Ppt on tribals of india

EMPOWERING THE POOR Community-Based Environmental & Financial Management in Adilabad District, India.

EMPOWERING THE POOR Community-Based Environmental & Financial Management in Adilabad District, India CFI Project Goals MAJOR GOALS Identify rural development investments strategies that have a sustainable impact on target populations & environments Minimize transaction costs to maximize effectiveness of development investments Secure rights over assets for the beneficiary group Empower tribal women Identify Incentives and projects that support community-based natural resource management cont. CFI/


CGNet Swara Using Cellphones to Bridge the Last Mile of Citizen Journalism Anoop Saha.

: ITU, DOT India IS IT POSSIBLE TO BRING THE POWER OF SOCIAL MEDIA TO 800 MILLION RURAL INDIANS VIA MOBILE PHONE? Journalism in Tribal Chhattisgarh No news medium for tribal languages in India Very few tribal journalists who know / stories for posting on CGNet site + list Deployment - Training Citizen Journalists Two-day training in rural Chhattisgarh (tribal area) – Basics of journalism – Role of Swara system – Extensive practice recording stories Participants (N=29, 66% male) – 9 farmers or self-employed/


Challenges and Opportunities in Creating Scalable Voice Services Bill Thies Microsoft Research India Joint work with Shubhranshu Choudhary, Aditya Vashistha,

, Ben Colmery, Smita Choudhary, Elisa Tinsley, and Saman Amarasinghe Voice Remains Primary Interface for Mobile Subscribers in India Most subscribers lack smart phones Text interfaces hindered by: – Low literacy (33% of adults in India are non-literate) – Language diversity (font support for tribal language?) Mobile Internet: < 3% of subscribers Smart Phone: < 5%Feature Phone: 50-70% (e.g., music player) Basic Phone: 30-50% Source/


THROUGH THE COURSE OF PREHISTORY IN INDIA: TRACING THE mtDNA TRAIL Tartu 19 th December 2005 Mait Metspalu.

common source population that diversified within India in the Late Pleistocene. Do the Indian tribal populations and the Austro-Asiatic speakers in particular share common ancestry with the castes or are they “more ancient” inhabitants of the subcontinent as suggested by some? Introduction of Sino-Tibetan languages to the east of India has evidently been coupled with large-scale immigration of men and women alike. Y- chromosome/


Noam Chomskys paradigm example of a failed state Noted philosopher and political activist Noam Chomsky has said Pakistan is a "paradigm example of a failed.

Islamic republic Provinces Balochistan Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Punjab Sindh Territories Islamabad Federally Administered Tribal Areas Azad Jammu and Kashmir Gilgit-Baltistan Army-Centric development With India having a population that is seven times as big as that of Pakistan, the Indian army should have been at least three or four times the size of the Pakistan army. But that is not the case; the Indian/


divali divali divali divali divali divali

loyal tribal friend, Hanuman, all returned happily to Ayodhya Ram was then crowned King of Ayodhya Illustrations from www.bhagwanvalmiki.com/ rama.htm The people of Ayodhya were so happy to have their favorite prince Ram back and now as their king, that they rejoiced! They lit divas and sang and danced with flowers, sweets and colors. This was the story of Divali! An India/


South Asia in Transition

have strong ethnic or sub national identities – each have languages associated with them Three broad linguistic divisions: Indo-Aryan, Dravidian, and tribal Linguistic Division No. of Members Examples of Location Languages Indo-Aryan 1.1 Billion Hindi, Urdu, Mid-India Bengali, Punjabi, Marathi, Gujarati 2. Dravidian 250 Million Tamil, Telegu, Southern India Kannada, Malayalam South Asia in Transition Peoples, Languages, and Religions With this variety/


The Age of Imperialism 1850 - 1914.

culturally Who: Belgium, England, France, Germany, Italy, Portugal & Spain Where: Africa, Asia & India Imperialism Why: resources, guaranteed markets, nationalism, military concerns, racism (Social Darwinism) & the missionary impulse How: advanced European technology like the Maxim gun, the telegraph, the railroad, the steamship, medicines like quinine, African tribalism and a lack of African unity Imperialism When: 1850 until 1914 Why do you suppose that it/


Sanjay Upadhyay Advocate Supreme Court of India Managing Partner Enviro Legal Defence Firm June 2013.

lands may not be an affordable luxury and at the same time there are numerous realities and distinctions within tribal communities ◦ Tribals of north cannot be compared with tribals of central IndiaTribals of north east India are very different from tribals of south Indiatribal youth is shifting towards the so called mainstream!  Similarly policing for conservation with the traditional forest guard model has not worked either.  Its time to identify the/


B.A. LL.B. Vth Sem Constitution of India.

Societies. Part X – The scheduled and Tribal Areas Part XI – Relations between the Union and the States. PARTS Part XII– Finance, Property, Contracts and Suits Part XIII – Trade and Commerce within the territory of India Part XIV– Services Under the Union, /the people. She allies in peace and war. The Popular sovereignty is also one of the basic structure of constitution of India. Hence, Citizens of India also enjoy sovereign power to elect their representatives in elections held for parliament, state /


VTCL – summary of proposal/budget ASHA Boston Meeting: November 4 rd 2012.

in curriculum development and Montessori philosophy – Nutrition and calorimetry demo resulted in improving school menu ParticularsExpenses Grants approved by the Ministry of Tribal Affairs Government of India Grant released by the Government of India i.e 90% of the approved grantFund neededPer child Personnel Cost 40500842193600197424020758445063 Teaching aids 385848282750254475131373320 Operational Cost 291914124600112140179774438 Exposures & Camps 2567677080063720193047471 Sports & Cultural Program/


“MALAYAJA” FOR EMPOWERING TRIBAL COMMUNITIES Sri K.Chandramouli,IAS Commissioner,AMR- APARD.

to act as change agents in their village development and facilitators for local self governance. Enabling objectives: At the end of the training programme, the participants will be able to:  Explain the importance and significance of tribal self governance in the light of tribal development administration in India.  Describe the powers bestowed upon the Grama Sabha under the PESA Act Training Objectives continued  Exercise the power/


A socially conscious and ecologically responsible company Agribusiness in Africa Large scale commercial cultivation of the natural sweetener - Stevia.

. It’s a stable democracy with business friendly policies. Peaceful coexistence among religious and tribal sects. Friendly, educated and hard working workforce. Good infrastructure, communication, roads and port facilities. Very large traces of land and perennial water source is available. Many large agribusiness companies from US, Europe, Brazil, India and China are operating successfully and profitably.  Proposed Location 5 The Business Plan Establish/


TRIBES OF INDIAIndia is the home to a large number of indigenous people, who are still untouched by the lifestyle of the modern world.  With more.

TRIBES OF INDIAIndia is the home to a large number of indigenous people, who are still untouched by the lifestyle of the modern world.  With more than 84.4 million, India has the largest population of the tribal people in the world.  These tribal people are still dependent on hunting, agriculture and fishing.  Some of the major tribal groups in India include Gonds, Santhals, Khasis, Angamis, Bhils, Bhutias. TRIBAL ART Every tribe is/


Place/Location (then and now)All over central India; spread over the states of Madhya Pradesh, eastern Maharashtra (Vidarbha), Chhattisgarh (Bastar),

million (source: Wikipedia) Languages spokenGondi (closely related to Telugu), some Gonds also speak Hindi Names of some forms of God worshippedPharsa Pen, Baradeo (the Great God) Food2 millets called Kodo and Kutki, and green leafy vegetables The term Gond refers to tribal people who live all over Indias Deccan Peninsula. They describe themselves as as Koi or Koitur (hill people). They are the largest/


EUROPEAN IMPERIALISM What is Imperialism?.

sub-continent. The security of India drove much British imperial expansion. Where does such a process ultimately end? #7 Defensive Imperialism British India—the Raj To insure control of India, Britain took the adjacent areas of Afghanistan and Burma. #/ national economic development. Social Effects The presence of developed imperial powers in backward areas of the world often shattered the old tribal identities of the native people Chieftains and tribal leaders who had previously drawn support and validation/


The State Can’t See the People for the Land and the Trees The Unjust Adivasi Predicament in Independent India – In Search of a New Direction 1anar-kali.blogspot.com.

structure of the Govt of India Act of 1935  Indian Forest Act, Land Acquisition Act, Indian Penal Code, Crim. Proc. Code retained  Fundamental Rights and enabling legal entitlements have to be secured through expensive litigation  Provisions of Fifth Schedule not binding  Provisions of Sixth Schedule clash with State Powers 4anar-kali.blogspot.com The Constitution Within the Constitution  Fifth Schedule – Governor may on the advice of the Tribal/


Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) – Pakistan A socio-political treadmill for women, children and minorities.

Afghanistan. Created by the British to serve as a buffer between undivided India and Afghanistan. Special system of political administration to govern these tribes. Special system of political administration to govern these tribes. Maximum autonomy Maximum autonomy Life under tribal code (Pushtunwali) Life under tribal code (Pushtunwali) Tribal Code Pushtunwali (cornerstone) melmastia (hospitality and protection to every guest); melmastia (hospitality and protection to every guest); nanawati/


Tribals,dikus and the vision of a golden age

by the colonial government? How were the tribals exploited by the colonial officers? In what way was the movement of birsa munda significant ? mcQ The british described the tribal people as The method of sowing seeds in jhum cultivation is known as The tribals cheifs got tittles in central india under the british settlements. Tribals went to work in the of assam and the in bihar. Birsa was/


SACRED PLACE, SACRED SPACE: THE GEOGRAPHY OF RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES.

He brings the offerings, as chief of provisioning; He is the creator of all good things, as master of energy, full of sweetness in his choice.” HOLY SITES SHINTO Theme: Absolute Location – Japan Tribal Religion becomes Traditional Tribal Beliefs or Shrine Shinto The world/ aspects. But even in the heyday of its material prosperity the heart of India ever looked back with adoration upon the early ideal of strenuous self-realization, and the dignity of the simple life of the forest hermitage, and drew its /


Higher Education Conference The impact of mergers on the South African Higher Education System Tshwane University of Technology (TUT) CSIR International.

: greater access to HE through the expansion of institutional infrastructures 8new India Institutes of Technology (IIT) – as far as possible in the Public-Private Partnership (PPP) mode; 7new India Institutes of Management (IIM); 16new central universities and 14central universities supported to attain world class standards; 370new colleges and 700partnered polytechnics. 10 Education specialization Indira Gandhi National Tribal University being initiated in Amarkantak, Madhya Pradesh to promote/


Centre for Rural Infrastructure (CRI),

Tribal Areas due to accessibility of locally available construction material with a free of cost. Credit Sources: The average share of Bank finance is just 5.46 % in all India. The contribution of DRI loans is negligible in all the states except Gujarat, where 50% of/ Chulhas linked to the Bathroom tub – Tamilnadu Additional room for occupational activity – Tamilnadu, Maharastra and tribal areas Plantation of Trees in all houses - Maharastra, Kerala, H.P Both Plinth area and Backyard area was highest/


Imperialism Theme: How imperialistic nations were able to expand their power and control at the expense of weaker nations Lesson 17.

leveled to make way for rubber tree plantations Africa: South Africa The Dutch East India Company had established a supply station at Cape Town in 1652 and settlers began expanding/tribal” nature of African societies caused problems Later Problems The invention of rigid tribal categories and the establishment of artificial tribal boundaries became one of the greatest obstacles to nation building and regional stability in much of Africa during the second half of the 20th Century The arbitrary boundaries of/


India State of Forest Report 2009 30 th November, 2009.

on a new enhanced methodology ̶ Forest cover in different altitude zones ̶ Distribution of forest cover by forest types ̶ State-wise growing stock with improved precision Key Information in India SFR 2009 Forest Cover of India and its change compared to previous assessment down up to the district level forest cover in tribal districts forest cover in hill districts forest cover in north eastern States forest/


SACRED PLACE, SACRED SPACE: THE GEOGRAPHY OF RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES.

He brings the offerings, as chief of provisioning; He is the creator of all good things, as master of energy, full of sweetness in his choice.” HOLY SITES SHINTO Theme: Absolute Location – Japan Tribal Religion becomes Traditional Tribal Beliefs or Shrine Shinto The world/ aspects. But even in the heyday of its material prosperity the heart of India ever looked back with adoration upon the early ideal of strenuous self-realization, and the dignity of the simple life of the forest hermitage, and drew its /


BET India Module 4 Managing and Mitigating Impacts Main Presentation December 2012.

IndiaIndia has one of the most advanced forest mapping programmes in the world, with the Forest Survey of India conducting a biennial cycle of forest and tree cover assessment. Source: Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, India’s Forests and REDD+Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, India’s Forests and REDD+ REDD+ in India/the Kani tribals in their traditional medicine.  The knowledge was divulged by three Kani tribal members to the scientists of Tropical /


Independent Office of Evaluation - 1 - India Country Programme Evaluation National Workshop New Delhi, 12 May 2015.

in India (previous in 2009) Three levels of analysis: (i)portfolio of loans; (ii)non-lending activities; (iii)strategy (COSOP) CPE period: 2010-15  13 loan-projects reviewed  sample of 6 grants This Country Programme Evaluation Independent Office of Evaluation - 4 - Objectives: Increased rural poor people’s access to: (i) agricultural technologies and natural resources; (ii) financial services and value chains Target groups: (i) tribal communities/


THE GEOGRAPHY OF RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES. RELIGION IN THE PRE-AP CLASSROOM Texas’ Essential Elements include religion You are teaching historical religions.

and createst the rivers, Gracious One. LOCATION OF TRIBAL RELIGIONS TRADITIONAL POLYTHEISMS Theme of Place: Characteristics influence religion Domestications of Plants, Animals Humans become sedentary Religions become formalized Tribal beliefs change to traditions Spirits give way to gods/ But even in the heyday of its material prosperity the heart of India ever looked back with adoration upon the early ideal of strenuous self-realization, and the dignity of the simple life of the forest hermitage, and drew/


UCL DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY UCL CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL HEALTH & DEVELOPMENT Improving maternal & newborn health outcomes among tribal communities in.

Ekjut trial Bangladesh (three rural districts) ekjut Ekjut trial study areas Jharkhand & Orissa - eastern India (combined population ~ 66 million) Tribal people (adivasi) ~ around a quarter of the population in both states Jharkhand: poorest state in India at its creation in 2000 Around 40% of population in both states live below the poverty line. ekjut UCL CENTRE FOR INTERNATIONAL HEALTH & DEVELOPMENT Maternal & newborn health indicators (2006/


DYNAMICS OF RURAL TRIBAL MARKETS: EXPLORING TRIBAL PEOPLE’S NEEDS AND EXPERIENCES Dr. SUNEETHA KANDI NATIONAL WORKSHOP ON COMMODITY RESEARCH 10 October.

Social Development Southern Regional Centre Rajendranagar, Hyderabad – 500030 Ph: 040-24016395 Email : csdhyd@hotmail.com csdhyd@hotmail.com sunikandi@yahoo.com Tribal Population of India 8.43 crores (2001 census of India) 8.2 % of the total population 700 Scheduled Tribes 33 tribes inhabit state of Andhra Pradesh Andh, Bagata, Bhil, Gond, Porja, Lambadis, Valmiki, Koya, Kotia, Jatapus, Konda Doras etc Illiterate, Innocent, Poor, easily taken advantage/


TRIBAL EYECARE PROJECT VVRCWA – DRUSTI EYE HOSPITAL & AP RIGHT TO SIGHT SOCIETY (DFID 2007 – 2010 ) AREA OF OPERATION : 3 Inaccessible Tribal Mandals Chintapalli,

Relief From Pains No Loss Of Vision.  EYE INFECTION : No Escort, Tare Care Of House.  CONGEITAL CATARACT : No Escort And Independent Living.  CATARACT IN ELDERLY : To Achieve Goals of Vision 2020, Active Eye Care Interventions are Still Needed is Accessible Areas Stong Need for Establishment of Vision Centre At Chintapalli Mandal of Paderu Tribal Hills Division of Visakhapatnam District of Andhra pradesh State Of India.  CONCLUSION : THANK YOU VISION 2020


KISS – Genesis, Relevance and Impact Prof. (Dr) Satyendra Patnaik Rector KIIT University, Bhubaneswar (India)

But poor have much to offer in terms of human capital Tribal scenario in Orissa. In 1992 it started as a small tool to fight against poverty. Birth of KISS Establishment of a small school for 125 children in 1993./ forums hail it Visitors President of India – Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam (2007) Prime Minister of India – Dr. Manmohan Singh (2011 & 12) – KIIT President of Mauritious – Sir Anerood Jugnauth (2010) Prime Minister of Bhutan – HE Jigmi Y. Thinley (2012) Education Minister of Afghanistan –Mr. Farooq Wardak /


TRIBAL COOPERATIVE MARKETING DEVELOPMENT FEDRATION OF INDIA LTD. (TRIFED) (Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Govt of India), NEW DELHI IMPROVING EFFICIENCY AND.

DEVELOPMENT FEDRATION OF INDIA LTD. (TRIFED) (Ministry of Tribal Affairs, Govt of India), NEW DELHI IMPROVING EFFICIENCY AND EFFECTIVENESS OF SKILL DEVELOPMENT AND CAPACITY BUILDING OF MFP GATHERERS & TRIBAL ARTISANS BACKGROUND Minor Forest Produce (MFP) i.e. forest produce other than timber, is a major source of livelihood for forest dwellers Scope Around 100 Million forest dweller depend on MFP for food shelter, medicine and cash income Forest dwellers spend/


Imperialism Definition: Stronger nations expanding their power and control at the expense of weaker nations.

Africans had already established strong and highly organized states, but elsewhere erroneous assumptions about the “tribal” nature of African societies caused problems British Empire in India In the 18th and first half of the 19th Century, the East India Company established a strong presence in India (Remember the East India Company was one of the joint-stock companies we learned about in Lesson 3) In 1858, the British/


CHAPTER 13 DEVELOPING NATIONS. Developing Nations PRISMs 1.Should all forms of trade protectionism be outlawed? 2.Do Godzilla nations have any community.

Microloan businesses, free trade coops, & cottage industries are ushering in a new era of productivity in the developing world. REGIONAL ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPING NATIONS THE RISE OF INDIA 1.India will likely become the world’s third largest economy (after the U.S. & / especially in Iraq, have determined to take it all.” SUDAN & DARFUR 1.Black African & Arab tribal cultures meet in the Darfur region of western Sudan (Northwest Africa). The non-Arab black people (the Fur, Masalit, & Zaghawa) have clashed throughout/


SACRED PLACE, SACRED SPACE: THE GEOGRAPHY OF RELIGIONS AND PHILOSOPHIES.

He brings the offerings, as chief of provisioning; He is the creator of all good things, as master of energy, full of sweetness in his choice.” HOLY SITES SHINTO Theme: Absolute Location – Japan Tribal Religion becomes Traditional Tribal Beliefs or Shrine Shinto The world/ aspects. But even in the heyday of its material prosperity the heart of India ever looked back with adoration upon the early ideal of strenuous self-realization, and the dignity of the simple life of the forest hermitage, and drew its /


Building Community Based Mechanisms Workable Solutions to reduce Maternal Mortality in India Presentation at the Civil Society Window on Maternal Mortality.

1 and 2 ) 16 Success contd.. Supporting TBA_ANM partnerships and integrating TBAs in the public health system (Evidence of success from Guatemala, Bolivia, Indonesia) Providing affordable referral transport 17 Successful evidences for rural / tribal areas of India Building capacities and skills of TBAs to expand her role as a link with the public health services: Technical skills on her core role during labour and childbirth/


North East India & South East Asia Challenges Before Indian Security.

). Important chiefs, British authorities, educated Nagas and people returned from WW1. Simon commission visited Kohima in 1929. Naga club demanded the return of their liberty when India got her independence. Participation in WW2, hoping for liberty. April 1945: “Naga hills district tribal council” (by sir Charles). Naga club to Naga national council (NNC) in ’46. “Naga unification and freedom” T. Aliba Imti Ao/


Why Budget is Important? Translates the commitments, declarations and polices into financial terms Reflects the priorities of the State and directions.

ranks 7 th position in India with regard to drop out rate at primary level (11.80 percent) (Mehta study, 2005-06) Yet to fulfil the norms under right to education act(no of schools and teachers) Tribals in Orissa Poor health infrastructure and service delivery. Agriculture: Traditional, small size of land holding, subsistence economy. Absence of record of rights with majority of tribals Dependence on forest based/


SANGHARSHA Team Leader: Dhananjay Karvir Thakare, SGBA University Team Member: Shruti Jain, SSCBS, Delhi University Country: India.

SANGHARSHA Team Leader: Dhananjay Karvir Thakare, SGBA University Team Member: Shruti Jain, SSCBS, Delhi University Country: India MY DREAM JOB IN 2022 Based on the Education and Empowerment of Youth of Rural and Tribal areas of India. Focus area: The rural and tribal area of CHIKHALI, a small town in Maharashtra, India. Sangharsha Yuva Abhiyan is an NGO already existing in chikhali, and is currently working on imparting primary level/


Social Assessment in Forestry Projects Workshop and Training Program, February 3-9, 2004 Ranchi, India Government of Jharkhand and The World Bank.

livelihoods? How to enhance livelihood opportunities, through forest produce and other means? Tribal groups; access and encroachments Lack of consensus among concerned stakeholders; opposition from advocacy groups Limited physical and organizational infrastructure / change Increased poverty and migration Feminization of poverty? The World Bank seeks to reduce gender disparities and enhance women’s participation in economic development. Women in India: Development gaps Work undervalued and unrecognized/


The World Today If earth’s population was 100, there would be: 52 females and 48 males 6 people would possess 59% of the entire worlds wealth – all 6.

Introduction Asha supports socio-economic change Evolving vision of Asha Implications  Every child in 700,000 villages of India to be in school and learning before Indias 100 year independence day mark.  Calls for/tribal children and youth Provides free education, medical and community services Helping tribal youth fit into the mainstream while retaining pride in, and contact with, their tribal heritage Actively seeking new teaching staff and training methods to improve quality of education and outcome of/


The Worlds of Islam: Afro-Eurasian Connections 600 C.E. – 1500 C.E.

from the trade routes, it served as an important pilgrimage site as the Kaaba, a shrine, housed idols of hundreds of tribal gods from the region The Quraysh dominated the city and grew wealthy from taxing the pilgrims that came to worship/to Hindu traditions Islam and Cultural Encounter: A Four- Way Comparison The Case of India Punjab, Sind, and Bengal: Islam’s base was in the Northwest and East of India Only 20– 25 percent of the population converted, and the central and southern reaches saw little if any /


Dr. Jayakrishnan Thavody Associate Professor Department of Community Medicine Government Medical College Kozhikode.

care institutions and the best health quality indicators in India  highest Human Development Index (HDI) - 0.790  the highest literacy rate (93.91%)  the highest life expectancy (77 years) and  the highest sex ratio (1,084 women per 1000 men)  This is often described as the “Kerala Model” of development  The tribal population within Kerala state is socioeconomically backward, with higher morbidity and/


Dr Vibhawari Dani M.D.(Paediatrics); DCH ‘MAHAN’ Melghat, India.

explored as alternative.  Melghat is a difficult-to-reach, hilly, forest area in Maharashtra (Central India)  Population of 3,00,000 scattered over 320 villages spread over 4000 sq Kms. 85% population is tribal,  A community based prospective trial with one-stage cluster sampling method was conducted in tribal Melghat for 3 months : August-October 2012  Six months follow-up was done.  Sampling frame/


1 STATE LEVEL BANKERS COMMITTEE (SLBC) GOA STATE BANK OF INDIA CONVENER, SLBC GOA 91st SLBC Goa meeting dated 11.12.2015.

-16 dated 19 th October 2015 advised that:  The Prime Minister of India on the eve of Independence Day launched ‘Start-up India Programme’ to disburse loans for start- ups to the ‘Tribal’ in the locality where there is any tribal habitation. Where there is no tribal habitation banks can provide loans to ‘Dalit’ or a ‘Tribal’, give financial support to them and thus 1.25 lakh Dalit/


CHAPTER 13 DEVELOPING NATIONS. Developing Nations PRISMs 1.Should all forms of trade protectionism be outlawed? 2.Do Godzilla nations have any community.

Microloan businesses, free trade coops, & cottage industries are ushering in a new era of productivity in the developing world. REGIONAL ANALYSIS OF DEVELOPING NATIONS THE RISE OF INDIA 1.India will likely become the world’s third largest economy (after the U.S. & / especially in Iraq, have determined to take it all.” SUDAN & DARFUR 1.Black African & Arab tribal cultures meet in the Darfur region of western Sudan (Northwest Africa). The non-Arab black people (the Fur, Masalit, & Zaghawa) have clashed throughout/


Do Tribal Women have Land Rights ? A study of Gond and Korku Tribal Women of Madhya Pradesh, India.

have Land Rights ? A study of Gond and Korku Tribal Women of Madhya Pradesh, India Country Context Land is mostly transacted in India through inheritance Land Rights of women are mediated through religion and customs captured in personal laws Tribal women’s land rights are almost totally determined by local customs having approval of law Women’s agricultural land rights follow state laws which widely differ. Madhya Pradesh/


Dr Sukamal Deb, PhD(Rural Development ) Certificate of Social Sector Leadership, University of California, Berkeley A Study of Conflicting Status of Jhum.

are an essential part of India. Nation building task is non-inclusive unless issues pertaining to their development not given priority. All human races are bound to go through transition - adjustment of policies & legal settings become inadvertent but as we believe in anthropogenic model of development, no law to hurt ethos, tradition, culture of human folk. This seems more relevant for tribal who are more sensitive/


Pakistan. Pakistani Government and History of Political Instability.

tests on May 28, 1998, responded to Indian nuclear tests Unpopular after “Kargil War,” at the time Pakistan and India were negotiating peace. Overthrown in 1999, exiled to Saudi Arabia http://www.storyofpakistan.com/articletext.asp?artid=A088 Sharif taking /is based on strong religious and ethnic bonds between the Taliban and Pakistan, especially with the tribal areas on the North-West borders of Pakistan. Most of the Taliban’s leaders were educated in refugee camps in Pakistan where they had escaped the /


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