Ppt on trans-siberian railway russia

RULE #2 THINK Comparatively. The Late Industrialization of Russia and Japan Both have a tradition of “borrowing”. Japan: Transformation without Revolution.

– Provides labor pool for industry – Agri (already backward) productivity stagnates Industrialization Industrialization Railways Trans-Siberian railway Railways Trans-Siberian railway Pacific reached, 1880s Pacific reached, 1880s Factories, 1880s Factories, 1880s Banking system improved Banking system improved – Western investment sought- France, England, Germany II. Russia Protest and Revolution in Russia A. The Road to Revolution “Russification” Policy of Government (Autocracy, Orthodoxy, Nationalism/


Russia: Movement Russia, a Big Country, With Big Problems.

electrified. Some of the bigger cities have an underground metro, like Moscow, St. Petersburg, Nizhny, Novgorod, Novosibirsk, Samara, Yekaterinburg, and Kazan. The Trans-Siberian Railroad The longest railway in Russia is called the Trans-Siberian Railroad. It is a network of railways connecting Moscow & European Russia with the Russian Far East provinces, Mongolia, China, and the Sea of Japan. It is now part of the Eurasian Land Bridge/


Trans-Siberian Railway By: Layne Taylor, Adrienne Hill, Sydney Roberts Come with us on the Trans- Siberian Railway.

Taylor, Adrienne Hill, Sydney Roberts Come with us on the Trans- Siberian Railway We got on the train in Moscow. The people on the train told us that it was the longest continuous railroad on the earth. /6 million people. Where we stopped at a Russian art gallery. Outside it is freezing and dry. The average temperature in Siberia is 34 degrees in ferinheight. Russia has many taigas. A taiga is an evergreen forest in subarctic climates. Our next stop was at Ulan Ude. Where we saw a huge sculpture of Lenin’s/


Russia Sarah Eggebraaten and Tim Franklin. Physical Geography of Russia.

the region of the largest river in Russia, the Volga river. Northwestern Russia Northwestern Russia is a district that is located north of the east flowing part of the Volga River. Trans-Siberian Railroad The Trans-Siberian Railroad is a railway that is connected to Moscow, Russia with Far East Russia and the Sea of Japan. Central Russia Central Russia is a district located west of Russia near the Country of Ukraine. Kaliningrad/


The Road to Revolution 1905 In the early 1900s Russia experienced a wave of civil unrest and disorder. In the countryside peasants… Peasant Unrest Seized.

northern Manchuria. This gave a more direct route to the port of Vladivostok. Through this agreement Russia also gained access to Port Arthur via the South Manchuria Railway. Since the late 1890s Russia had a growing interest in the Far East. The building of the Trans-Siberian Railway opened up Siberia to settlers, access to and trade with Chinese markets and the navy to the port/


Unit 1: Russia in Revolution 1905 - 1917 Background to the 1905 revolution.

Make detailed notes on the following Question. What problems did the Tsar face when trying to govern Russia? –Russia covered 2 continents Europe & Asia. –From W to E it covered over 6400km. –From N/Railway –Limited track –Trans-Siberian railway took a long time. Siberia Trans-Siberian railway NationalityMillions Russian55.6 Ukranian22.4 Polish7.9 Jewish5.0 Finnish3.1 Lithuanian1.2 Estonian1.0 Georgian0.8 and many more Different nationalities living in Russia. Diversity of population Resentment towards Russia/


Russia in the Long 19 th Century Reform and Revolution.

a middle class and capital, the state played an important role. Since Russia lacked a middle class and capital, the state played an important role. A railway system (Trans-Siberian Railroad) was created in the 1870s; it reached the Pacific in the 1880s and brought: A railway system (Trans-Siberian Railroad) was created in the 1870s; it reached the Pacific in the 1880s and brought: –increased iron/


Revolutions in Russia 1917-1939 Czars Resist Change ( The Romanovs) From 1613 to 1913 From 1613 to 1913 Romanov Dynasty in Russia Romanov Dynasty in.

Number of factories more than doubled between 1863 and 1900 Number of factories more than doubled between 1863 and 1900 Still Russia lagged behind Still Russia lagged behind Funded by foreign investors and raised taxes Funded by foreign investors and raised taxes Trans-Siberian Railway was constructed Trans-Siberian Railway was constructed Started in 1891 not finished till 1916 Started in 1891 not finished till 1916 Connected European/


The Russian Revolution Revolution in Russia was a main reason it dropped out of the WWI in 1918 Revolution in Russia was a main reason it dropped out of.

began to build up By 1900, Russia was 4th largest steel producer in the world By 1900, Russia was 4th largest steel producer in the world In 1904, the Trans-Siberian Railway, the largest continuous line, was completed In 1904, the Trans-Siberian Railway, the largest continuous line, was completed This connected European Russia with ports in the Pacific This connected European Russia with ports in the Pacific Industrialization Leads/


Why is Russia important? Why is Russia important? *World’s largest country (natural resources, but industrially backward) *World’s largest country (natural.

refused to surrender any of his power Nicholas II Economic Growth – turns Russia into an industrial power by 1900 Economic Growth – turns Russia into an industrial power by 1900 Trans-Siberian Railway (1904) – Trans-Siberian Railway (1904) – Economic Change – factory workers in Russia and farmers – hurt, low pay, child labor, long hours Economic Change – factory workers in Russia and farmers – hurt, low pay, child labor, long hours Revolutionary Movement Grows/


Revolutions in Russia. Introduction The Russian Revolution was like a firecracker with a very long fuse. The explosion came in 1917, yet the fuse had.

plan boosts steel production and a major railway begins By 1900 Russia becomes worlds fourth largest producer of steel behind United States, Germany, and Great Britain By 1900 Russia becomes worlds fourth largest producer of steel behind United States, Germany, and Great Britain Trans-Siberian Railroad completed in 1916 connects European Russia to ports of Pacific ocean in the east Trans-Siberian Railroad completed in 1916 connects European/


1 The Enlargement of Mongolian Railway Networks and the Collision of Commercial and Geopolitical Interests D. Shurkhuu Institute of International Studies,

and aid on one hand, and, on the other hand, reduce the heavy burden on the Trans-Siberian and Trans-China railways and increase the countries’ respective transport infrastructure and service revenue. 22 Benefits of Cooperation Economic Impact: /; 23 CONCLUSION Comprehensive cooperation in the field of transportation infrastructure with such largest economies as China and Russia is of great economic and geopolitical significance for Mongolia. The development of mutually beneficial, long-term trilateral/


The Russian Revolution Russia-Review Mongol Rule Russia Under the Czars Byzantine Influence Boyars.

Economic Growth Economic Growth Industrialization Industrialization Trans-Siberian Railway Trans-Siberian Railway Growth of revolutionary movements: Why? Growth of revolutionary movements: Why? Russo-Japanese War (1905) Russo-Japanese War (1905) 1914 Russia enters WWI 1914 Russia enters WWI (“Nicholas & War /farmland to the peasants The Bolshevik Government signed a treaty with Germany (Brest-Litovsk) and Russia withdrew from WWI Bolsheviks murdered the Royal family Lenin Takes Control 5:01 Changes… Lenin /


Why was Russia difficult to govern? Population Cossacks, fierce warrior race Cossacks, fierce warrior race Byelorussians, ‘White Russians’ Byelorussians,

, e.g. passenger steamers on River Volga Longer journeys by river, e.g. passenger steamers on River Volga Expansion of railways, e.g. Trans-Siberian Railway, 1904 Expansion of railways, e.g. Trans-Siberian Railway, 1904 Moscow to Vladivostok took 1 week! Moscow to Vladivostok took 1 week! Peasant women pulling boats on the River Volga/ Economic migrants – peasants to cities Poor housing & living standards No trade unions Canteen in Moscow Did the difficulties in Russia make it easy or difficult to govern?


Dawn of a New Century Russia is Forced to Reform.

and Patriotism –Divert population from everyday realities Imperial –Land based Great Game Europe sealed Russia seeking to extend Asian Sphere of Influence Trans-Siberian Railway –Vladivostock Russo-Japanese War Anglo-Japanese1902 Alliance Korea –Spheres of Influence, Boxer Rebellion Russians/ on Japanese as inferior non-Europeans Russian armed forces operating at limits of communication and supply lines –Trans-Siberian Railway not yet complete –Army had to get off train and walk for 6 weeks to get to Korea/


Session: Liberalisation of the railway markets. A challenge to finance railway systems “South East Europe Railways. Challenges for cooperation and exploitation.

terms should be documented and emphasized Piracy problems (e.g. Malacce straits, Somalia) should be faced 2. Serving demand from-to Russia Important potential export area for SEE products 3. Serving demand from to Turkey and its greater area (Iran, Iraq, Central Asia) / main rail routes are considered to cross SEE area according to NEAR 2 project B3 via branch of the Trans-Siberian railway network – the Mongolian route C1.1 via the TRACECA – Turkmenbashi rail route (1) C1.2 via the TRACECA – Turkmenbashi rail/


Russia monarchs. Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) 1547-1584 Ivan IV (Ivan the Terrible) 1547-1584 First to assume title of tsar First to assume title of tsar.

1721 PETER THE GREAT – title EMPEROR 1721- 1725 WESTERNIZATION WESTERNIZATION Brought Russia from Muscovite Russia to European Russia Brought Russia from Muscovite Russia to European Russia Early fear of Streltsy Early fear of Streltsy Expansionism: Tatars, Kiev,/ Queen Victoria Married Alix (Alexandra) of Hesse – granddaughter of Queen Victoria Pogroms Pogroms Trans-Siberian Railway Trans-Siberian Railway Russo-Japanese War Russo-Japanese War October Manifesto October Manifesto Duma Duma Revolution of 1905 /


Landforms A Tremendous Expanse of Territory Russia & the Republics cover 1/6 of earth’s land surface -8 1/2 million square miles -three times the land.

conquers Europe Bonaparte invades Russia from Poland in 1812 - arrives in Moscow in September, as winter begins - Muscovites burn the city leaving no shelter - Napoleon retreats; cold helps doom 90% of his 100,000 men NEXT Continued... Crossing the “Wild East” In late 1800s, Siberia is like U.S. “Wild West” -travel is dangerous, slow 5,700-mile Trans-Siberian Railroad built -links/


The Movement is Always Tougher in Russia Ethan Sit and Quynh Vu.

passenger cars (carriages) (2007) and 526,900 freight cars (goods wagons) (2007). A further 270,000 freight cars in Russia are privately owned. Some important railroads include the Trans- Siberian Railroad, the Kaliningrad Railway, and The Northern Railway. There are industrial railways aside from the common carrier railways (railways that passenger trains follow). Industrial railways are about half the length of common carrier railroads as of 2008. Roadways in/


AS History: Tsarist Russia

– Peasant land banks 1891-2 – Russias worst famine of the 19th century 1892 – Witte takes over from Vyshnegradsky 1894 – Nicholas becomes Tsar Vyshenegradsky and Witte Finance minister 1887-1892 Trans Siberian rail and tariffs Stronger gov interference Increased / -opposition (similar to 1905 revolution but larger scale) Tsar Abdication Army takes side Revolution begins Loss of support Railway workers refused Tsar entrance to Petrograd –Tsar abdicates and exiled -Siberia Army takes side Feb – army refuse to/


From Russia With Love. CULTURAL PACKAGE EXCHANGE PROJECT Participants: 7 th grade students, gymnasium #11 “Harmony”, Novosibirsk, Russia. Teacher – Tamara.

admire, Landmarks which you would desire Explore once again, enjoy and exclaim: Wow! Russia’s such a beautiful realm! St Petersburg (founded in1703 ) The first remarkable landmark /Bolshoi…. Hundreds of landmarks which you will enjoy. Trans-Siberian Railroad (9,259 km /5,753 mi long) Grand Trans-Siberian Railroad Will take you to the Far East end/, There are so many terrific theatres. Railway bridge over the Ob river 1897 2009 Krasny Prospect (Red Avenue) Railway station The Ascension of Our Lord Jesus Christ/


Russia. Landforms Russia largest country in the World 1/8th of the earths surface (6.5 million sq. miles) Eurasia – Landmass of Europe and Asia together.

1860. By 1880, Vladivostok had grown into a major port city, and the lack of adequate transportation links between European Russia and its Far Eastern provinces soon became an obvious problem. In 1891, Czar Alexander III drew up plans for the Trans-Siberian Railway and initiated its construction. Upon his death three years later, the work was continued by his son Nicholas. Despite the/


Current Russia.  Life in Russia has changed dramatically in last 30 years  Capital –Moscow  Political capital  Cultural, scientific, educational capital.

Russia  Climate is milder than Siberia  People in Siberia live mainly in towns along or south of the Trans-Siberian Railroad  This railroad stretches from Moscow to the eastern coast  Novosibirk-3 rd largest city lies along the railroad on the Western Siberian Plain  Higher quality of life  Moscow and St. Petersburg Trans-Siberian Railway/by the Soviet Union Government  Collapse of Soviet Union in 1991  Russia operates on a Constitution- 1993  Democratic federal republic  Voters elect /


E.Q. Was the Peter I (Great) truly an “absolute” monarch? Aim: What is Westernization, and how did it affect/influence Russia and its people? Do Now: 1.Please.

). Moscow is farther north than Edmonton, Alberta, Canada. Moscow to Vladivostok is 9,332 km (5000 mi.) and it would take seven days and nights on the Trans- Siberian Railway to make the trip. Russia: Land Frontiers Russia shares boundaries with twelve countries: –Ukraine, Belarus, Latvia, Estonia, Finland, Norway, Mongolia, North Korea, China, Kazakhstan, Azerbaijan and Georgia. A boundary that measures 12,880 km (8000/


Chapter 14 The Physical Geography of Russia.

nobility. Romanov Czars Fell behind in science and technology, but Peter the Great came to modernize (1600s) Russia majorily expanded including territory and trade St. Petersburg was capital 1700s – Catherine the Great, adapted European ways /producer in world Wood and fishing Transportation and communication Roads in disrepair, Harsh winters block roads Need railways and waterways Trans-Siberian Railroad Most people don’t own cars but rely on public transportation, but need improvement Transporting energy/


Russia The First Communist Revolution. Czars of Russia- 19th Century Alexander I Alexander II Nicholas II and family Nicholas I Alexander III Autocratic.

increases Government policy to lend money to invest in new businesses Foreign investment increased- Trans Siberian Railroad Built While still not on par w/the major powers, Russia witnessed explosive industrial growth from 1887 to 1913 Russo- Japanese War and 1905-1907/up to three fold (especially heavy industry). That increasing was due to the construction of railway lines,three –with state help doubled in length. Trans-Siberia link also created-> helps lead to War w/Japanstate Production of iron and steel/


30 Revolution and Nationalism, 1900–1939 Revolutions in Russia

The Russian Revolutions of 1917 end czarist rule and usher in the first communist government. Lenin seizes power and launches major economic and political reforms. Overview Assessment Revolutions in Russia Overview 1 • pogrom • Trans-Siberian Railway HOME 1 Revolutions in Russia TERMS & NAMES Overview • pogrom • Trans-Siberian Railway • Bolsheviks • V. I. Lenin • Duma • Rasputin • provisional government • soviet MAIN IDEA WHY IT MATTERS NOW Long-term social unrest in/


Chapter 17-18 Russia and Northern Eurasia. Natural Environments Russia, Ukraine, and Belarus cover 12% of the world’s land area. Russia is the world’s.

million people) Eastern Orthodox Christianity is the predominant religion. St. Petersburg, Russia represents the country’s desire for Western ideas. Heavy industry – Volga and Ural Mountains Siberia has many natural resources, but accessing these resources is difficult. – –Siberia has the world’s longest railway (5,800 miles). Trans-Siberian Railroad Kiev = capital of the Ukraine (10% of the Ukraine population lives there.) Minsk – capital/


Chapter 7 Section 5. Conditions in Russia  Rigid social structure Landowning nobles Very small middle class Majority of Russians are serfs  Tsar ruled.

People who flee homeland Pogroms Drive to Industrialize  Nicholas II urges industrialization  Builds Trans-Siberian railroad  Nobles and peasants feared change and opposed industrialization  Living conditions deteriorated Socialist ideas spread through slums Trans-Siberian Railway Russo-Japanese War - 1904  Russia is defeated by Japan  Largest country in the world defeated by an island  Russia is humiliated Question  How do you think the Russian people felt about industrialization/


Russia – DPRK Electricity Cooperation: the Role of INTER RAO UES Company at Current Stage Alexander OGNEV, Deputy Director, Ph.D. Eastern Branch of INTER.

and future demand of domestic consumers in Hasan area of Primorskiy Krai make feasible the project of electricity supplies from Russia to DPRK as well as will meet future electricity requirements of Russian Railway company under the projects of unification of Trans-Korean and Trans-Siberian railroads and expansion of North Korean sea port in RaSon economic trade zone bring the starting point of electricity/


Russia- DPRK Reset Button: Implications for Denuclearization By Igor Khripunov November 2011.

) Reset package of three projects: 1.Construction of a gas pipeline from Russia along the Korean Peninsula to South Korea (1000km long, cost estimated at $2.5B, earliest completion in 2017) 2.Installing power transmission lines above this route 3.Completing a Trans-Korean railway system to be linked to the Trans- Siberian Railway (Khasan-Radjin sector to be completed before the end of 2011) Tacit/


TOURISM IN RUSSIA Rich cultural heritage and great natural variety place Russia among popular tourist destinations in the world. popular tourist destinations.

cities, cruises on the big rivers like Volga, and long journeys on the famous Trans- Siberian RailwayGolden Ring VolgaTrans- Siberian Railway Most popular tourist destinations in Russia are Moscow and Saint Petersburg, the current and the former capitals of the country and/ Prospectimperial residencesKolomenskoyeTsaritsynoPeterhofStrelnaGatchinaPavlovsk Palace Tsarskoye Selo Diverse regions and ethnic cultures of Russia offer many different food and souvenirs, and show a great variety of traditions, /


BAROMETER OF BUSINESS RUSSIA Industry index. Investment projects. Support measures Anastasia Alekhnovich +7-916-572-08-53 Maria.

Signing the Agreement on Cooperation between the Government of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District – Yugra and All-Russia Public Organization “Business Russia”. Adopting the District Law “On State Support of Investment Activities in Khanty-Mansi Autonomous District – / The regional infrastructure is well developed. The federal highways and the South-Urals railway – a spur railway track line of the Trans-Siberian Railway – run across the Region. Two international airports in Chelyabinsk and Magnitogorsk serve as/


Russia ‘s Transport and Logistics Strategy to Strengthen Eurasian Connectivity. International Cooperation Strategy Valery Reshetnikov Senior Vice-President.

Europe along Russia increased by 39,2% In addition, rail-freight traffic from Europe to APR countries surged by 68,4% machines and tools metal goods automobiles other freight 2 Development of Rail Infrastructure in the Eastern Polygon 562.4 billion roubles 302.2 billion roubles of Russian Railways’ own funds 260.2 billion roubles in government support Total Limit 3 Trans-Siberian Railway Baikal/


Lecture on Warfare How times change!!. Aims To establish key events over the time period. To explain the role of war and how it impacts upon Russia. To.

Yet more consequences Military Consequences Morale very low after 1905, added to by poor pay and conditions. Troops rebelled on Trans- Siberian railway. Several mutinies – naval mutiny on Potemkin Warship in June. Still generally loyal. Economic Consequences Tsar agreed to end / Poland, Balkans and Finland. Short Term… 1939 invasion of Poland signalled start of Western WWI, but for Russia still neutral. Russia did build up troops in East. Finland refused to allow Soviet troops to be stationed there, led to /


Chp. 14 Russian Revolution Main Idea: Long term social unrest in Russia erupted in revolution, ushering in the first Communist government. Why it matters.

, Witte helped finance the buildup of Russian industries. The number of factories doubled between 1863 & 1900 & by 1900, Russia had become the world’s fourth largest producer of steel behind the U.S., Britain, & Germany. He also pushed for the building of the Trans- Siberian Railway-the world’s longest continuous rail line. With the help of British & French investors, work began in 1891/


Chapter 27 Introduction Russia and Japan defied the pattern of nineteenth-century European domination. By 1914, they launched significant industrialization.

in the 1870s; it reached the Pacific in the 1880s. The railways stimulated the iron and coal sectors, as well as the export of grain to the West. They also opened Siberia to development and increased Russian involvement in Asia with the establishment of the trans-Siberian railroad which connected European Russia with the Pacific. Factories appeared in Russian and Polish cities by the/


Chp. 14 Russian Revolution Main Idea: Long term social unrest in Russia erupted in revolution, ushering in the first Communist government. Why it matters.

, Witte helped finance the buildup of Russian industries. The number of factories doubled between 1863 & 1900 & by 1900, Russia had become the world’s fourth largest producer of steel behind the U.S., Britain, & Germany. He also pushed for the building of the Trans- Siberian Railway-the world’s longest continuous rail line. With the help of British & French investors, work began in 1891/


Long Term origins Despite the wariness of Nazi Germany to building relations with Russia the Treaty of Berlin was renewed, but the Nazi regime remained.

while his Government retreated on the Tran- Siberian line, while fresh troops were being transported in when it came obvious that Japan were going to attack America and not Russia By the end of December Russia pushed German troops away from the capital/ be used by the advancing Germans, the Soviets destroyed everything of possible use to the Germans. This included- bridges, railways, buildings,poisoned water supplies etc. It was not expected by the Germans and severely hindered their armies. Was this policy/


Yaroslavl Oblast Government Investment Opportunities in the Heart of Russia 2012 Igor Elfimov Vice-Governor of Yaroslavl Oblast.

Airport is 20 km from Yaroslavl, 5 km from the railway station Moscow - Archangel M8 Federal Motorway Passenger and cargo ports on the Volga River Railways: Northern Railway, the Trans-Siberian Railway, roundabout route Samara – St. Petersburg - Karelia Фото /Components Yaroslavl Oblast Government Tourism Yaroslavl Oblast is a part of the famous tourist route “The Golden Ring of Russia" Types of tourism 27% MICE meetings, incentives, conferences, exhibitions 23% Active sports, recreation, hunting, fishing/


Backgrounds to the Russian Revolution of 1917 Sources: Julius Lecture: “Whither Russia?” (1995) The Face of Russia The Face of Russia (PBS) Russian History.

Tolstoy 1881-1894ALEXANDER III ROMANOVALEXANDER IIIROMANOV 1884 Reactionary regulations for universities 1891 Beginning of the Trans-Siberian railwayTrans-Siberian railway 1891-1893 Making of the Franco-Russian alliance 1892-1903 Witte as minister of communications,/ | Land ReformsStolypinLand Reforms 1907 Second Duma 5th Party Congress Emergence of Triple Entente (France, Britain, Russia) against Triple Alliance (Germany, Austro-Hungary, Italy) Third DumaTriple Entente 1908 Trotsky becomes editor of Pravda/


The Russian Revolution - Chronology EVENTDATESIGNIFICANCEPERSPECTIVES Creation of Romanov dynasty 1613Michael Romanov becomes first Tsar of Russia, beginning.

are apprehensive about the Russo-Japanese War, further damages validity of govt. Army troops mutiny and control section of Trans- Siberian Railway Sept. 1905 Demonstrates Russian army are apprehensive about the Russo-Japanese War, further damages validity of govt. Trotsky/to Petrograd at Oskov TSAR: Abdicates, requests brother Mikhail to become Tsar DUMA: Provisional Government take control of Russia 3 MarchPeace restored in Petrograd after 1.330 deaths due to fighting. TSAR: Grand Duke Mikhail abdicates, /


Economic Growth in Tsarist Russia Lesson Focus The ‘Great Spurt’ State Capitalism Railways Witte’s problems The end of the ‘Great Spurt’ How strong was.

gold standard; financial stability, but higher prices domestically. The Railways Target for investment – size of country Movement of goods and people Increase in lines and rolling stock (page 14) Trans Siberian railway (1891 – 1902) Difficulties – incompletion, reluctance, unaffordable /’s successes? Text readings pgs. 22-25 Were Witte’s policies successful within Russia? Were Witte’s policies useful in helping Russia to catch up with the other Great Powers? Worksheets: Industrial Development Under Nicholas/


Backgrounds to the Russian Revolution of 1917 Sources: Julius Lecture: “Whither Russia?” (1995) The Face of Russia The Face of Russia (PBS) Russian History.

Tolstoy 1881-1894ALEXANDER III ROMANOVALEXANDER IIIROMANOV 1884 Reactionary regulations for universities 1891 Beginning of the Trans-Siberian railwayTrans-Siberian railway 1891-1893 Making of the Franco-Russian alliance 1892-1903 Witte as minister of communications,/ | Land ReformsStolypinLand Reforms 1907 Second Duma 5th Party Congress Emergence of Triple Entente (France, Britain, Russia) against Triple Alliance (Germany, Austro-Hungary, Italy) Third DumaTriple Entente 1908 Trotsky becomes editor of Pravda/


Westernization, Reforms, and Industrialization in Russia Chapter 25-2.

to the United States or Palestine. Russian industrialization only accelerates after 1890 due to foreign investment. – Trans-Siberian railway built 1891–1905 links Moscow with Pacific Coast. – Industrialization led by Sergei Witte minister of finance 1892–1903. Wanted to make Russia competitive in world trade Link to Siberian agricultural and mineral resources. Expansion into East Asia led to war with Japan in 1904, a victory/


The Russian Revolution Chapter 30 Mrs. Cohen Russia-Review Mongol Rule Russia Under the Czars Byzantine Influence Boyars.

Police Political PrisonersPolitical Prisoners Pogroms-JewsPogroms-Jews Alexander III 1881-1894 Nicholas II & Alexandra 1894-1917 Economic GrowthEconomic Growth Trans-Siberian RailwayTrans-Siberian Railway Growth of revolutionary movements: Why?Growth of revolutionary movements: Why? Russo-Japanese War (1905)Russo-Japanese War (1905) 1914 Russia enters WWI1914 Russia enters WWI (“Nicholas & War ) 23 (“Russo-Japanese War” 1:23) Rasputin Self-proclaimed “holy man” Mysterious healing powers-Seemed/


CCTT practical activity in providing security of freight, transported by railway transport via Euro-Asian service Workshop “Rail Safety: Trends and Challenges”

de Nations, 24 November, 2015 2 CCTT: working for the integration of the Trans-Siberian service CCTT practical activity in providing security of freight, transported by railway transport via Euro-Asian service 3 Advantages of cargo transportation within container block trains/ via Transsib in 2014 726 000 TEU 6 Russia – APR countries transit transportations, TEU +98% +102% +4% CCTT practical activity in providing security of freight, transported by railway transport via Euro-Asian service Clients: VW BMW/


Influences on Early Russia Byzantine Mongols Orthodox Christianity Autocratic rulers Art & Architecture Close relationship between Church and State.

– Political critics arrested and sent to Siberian prison camps Alexander III and Nicholas II attempted to industrialize Russia – Lagged behind industrial nations in W. Europe – Brought in foreign investors – Construction of Trans-Siberian railway Serfs gained freedom in 1861 – Feudalism/ on Jews Why would Russian czars resist democratic reforms? Identify one problem that industrial workers in Russia faced. Long term causes of the Russian Revolution Autocratic czars resisted reforms Peasant unrest Problems of/


Russia in the 19 th Century Alexander I Nicholas I Alexander II & III Nicholas II.

. Czars were anti-liberal Russia was weak internationally & began to lose foreign wars (Crimean, Russo-Japanese) Economic reforms, in general Industrialism Government led by finance minister, Witte Railroad construction--trans-Siberian railway Protective tariffs, foreign loans /in univ. 1881 Gymnasiums founded (history not allowed) Zemstvos allowed to open primary schools Economic reform Railway building 700-14000 miles 1855 to 1881. Encouraged grain export with success Establishment of banks encouraged. /


10.7 Lecture – Revolutions in Russia. I. Russia A. The Russian Revolution was like a firecracker with a very long fuse. 1. Explosion came in 1917, yet.

. To finance the buildup of Russian industries, the government sought foreign investors and raised taxes. 1. These steps boosted the growth of heavy industry, particularly steel. 2. 1900, Russia had become the world’s fourth- ranking producer of steel. 3. Trans-Siberian Railway – With the help of British and French investors, work began on the world’s largest continuous rail line. a. Connected European/


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