Nicole Kranz Ecologic - Institute for International and European Environmental Policy.

12/13 May 20063 History Early beginnings Water management: one of the first environmental policy areas to consider interests of stakeholders Collective management of water resources Spain: water scarcity Netherlands: protection against flooding Germany: mill /groups: industry, fisheries, agriculture special role: environment NGOs general public ‘interested parties’ (Art. 14) = public Article 2 (4) “The public means one or more natural or legal persons, and, in accordance with national legislation/


Growing Challenges 1.7 billion more people to feed. Ratio of arable land to population declining by 40- 55% Growing water scarcity Climate change.

Growing Challenges 1.7 billion more people to feed. Ratio of arable land to population declining by 40- 55% Growing water scarcity Climate change a call to ACTION Sustainable development in agriculture: Broad based Knowledge centered Farmer centered An Open Coalition 4 founding partners: Farmers (IFAP), Scientists (ICSU), Business /level, G8 and other policy fora Build support online through use of online and print media –Now with over 2100 individual supporters who joined online –Over 35 articles in media


SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT. Environmental sustainability –Main article: Environmental degradationEnvironmental degradation Environmental degradation is.

the human population, conflicts, sometimes violent, between groups fighting for a dwindling resource, water scarcity and many other major problems. Consumption of renewable resources State of environment Sustainability More than/structures that preserve more of the surrounding environment.Cohousingintentional communities Sustainable landscape architecture –Main article: Sustainable landscape architectureSustainable landscape architecture Sustainable landscape architecture is a category of sustainable design/


MARKETING STRATEGIES. The Mind Shift Glass Ceiling Scarcity Self sabotage Harmful and damaging thoughts about money YOU are the MARKETER YOUR product.

(they must give contact info) Free Swag – T-­‐shirts, refrigerator magnets, pens, water bottles o For kids o Relevant Free Body Diagnostics ($247 value) Instant sign up /to Action ( 2 weeks free etc.) o Compelling/Irresistible offer o Scarcity and/or urgency o Model infomercials Creative Marketing Tactics: Look outside the box/social gathering No hard pitches Run contests Give recognition Share fun blog posts, videos, articles, ect… Referral, tagging, recognition Paid Facebook ads (2 examples) oooooo Headline:/


Recent and on-going EU policy developments and implementation issues in the field of water management Nicola Notaro (Ph.D) Deputy Head Water Unit C1 DG.

3 to 30 (All Member States + Norway) SWD(2012) 379 Communication on the Review of the European Water Scarcity and Drought Policy COM(2012)672 + accompanying Commission Staff Working Document SWD(2012)380 Fitness Check SWD (2012)393/, national), with account of impacts on aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems, human toxicology and ecotoxicology knowledge Drinking water abstraction Run-off Good chemical status criteria (Article 3 & Annexes I and II) Threshold values for “risk” substances set by MS (end 2008/


Aqua Publica Europea event

47% want stricter water regulation Challenges Article 9 of Water Framework Directive (WFD) – cost recovery of water services taking into consideration environmental and resource costs (ERC) Blueprint to safeguard Europe’s water – enforce water pricing/cost recovery /enough for water suppliers to invest in improvements Affordability addressed through social measures - not by reducing water price incentives (such as reduced VAT rates) Regional variations in e.g. water scarcity reflected in water prices Please /


Master in Water Engineering Water Supply and Drainage Systems.

the demand –Scarcity, Sustainability A New Water Paradigm: The Soft Path for Water Focusing on ensuring water for human needs Focusing on ensuring water for ecological needs Matching the quality of water needed with the quality of water used Matching/the Second Industrial Revolution (steel, electricity, chemistry) Basic bibliography AGUILERA, F., 1993: Economía del agua, Madrid: MAPA. Articles of Kelso, Brown and Ingram, Bromley, Chan, Aguilera, or Wade. BIGATTI, G., 1997: «La conquista dell’acqua. /


by Nilgun B. HARMANCIOGLU Director of SUMER, DEU

ethical problem because women, the half of humanity, have a greater responsibility and suffer more than men from water scarcity and pollution, particularly in developing countries. In our changing world, gender issue is a very sensitive question because/ cooperation and the respect for human rights and fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to sex (Article 1, paragraph 3, article 55).   In the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948), the United Nations condemn discrimination on /


Sustainable/Green Water Resources Management

Social Sustainability (affordability & equity by income group) Where do economics come in? Articles 5: Socio-Economic characterization of RB Article 9: cost-recovery and allocation Annex III: guidance for economic analysis, program of /Economic instruments (e.g. abstraction/pollution taxes, tradable permits, subsidies). Measures to increase awareness regarding water scarcity, aiming at reducing abstraction/pollution. Direct controls on pollution dischargers. Agri-environment programs providing financial /


DRA Perspective on Pricing, Cost, and Ratemaking Aspects of Recycled Water Delivered to and by Investor-Owned Utilities CPUC Water Recycling Rulemaking:

state board, after notice to any person or entity who may be ordered to use recycled water or to cease using potable water and a hearing held pursuant to Article 2 (commencing with Section 648) of Chapter 1.5 of Division 3 of Title 23 /of reasonable use authority and codes and standards. The Legislative Analyst’s Office predicts a dire scenario by 2030. Rationing and scarcity pricing would have harmful social and economic effects. Questions? Picture of the Sacramento-San Joaquin Delta at Sunrise : http://www/


World Water Crisis ” ‘Water, water everywhere’ but what’s a brother gotta do to get a drink around here?” Joel Thomas CBE 555 November 27, 2007 Updated:

Population with Access to Safe Drinking Water by Country, 2000 Percent of Total Disease Burden Caused by Unsafe Water by Country, 2000 Renewable Freshwater Supply by Country*, 2000 *m 3 per person per year Scarcity Middle East Middle East –“Many //focus/water/index.html - Global Water Crisis Articles http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/water/index.html - Global Water Crisis Articles http://www.nature.com/nature/focus/water/index.html http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2000/07/0714_water.html - Water and /


Use of Water for Agriculture in Pakistan: Experiences and Challenges Simi Kamal Conference on The Future of Water for Food 3 rd – 5 th May 2009 University.

provision for downstream flow is demand of Sindh, but not yet finalized Source: Pakistan Water Accord, 1991 (Agreement), March 1991 and Water Accord 1991, Section 6 (article), available from www.waterinfo.net.pk/pdf/wa.pdf and http://64.233.169./ population is predicted to reach12 million tons by the year 2013 Water availability went down to 1500 m3 in 2002, making Pakistan a water stressed country Water scarcity (1000 m3) expected in 2035 Water and food security are, therefore, Pakistani’s major issues this/


Two global transboundary water conventions: a catalyst for cooperation on shared waters Nick Bonvoisin & Chantal Demilecamps, UN Economic Commission for.

(2) & 24), UNWC) Scope of Transboundary Waters –Surface water or groundwater (Art 1(1), UNECE WC) –Surface water and connected groundwater (Art 2(a), UNWC) –Nb: 2008 ILC Draft Articles on Transboundary Aquifers Comparing the Conventions: Differences – /within UNECE region Water challenges –Growing problem of water scarcity –Extreme events Political landscape Economic and social conditions UNECE Water Convention Work programme 2013-2015: Area 1: Support to implementation Area 2: EU Water Initiative National /


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