Ppt on the art of warfare

MA-20 Evolution of Warfare The Nature of War Man and War LtCol Mitchell.

Origins of war Group discussions of what constitutes warfare. War – “A violent clash of interests between or among organized groups characterized by the use of military force.” (MCDP-1) WarfareThe waging of war against an enemy; armed conflict. Acts undertaken to destroy or undermine the strength of another. Is warfare a natural state of Man? Mans evolution that contributed to the conduct of war. ­ Domestication and Agriculture NATURE OF WAR HISTORICAL THREADS OF CONTINUITY ART OF WAR IS/

Littoral Warfare Product Area Director 20 Oct 2003 Dr. David P. Skinner Briefing to the NDIA.

SEA SHIELD Future Technologies Sea Shield Speed will be an ally as linked sensors, high-speed platforms, and improved kill vehicles consolidate area control, including the location and neutralization of mines via state-of-the-art technology on dedicated mine warfare platforms and battle group combatants. Sea Power 21 Projecting Decisive Joint Capabilities, By Admiral Vern Clark, U.S. Navy, Naval Institute Proceedings, October 2002 Autonomous/

Trench Warfare World War One Total War/Modern Warfare.

fire, so they dug the trenches Development of modern warfare Trenches and Shovels At the beginning of the war, the British army owned 2500 shovels. By the end of the war, the British army owned over 10.5 million shovels. All of this was due to the development and reliance on trench warfare. By the end of the war, both sides had dug 15,000 miles of trenches. That is the equivalent of digging across the United State five times. Soldiers/

The single greatest cause of warfare between 1550 and 1650 was?: A. economic competition. B. disputes over constitutional issues. C. international disputes.

The single greatest cause of warfare between 1550 and 1650 was?: A. economic competition. B. disputes over constitutional issues. C. international disputes over territory. D. religious rivalries. E. growing tensions between kings and nobles. Romantic Architecture is a rehashing of Gothic style Revival of Past Styles:  Gothic & Romanesque revival.  “Neo-Gothic” architectural style.  Medieval ruins were a favorite theme for art and poetry. Revival of Past Styles:  Gothic/

Shang Dynasty 1750- 1050 BCE  Chinese civilization is one of oldest, continuous on earth  5,000 years of history.

-level society began the dynastic phase of Chinese history Shang culture characterized by: Centralized government Urban communities Stratified social classes Palatial architecture Distinctive writing system Elaborate religious rituals Sophisticated art forms Shang culture /Warfare Hunting Wine Human & animal sacrifice Leaders engaged in military expeditions Plunder & tribute part of royal economy New weapons part of passion for hunting Hunting good practice for warfare Ancestor reverence Ultimate source of/



Previous Slide TRADOC DCSINT Office of the Deputy Chief of Staff for Intelligence U.S. Army Training and Doctrine Command TRADOC DCSINT.

Slide TRADOC DCSINT Military Strategy Ways & means = threatened or actual use of force Doctrine provides guidelines for use of military forces History provides insight into present and future warfare The art of developing the ways and means for the application of military power to achieve State objectives Previous Slide TRADOC DCSINT Operational Art Links tactics and strategy for conduct of war Blends direct and indirect approaches Not linked to a specific/

The Law of War Week V Feb 7, 2007 Air Warfare. Overview of Week V General law of war principles Air warfare rules Application of principles and rules.

Air warfare rules Application of principles and rules A look at next week Linebacker and the Law of War Which President did you like better? –Johnson or Nixon? How did military and political objectives relate in the conduct of the air campaigns? –How did the law of war play in this? How did technology affect law of war compliance/achievement of military objectives? What is the law about economic targets? GP I, Art/

中國信息戰的基礎 Fundamentals of Chinese Information Warfare LTCOL (RET)William Hagestad II MSc Security Technologies MSc Management of Technology www.red-dragonrising.com.

objectives 4)Unlimited measures 5)Asymmetry 6)Minimal consumption 7)Multidimensional coordination 8)Adjustment and control of the entire process Unrestricted Warfare, Qiao Liang and Wang Xiangsui, Beijing: PLA Literature and Arts Publishing House, February 1999 (Simplified Mandarin Chinese version) 8 - Pillars of Chinese Warfare ( 超限战 ) 8 Principles of "beyond-limits combined war” in Unrestricted Warfare Tell me more about these Chinese hackers…. Red-DragonRising.com© 中國共產黨 中國共產黨 - CPC Codified cyber/

II MEF: Fourth Generation Warfare(4GW) LTC Greg Wilcox USA (Ret.) 23 April 2004

.mil/http://www.smallwars.quantico.usmc.mil/ Mao Zedong, On Guerrilla Warfare *Jean Larteguy, The Centurions *Victor O’Reilly, The Devil’s Footprint Bernard Fall, Street Without Joy and Last Reflections on War Mark Bowden, Blackhawk Down Robert Coram, Boyd: The Fighter Pilot Who Changed the Art of War Recommended Study (2) Movies: Documentary: “The Battle of Algiers” available through Amazon.com or at local Video Rental Stores Web/

SPIRITUAL WARFARE Sooner or later every believer discovers that the Christian life is a battleground, not a playground, and that he faces an enemy much.

–9 NIV). • the sandals of the preparation of the gospel of peace are also defensive military gear—used in spiritual warfare • these sandals carry your armor and weapons to battle and having shod YOUR FEET WITH THE PREPARATION (e˚toimasi÷a) OF THE GOSPEL OF PEACE (6:15) • on our feet are “the preparation of the gospel of peace” • God has provided what may be called “the sandals of the preparation of the gospel of peace” • the implied “sandals of preparation” would be/

Ancient Greece. Geography Greece is a peninsula about the size of Newfoundland in the Mediterranean Sea. It’s very close to Egypt, the Persian empire.

Pellegrino and others have made the case that this explosion and the decline of the Minoans was the basis for the myth of Atlantis. The cliffs at Santorini The Fall of the Mycenaeans Sometime around 1200-1100 BC, the Minoan civilization fell, probably due to a combination of factors. Natural disasters like those that helped hasten the end of the Minoans Natural disasters like those that helped hasten the end of the Minoans Internal warfare, as one Mycenaean city made/

RECONSTRUCTION AND THE SOUTH Presidential Reconstruction –after John Wilkes Booth assassinated Abraham Lincoln on April 14, 1865, the national mood hardened.

England tied America more closely to the Allies –in addition, Germany’s use of submarine warfare brought new questions to issues of naval warfare and neutral rights –extremely vulnerable on the surface and too small to carry survivors, U-boats could not play by the old rules of war –the result was often a heavy loss of life –the sinking of the Lusitania (May 1915), with the loss of 128 American lives, brought an outcry/

Unit 16 The World Wars. Map 1: Europe: Before the World Wars Timeline World War I Cause s Warfar e Art & Literature Results Between the Wars Map 2: Europe.

trenches, on two fronts –Eastern Front – Russia –Western Front - France Type of Warfare New Technologies: New weapons( machine gun, grenades, flame thrower, tank, poison gas) were very effective against old style strategies Art and Literature Propaganda: –organized information meant to sway public opinion on a certain issue Art and Literature All Quiet on the Western Front: –a novel about life for soldiers during WWI –put/

TRADOC DCSINTTSP FM 7-100.1, Chapter 2, Command and Control Previous SlideStart of Presentation 1 The proponent for this Training Support Package is HQ.

EXECUTION 2-173. Planning and preparation are important, but they alone are not sufficient for success. The enemy’s actions can have a dynamic effect on executing plans. Friction and uncertainty can distort the best of plans, imposing new realities on the situation. Dealing with those realities is the art of execution. Planned Flexibility 2-174. Operational-level C 2 is highly flexible. This flexibility comes from/

The Logic …The Dynamic …The Opportunity Vision: Broad and Sustained Competitive Advantage Strategic Imperative Capabilities New Logic and Metrics Opportunities.

systems approach to planning: –Napoleon –Maneuver Warfare  Center of Gravity, Critical Capability, Critical Vulnerability –Operation Desert Storm –Complex, “Irregular” Warfare A systemic view provides sound operational logic and the basis for creative operational art. –Commander’s intent, a purpose for every task, and mission tactics provide framework for opportunistic, decentralized action. The alternative is attrition warfare. Stiletto The Power of Purpose The art of war is simple enough. Find out where/

Chapter 14 – The Early Americas Section Notes Geography and Early Cultures The Maya Maya Life and Society Video Mesoamerican Achievements in Science and.

Classic Age Warfare Conflicts between cities were started over control of the land. Maya warfare was bloody, and warriors fought hand to hand. This destructive warfare may /the gods. They even used human sacrifices. –The gods needed blood to prevent disasters and the end of the world. Art and Architecture Some of the best known Maya art is their sculptures and their jade and gold jewelry. The Maya built cities without using metal tools. Science and Math The Maya built observatories for priests to study the/

The United States Enters World War I By Art Lewandowski Fostoria High School.

World War I By Art Lewandowski Fostoria High School What Does The U.S. Do?  Remain Neutral? – U.S. has mixed feelings- a nation of immigrants, support Germany? – This was Europe’s war, stay out? – Germany the “bully of Europe” Pushing the U.S. to War  British Blockade of Germ -no supplies in or out of Germany -Americans begin to take a side  German Submarine Warfare -starting to affect/

Chapter on Chemistry and Warfare. Figure 2: The use of "Greek fire" Credit: Bridgeman Art Library.

Chapter on Chemistry and Warfare Figure 2: The use of "Greek fire" Credit: Bridgeman Art Library Copyright © Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved. 14 | 3 Chapter Learning Objectives By the end of the chapter, you will recognize that a.The ability to produce weapons that specifically target living organisms is closely tied to recent advances in chemistry. b.Chemical weapons are classified according to mode of action, including lung irritants/

Navy Information Operations Creating the Information Advantage RADM Joseph Burns OPNAV N39/NETWARCOM N9 29 April 2004.

WARRIOR initiatives – Build on Mission Area Analysis and Job Task Analysis to match billets, people, and training; to identify gaps in requirements, training, and education. Navy IO Career Force Building the Art of Information Warfare! N39 - SLAAD 29 APR 04 Page 13 Assessing a Warfare Area  Measuring IO effects is challenging. –How do you know how much IO is “enough” in Ops or in/

Period 1: c.1450 to c.1648 Why 1450? Start of the Renaissance, Age of Exploration Why 1648? End of the 30 Years’ War, Peace of Westphalia Big Events: Renaissance,

wealthy nobles Secular political theories, such as those espoused in The Prince provided a new concept of the state Bodin: Sovereign power consisted of the authority to make laws, tax, administer justice, control the state’s administrative system, and determine foreign policy II. The competitive state system led to new patterns of diplomacy and new forms of warfare Balance of power played an important role in diplomatic and military objectives after/

By: Dwight Lotulung, Gabrielle Sy, Eva Aranda. The Tang and Song dynasties were among the most creative periods in China’s long history; poetry and art,

Europe. Compasses helped make the European Age of Exploration possible. Historic Influence -The technology of paper – making spread to the Arab world in the 700s and later to Europe. -The Chinese invented gunpowder, which they used for fireworks. Later gunpowder changed warfare by making deadly new weapons possible. -The Chinese made the first magnetic compass, which spread to Europe. Compasses helped make the European Age of Exploration possible. The Chinese influenced daily life/

By: Mezohn Owens & Brittoni Jackson The Americas & The Caribbean World.

The Americas & The Caribbean World Migration Pal eolithic age Dense population Hunting and gathering Innovations (Bronze Age) Technology & Environmental Transformations/ Organization and reorganization of/ affect Global Interactions Christianity Religious freedom John Locke Enlightenment Art Expeditions Revolts Colonial rulers Bureaucrats 7 years war Self / Modernization External events Independence movements Napoleonic invasion Unification Warfare Product demands Napoleonic defeat Trading rights Great boom U/

International Criminal Law Minna Kimpimäki University of Lapland 2008.

punish  Definition of war crimes in the statutes of international criminal tribunals  Cases in the international criminal tribunals & in the national courts War crimes, law of Hague: restrictions of the weapons and of the methods of warfare  ICC statute art. 8(2)  Protection of cultural property in the event of armed conflict  Prohibition of the recruitment, use, financing and training of mercenaries  Prohibition of chemical weapons  Prohibition of biological weapons  Prohibition of anti-personnel/


Who Changed the Art of War (Robert Coram) “Tell me, what is it you plan to do with your one wild and precious life?” —Mary Oliver Joe J. Jones 1942 – 2006 HE WOULDA DONE SOME REALLY COOL STUFF BUT … HIS BOSS WOULDN’T LET HIM! T. J. Peters 1942 – 2--- HE WAS A PLAYER! “It’s always showtime.” —David D’Alessandro, Career Warfare “In/

Research Paper Planning Guide Language Arts 11: Ms. Bower Dr. Peterson Librarian/Media Specialist NHS IMC The Research Project Calculator is based on the.

Paper Planning Guide Language Arts 11: Ms. Bower Dr. Peterson Librarian/Media Specialist NHS IMC The Research Project Calculator is based on the MINITEX project developed in part by University of Minnesota Libraries. Adapted &//THESIS FORMULATING TOPIC/QUESTION/THESIS Research Question What are the effects of agent orange on military warfare and the communities that came into contact with the chemical weapon? Military _______ Warfare _______ Chemical Weapons _______ Agent Orange General Topic: Narrower/

2012 Total War: Weapons, Trench Warfare, and Battles of World War One Lesson Date your papers: Friday, April 27, 2012 Monday, April 30, 2012 Tuesday, May.

’. Their naïve outlook was quickly shattered as they arrived at the frontline and experienced trench warfare. It was the lifestyle they lived that spurred on the war poets. They put onto paper what many others thought.World War OneWilfred OwenSiegfried SassoonRupert BrookeWorld War TwoChristmas 1914trench Many of the soldiers also used art to cope with the horrors. Some used political cartoons. Others did dramatic paintings. Some made/

17th Century.

dues and rents. B. overseas exploration. C. extravagant promotion of the arts by the monarchs. D. the military defeats of the Thirty Years War. 14. The French royal budget in the first half of the sixteenth century was strained by both the Hapsburg-Valois wars and A. loss of feudal dues and rents. B. overseas exploration. C. extravagant promotion of the arts by the monarchs. D. the military defeats of the Thirty Years War. 15. In France, Calvinism A. often/

The World Wars.

which event: 1. Imperialism 3. World War I 2. World War II 4. The Holocaust Type of Warfare Women contributed to the war effort U.S. Position The United States remained “neutral” for the first years of the war. The sinking of the Lusitania drug the U.S. into the war. True/False The sinking of the Lusitania was significant enough for the United States to enter WWI Stop and Think! Everyone: Explain to your partner whether/

Introducing Early Civilizations

been any art found except for the flutes and some painted gourds (with a “god” figure). Norte Chico Unlike every other early civilization, Norte Chico developed without a staple grain-based food. Conflict and war are the normal impetuses for congregating in cities to have a common defense. But the cities of Norte Chico lacked defensive walls, and there has been no evidence discovered of warfare or/

G.I. Wilson Greg Wilcox Chet Richards ORIENT OBSERVE ACT DECIDE

than an opponent, in response to changing circumstances INTRODUCTION In a world where unconventional warfare has become the state of the art, firepower no longer ensures victory. By alienating the local population, it provides a growing base of support to the guerrilla, terrorist, or 4th generation warrior. John Poole, Tactics of the Crescent Moon, Posterity Press 2004 The fourth generation has arrived. It uses all available networks—political, economic, social and/

NATO VM3D Conference at Defense Research Establishment Valcartier Defensive Information Warfare Branch Air Force Research Lab, Rome Research Site (AFRL/IFGB)

Program Manager 8 June 00 Application Domain: Information Warfare “...information warfare is about the way humans think and, more importantly, the way humans make decisions. The target of information warfare, then, is the human...” –Prof George Stein, Air War College /task analysis feedback –Implement with intuitive thin-client tools (e.g. Web) –AFRL/HE designing state-of-the-art interface for final demonstration spiral Funding Issues AFRL/IF Cooperation with Government and Industry Government/FFRDC’s –AFRL/


Comprehend the uniqueness of the Revolution Army, the role of ideology in the levee en masse, & the problems of controlling such an army Comprehend the uniqueness of the Revolution Army, the role of ideology in the levee en masse, & the problems of controlling such an army Comprehend and relate the rise of Napoleon to the failure of the French Revolution Comprehend and relate the rise of Napoleon to the failure of the French Revolution Know and discuss the impact of new technology on warfare in the/

S iege Warfare Plymstock School History Department.

a crusading knight laying siege to a city (perhaps Jerusalem) or, Produce a cartoon strip illustrating siege warfare or, write a creative story describing the defence or attack of a medieval castle. Remember to show knowledge of weapons, tactics, emotions, sounds and sights. Siege Warfare Siege Warfare Siege warfare is the art of capturing places that do not want to surrender. Castles were always difficult places to attack, so siege/

Ancient Middle America The Post-Classic University of Minnesota Duluth Tim Roufs.

Post-Classic sites are well fortified, however, and attest to a period of widespread warfare and strife linked to the disruptions in Central Mexico Post Classic Stage at Chichén Itzá, the Tula-Toltec art and the new constructions at an old Classic ceremonial center suggest that the long-distance conquest was a feature of the early Post-Classic in that region Post Classic Stage at Chichén Itz/

The Art of War and Business Strategies

not press a desperate foe too hard. Such is the art of warfare. Chapter 8: Variation in Tactics 九變 是故智者之慮,必雜于利害,雜于利而務可信也,雜于害而患可解也。是故屈諸侯者以害,役諸侯者以業,趨諸侯者以利。 Hence in the wise leaders plans, considerations of advantage and of disadvantage will be blended together. If our expectation of advantage be tempered in this way, we may succeed in accomplishing the essential part of our schemes. If, on the other hand, in the midst of difficulties we are always ready to seize an advantage/

Introduction II 1. Basic Characteristics of Greek and Roman Deititis 2. Nature of Roman Myths 3. 2. the Cultural Context – the Graeco- Roman World.

agriculture) Cultural Geography of Early Italy http://www.arcaini.com/ITALY/ItalyHistory/AncientLanguagesLatest2.jpg Greek Influences (and the Etruscans) Greeks had settled Sicily and Southern Italy (Magna Graecia) since ca. 780 BCE) Greeks had settled Sicily and Southern Italy (Magna Graecia) since ca. 780 BCE) Greeks influenced Etruscans and Greek colonies through trade, diplomacy, and warfare (i.e. art and architecture; hoplite warfare; anthropomorphized gods/

2010. TitleAuthor Ghost Wars: The Secret History of the CIA, Afghanistan, and Bin Laden, from the Soviet Invasion to September 10, 2001 Coll, Steve The.

moral and psychological aspects of warfare, stressing the necessity of courage, audacity, and self-sacrifice, as well as the importance of public opinion. -Barnes and Noble From Lexington and Gettysburg to Normandy and Iraq, the wars of the United States have defined the nation. But after the guns fall silent, the army searches the lessons of past conflicts in order to prepare for the next clash of arms. In the echo of battle, the Army develops the strategies, weapons, doctrine/


-$250 billion MILITARY ROBOTICS AND THE ANCIENT WISDOM OF SUN TZU Sun Tzu On The Art Of War – oldest extant military treatise (2400 years old) The art of war is vital to the state U.S. military must seek transformational technology to meet new threats As circumstances are favorable, one should modify one’s plans Robots will be flexible, adaptable, resilient; reconfigurable and transportable All warfare is based on deception/

NDIA 8 th Annual Expeditionary Warfare Conference 10/23/03 1. NDIA 8 th Annual Expeditionary Warfare Conference 23 October 2003 Arthur W. Divens Executive.

Common Technologies: » USCG Deepwater Project Offshore Patrol Vessel » FMS – Signature – Management Technologies to minimize  Infra-red, acoustic, magnetic, radar and wake emissions – State-of-the-art Damage Control Technology and Self-Defense Systems – Mission manned NDIA 8 th Annual Expeditionary Warfare Conference 10/23/03 10 LCS Road Ahead 6 Industry Concepts (06 Feb 03) Flight 0 Construction Start (Contract Award January 2005) First/

The West and the Changing World Balance Focus Question: How did the balance of world power shift from east (Middle East and Asia) to west (Europe) by the.

a plague and kill them all off (Black Death)…1/3 of the population was killed Warfare was a dominant part of life for Europeans Warfare was a dominant part of life for Europeans 100 Years War features England vs. France, demonstrating a new NON- feudal form of solicitation of warfare, draft and pay your troops…this gave the central monarchy greater authority 100 Years War features England vs. France/

July 2011 A Partner with the Navy since 1997 with SSC Atlantic since 2003.

acceptance tests Common PC operating system environment approval processes Cyber Warfare, Information Assurance (IA) Management Compliance: –DIACAP implementation /Art) Hardware, Software, ILS Models System Specification, Procurement, Configuration & Installation Intranet & Extranet Web Portal & Presence –Full SharePoint portals & Structured Query Language Database Driven Architecture 9 Our expert engineering and analytical staff consistently develops innovative approaches to problem solving for some of the/

Class work 4/13 Because WWI was SOOOO deadly, perception of warfare changed drastically. Look at pictures of trench warfare & then learn about the changes.

Class work 4/13 Because WWI was SOOOO deadly, perception of warfare changed drastically. Look at pictures of trench warfare & then learn about the changes in art. Respond to the questions. Click here to watch a History Channel Video clip http://www.history.com/topics/world-war-i/world-war-i- history/videos/life-in-a- trench?m=528e394da93ae&s=/

20 th Century Revolutions in Art and Literature. General Mood of the Period WW I and WW II caused widespread destruction and disillusionment in Europe.

WW I and WW II caused widespread destruction and disillusionment in Europe Attitudes of artists changed – a surge of creativity comes with a rejection of the art, music, and literature of the previous century World War I During WWI warfare changes drastically Gas warfare Gas warfare Massive casualties Massive casualties Machine guns Machine guns Trench Warfare Trench Warfare World War II Europe struggles to recover after WW I Many begin to question/

A Derivation of the International Legal Status of Taiwan Based on the Delineation of “Categories of Territory” found in U.S. Court Decisions and Customary.

recognized by civilized nations; o Judicial decisions and the teachings of the most highly qualified publicists of the various nations, as subsidiary means for the determination of rules of law. Sources of the Laws of War In order to fully understand Taiwan’s current legal status, one must be familiar with the laws of war, or more specifically “the customary laws of warfare of the post-Napoleonic period.” The laws of war are derived from two principal sources: a.Lawmaking/

Air Force Doctrine Document 2-1: Air Warfare. Purpose of AFDD-2-1 J Discusses K Establish operational doctrine for air warfare K Beliefs and principles.

J Battle Management Training J Aircrew Training J Exercises and Wargames J Education K Professional Continuing Education K Professional Military Education K Graduate Education Summary J AFDD 2-1 is the KEYSTONE publication for Theater Air Operations and the 2-1 series of doctrine documents J Combined with AFDD 2, provides the foundation for the operational art of aerospace warfare

MILITARY STRATEGY Part 1. Military strategy is a collective name for planning the conduct of warfare. Derived from the Greek strategos, strategy was seen.

Part 1 Military strategy is a collective name for planning the conduct of warfare. Derived from the Greek strategos, strategy was seen as the "art of the general". Military strategy deals with the planning and conduct of campaigns, the movement and disposition of forces, and the deception of the enemy. The father of modern strategic study, Carl von Clausewitz, defined military strategy as "the employment of battles to gain the end of war.“ Liddell Harts definition put less emphasis on battles/

World War I Social Studies 9 Ms. Rebecca. Review of Imperialism.

Revolution made new weapons possible! New Weapons Sources taken from the American Library of Congress More weapons Tank Warfare http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/f/f6/British_Mark_I_male_tank_Somme_25_September_1916.jpg Machine Gun http://www.diggerhistory.info/images/weapons-ww1-allied/vickers.jpg Airplanes http://imagecache5.art.com/p/LRG/8/820/4Y1Y000Z/world-war-i-aircraft.jpg Germans used a new weapon: Big Bertha: Big/

The Art of Horseback Riding An Artefact by Sara Colenutt Stamina Mobility Power Freedom Grace Wisdom Nobility Loyalty.

Little Bighorn River (1876). After the first World War, the mounted cavalries days were numbered in favour of modern warfare and though Dragoon regiments still exist today, the mounted regiment duties largely consist of public and state ceremonies. Battle of Waterloo Horse Culture The following pages look at the cultural aspects of horse riding Horse Culture Cultural attitudes differ from nation to nation but Art and Anthropomorphic characters in film and/

“Alone Before God” Religious Reform and Warfare, 1500-1648.

Reform and Warfare, 1500-1648 “Alone Before God” 2 The Big Picture 151517001600 Protestant Reformation French Wars of Religion Wars in the Netherlands Catholic Reform Baroque Art Witchcraft Trials Thirty Years’ War The Clash of Dynasties Land-Hungry Monarchs A Royal Rivalry In June 1520, two of the most powerful monarchs in Europe met for a tournament and diplomatic discussion. Francis I of France wanted Henry VIII of England to become/

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