Ppt on switching networking

Chapter 5: The Data Link Layer r Application r Transport r Network r data link layer service m Moving data between nearby network elements Move data between.

between nodes r But individual segment collision domains become one large collision domain r Can’t interconnect 10BaseT & 100BaseT hub Switch r link-layer device: smarter than hubs, take active role m Store and forward Ethernet frames Question: do switches in circuit switching networks store and forward? m examine incoming frame’s MAC address, selectively forward frame to one-or-more outgoing links when/


CE 4228 DATA COMMUNICATIONS AND NETWORKING Wide Area Networks.

WAN – Outline Circuit switching Telephone switching network Traffic Signaling Access networks Packet switching WAN – Topologies (a) Fully-interconnected network (b) Centralized switch (c) Two-level hierarchy WAN – Switching Access network Network WAN – Switching A switch provides the network to a cluster of users Telephone switch connects a local community A multiplexer connects two access networks A high speed line connects two switches WAN – Switching Metropolitan network A viewed as network A of access/


An Introduction to Networking Chapter 1 Panko’s Business Data Networks and Telecommunications, 6 th edition Copyright 2007 Prentice-Hall (Modified by Kevin.

Point Mobile Client Router Outside World Server Computer Client Computer Switch 1 Switch 2 Switch 3 Switch 4 Message (Frame) Access Line Trunk Lines Server ApplicationClient Application Trunk lines connect switches to switches and switches to routers Trunk lines connect switches to switches and switches to routers Trunk Line  企業通訊 2008@mis.NCYU An Introduction to Networking 22/84 Figure 1-4: Packet Switching and Multiplexing Client Station A Mobile Client Station B/


Hubs to VLANs Cisco Networking Academy Program © Cisco Systems, Inc. 2000 From Hubs to VLANs.

30.1.27 255.255.255.0 172.30.2.16 255.255.255.0 172.30.2.12 255.255.255.0 A Switched Network with two subnets: What are the issues? Can data travel within the subnet? Yes Can data travel between subnets? No, need a/ 2 broadcast, like an ARP Request? ARP Request Hubs to VLANs Cisco Networking Academy Program © Cisco Systems, Inc. 2000 All Switched Network - Two Networks  Two Subnets  Several Collision Domains  One per switch port  One Broadcast Domain Switch 1 172.30.1.21 255.255.255.0 172.30.2.10 255/


An Introduction to Networking Chapter 1 Panko’s Business Data Networks and Telecommunications, 6 th edition Copyright 2007 Prentice-Hall May only be used.

a Network Small Switches (Stacked): Large Switch Both sizes of switches are 48 cm (19 inches) wide 17 Figure 1-3: Elements of a Network Wireless Access Point Mobile Client Router Outside World Server Computer Client Computer Switch 1 Switch 2 Switch 3 Switch 4 / called hosts Both servers and client PCs are hosts –Routers connect the networks of the internet together In contrast, switches forward frames within individual networks Router Client PC Host Server Host Router 90 Internets Hosts Have Two Addresses/


Chapter 7 Packet-Switching Networks www.Bookspar.com | Website for Students | VTU - Notes - Question Papers.

resource Two fundamental approaches: Connectionless Connection-Oriented: Call setup control, Connection control Backbone Network Access Network Switch www.Bookspar.com | Website for Students | VTU - Notes - Question Papers Packet switch Network Transmission line User Packet Switching Network Packet switching network Transfers packets between users Transmission lines + packet switches (routers) Origin in message switching Two modes of operation: Connectionless Virtual Circuit www.Bookspar.com | Website for/


Topic 12 – Wide Area Networks 1 FIT1005 Wide Area Networks (WANs) Reference: Chapter 10 – Stallings 7E.

of network) Topic 12 – Wide Area Networks 5 A Switched Communications Network Workstation Network Switching Node B B B B B S S SS Topic 12 – Wide Area Networks 6 Fig 10.1 - Switching Network Topic 12 – Wide Area Networks 7 Circuit Switching Networks There /connection –Communication involves 3 phases: Circuit establishment Data transfer Circuit disconnect Topic 12 – Wide Area Networks 8 Circuit Switching Networks Circuit establishment –Before any signals can be transmitted, an end-to-end (station-to-station/


1 An overview of networks Outline Contemporary networks Networks: single-link network to an internetwork For each type of network: tasks & layers Mechanisms.

) Send/receive data bitsPhysical layer 43 Increasing complexity of networks Unshared single-link network Shared single-link network Multiple-link network (with switches)  Internetwork (with gateways) 44 Host Switch Network 1 Host Switch Network 2 Gateway An internetwork Internetwork: Multiple networks e.g. roadways network e.g. airport e.g. airlines network Gateways are the "switches" of the internetwork forwarding data units between networks 45 Layers in an internetwork Complex in a general context/


Chapter 4 Circuit-Switching Networks Multiplexing SONET Transport Networks Circuit Switches The Telephone Network Signaling Traffic and Overload Control.

echo Echo cancellers used to subtract the echo from the voice signals Two Wires Four Wires Basic rate interface (BRI): 2B+D BRI PRI BRI PRI Circuit- switched network Private channel- switched network Signaling network Packet- switched networks Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Primary rate interface (PRI): 23B+D First effort to provide end-to-end digital connections B channel = 64 kbps, D channel = 16 kbps ISDN defined/


1.3 The Network Core Having examined the end systems and end-end transport service model of the Internet, let us now delve more deeply inside the network.

. How does it all fit together? First, in our simple view of the world, a telecommunication network either employs circuit switching or packet switching (see figure to the left). A link in a circuit-switched network can employ either FDM or TDM. Packet-switched networks are either virtual-circuit networks or datagram networks. Switches in virtual-circuit net­works forward packets according to the packets VC numbers, and they maintain/


1 Network Basics 1.The Nine Elements of a Network 2.LANs and WANs 3.Internets 4.Packet Switching vs. Circuit Switching.

Filter (1) www.google.com (2) (3) (4) (5) Example: Web Browsing Router Switch 60 61 62 nslookup 4. Packet Switching vs. Circuit Switching 64 A Simple Switching Network Station Node 65 Switching Fully Connected vs. Switching Network What does “ switching ” mean? – Switching Circuits/Fabric – Switching Behavior SwitchSwitching Hub – Layer-2 Switch – Layer-3, 4 Switch Switch vs. Router 66 Circuit Switching Dedicated path between two stations –Connected sequence of links between nodes –E.g telephone/


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 LAN Switching and Wireless VLANs Chapter 3 Modified by Pete Brierley.

Ring LAN. © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE 1 Chapter 6 39 FACTS VLAN makes up a switched network that is logically segmented by functions, project teams or applications, without regard to the physical location of users. Each switch port can be assigned to a VLAN. Ports assigned to the same VLAN share broadcasts. So VLANs are used to create/


1 Chapter 3 Internetworking Computer Networks: A Systems Approach, 5e Larry L. Peterson and Bruce S. Davie Copyright © 2010, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved.

its peak in terms of deployment Was important in the 1980s and early 1990s High-speed switching technology Was thought of to take over the world Connection-oriented packet-switched network Packets are called cells 5 byte header + 48 byte payload Fixed length packets are easier to switch in hardware Simpler to design 36 Chapter 3 ATM GFC: Generic Flow Control (not used) VPI/


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 VLANs LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 3 Modified by Tony Chen 04/01/2008.

solution for the community college is to use a networking technology called a virtual LAN (VLAN). –A VLAN allows a network administrator to create groups of logically networked devices that act as if they are on their own independent network, even if they share a common infrastructure with other VLANs. –Using VLANs, you can logically segment switched networks based on functions, departments, or project teams. –A/


Circuit switching https://store.theartofservice.com/the-circuit-switching-toolkit.html.

can be better shared among users than if the network were circuit switching|circuit switched. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-circuit-switching-toolkit.html Information network - Routing 1 Routing is the process of selecting network paths to carry network traffic. Routing is performed for many kinds of networks, including circuit switching networks and packet switched networks. https://store.theartofservice.com/the-circuit-switching-toolkit.html Virtual Path Identifier 1 ATM provides functionality/


1 Chapter 3 Internetworking Computer Networks: A Systems Approach, 5e Larry L. Peterson and Bruce S. Davie Copyright © 2010, Elsevier Inc. All rights Reserved.

receiver is willing to receive data It is also possible to allocate resources to the virtual circuit at the time it is established 34 Chapter 3 Switching and Forwarding For example, an X.25 network – a packet-switched network that uses the connection-oriented model – employs the following three- part strategy Buffers are allocated to each virtual circuit when the circuit is initialized The/


Synchronization over packet-switching networks: theory and applications Raffaele Noro PhD exam Lausanne, May 12 th 2000 Institute for computer Communications.

or APP data  Introduction  Theory  Applications — Application I: Circuit Emulation  Conclusions Synchronization over packet-switching networks: theory and applications Raffaele Noro, PhD exam, May 12 th 2000 20 Applications and synchronization (I): / timebase  Introduction  Theory  Applications — Application III: Digital TV services  Conclusions Synchronization over packet-switching networks: theory and applications Raffaele Noro, PhD exam, May 12 th 2000 32 Same nominal accuracy, faster convergence/


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 VLANs LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 3 Modified by Michael W Haines.

solution for the community college is to use a networking technology called a virtual LAN (VLAN). –A VLAN allows a network administrator to create groups of logically networked devices that act as if they are on their own independent network, even if they share a common infrastructure with other VLANs. –Using VLANs, you can logically segment switched networks based on functions, departments, or project teams. –A/


Data Communications and Networking CSCS 311 Lecture 5.

signals into a single signal  A device to increase transmission distance by amplifying the signal. Multiplexer Network Card Line Driver Data Communications and Networking Hub, Switch, and Router similarities and differences  A router is a more sophisticated network device than either a switch or a hub.  Like hubs and switches, network routers are typically small, box-like pieces of equipment that multiple computers can connect to. Each/


Chapter 5: The Data Link Layer r Application r Transport r Network r data link layer service m Moving data between nearby network elements Move data between.

LAN segments r But individual segment collision domains become one large collision domain r Can’t interconnect 10BaseT & 100BaseT hub Switch r link-layer device: smarter than hubs, take active role m Store and forward Ethernet frames Question: do switches in circuit switching networks store and forward? m examine incoming frame’s MAC address, selectively forward frame to one-or-more outgoing links when/


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 VLANs LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 3 Modified by Tony Chen 01/26/2010.

© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE 1 Chapter 6 3 Things to know about the VLAN  In order for communication to take place in the layer 2 switched network. All PCs need to be in the same subnet and same vlan. IP: 10.10.10.10 Mask: 255.255.255.0 DG: 10.10.10.1 IP: 10.10/


CCNA3-1 Chapter 2-1 Chapter 2 Switch Concepts and Configuration Part I.

error checking.No error checking. Any corrupt frames are still forwarded and consume network bandwidth.Any corrupt frames are still forwarded and consume network bandwidth. Switch Forwarding Methods CCNA3-40 Chapter 2-1 Cut-through – Fast-forward: Cut-/CLI: GUI-Based Alternatives to the CLI: Cisco Network Assistant.Cisco Network Assistant. Configure and manage groups of switches or standalone switches.Configure and manage groups of switches or standalone switches. Free from www.cisco.com with a Cisco ID/


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 Implement Spanning Tree Protocols-PART-I LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter.

live (TTL) like IP packets traversing routers. As a result, if they are not terminated properly on a switched network, they continue to bounce from switch to switch endlessly or until a link is disrupted and breaks the loop.  Broadcast frames are forwarded out all switch ports, except the originating port. This ensures that all devices in the broadcast domain are able to receive the/


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 Implement VTP LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 4 Modified by Tony Chen.

 VTP maintains VLAN configuration consistency by managing the following vlan information in a switch network: –Addition –Deletion –Renaming  VTP offers a number of benefits for network managers, as shown in the figure. © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights/ PublicITE 1 Chapter 6 49 Troubleshooting VTP: Incorrect Revision Number  POP QUIZ: –Is it possible for a switch network with switches that have the same revision number, but with different VLAN information and different numbers of VLANs? © 2006 Cisco/


Switched LAN Architecture W.lilakiatsakun. Hierarchical LAN Model (1)

in close proximity to each other so that the traffic they generate does not affect the performance of the rest of the network. Considerations for hierarchical network switches (14) Switch Features in a Hierarchical Network (1) Switch Features in a Hierarchical Network (2) Access layer switch feature Access layer switch feature Port security allows the switch to decide how many or what specific devices are allowed to connect to the/


8.+15. Mar. 20061INF-3190: Switching and Routing Switching and Routing Foreleser: Carsten Griwodz

transmission of objects Delivery of objects at most once 8.+15. Mar. 200640INF-3190: Switching and Routing Connectless communication Connectionless Communication Network transmits packets as isolated Units (datagram) Unreliable Communication loss, duplication, modification, sequence / M N O Subnet Sink Tree for Destination B 8.+15. Mar. 200650INF-3190: Switching and Routing Methodology & Metrics Networks represented as graphs: Node represents a router Edge represents a communication line (link) Compute /


Chapter 7 Packet-Switching Networks Network Services and Internal Network Operation Packet Network Topology Datagrams and Virtual Circuits Routing in Packet.

from NE inputs to outputs Priority & Scheduling: determining order of packet transmission in each NE Optional: congestion control, segmentation & reassembly, security Chapter 7 Packet-Switching Networks Packet Network Topology End-to-End Packet Network Packet networks very different than telephone networks Individual packet streams are highly bursty Statistical multiplexing is used to concentrate streams User demand can undergo dramatic change Peer-to-peer applications stimulated huge/


Chapter 4 Circuit-Switching Networks Multiplexing SONET Transport Networks Circuit Switches The Telephone Network Signaling Traffic and Overload Control.

echo Echo cancellers used to subtract the echo from the voice signals Two Wires Four Wires Basic rate interface (BRI): 2B+D BRI PRI BRI PRI Circuit- switched network Private channel- switched network Signaling network Packet- switched networks Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Primary rate interface (PRI): 23B+D First effort to provide end-to-end digital connections B channel = 64 kbps, D channel = 16 kbps ISDN defined/


CCNA3-1 Chapter 1 Week 1 LAN Design. CCNA3-2 Chapter 1 LAN Design Switched LAN Architecture.

servers. Consider both client-server and server-server traffic.Consider both client-server and server-server traffic. CCNA3-27 Chapter 1 Considerations for Network Switches Topology Diagram: Topology Diagram: A graphical representation of a network infrastructure.A graphical representation of a network infrastructure. Switch connections with port numbers.Switch connections with port numbers. Aggregated ports and redundant paths.Aggregated ports and redundant paths. Identify configuration by/


Troubleshooting Performance Issues on Switches. Identifying Switch Performance Issues This section covers the Cisco IOS commands to perform the following.

processing of access-lists or quality of service (QoS) features. The backplane of a switch is designed for very high switching capacity. The limiting factor in throughput on a switched network is usually the capacity of the links between the devices, not the capacity of the/ backplanes of the switches. The backplane may become a bottleneck and needs to be taken into /


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 VLANs LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 3 Modified by Tony Chen 04/01/2008.

solution for the community college is to use a networking technology called a virtual LAN (VLAN). –A VLAN allows a network administrator to create groups of logically networked devices that act as if they are on their own independent network, even if they share a common infrastructure with other VLANs. –Using VLANs, you can logically segment switched networks based on functions, departments, or project teams. –A/


Switched LAN Architecture W.lilakiatsakun. Hierarchical LAN Model (1)

they generate does not affect the performance of the rest of the network. Considerations for hierarchical network switches (14) Switch Features in a Hierarchical Network (1) Switch Features in a Hierarchical Network (2) Port security allows the switch to decide how many or what specific devices are allowed to connect to the switch. Port security allows the switch to decide how many or what specific devices are allowed to connect/


1 Kyung Hee University Chapter 8 Switching. 2 Kyung Hee University SwitchingSwitchingSwitches are devices capable of creating temporary connections.

phase; the resources remain dedicated for the entire duration of data transfer until the teardown phase. Note 8 Kyung Hee University As a trivial example, let us use a circuit-switched network to connect eight telephones in a small area. Communication is through 4-kHz voice channels. We assume that each link uses FDM to connect a maximum of two voice channels/


Optical burst switching. Optical burst switching (OBS) –Combines merits of optical circuit switching (OCS) & optical packet switching (OPS) while avoiding.

it about assigned wavelength channel After receiving ACK, source OBS user starts transmitting burst on assigned wavelength channel After burst transmission, wavelength channel is released Optical burst switching WR-OBS –Pros Provides benefits of circuit-switched networks –Established lightpath offers deterministic end-to-end delay equal to end-to-end propagation delay –No further delays arising from contention –Cons Larger control overhead than/


Computer Networks-Packet Switching1 CHAPTER-3 PACKET SWITCHING.

appropriate table entries. At this point, if host A were to send a packet with a VCI of 5 to switch 1, it would be dropped as if the connection had never existed. Computer Networks-Packet Switching21 An X.25 network—a packet-switched network that uses the connection-oriented model—employs the following three-part strategy: 1 Buffers are allocated to each virtual circuit/


1 Kyung Hee University Chapter 8 Switching. 2 Kyung Hee University SwitchingSwitchingSwitches are devices capable of creating temporary connections.

University Summary (1)  A switched network consists of a series of interlinked nodes, called switches; circuit switching, packet switching, and message switching.  We can divide today’s networks into three broad categories: circuit- switched networks, packet-switched networks, and messaged-switched. Packet-switched networks can also be divided into two subcategories: virtual-circuit networks and datagram networks.  A circuit-switched network is made of a set of switches connected by physical links. In/


Exploration 3 Chapter 5. Redundancy in Switched Networks Switches learn the MAC addresses of devices on their ports so that data can be properly forwarded.

TTL) like IP packets traversing routers. As a result, if they are not terminated properly on a switched network, they continue to bounce from switch to switch endlessly or until a link is disrupted and breaks the loop. Ethernet frames do not have a time /) like IP packets traversing routers. As a result, if they are not terminated properly on a switched network, they continue to bounce from switch to switch endlessly or until a link is disrupted and breaks the loop. Broadcast Storms A broadcast storm occurs /


Outline SDN Basics – Concepts – OpenFlow – Controller – OF-Config – Mininet Software Defined Networking (COMS 6998-8) 19/10/13.

Flows Add Flow Delete Flow List Flows RemoveAll Flows Static Flows Add Flow Delete Flow List Flows RemoveAll Flows Virtual Network Create Network Delete Network Add Host Remove Host Virtual Network Create Network Delete Network Add Host Remove Host User Extensions … User Extensions … Source: Big Switch Networks Fine-grained ability to push flows over REST Access to normalized topology and device state Extensible access to add new APIs/


Chapter 4 Circuit-Switching Networks Multiplexing SONET Transport Networks Circuit Switches The Telephone Network Signaling Traffic and Overload Control.

echo Echo cancellers used to subtract the echo from the voice signals Two Wires Four Wires Basic rate interface (BRI): 2B+D BRI PRI BRI PRI Circuit- switched network Private channel- switched network Signaling network Packet- switched networks Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Primary rate interface (PRI): 23B+D First effort to provide end-to-end digital connections B channel = 64 kbps, D channel = 16 kbps ISDN defined/


Discovery 3 Chapter 3. A content addressable memory (CAM) A switch moves traffic based on MAC addresses. Each switch maintains a MAC address table in.

of the connecting ports, while leaving other ports active to forward frames. STP is relatively self-sufficient and requires little configuration. When switches are first powered up with STP enabled, they check the switched network for the existence of loops. Switches detecting a potential loop block some of the connecting ports, while leaving other ports active to forward frames. List what STP does to/


Chapter 4 Circuit-Switching Networks Multiplexing SONET Transport Networks Circuit Switches The Telephone Network Signaling Traffic and Overload Control.

echo Echo cancellers used to subtract the echo from the voice signals Two Wires Four Wires Basic rate interface (BRI): 2B+D BRI PRI BRI PRI Circuit- switched network Private channel- switched network Signaling network Packet- switched networks Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Primary rate interface (PRI): 23B+D First effort to provide end-to-end digital connections B channel = 64 kbps, D channel = 16 kbps ISDN defined/


Software Defined Network and Network Virtualization Sándor Laki (Slides by Yeh-Ching Chung)

.g. energy management, data center management, policy routing, access control, denial of service, mobility Lower barrier to entry for competition – Healthier market place, new players SOFTWARE DEFINED NETWORK Introduction Motivation Concept Open Flow Virtual Switch Traditional network node: Router Router can be partitioned into control and data plane – Management plane/ configuration – Control plane / Decision: OSPF (Open Shortest Path First) – Data plane / Forwarding Adjacent/


Exploration 4 Chapter 1. What is a WAN? A WAN is a data communications network that operates beyond the geographic scope of a LAN. A WAN is a data communications.

consists of three phases: circuit establishment, data transfer, and circuit termination. Communication over an SVC consists of three phases: circuit establishment, data transfer, and circuit termination. Connecting to a Packet-Switched Network To connect to a packet-switched network, a subscriber needs a local loop to the nearest location where the provider makes the service available. To connect to a packet/


Exploration 3 Chapter 4. What is VTP? VTP allows a network manager to configure a switch so that it will propagate VLAN configurations to other switches.

as a VTP server. Basically, the VTP server distributes and synchronizes VLAN information to VTP-enabled switches throughout the switched network, which minimizes the problems caused by incorrect configurations and configuration inconsistencies. Basically, the VTP server distributes and synchronizes VLAN information to VTP-enabled switches throughout the switched network, which minimizes the problems caused by incorrect configurations and configuration inconsistencies. VTP stores VLAN configurations in/


Workshop In Communication Networks - 67613 Lecturers: Dr. David Hay, Rothberg A411 Dr. Michael Schapira, Rothberg A413 TA: Yotam Harchol, Rothberg A305.

point is managed separately – Multiple moderators must cooperate in order to use the same equipment together 71 Monitoring Networks 72 Big Switch Networks – Big Tap Fabric Management Use the centralized control to smartly manage the network fabric 73 Cisco eXtensible Network Controller (XNC) Fabric Management 74 Juniper Network Contrail Network virtualization + Legacy fabric control Fabric Management + Monitoring 75 SwitchLight – Extended OpenFlow 76 Open Source Physical and Virtual/


11 CS716 Advanced Computer Networks By Dr. Amir Qayyum.

connected by a link –Circular nodes (switches) implement the network –Squared nodes (hosts) use the network A network can be defined recursively as... 5 Switched Networks –Two or more networks connected by one or more nodes: internetworks –Circular nodes (router or gateway) interconnects the networks –A cloud denotes “any type of independent network” A network can be defined recursively as... 6 Switching Strategies Circuit switching: Carry bit streams a.establishes a dedicated/


© 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE I Chapter 6 1 LAN Design LAN Switching and Wireless – Chapter 1 Modified by Tony Chen 04/01/2008.

reserved.Cisco PublicITE 1 Chapter 6 18 What is a Converged Network?  Separate Voice, Video and Data Networks –Voice network A voice network contains isolated phone lines running to a PBX switch to allow phone connectivity to the PSTN. When a new phone/Orion 8.1 NetFlow Analysis, which monitors traffic flow on a network. © 2006 Cisco Systems, Inc. All rights reserved.Cisco PublicITE 1 Chapter 6 20 Considerations for Hierarchical Network Switches  Analysis Tools –For a list of some commercial traffic flow/


CCNA Guide to Cisco Networking Fundamentals Fourth Edition Chapter 12 Basic Switching and Switch Configuration.

following commands: –Rm410HL#configure terminal –Rm410HL(config)#interface f0/1 –Rm410HL(config-if)# To view the configuration of a port, use the show command CCNA Guide to Cisco Networking Fundamentals, Fourth Edition48 Configuring Switch Ports (continued) Configuring the duplex mode –You would use the following command to set the duplex mode: Rm410HL#configure terminal Rm410HL(config)#interface f0/24 Rm410HL(config-if/


09/04/2013Bahman R. Alyaei1 Chapter 9 Digital Switching and Networks.

the key device in PSTN. PSTN is an example of Circuit Switched Network. A Digital Switch in PSTN is divided into two parts: 1.Space-Division Switch. 2.Time-Division Switch. Combination of Space-Division Switch and Time-Division Switch construct the Digital Switch. 09/04/2013Bahman R. Alyaei14 Continue… Crossbar Switch is also known as Space-Division Switch. Space Division refers to the fact that speech paths are physically/


Digital Switching and Networks

the key device in PSTN . PSTN is an example of Circuit Switched Network. A Digital Switch in PSTN is divided into two parts: Space-Division Switch. Time-Division Switch. Combination of Space-Division Switch and Time-Division Switch construct the Digital Switch. 09/04/2013 Bahman R. Alyaei Continue… Crossbar Switch is also known as Space-Division Switch. Space Division refers to the fact that speech paths are physically separated/


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