Ppt on urbanization and environment

Mapping the Urban Image. What is your “image of the city”? Intangible model of the city Designed for practicality not precision Personal “Under construction”

the city feel like “home” Alternative names Image (Kevin Lynch, 1960)  imageability  path, edge, landmark, node, district  some urban environments are more imageable than others Mental maps  Peter Gould (preference surfaces)  Rodney White Cognitive maps  Roger Downs and David Stea  Reg Golledge Mental Maps Gould and White 1986 Ignorance Surface from Pennsylvania Preference Surface from Minnesota What areas do you know:  Well  Moderately well/


Dry Run Creek: Urban vs. Rural Surficial Water Quality Variability Nick Bosshart and Austin Cox.

higher pH, with the exception of our last data set pH lowered with rain event pH trend of increasing alkalinity during transit through urban environment Results: Total Dissolved Solids Discussion: TDS Results Site 4: No notable difference between stagnant pool and downstream Site 8: Consistently higher TDS content than Site 4 TDS content slightly lowered after rain event TDS trend of increasing content/


Developing an Urban-focused Environmental Science curriculum Wm. W. Montgomery New Jersey City University Jersey City, NJ

and environment –Supported areas include curriculum improvement MUST partner; we get lucky: –Conserve Wildlife Foundation of NJ; Exec Director knows: –USDA’s NRCS –NJ Dept of Environmental Protection –Liberty Science Center (yes, that Liberty) Major Elements of NJCU Proposal to USDA Niche…very few “urban/ Nat Sci: BIG DRAW) Interdisciplinary, experiential courses: –Urban Field Ecology (Bio) –Field Methods in Urban Environment (Geos) –Urban Environmental Chemistry (Chem) Outcomes: modern knowledge & high-tech/


Urban Changes Urban Development. Let’s learn about how three cities were born and raised. This is what they looked like before they were built. One was.

Urban Changes Urban Development Let’s learn about how three cities were born and raised. This is what they looked like before they were built. One was a prairie grassland One was a sandy desertOne was a rainforest This is what those places look like today! Wow! Can you match the cities with their environments/like when they were first being built. Now, can you match the cities with their environments? Look carefully! Grassland Rainforest Sandy desert 1860s 1905 1950s Bellevue, Washington Denver, Colorado Las/


LOGO PROJECT Sustainable Food for Urban Communities Introduction to Network Stephanie Mantell, Brussels Environment (IBGE) 25 April 2013 Photo credit:

Network Stephanie Mantell, Brussels Environment (IBGE) 25 April 2013 Photo credit: Dieter Telemans Our Network Why? –Food sector accounts for >30% of global consumer energy demand and produces >20% of GHG emissions –Political will in cities to address food as a policy area for more sustainable & inclusive growth Title: Sustainable Food in Urban Communities Developing low-carbon and resource-efficient urban food system Thematic Network/


National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Enhanced National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Enhanced Operations in the Contaminated Environment.

hemorrhage Convulsions Convulsions Pulmonary edema Pulmonary edema Cherry red skin/lips Cherry red skin/lips Respiratory arrest Respiratory arrest Blood Agents Signs and Symptoms National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Enhanced National Urban Search & Rescue Response System Enhanced Operations in the Contaminated Environment MOD 2-31 Version 1 Influencing factors Influencing factors Weather Weather Terrain Terrain Behavior of Chemical Behavior of Chemical Chemical Agents/


Optional Theme G Urban Environments. This topic has 4 sections… 1.Urban Populations 2.Urban Land Use 3.Urban Stress 4.The Sustainable City It is advisable.

Urban Environments This topic has 4 sections… 1.Urban Populations 2.Urban Land Use 3.Urban Stress 4.The Sustainable City It is advisable to create a sub-folder for each section on your computer to help your organisation. Section 1: Urban /increasing proportion of a regions population move to towns and cities. d)When the environmental quality of a location decreases substantially. e)When cities and towns expand outwards into the countryside. Define urbanization… Each Topic has a list of key definitions./


Link-level Measurements from an 802.11b Mesh Network Daniel Aguayo John Bicket Sanjit Biswas Glenn Judd † Robert Morris M.I.T. Computer Science and Artificial.

Channel 3 (2.422Ghz) Prism wireless cards in “pseudo-IBSS” Ad- Hoc mode to prevent network partitioning Each node transmits as all other nodes receive and record each successful frame. 802.11b networks in an wide urban environment: Devin Barillari - 600.647 - Advanced Topics in Wireless Networks The Experimental Setup Effect of distance Effect of SNR (Signal vs. Noise Ratio) Effect of transmit/


1 GMU SYST 798 Capstone Project Proposal “Role of Aviation in Future Urban Warfare” By Michael Bovan, Bryan Driskell Michael Ingram, Jay Stewart, & Damian.

) –Wind tunneling –Line-of-sight obstructions –Public intolerance for collateral damage Role of VTOL in military missions in future urban environment is largely undefined 5 Project Objective Analyze future vertical take off and landing (VTOL) aviation for military missions in urban environments. 6 Stakeholders US Navy and Marine Corps –40% of World Population within 100KM of coastline US Army US Air Force –How will Air Force/


Meeting the Challenges of the Changed Economic Environment Annual Conference September 2009 Water Services Training Group Regional Training Centre, Ballycoolin.

Water Surface Area3.25ha  Capital Cost€770k Meeting the Challenges of the Changed Economic Environment Annual Conference September 2009 Costs for Glaslough ICW Total cost including land€770k Less monitoring/ Phosphorus in river water body is 0.025 mgP/l for High Status and 0.035 mg p/l for Good Status. Discharges Glaslough ICW ‘The Pure/20/01/09) Comparison ICW Glaslough (1750pe) v Emyvale (2000pe) *UWWD = Urban Waste Water Directive GLASLOUGH ICWEMYVALE STWUWWD ParameterInfluent mg/l Effluent mg/l to river /


Flinders Institute for Housing, Urban & Regional ResearchFlinders Institute for Housing, Urban & Regional Environments Age Specific Housing: Are we Meeting.

No of Bedrooms 72.671.5Pets Allowed31.651.4 Storage Space 70.581.2Space for Caravan 9.510.2 Flinders Institute for Housing, Urban & Regional ResearchFlinders Institute for Housing, Urban & Regional Environments Use of and Importance of Services and Facilities at Retirement Villages Facilities and ServicesRV ResidentsNon RV Residents Maintenance Services9395 Health Care Services7389 Accessing Ancillary Health Services1985 Community Hall7784 Library6282 Dining Room / Restaurant8378 Organised Community/


The challenge of green urbanism: Mid-sized cities & ecological modernisation Dr Jason Byrne Griffith University School of Environment.

after a crisis (e.g. storm, flood, fire) with little or no damage to key infrastructure, social capital and life sustaining processes Griffith School of Environment 6 Overview Why mid-sized cities? Green urbanism Examples –Industrial ecology –Biomimicry –Metabolic cities Australian initiatives Relevance to Bologna and Forli? Fukoka Building Green Roof, Japan landscapeandurbanism.blogspot.com The Wild Project Green Roof, Canada Currumbin Eco-Village/


Session Title: Role of ULBs in Environment Management And Social Audit

environment and development called Agenda 21 reflects global consensus and political commitment on development and environment cooperation. Next Training Module on Audit of ULBs Session 12 Training Module on Audit of ULBs Session 12 Indian scenario In India- the urban /Constitution of India 18 functions listed in the 12th. Schedule. One of these functions is “Urban forestry, protection of the environment and promotion of the ecological aspect.” Next Training Module on Audit of ULBs Session 12 Environmental /


Urban Water Management Towards water sensitive urban settlements – integrating design, planning and management of South Africas towns and cities K. Winter,

that integrates new knowledge with the provision of water services and the protection of aquatic environments in urban areas urban areas…inclusive of residential, commercial or industrial purposes for allImplemented in all developments in an appropriate and fit- for-purpose manner resilient and adaptable Development that is able to withstand disasters and adjust to changes in environment, climate, population and social circumstances. a place where people want to live/


PENGELOLAAN RTH KOTA Sumber:.

the linkages between benefits and characteristics of the urban forest and its management. Physical/Biological Environment and Processes J.F. Dwyer, E. G.McPherson, H.W. Schroeder, and R.A. Rowntree. 1992. ASSESSING THE BENEFITS AND COSTS OF THE URBAN FOREST. Journal of Arboriculture 18(5): 227-234. Physical/Biological Environment and Processes Urban and community forests can strongly influence the physical/biological environment and mitigate many impacts of urban development by moderating climate/


Fifth European Conference on Sustainable Cities & Towns Spanish Urban Environment Strategies José Ignacio Elorrieta Subdirector Gral. Calidad del Aire.

-24 de marzo de 2007 2000 Cities AL 21 Network of Networks Urban Environmental Strategy of the Network of Networks SLD Urban Planning Sustainable Mobility Sustainable Building Sustainable Urban Management Rural–Urban Relations Spanish Strategy for Urban and Local Sustainability Housing Ministry Industry Ministry Environment Ministry Public Administrations Ministry Economy and Finance Ministry OBJECTIVES EuropeanFoundsEuropeanFounds LocaliaLocalia Urbani a Proyectos Integrados CCAA European Thematic Strategy/


Urban Carbon Mechanisms: A Handbook for Local Policy Makers Outline & Recommendations Heather ROGERS Project Manager, Climate Change & Energy Transition.

challenges & opportunities for GHG mitigation…but to maximize potential, local actors must be engaged UNEP & Gwangju City 2012: Cities and carbon finance: a feasibility study on an Urban CDM “Urban Carbon Mechanisms: A Handbook for Local Policy Makers” UNFCCC & UNEP Urban Methodologies for the built environment workshop, 27-28 March 2014, Bonn, Germany stephane.pouffary@energies2050.org & heather.rogers@energies2050.org www.energies2050.org 3/


Group 1 Aswin, Prithvi, Subramaniam, Valampuri. MI-VANET : A NEW MOBILE INFRASTRUCTURE BASED VANET ARCHITECTURE FOR URBAN ENVIRONMENT Paper 1.

: A New Mobile Infrastructure Based VANET Architecture for Urban Environment The Register and The Routing MI-VANET : A New Mobile Infrastructure Based VANET Architecture for Urban Environment The Register and The Routing MI-VANET : A New Mobile Infrastructure Based VANET Architecture for Urban Environment The Register and The Routing MI-VANET : A New Mobile Infrastructure Based VANET Architecture for Urban Environment The Register and The Routing MI-VANET : A New Mobile Infrastructure/


Urban waste management in a carbon constrained economy Bruce Edgerton Manager: Sustainability Policy.

urban waste management: 1.get organics out of landfill; 2.recycle-recover materials to highest-value use were possible; 3.generate energy from appropriately sorted residual material; 4.explore the next generation of energy-from-waste technologies to: o Generate renewable energy or transport fuels and/or sequester carbon. Draft Waste Strategy & consultancies (www.environment//yr of dry matter C&D timber – 15-30,000 Urban forest material – 10,000 and growing Dry commercial waste (PEF) – 10-25,000 Garden waste/


GREEN BUILDING WORKSHOP 2 nd April, 2015 Glass House, Eco Park, New Town, Kolkata. Dept. of Urban Development Govt. of West Bengal New Town Kolkata Development.

“GREEN” WHILE ISSUING SANCTION OPTIMISATION OF USE OF WATER RAIN WATER HARVESTING GRAY WATER RECYCLING AND RE-USE USE OF EFFICIENT PLUMBING FIXTURES Urban Development Department; Govt. of West Bengal Page 15 of 22 MATERIAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY OPTIMISATION OF USE OF WATER GREEN OPEN SPACE HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT ENSURING CONTINUITY Plot Area Minimum Area of green open space (as per NKDA Building Rules 2009/


Evaluating Wayfinding Ability Within Urban Environment

, 1999) Unintelligible spatial layout (Kim Y O, 1999) Evaluating Wayfinding Ability Within Urban Environment SSS8 2012 Related Works in Legibility and Intelligibility [Dalton and Bafna, 2003] [kim and Penn, 2004] [Long and Baran, 2006] [Turner, 2007] Evaluating Wayfinding Ability Within Urban Environment SSS8 2012 Case Studies Cairo CBD Maadi H eliopolis Evaluating Wayfinding Ability Within Urban Environment SSS8 2012 Maadi Cairo CBD Heliopolis Criterion It was built in English countryside/


URBAN ENVIRONMENTS A Service Learning Course in New York City to Foster SES Resilience Keith G. Tidball, Dept. of Natural Resources, Cornell U. 14 Apr.

The Honorable Jaime Lerner Former Governor of Parana, Brazil and former Mayor of Curitiba State of the World 2007, “Our Urban Future.” Worldwatch Institute. http://www.state.gov/cms_images/41global_pop_dens.jpg Urban Environments: Course Structure Urban horticulture and community gardening Urban community forestry Urban fisheries and wildlife Green design, architecture and landscaping Urban ecology and social ecological systems, and resilience theory Learning about resilience Learning to foster resilience/


The Role of Trees in Our Environment

barriers filtration biodiversity shade erosion control decreases noise pollution The Living Landscape Rural Suburban Urban How do you value trees in rural environments? Benefits of Trees in the Rural Environment Wind protection for crops Erosion control Creates diverse plant and animal habitats Purifies the air absorbing carbon monoxide, sulfur dioxide and nitrogen dioxide The Rural Setting Preserving habitat - Black River Preserve - Green Swamp Preserve N/


8th International Space Syntax Symposium, 3-6 January, 2012

representations of street networks according to street center- lines. 1 Peponis, J., Bafna, S., Zhang, Z. (2008). The connectivity of streets: reach and directional distance. Environment and Planning (B): Planning and Design, 35: 881-901. The Effect of Built Space on Wayfinding in Urban Environments: A Study of the Historical Peninsula in İstanbul KUBAT, A. S.; OZBIL, A.; OZER, O.; EKINOGLU, H. KUBAT, A. S.; OZBIL/


ROSETTA UN-HABITAT United Nations Human Settlements Programme

Cooperation (GTZ) in Egypt. The idea behind RUSPS is to help formulate urban poverty reduction policies at the local, national, and regional levels through a rapid, participatory, crosscutting, holistic, and action-oriented assessment of needs. RUSPS initially addressed four main themes: governance, slums, gender, and environment. It seeks to build a national profile and three city profiles. TABLE OF CONTENTS ROSETTA PROFILE – EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ….……………2 ROSETTA/


World Cat Environment vs. Technical Sustainability of Turkish Reinsurance Cessions September 24 rd 2013 International Istanbul Insurance Conference.

Central Europe Flood Alberta Flood Germany Hailstorms Ingrid + Manuel Hurricane in Mexico 8 3. Urban Flood, the next worry… 1 Hour 1 Day 1 Month Copenhagen Flood in 2011: 100mm of rain over a 100km2 during /and recent events show that a modelling framework is required to assess earthquake risks  Caution should be taken on « non » straight model features  Urban risk like flooding is the next worry  Sustainable profitability of the reinsurance cessions is questionnable in Turkey, in a cat-exposed environment/


Challenges in Urban Meteorology September 21-21, 2004 Dave Jones, Founder, President & CEO, StormCenter Communications, Inc. President, Foundation for.

Challenges in Urban Meteorology September 21-21, 2004 To apply environmental science in such a way as to engage Americans to increase their understanding of the environment To utilize science information as a tool for improved public and agency decision making/ such a way as to engage Americans to increase their understanding of the environment To utilize science information as a tool for improved public and agency decision making To directly relate science to societal benefits To increase public /


Building the Environment Roles for Urban Environmental Management Systems Urban Environmental Management United Nations Environment Programme Division.

. The need of the day - UNEP International Environmental Technology Centre CITIES ASIA SUMMIT 2002 Building the Environment: Roles for Urban Environmental Management Systems Urban Governance … for mainstreaming urban management Urban governance refers to the complex set of values, norms, processes, and institutions by which society manages its development and resolves conflict, formally and informally. It involves the state, but also the civil society. The first key component of/


ACVN / MoC / WPI Training Programme 1 Draft Urban Environmental Planning Methodology for Vietnam Prepared by Wayne Stone Danida / Carl Bro Vietnam Vietnam.

on balancing socio-economic needs and protecting the environment, resulting in Sustainable Development Define urban development limits based on available land and natural resources Define urban development limits based on available land and natural resources Consider sustainable use of natural resources (water conservation and recycling) Consider sustainable use of natural resources (water conservation and recycling) Make plans to minimize and control pollution from urban and industrial sources Make plans/


18.1 Introduction to urban environmental management 18.2 Urban development and urban environmental problems 18.3 The development of urban environmental.

comprehensive treatment goal  Draw up the comprehensive treatment program correctly  Reform environmental management system (3) The quantitative estimation of comprehensive treatment of urban environment (4)The result of comprehensive treatment of urban environment 18.5.3 Eco-efficiency management (1)Environment management efficiency and environment benefit  The implementation of benefit is based on efficiency  The efficiency of environmental management is equal to environmental benefit/the cost of/


Population, Urbanization, & Environment Chapter 22.

other societies or in different eras. Urbanization in Poor Nations A. A third urban revolution is taking place because many poor nations have entered the high-growth Stage 2 of demographic transition theory. B. Cities do offer more opportunities than rural areas, but they provide no quick fix for the massive problems of escalating population and grinding poverty. Environment and Society A. Ecology is the/


Development vs. Environment Sustainable Urbanism: An International Perspective Basheer Alshammari Kyle Morris Toritseju Omaghomi.

severe mercury poisoning http://blog.hemmings.com/index.php/2012/04/18/los-angeles-1955-2 / Examples of the effects of urbanization Pros and Cons of Rapid Urbanization Pros Growth in industrial productions Trade and Commerce Tourism Technology Cons Housing issues Agriculture Environment Water and sanitation treatment Air quality Unforeseen issues Solutions Clear Water Infrastructure Sustainability Policy (US) Clean Air Act (UK) Energy-saving technology Development/


LOGO PROJECT Sustainable Food for Urban Communities Thematic Network – Amersfoort Transnational Meeting Stephanie Mantell, Brussels Environment (IBGE)

aspect related to this issue to be included in the OP. Thematic Network Sustainable Food for Urban Communities - Teleconference 9 May 2012 I Page 26 Not a priority for our OP › Romania Environment: Since the SOP Environment does not include a Priority Axis related to food production, distribution and consumption, the drafting process of the operational programme doesn’t include consultations with local stakeholders/


Assessing Value Differences Between Urban and Rural Professionals of the Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services (TDPRS) in East Texas,

Assessing Value Differences Between Urban and Rural Professionals of the Texas Department of Protective and Regulatory Services (TDPRS) in East Texas, 2003 Roger Bruce McNellie, Ph.D.,MSSW,LCSW,LMFT,LPC,DCSW 2 Purpose of Study To determine if being raised or working in a rural vs. urban environment predicts a significant difference in scores on a values instrument, specifically the Values Scale (VS) (Donald Super/


Mel and Zora Rashkis Elementary School at Meadowmont VIRGINIA TECH COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE & URBAN STUDIES Labs for the 21st century Sponsored by: U.S.

on the building’s exterior. Architects: Corley Redfoot Zack Chapel Hill, North Carolina Center for High Performance Learning Environments Site Daylighting II Shading Solar Environmental Systems CHPle Home Smith Middle School Site and Plan: Rashkis Elementary School at Meadowmont VIRGINIA TECH COLLEGE OF ARCHITECTURE & URBAN STUDIES Labs for the 21st century Sponsored by: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency U. S. Department of Energy/


Urbanization and Urban (System) Development in Taiwan By Professor Sue-Ching Jou Department of Geography National Taiwan University Unless noted, the course.

Plan in Taiwan (A Brief, In English),Taipei: CEPD, 1974) http://archive.unu.edu/unupress/u nupbooks/uu11ee/uu11ee1a.gif NTU Sue-Ching Jou Taiwan Geographical Environment & Resources Urbanization and Urban Development in Taiwan 16 TEIA Taiwan Geographical Environment & Resources Urbanization and Urban Development in Taiwan 17 Government policies in responding to economic crisis The location of the Ten Major Construction Projects, 1970s Source: Council for Economic Planning/


An Analysis of Additional Building Bulk as an Incentive for Arranging Urban Renewal Projects Hsiu-yin, Ding National Chengchi University.

Empirical Analysis Data Variables Findings Conclusions ERES Conference 2011, Eindhoven Why Urban Renewal The goals when urban renewal as a national level urban development policy boosting economy rising environmental quality improving infrastructure and building construction Article 1 of the Urban Renewal Act to promote a well-planned urban land redevelopment revitalize urban functions improve urban living environments to increase public interests ERES Conference 2011, Eindhoven revolution Before 1997/


Development vs. Environment Sustainable Urbanism: An International Perspective Basheer Alshammari Kyle Morris Toritseju Omaghomi.

(2011) 3 days heavy rainfall. Damaged %70 of the infrastructure %25 lost their houses. Diseases, Malaria ، Cholera ، Typhoid Complete paralysis Pros and Cons of Rapid Urbanization Pros Growth in industrial productions Trade and Commerce Tourism Technology Cons Housing issues Agriculture Environment Water and sanitation treatment Air quality Unforeseen issues Solutions Clear Water Infrastructure Sustainability Policy (US) Clean Air Act (UK) Energy-saving technology Development of/


Development vs. Environment Sustainable Urbanism: An International Perspective Basheer Alshammari Kyle Morris Toritseju Omaghomi.

(2011) 3 days heavy rainfall. Damaged %70 of the infrastructure %25 lost their houses. Diseases, Malaria ، Cholera ، Typhoid Complete paralysis Pros and Cons of Rapid Urbanization Pros Growth in industrial productions Trade and Commerce Tourism Technology Cons Housing issues Agriculture Environment Water and sanitation treatment Air quality Unforeseen issues Solutions Clear Water Infrastructure Sustainability Policy (US) Clean Air Act (UK) Energy-saving technology Development of/


Andreas Kerschbaumer, Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment, Berlin 1 Black Carbon Air Pollution in Berlin  BC situation: measurements.

, Berlin 1 Black Carbon Air Pollution in Berlin  BC situation: measurements  Source apportionment  Abatement strategies Andreas Kerschbaumer Berlin Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment Directorate IX, Environment Policy 2 Andreas Kerschbaumer, Senate Department for Urban Development and Environment, Berlin Introduction Impact chain of air pollution other particles agriculture Industry & business power plants house heating traffic hydrocarbons Ammonia SO2 NOx Particles Acidification/


Richard Jeffries and Roy Richardson Improving Scottish Rivers Proposals for delivery.

Richard Jeffries and Roy Richardson Improving Scottish Rivers Proposals for delivery Urban improvements From this… …to this. Rural improvements From this… …to this. Varied habitats – pools, / still present Rural restoration opportunity  £22,000 from SEPA  Total value £48,000 low cost active restoration Logie burn Urban restoration partnership Funderamount Water Environment Fund£100,000 Total UK£60,000 Aberdeen Greenspaces Trust Ltd£62,500 Aberdeen Forward£50,000 North East Local Biodiversity Action plan/


Urbanization & Human Behavior? Which is which?  Urban ecosystem[life] shapes/reshapes human behavior?  Human behavior determines/shapes urban ecosystem[life]?

complex) World’s Largest Cities Population in Millions United Nations Population Division 2001 Urbanization & Human Behavior? Urban Ecosystem/Life Built environment Thickly Populated Urbanization & Human Behavior? Urban Ecosystem/Life Built environment Thickly Populated Non-self-sustaining Urban areas are not self sustaining!  Survive only by importing food, water, energy, minerals, and other resources from somewhere else  Produce vast quantities of wastes  Affect the health of their inhabitants but/


NatVent Best practice when installing air inlets to buildings situated in urban environments. situated in urban environments. check list establishing best.

Noise pollution Noise pollution Design tools Design toolsCONTENTS A common barrier when adopting natural ventilation in buildings located in urban environments is the potential exposure to external pollutants. Whilst mechanical ventilation systems can draw air through cleaning filters the driving/ 1.pdf –Reports Technological solutions 3.1_air supply 2.pdf Back to “WP3” Back to “WP3” You can read and print pdf-files with the Acrobat® Reader ®3.0. Program. This program is free. Download it from the Acrobat /


Urban Meteorology Rick Peltier Sangil Lee Chris Hennigan Ehsan Arhami.

Problems Indoor/Outdoor correlations Indoor/Outdoor correlations Socioeconomic status (SES) Socioeconomic status (SES) Urban Modeling Urban-Specific Problems Local (unmodelled/unmeasured) Exposures Local (unmodelled/unmeasured) Exposures Urban Heat Island Urban Heat Island Humidity/Heat Index Humidity/Heat Index Stress Stress Pollutant Specifics and the Urban Environment Pollutant Specifics and the Urban Environment Urban Health – Air Toxics Typically increased (small) local sources of air toxics Typically/


■Essential Question ■Essential Question: –How did progressives bring reform to urban & state governments? ■Warm-Up Question: –How effective were progressive.

Corruption scandals plagued the national government Quick Class Discussion: What problems existed within the city, state, & national governments? Urban Government Reform ■In the 1880s, reformers began to demand change in city gov’ts: –Reformers tried to end patronage/ program Conservation of the Environment –The gov’t protected 195 million acres as off limits to businesses –The Reclamation Service placed natural resources (oil, trees, coal) under federal protection National Parks and Forests The Legacy of /


Where have Urban Areas Grown? URBANIZATION Increasing Percentage of People in Cities History LDCs MDCs Increasing Number of People in Cities MDCs vs.

Urban Areas Grown? DEFINING URBAN SETTLEMENTS Social Differences Between Urban and Rural Settlements Social Behavior: Rural vs. Urban Large size High Density Social Heterogeneity Where have Urban Areas Grown? DEFINING URBAN SETTLEMENTS Physical Definitions of Urban Settlements Legal Definition of a city Urbanized/Inner Cities Have Distinctive Problems? Urban Renewal Public Housing In the U.S. a high percentage of inner city housing Unsatisfactory environments Renovated Housing Gentrification Reduce a /


1 Population, Urbanism & the Environment. 2 World population l Currently –6.2 Billion l Most of human history the population of the entire earth was 500.

Increasing geometrically l Result : People reproducing beyond what the planet can support 7 Neo-malthusians l Agree with Malthus and the “Limits to growth” thesis l Out-stripping resources l Poisoning the planet 8 Anti-malthusians l 6X more people/Two people produce two people l Maintains population at a steady state 11 Urbanism l Durkheim –Mechanical solidarity People bound by similarities –Organic solidarity People bound by differences 12 Environment (summary) l Acid rain l Global warming 13 Acid rain l /


Urban/Non-Urban Differences In Community Participation, Sense of Community, and Perceptions of the Environment among Individuals with Psychiatric Disabilities.

’d) Perceptions of the built and social environment Very limited research comparing aspects of the built environment between urban and non-urban dwellers, particular among individuals with PD. – However, it is likely that individuals in urban settings will have more positive perceptions of their physical environments compared to non- urban dwellers due to greater proximity to resources and enhanced access/ walkability. Individuals in non-urban settings typically report stronger perceptions of/


Urban environments and their impact on population health Dr Daniela Fecht UK Small Area Health Statistics Unit MRC-PHE Centre for Environment and Health.

structure  Land cover mix  Transport network  Street layout  Population density Social environ- ment Health care provision Environ- mental exposure Urban structure Physical features  Topography  Geology  Meteorology  Hydrology Social environ- ment Health care provision Environ- mental exposure Physical features Urban structure Factors influencing urban health Can we detect any associations between urban form and mortality rates in cities in Great Britain? Research question Study aims:  To create/


PRELUDE PRospective Environmental analysis of Land Use Development in Europe European Environment Agency PRELUDE European Environment Agency.

://scenarios.ewindows.eu.org/ http://www.eea.europa.eu/prelude PRELUDE PRospective Environmental analysis of Land Use Development in Europe European Environment Agency Land useDefinition Urban landLand covered by buildings and other man-made structures (includes residential land use, services, commercial uses and infrastructure) CroplandCultivated areas that have been tilled as well as areas with permanent crops which means crops not under a rotation/


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