Ppt on vitamin deficiency diseases

The role of vitamin B12 within the body Ahmad Sh. Silmi Msc Haematology, FIBMS.

are sufficient to meet the requirements for at least three years following complete cessation of dietary intake or intestinal absorption. Malabsorption of vitamin B12 The most common cause of the deficiency, which could be due to: Lack of intrinsic factor Gastrointestinal disease. Drug-induced Malabsorption. 1- Lack of intrinsic factor (pernicious anaemia) Pernicious anemia is by far the most common cause of B12/


The Water-Soluble Vitamins

and oxygen Citrus fruits Cabbage-type vegetables, dark green vegetables (such as bell peppers and broccoli) Cantaloupe, strawberries Lettuce, tomatoes, potatoes Papayas, mangoes Easily destroyed by heat and oxygen Vitamin C Deficiency disease: scurvy Deficiency symptoms Anemia (small-cell type) Atherosclerotic plaques Pinpoint hemorrhages, bone fragility, joint pain Poor wound healing, frequent infections, bleeding gums, loosened teeth Muscle degeneration and pain, hysteria, depression, rough/


The Vitamins David L. Gee, PhD Professor of Food Science and Nutrition Central Washington University FCSN 245 - Basic Nutrition.

Germ Theory of Disease yScurvy: Disease of sailors yBeri-Beri: Disease of poor Asians The Discovery of Vitamins zThe Germ Theory of Disease yRickets: Disease of poor Northern European children yPellagra: Disease of poor corn eating cultures The Discovery of Vitamins zThe Vitamin Theory of Disease yScurvy: Disease of sailors xVitamin C deficiency yBeri-Beri: Disease of poor Asians xThiamin deficiency yRickets: Disease of poor Northern European children xVitamin D deficiency yPellagra: Disease of poor corn/


Vitamins, Herbs, and Nutritional Supplements Presentation Why Basic Supplementation is Necessary By Kristine Gilleo.

fresh foods than is good for us. Processed food generally contains less fiber, fewer micronutrients, and fewer phytochemicals that protect against heart disease and diabetes, according to recent studies (Psychology Today, 2013). Top 10 Vitamin Deficiencies 10) Vitamin B1 (thiamine): Beriberi, a disease whose symptoms include weight loss, body weakness and pain, brain damage, irregular heart rate, heart failure, and death if left untreated (Listverse/


© 2008 Thomson - Wadsworth Chapter 11 The Fat-Soluble Vitamins: A, D, E, and K.

hard, inflexible protein of hair and nails. Changes in epithelial cells results in keratinization, rough, dry and scaly skin. Deficiency disease is called hypovitaminosis A © 2008 Thomson - Wadsworth Vitamin A and Beta-Carotene Vitamin A Toxicity Can occur with concentrated amounts of the preformed vitamin A from animal foods, fortified foods, or supplements. Consuming excessive amounts of beta- carotene from supplements can be harmful. Bone/


By SG Bhuvan Kumar. VITAMINS - deficiency diseases  History of vitamins :  The story of vitamin dates back to 18 th century.  Sailors of this period.

By SG Bhuvan Kumar VITAMINS - deficiency diseases  History of vitamins :  The story of vitamin dates back to 18 th century.  Sailors of this period knew that eating of liver cures a disease called night blindness and  Eating of lemons cures another disease called scurvy.  Also cod liver oil cures a disease called rickets  In 1912, Sir H.G. Hopkins first identified Vitamins in MILK and named it as Accessory factors/


The Role of Vitamin D and Health: Are you Deficient? Marylyn Kajs-Wyllie RN,MSN,APRN,CNRN,CCRN,SCRN Clinical Associate Professor, St. David’s School of.

,CNRN,CCRN,SCRN Clinical Associate Professor, St. David’s School of Nursing Objectives Describe the physiologic functions of Vitamin D. Relate the effects of Vitamin D deficiency to multiple disease states. Identify the influence of Vitamin D deficiency on health. Determine if you are at risk for Vitamin D deficiency. Vitamin D: What is it? Fat soluble vitamin (stored in fat) Hormone precursor – acts more like a hormone than a/


Vitamin C, B1, B2 & B3 Water soluble vitamins.  It is water-soluble vitamin.  Most animals are able to synthesize all Vit. C they need from dietary.

the blood, while increasing levels of HDL cholesterol (the healthy, protective form of cholesterol). 3. Antioxidant functions: It plays an important role in antioxidant systems, particularly in the liver. Vitamin B3 Deficiency Diseases 1. Milder deficiency of niacin (as well as tryptophan) can cause:  Glossitis (inflammation of the tongue leading to purplish discoloration)  Dermatitis around the mouth and rashes  Fatigue  Irritability  Poor appetite  Indigestion/


The Fat-Soluble Vitamins A, D, E, and K The Fat-Soluble Vitamins.

body with the help of sunlight –Fortified milk, margarine, butter, cereals, and chocolate mixes –Veal, beef, egg yolks, liver, fatty fish (herring, salmon, sardines) and their oils Vitamin D Deficiency diseasesDeficiency diseases –Rickets –Osteomalacia Vitamin D Deficiency symptoms: rickets in childrenDeficiency symptoms: rickets in children –Inadequate calcification, resulting in misshapen bones (bowing of legs) –Enlargement of ends of long bones (knees, wrists) –Deformities of ribs/


Introduction to Biochemistry Part One Objectives: Evaluate the benefits and risks of each vitamin discussed. Describe various deficiency symptoms or disorders.

are due to osteomalacia rather than osteoporosis. Osteoporosis is when bones become brittle. This can be due to too little calcium being absorbed due to lack of vitamin D. Deficiency is also associated with “auto-immune” diseases like multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, muscle weakness, and high blood pressure if it is due to too much renin (produced in kidneys) because D affects this/


Chapter 12: Vitamins and Minerals Copyright © 2011, 2007 Mosby, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier. All rights reserved.

, Inc., an affiliate of Elsevier. All rights reserved. Measurements of Vitamin Needs  Haveles (pp. 148-149) (Box 12-1)  In 1993 the Food and Nutrition Board initiated a review process, beginning with a symposium  The new RDAs are designed not only to prevent deficiency diseases, but also to minimize chronic diseases such as heart disease  The original term RDAs has been divided into different, more/


Environmental & Nutritional Diseases Ashley Inman 11-10-2014.

stored, BUT they are poorly absorbed in fat malabsorption disorders (cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, ileal resection) VITAMINS ENDOGENOUS Synthesis- D, K and NiacinENDOGENOUS Synthesis- D, K and Niacin DIET- all the othersDIET- all the others Vitamin Deficiency can be PRIMARY (diet) or Secondary (malabsorption)Vitamin Deficiency can be PRIMARY (diet) or Secondary (malabsorption) VITAMIN A (RETINOL) Functions:Functions: –Night vision –Growth and differentiation of mucus-secreting epithelium/


PHYSIOLOGY OF NUTRITION AND VITAMINS MUDr. Romana Šlamberová, Ph.D.

molecule required by a living organism in small amounts for proper health. An organism deprived of all sources of a particular vitamin will eventually suffer from disease symptoms specific to that vitamin – Avitaminosis. Vitamins (2) Avitaminosis is any disease caused by chronic or long- term vitamin deficiency or caused by a defect in metabolic conversion. Hypervitaminosis is the syndrome of symptoms caused by over-retention (mostly of/


2 Musculoskeletal Disorders Osteomyletis Bone Cancer Osteoporosis Paget’s Disease Osteomalacia (Adult Rickets)

mineralization of bone matrix leading to marked deformities of weight bearing bone and pathologic fractures abnormal softening of bones caused by deficiencies of phosphorus or calcium or vitamin D Pathophysiology Primary causes are vitamin D & Calcium deficiency and hypophosphatemia A disease occurring from a deficiency in vitamin D or calcium and is characterized by a softening of the bones with accompanying pain and weakness. Osteomalacia (adult rickets/


Part 2 Applications Core of illnesses Regimens for disease Regimens for common ailments Why they are so unique.

and feel we do not have to supplement  We deplete all of our b vitamins in the body through stress and exercise Symptoms of B deficiency  Arythmia or irregular heartbeat  Anemia and low blood count  Nervousness and fatigue and anxiety  High blood pressure and clogged arteries  Carpal tunnel disease and sciatica  Cysts blood clots and aneurisms  Underlying reason for mental illnesses  Poor circulation/


Vitamins Deficiencies & Toxicities. Vitamins Organic molecules needed in small quantities for normal metabolism and other biochemical functions, such.

, other causes are a decreased bile flow to the small intestine from bile duct obstruction, a malabsorption of vitamin K due to bowel resection, ulcerative colitis, or chronic hepatic disease. The vitamin K deficiency seldom results from an insufficient dietary intake of it. The vitamin K deficiency seldom results from an insufficient dietary intake of it. Laboratory Findings The prothrombin time (PT) is prolonged to a/


Vitamin B 6 Colleen Poling. Abstract Vitamin B 6 is a water soluble vitamin that plays in important roll as a coenzyme in over 100 different reactions.

activities of PLPM and... Polyhedron. 2003;22:53-65. Pathways of B6 Metabolism 13] Stone WJ, Warnock LG, Wagner C. Vitamin B6 deficiency in uremia. Am J Clin Nutr.1975; 28:950-7. Metabolism occurs in the liver, where the conversion of PLP takes/ and calcium and magnesium metabolism in young women.” Am. J. Clinical Nutrition, Nov 1992; 56: 905 - 910. Vitamin B 6 and Disease – Asthma Suggests that inadequate pyridoxine could be related to asthma. Still need more research to result in a stronger conclusion 27/


Infant nutrient needs Basis Approach Specific nutrients water energy protein fatty acids vitamin K Vitamin D Iron Fluoride.

severe intracranial hemorrhage, cooagulopathy, and seizures, unresponsive, pupils fixed and dialated Cochran Prophylactic Vitamin K for preventing haemorrhagic disease in newborn infants Vitamin K deficiency can cause bleeding in an infant in the first weeks of life. This is known as Haemorrhagic Disease of the Newborn (HDN) or Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding (VKDB). Cochran Vitamin K is necessary for the synthesis of coagulation factors II (prothrombin), VII, IX/


The Fat-Soluble Vitamins: A, D, E, and K Chapter 11.

of stores, 90% in liver  Protein status for RBP mfg.  Consequences of deficiency  Risk of infectious diseases  Blindness  Death Vitamin A Deficiency  Infectious diseases  Measles, pneumonia, diarrhea  Malaria, lung diseases/infections, HIV- AIDS  Night blindness  Inadequate supply of retinal to retina  Blindness (xerophthalmia)  Lack of vitamin A at the cornea  Develops in stages Vitamin A Deficiency  Keratin- hard, insoluble hair & nail protein  Keratinization  Change in shape & size of/


Vitamin B5 ( Pantothenic Acid). Vitamin B5 ( Pantothenic Acid)  It is a peptide composed of D-Pantoic acid and β- Alanine and is found as calcium salt.

(SB) SB occurs when two sides of the spine fail to close and protect spinal cord People at High Risk of Vitamin B9 Deficiency 1.People who depend on processed food and neglect whole grains and vegetables. 2.Smoking. 3.Many chronic diseases and health status such as psoriasis, anemia, infections, cancer, fever, trauma, surgery, or burns sharply increase folate requirements. 4.Liver/


Vitamin D in Health and Disease-Current Updates Dr. Saidunnisa Begum M.D Professor of Biochemistry.

1500-2000 IU/day for teenagers and adults  Michael F. Holick, Clinical Chemistry, 56:729-731(2011) Recommendation: Disease management and prevention  Disease management:  Osteoporosis  Muscle weakness  Hypertension  Multiple sclerosis  Malabsorption  Disease prevention:  Cancer  Rheumatoid Arthritis  Diabetes  Tuberculosis  Link between vitamin D deficiency and osteoporosis is well established especially in elderly which is due to marked suppression of intestinal calcium absorption resulting in/


目录 Chapter 4 Vitamins. 目录 James Lind 目录 Christian Eijkman (Ducth) found Vit.B 1 ( Nobel Prize for Medicine and Physiology,1929) Albert Szent-Gyorgyi.

1. The chemical natures and properties 目录 It is required in the synthesis of prothrombin and blood clotting factors. (3) Sources : Plants ; intestinal bacterial 2. Function and deficiency diseases 目录 deficiency diseases: bleeding easily 目录 Section 2 Water-soluble Vitamin 目录 Water-soluble and readily excreted in the urine. They must be absorbed from the food frequently and can not be stored. They are precursors of coenzymes for the/


Infant nutrient needs Basis Approach Specific nutrients water energy protein fatty acids vitamin K Vitamin D Iron Fluoride.

:1.4 to 6.4 per 100 000 births –IM vitamin K prophylaxis: 0 Cochran Prophylactic Vitamin K for preventing haemorrhagic disease in newborn infants Vitamin K deficiency can cause bleeding in an infant in the first weeks of life. This is known as Haemorrhagic Disease of the Newborn (HDN) or Vitamin K Deficiency Bleeding (VKDB). Cochran Vitamin K is necessary for the synthesis of coagulation factors II (prothrombin/


The Water-Soluble Vitamins: B Vitamins and Vitamin C Chapter 10.

cold  Conflicting and controversial research  Deactivates histamine  Disease prevention Vitamin C – Recommendations  Prevent overt symptoms of scurvy  Absorption maximum  200 mg  Higher vitamin C levels for smokers Vitamin C Deficiency  Notable signs of deficiency  Gums bleed easily around teeth  Capillaries under skin break spontaneously  Scurvy  Other physical signs  Psychological signs  Sudden death Vitamin C – Deficiency Vitamin C – Toxicity  Supplementation side effects  Diarrhea  GI/


The role of vitamin B12 within the body Ahmad Sh. Silmi Msc Haematology, FIBMS.

are sufficient to meet the requirements for at least three years following complete cessation of dietary intake or intestinal absorption. Malabsorption of vitamin B12 The most common cause of the deficiency, which could be due to: Lack of intrinsic factor Gastrointestinal disease. Drug-induced Malabsorption. 1- Lack of intrinsic factor (pernicious anaemia) Pernicious anemia is by far the most common cause of B12/


Vitamins: Classification & functions Saida Almashharawi 2015-2016 Basic Biochemistry CLs 233.

FMN (Figure 28.15). FMN and FAD are each capable of reversibly accepting two hydrogen atoms, forming FMNH 2 or FADH 2 Riboflavin deficiency is not associated with a major human disease, although it frequently accompanies other vitamin deficiencies. 33 34 Riboflavin (Vitamin B 2 ) Biotin (Vit B 7 ) Biotin is a coenzyme in carboxylation reactions, in which it serves as a carrier of activated/


Module 5. Introduction Vitamins & Minerals play integral roles in cell metabolism as coenzyme or cofactors for enzymes Vitamins & Minerals are required.

. Many coenzymes are made from water-soluble vitamins Roles of Thiamin Thiamin (B1) plays critical role in the energy metabolism of all cells Supports normal appetite & nervous system function Vital for NERVOUS SYSTEM Synthesis of neurotransmitters Production of sugar “RIBOSE” Needed in metabolism of certain amino acids & sugars The classic thiamin- deficiency disease “BERIBERI.” BERIBERI SEVER DEFICIENCY DISEASE IS CALLED “BARIBARI” CAUSES: Extreme Loss of/


Chapter 6 Vitamins. The Art of Nutritional Cooking, 3 rd edition Baskette/Painter © 2009 Pearson Education, Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458. All Rights Reserved.

in the presence of sun light rickets, caused by a lack of vitamin D, was widespread in Europe in the 18th century and was a very common diseases afflicting children in 1920, Sir Edward Mellanby discovered that rickets was caused by a deficiency in a trace component of the diet that was found in cod liver oil The Art of Nutritional Cooking, 3/


The Vitamins: Water- Soluble and Fat-Soluble Unit #9.

coenzymes that facilitate the work of every cell.  They are active in carbohydrate, fat, and protein metabolism and in the making of DNA and thus new cells.  Historically famous B vitamin-deficiency disease Beriberi, Pellagra, and Pernicious Anemia.  Pellagra can be prevented by adequate protein because the amino acid tryptophan can be converted to niacin in the body.  A high intake of folate/


F AT - SOLUBLE VITAMINS By: Dr. Wael Thanoon C.A.B.M. College of medicine,Mosul University.

DNA synthesis in red blood cells. The haematological disorders (macrocytic ormegaloblastic anaemias) due to their deficiency. Vitamin B12, but not folate, is needed for the integrity of myelin, so that vitamin B12 deficiency is also associated with neurological disease N EUROLOGICAL CONSEQUENCES OF VITAMIN B12 DEFICIENCY In older people and chronic alcoholics, vitamin B12 deficiency arises from insufficient intake and/or from malabsorption. Several drugs, including neomycin, can render/


PHYSIOLOGY OF NUTRITION AND VITAMINS MUDr. Romana Šlamberová, Ph.D.

molecule required by a living organism in small amounts for proper health. An organism deprived of all sources of a particular vitamin will eventually suffer from disease symptoms specific to that vitamin – Avitaminosis. Vitamins (2) Avitaminosis is any disease caused by chronic or long- term vitamin deficiency or caused by a defect in metabolic conversion. Hypervitaminosis is the syndrome of symptoms caused by over-retention (mostly of/


Do Make A Healthier Difference

without it blood would not clot. Some studies indicate that it helps in maintaining strong bones in the elderly. Vitamin K plays an important role in the intestines and aids in converting glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver, promoting healthy liver function. Deficiency Disease: Bleeding Diathesis, Delayed clotting & Hemorrhaging, Cholestatic Constipation, Patients may show signs of bruising easily and have nosebleeds/


Disease Informatics: ICD-11 at the doorstep By: RP Deolankar Presentation for 4 th Nutraceutical Summit, WTC, Mumbai, India Feb. 21-23, 2008 Bill and Narayana.

widespread in northern India," http://www.bmj.com/cgi/content/full/326 /7379/12/b?etoc Front end events of Vitamin D deficiency (Avitaminosis D syndrome, II) Front end eventsBackend event Autoimmune diseases Vitamin D deficiency Type 1 diabetes Heart Disease Osteoporosis The UV Advantage: The Medical Breakthrough That Shows How to Harness the Power of the Sun for Your Health by Michael F. Holick. I/


Vitamin D: Current Research and Recommendations Across the Life Span

USE - 1,25-D. This can often be normal with vit D deficiency Goals in Maintaining Vitamin D Levels Prevent disease of deficiency – rickets, osteomalacia Prevent complications of insufficiency – impaired calcium absorption and increased bone resorption Minimize risks of future disease – cancer, cardiopulmonary diseases, diabetes, other immune-related diseases 25(OH)D concentration To prevent deficiency disease – > 25 nmol / L To prevent complications of insufficiency – > 50 nmol/L For/


Chase Findley, MSIV. Vitamins, Fat Soluble, 94  Vitamins A, D, E, K Absorption dependent on ileum and pancreas Absorption dependent on ileum and pancreas.

Sprue, enteritis, fish tapeworm Sprue, enteritis, fish tapeworm ○ Lack of intrinsic factor Pernicious anemia Pernicious anemia ○ Absence of terminal ileum Crohn’s disease, surgical Crohn’s disease, surgical Schilling test to detect etiology of deficiency Schilling test to detect etiology of deficiency Vitamins, Water Soluble, 96  Folic Acid Function: Converted to tetrahydrofolate (THF), coenzyme used in 1-carbon transfer/methylation reaction. Used in synthesis of/


Vitamins Presented by Janice Hermann, PhD, RD/LD

deep orange fruits (apricots, cantaloupe) and vegetables (squash, carrots, sweet potatoes, pumpkin) Vitamin A Deficiency Disease Deficiency Symptoms Hypovitaminosis A Night blindness Corneal drying (xerosis), softening of the cornea (keratomalacia), corneal/ liver, fatty fish (herring, salmon, sardines) and their oils Vitamin D Deficiency Diseases Rickets Osteomalacia Deficiency Diseases Vitamin D Rickets in Children Deficiency Symptoms Inadequate calcification, resulting in misshapen bones (bowing of legs) /


Medical Nutrition Therapy for Anemia. Anemia Definition: deficiency in size or number of red blood cells or amount of hemoglobin they containDefinition:

the skin, making it look gray or bronze Hemochromatosis: if untreated, may result in ArthritisArthritis Liver disease: cirrhosis, cancer, liver failureLiver disease: cirrhosis, cancer, liver failure Damage to the pancreas, leading to diabetesDamage to the pancreas, leading/ cobalamin is used to test for B12 malabsorption Pernicious Anemia A macrocytic, megaloblastic anemia caused by a deficiency of vitamin B 12. Usually secondary to lack of intrinsic factor (IF)Usually secondary to lack of intrinsic factor/


7 Vitamins. Copyright © 2007 Thomson Delmar Learning, a division of Thomson Learning Inc. All rights reserved. 7-2 Objectives State one or more functions.

level of daily intake unlikely to cause adverse effects Copyright © 2007 Thomson Delmar Learning, a division of Thomson Learning Inc. All rights reserved. 7-6 Vitamin Deficiency People prone to vitamin deficiency:  Alcoholics  Poor and incapacitated elderly  Clients with serious diseases that affect appetite  Mentally retarded  Children receiving inadequate care Copyright © 2007 Thomson Delmar Learning, a division of Thomson Learning Inc. All rights reserved. 7/


Board Review DH227 Nutrition

, prevents cheilosis, glossitis, anemia Sources: milk, green leafy veg, legumes Properties: sensitive to light (milk should be stored in cardboard/opaque containers) Water-Soluble Vitamins Niacin (B3) Function: needed in RNA and DNA synthesis Nutritional Deficiency and Disease Pellagra Rough, painful skin Dementia Diarrhea Dermatitis Death Sources: meat, fish, enriched grains, green leafy veg Properties: aa tryptophan can be converted to niacin Water/


Sulfate Deficiency in Neurological Disease Following Aluminum and Glyphosate Exposure Stephanie Seneff June 2, 2015.

Sulfate Deficiency in Neurological Disease Following Aluminum and Glyphosate Exposure Stephanie Seneff June 2, 2015 ”If we all worked on the assumption that what is accepted as true is really true, there would be little hope of advance." -- Orville Wright Outline Introduction Sulfate Melatonin and the pineal gland Aluminum-glyphosate synergy Sulfate, vitamin D and autism Anemia and hypoxia Manganese dysbiosis Glyphosate and mitochondria/


Water Soluble Vitamins Vitamin C and B- Vitamins Lecture 6 February 9, 2015 Dr. Ponnusamy.

made from the amino acid tryptophan in the body Department of Food Science Lecture 6 – February 9, 2015 NIACIN DEFICIENCY Deficiency disease: Pellagra Characterized by progressive physical and mental deterioration 4 D disease: dementia, diarrhea, dermatitis, death. Department of Food Science Lecture 6 – February 9, 2015 VITAMIN B6- PYRIDOXINE Found in both animal and plant foods- fruits, vegetables, grains, meats Requirements: 1.9mg/day (men/


Vitamins Vital amines – “vital to life” (1900s) Their deficiency attests to their importance Three new columns added to the Vitamins table on the web.

(such as bell peppers and broccoli) –Cantaloupe, strawberries –Lettuce, tomatoes, potatoes –Papayas, mangoes Easily destroyed by heat and oxygen Vitamin C Sources Copyright 2005 Wadsworth Group, a division of Thomson Learning Vitamin C Copyright 2005 Wadsworth Group, a division of Thomson Learning Deficiency disease: scurvy Deficiency symptoms –Anemia (small-cell type) –Atherosclerotic plaques –Pinpoint hemorrhages, bone fragility, joint pain –Poor wound healing, frequent infections, bleeding/


Vitamins. Definitions:  Vitamins are organic compounds required by the body in trace amounts to perform specific function, and can not be synthesized.

, and - production of antibody against the intrinsic factor (pernicious anemia).The commonest cause of deficiency. - Some drugs (anticonvulsant, neomycin, paraaminosalicylic acid, Cholestyramine and alcohol) also cause vitamin B12 deficiency. - Diseases of terminal ileum, e.g. Crohn’s disease or tuberculosis. - Blind – loop syndrome: parasites compete for B12. Vitamin B12 deficiency(continue)  Deficiency can cause two main problems: -Pernicious anemia which is a megaloblastic anemia The anemia resulting/


Copyright © 2010, 2005, 1998 by Saunders, an imprint of Elsevier Inc.

studies have suggested this potent antioxidant may lower the risk for various diseases, including heart disease, some types of cancer, cataracts, age-related macular degeneration, and Parkinson’s and Alzheimer’s diseases. However, evidence is not conclusive that vitamin E will reduce the risk of heart disease and other chronic diseases. Hypostates: Vitamin E Deficiency At-risk groups Mild hemolytic anemia associated with increased erythrocyte hemolysis Peripheral neuropathy/


The Fat-Soluble Vitamins

bone, a condition known as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Dr. Latifah Al-Oboudi 2012 The bone deformities and bowed legs of rickets, a vitamin D deficiency disease in children. Dr. Latifah Al-Oboudi 2012 Vitamin D Toxicity Vitamin D toxicity can occur from excessive vitamin D supplementation, causing the deposition of calcium in the kidneys, heart, and lungs. Dr. Latifah Al-Oboudi 2012/


Vitamins Iva Klimešová. The discovery of the first vitamin was published in 1911 by a Polish biochemist, Casimir Funk. The term vitamine is derived from.

), specific symptoms will appear and can develop into a deficiency disease. Vitamin deficiency diseases are rare in the westernized society, but still occur in some parts of the world. Vitamins and minerals are measured in milligrams (mg), micrograms ( µg ) and international units (IU). How much of the vitamins do we need? The body requires different amounts of each vitamin because each of them has a different function. People/


VITAMINS Chap 8 J Pistack MS/Ed. Vitamins Organic substances—derived from living matter and contain carbon Small amounts required for normal metabolism,

A Carrots, sweet potatoes, squash Apricots, cantaloupe Spinach, collards, broccoli, cabbage Vitamin A Deficiency Diseases Night blindness Xerophthalmia - Extreme dryness and thickening of the conjunctiva, often resulting from a deficiency of vitamin A In developed countries, disease or lack of treatments can cause deficiencies Vitamin A Deficiency Vitamin A deficiency diseases in addition to vision: Vitamin A deficiency diseases in addition to vision: Anorexia Anorexia Growth retardation Growth retardation/


Vitamins. Vitamins Fat-soluble Vitamin A: vision, epithelial tissue, growth in children Vitamin D: bone mineralization, blood Ca 2+ regulation Vitamin.

are FMN and FAD FAD: cofactor in succinate dehydrogenase reaction (TCA) FMN: component of ETC – accepts 2 electrons from NADH in NADH dehydrogenase reaction Deficiency: Deficiency: not associated with major human disease but commonly seen in conjunction with other vitamin deficiencies Deficiency symptoms include: dermatitis cheilosis glossitis  Occular disturbance.  1. photophobia  2. vascularization of cornea.  Angular stomatitis: inflammation of angles of mouth.  3. Seborrheic dermatitis:inflammtion/


Mulvihill, Zelman, Holdaway, Tompary, and Raymond Human Diseases: A Systemic Approach, 6e Copyright ©2006 by Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New.

parallels the severity of the anemia. Mulvihill, Zelman, Holdaway, Tompary, and Raymond Human Diseases: A Systemic Approach, 6e Copyright ©2006 by Prentice-Hall, Inc. Upper Saddle River, New Jersey 07458 All rights reserved. Vitamin B12 Deficiency Anemia Pernicious Anemia   Caused by inadequate absorption or intake of vitamin B12, or a deficiency in a protein called intrinsic factor.   Intrinsic factor is produced in the stomach and/


VITAMIN D AND HEALTH Nelson B. Watts MD

)2 D Calcitriol (1,25 dihydroxyvitamin D) Major active metabolite No seasonal variation May be normal or high in vitamin D deficiency 1,25 D level useful in a few clinical situations Renal insufficiency Some cases of hypercalcemia (sarcoidosis and other granulomatous diseases) MEASURE 25-OH D??????? Samples from 10 healthy volunteers Split and sent to 6 labs Best results seen with HPLC/


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